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Indo-Canadian organized crime, more commonly referred to as Punjabi-Canadian organized crime is made up of groups that are based in Canada and predominantly of Punjabi Indian ethnic origin. Collectively, these groups are the third major homegrown organized crime problem in Canada, next to the outlaw motorcycle clubs and Asian organized crime groups. Annual police report ranked them third in terms of sophistication and strength in British Columbia, only behind the aforementioned biker gangs and Asian criminal organizations such as the Triads drug clans in the 2004 annual report.

History

Some of the young men involved today in crime may come from second and third-generation backgrounds but the majority are first-generation Punjabi-Canadians. These individuals were initially involved in petty street crimes, but older and more calculating criminals from the community quickly saw opportunities to make a profit of the situation. Often using clan-based connections in their homeland, mainly in the rural parts of the Punjab, organized criminals from there were able to build criminal empires making use of young street gangs. Unfortunately Punjabi-Canadian gang violence is still rising. Statistics record that from 2006 to 2014, 34 South Asians (disproportionately Punjabi) had been murdered by gang violence making up for 21.3% of gang deaths in British Columbia. Rivals have posted rap songs advocating murder such as a young man from Surrey, alleged to have committed two murders, posted an online tribute to the murdered Gavinder Grewal, the deceased founder of the Brothers Keepers gang. Tyrel Nguyen Quesnelle, using his rapper "T-Sav", boosted in his rap song ''My Life'' that he was willing to both kill and die for his deceased gang-leader, Grewal. T-sav rapped in his song: "They took GG from us, realest trapper ever living. I swear we riding out for you till they all ain't living. I caught my first body when you was in school...Brothers Keepers, that's a life contract, little nigga." The police in the Lower Mainland maintain that songs glorying violence and criminality while boasting about drug dealing and murder are increasing tensions between gangs. The Brothers Keepers are not the only gang threatening their enemies musically as in the fall of 2019 , after he was released from a jail, the rapper Lolo Lanski posted his song ''Dedman'' to SoundCloud and YouTube. As of 24 January 2020, the song had 80,000 downloads. The song which denounces the Brother Keepers and describes how Grewal was shot inside his penthouse home in 2017. The lyrics of ''Dedman'' admiringly declare that the killer “sent lead to his head” and the assassination was “trying to put a BK rother's Keeperon TV." In a bizarre note, ''Dedman'' includes an audio excerpt of the 911 call made by Grewal’s brother Manbir after he found his brother's corpse. The use of rap in the present underworld conflict between the Brothers Keepers vs. both the Kang group and the United Nations gang is new, but police in B.C. have stated they have witnessed an overlap between rap and the underworld subculture before.

Activities

The main trade of the Punjabi-Canadian crime groups is the trafficking of heroin, cocaine and marijuana. Punjabi-Canadian crime bosses use their family connections in the Punjab to bring in the drug from the "Golden Crescent" nations of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Punjabi-Canadian crime groups widened the reach of their activities and delved into other crimes such as extortion, kidnapping, money laundering and above all contract killing. Organized gangs from the community have infiltrated the local transportation business, setting up connections with Mexican drug cartels and using truck drivers to smuggle cocaine and hashish from Mexico into the United States and Canada. The profits of drug dealing allows for contract killing with the high rates of $50,000–100,000 in Canada due to the high profits earned.


Criminal Groups


Most Punjabi-Canadian crime groups in Ontario and Alberta are either clans controlled by one family with friends and relatives associated with the group or small groups involved in petty crimes or networks of truck drivers involved in cross-border drug smuggling that are classified as gangs. The largest organized Punjabi-Canadian gang presence is in British Columbia. The largest Crime Groups are: * Dhak-Duhre Group: Including the United Nations in the coalition as of 2010, although some of the original leaders such as Sandip Duhre, Sukh Dhak and Gurmit Dhak have been killed. It is now believed to be decentralized, but the associates of the leaders are suspected by RCMP to control different crime groups and still co-ordinate with one another. The Dhak-Duhre coalition is known to have strong ties with the UN and have waged a war against the Wolf Pack, a gang composed of various factions of the Independent Soldiers, Red Scorpions led by the Bacon brothers and the Hells Angels. * Punjabi Mafia: Currently controlled by the Johal Family, however, they have lost lieutenants and also a captain in the past, with gangster Jagdip "Jag" Johal being gunned down in Surrey in 2012. Other parts of it are considered to be mostly dismantled, with a few factions of the Buttar Family also still operating. The Punjabi Mafia was originally founded by Ranjit Cheema, the Dosanjh Brothers and Robbie Kandola later controlled by Bindy Johal before his death. * Independent Soldiers Gang: Currently consisting mostly of Punjabis and Caucasians, their last known leaders were alleged to be the Adiwal brothers. Sikh-Canadians of Punjabi descent make up most of the gang along with a small number of Hindu-Canadians of Fijian and Indian descent, although recently there has been an increase of Caucasians in the gang who have risen up through the ranks. This organization is part of the Wolf Pack and was founded by Sukhvinder Singh "Bicky" Dosanjh and Majinder Singh "Robby" Kandola in the mid-90s, who are both now deceased. * Dhaliwal Crime Family: Operating from Vaughan, Ontario and across Toronto and the Greater Toronto Area by a family originally from Malton, Mississauga; the Dhaliwal crime family has been raided three times, first in 1998 for running a $16 million organized crime group engaged in everything from armed robberies to importing cocaine and heroin, extortion, warm-up thefts of cars, arms trafficking, fraud and kidnapping, police allege. The Dhaliwal crime family headed by patriarch Balwinder Singh 'Bill' Dhaliwal 63, who was famously dubbed the "King of Car Thieves" in an episode of the Canadian TV Series Masterminds, had been raided a total of three times by the RCMP and Toronto Police Services, with $5 Million in stolen luxury cars being seized in the latest police operation in 2016. The crime family is alleged to have moved its operations to Vaughan, just north of Toronto and a mafia stronghold, after allegedly forming close criminal relations with the Mafia families in Toronto of the Siderno Group. * Sanghera Crime Group: Founded by Uddham Sanghera, this group is believed by police to be responsible for over 100 shootings in the South Slope Gang War in Vancouver against the Malhi-Buttar Coalition. The Vancouver Police Department has targeted and for the most part been able to capture members of the group. The courts have sentenced members of the Sanghera family to prison terms although it is believed that the remnants of the organization are still active. * Malhi-Buttar Coalition: This coalition was made up of two groups, one led by Tejinder Malhi and controlling Richmond and Burnaby and the other led by the Buttar brothers (Kelly, Bal and Manny Buttar) based in Vancouver. This group is now defunct after the deaths of most of its senior leadership and imprisonment of most of its members. This organization was the other group involved in the South Slope Gang War against the Sanghera crime group. * Brothers Keepers Gang: Founded by Gavinder Grewal with most of its members and leadership formerly aligned with the Red Scorpions but split off to its own group and targeted remaining Red Scorpions members across British Columbia cities in Fall 2017. This organization is active mainly in Metro Vancouver but is believed to have made inroads into the Interior of British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Alberta and Ontario. The Brothers Keepers are controlled by the Grewal and Dhaliwal Crime Groups, both families originally of Abbotsford. * Kang Crime Group: Formerly a part of the Brothers Keepers organization but due to differences between members, had splintered and formed a new organization. The Kang Crime Group is known to be in a war with the Brothers Keepers for control of territory in Metro Vancouver. This organization is thought to be based in Burnaby, British Columbia but its presence is thought to extend throughout the Lower Mainland area.

References



External links

* http://www.warriorsreligion.com/resources/deathlist * http://indocanadiangangs.blogspot.ca/ {{Organized crime groups in America Category:Organized crime groups in Canada Category:Punjabi Canadian