An indirect election is a process in which voters in an election do not choose between candidates for an office, but rather elect persons who will then make the choice. It is one of the oldest forms of elections and is still used today for many upper houses and presidents.

Some examples of indirectly elected bodies and individuals include:

Many republics with parliamentary systems elect their president indirectly (Germany, Italy, Estonia, Latvia, Hungary, India, Israel).

The election of the government in most parliamentary systems is indirect. The voters elect the parliamentarians, who then elect the government including most prominently the prime minister from among themselves. For example:

See also