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Indo-Canadian organized crime is a term denoted to organized crime groups based in Canada that are predominantly of Canadian gangs are the third major homegrown organized crime problems in Canada, next to the Outlaw motorcycle clubs and Native American criminal organizations. Annual police report ranked them third in terms of sophistication and strength in British Columbia, only behind the aforementioned biker gangs and Asian criminal organizations such as the Triads and Vietnamese drug clans.[1]

History

Sikh-Canadian street gangs were in the beginning mostly made to protect the community from the racism and discrimination that Punjabi people had suffered from local white population.[citation needed] Many of these gangs were created as many who left their homelands as refugees and had no sign of an identity, when the Indian government cracked down on radical khalistani terror. Many of the young men involved today come from second and third generation backgrounds. Mainly Jatt-Sikh men were involved in petty street crimes, older and more calculated criminals from the community quickly saw opportunities to make profit of the situation. Often using clan-based connections in their homeland Punjab mainly in rural parts, organized criminals from there were able to build relatively criminal empires making use of young street gangs. The first major Punjabi-Canadian crime boss was Bindy Johal, although many and more powerful crime characters followed.[1] Unfortunately Punjabi-Canadian gang violence is still on a high, recorded that from 2006 to 2014, 34 South Asians (disproportionately Punjabi) had been murdered by gang violence making up for 21.3% of gang deaths in B.C.[2]

Gang violence has started to heat up again as of 2014 in the Punjabi community were violence in West Abbotsford between the Chahil and Dhaliwal crime groups has led to the death of Harwindip Singh Baringh,[3] in the Vancouver South Slope were two Punjabi groups have caused chaos which might be linked to the situation in West Abbotsford, and as of 2015 15 out of 30 shootings in Surrey and Delta from March 9 to May 9 have been from a drug turf war between the Punjabi and Somali drug groups which has led to the death of much of the Somali gang leadership.[4][not in citation given] Due to this the police have arrested 5 Sikh-Canadian males Arman Dhatt, Pardip Brar, Rajvir Sunner, Chandanjot Gill, and Munroop Hayer to stop the gang violence happening in both cities.[5][6]

Activities

The main trade of the Punjabi-Canadian crime groups is the trafficking of heroin. Punjabi-Canadian crime bosses use their family connections in Punjab to bring in the drug. Punjabi-Canadian crime groups widened the reach of their activities and delved criminal areas such as extortion, kidnapping, prostitution, money laundering and above all contract killing.[7][8] Organized gangs from the community have infiltrated the local transportation business, setting up connections with Mexican drug cartels and using truck drivers to smuggle cocaine and hashish from Mexico into the United States and Canada.[9]

References

External links