The Info List - Indian Wells, California

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Indian Wells is a city in Riverside County, California, in the Coachella Valley. Incorporated in 1967, it lies in between Palm Desert and the resort town of La Quinta. As of the 2013 census, the city population was 5,165. The city hosts the sixth-largest tennis tournament in the world, the Indian Wells Masters
Indian Wells Masters
tennis tournament—presently known as the BNP Paribas Open. The Indian Wells Masters
Indian Wells Masters
is one of nine ATP World Tour Masters 1000 high-level events operated by the Association of Tennis Professionals, and one of the four WTA Premier Mandatory tournaments of the Women's Tennis Association. It is held at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden, which contains the second-largest tennis-specific stadium in the world.


1 History 2 Demographics

2.1 2010 2.2 2000

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Politics 5 Notable residents 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] As early as 1853, the area now known as Indian Wells was the site of a thriving Indian village, as reported by W.P. Blade, a Smithsonian Institution geologist. A decade later, when gold was discovered on the Colorado River, William D. Bradshaw built a trail from Los Angeles through the desert to the gold mines. The Alexander and Company Stage Line used the trail to transport prospectors and Indian Wells became an important stop along the trail. Competition from the Southern Pacific Railroad caused the route to be abandoned briefly in 1875 before being reactivated by the Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo
Company the following year.[7] Over the next decades, settlers gradually arrived in the area and date palm ranches became profitable. The area's first golf courses were opened in the 1950s at the Eldorado Country Club and the Indian Wells Country Club. In 1957, Desi Arnaz
Desi Arnaz
opened his Indian Wells Hotel (forerunner to the Indian Wells Resort Hotel). In 1960, Arnold Palmer won the first Bob Hope Desert Classic golf tournament. President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
was a regular Indian Wells visitor and later an Eldorado homeowner.[8] In an election held June 27, 1967, to avoid being annexed by neighboring cities such as Palm Desert, the inhabitants of Indian Wells voted to incorporate as a city. On July 14, 1967, Indian Wells became California's 400th city and the 16th in Riverside County. Since then, Indian Wells has continued to grow, with the development of resort hotels, golf courses and luxury residential areas.[9] Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1970 760

1980 1,394


1990 2,647


2000 3,816


2010 4,958


Est. 2016 5,345 [6] 7.8%

U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010[edit] The 2010 United States
United States
Census[11] reported that Indian Wells had a population of 4,958. The population density was 339.8 people per square mile (131.2/km²). The racial makeup of Indian Wells was 4,721 (95.2%) White (92.3% Non-Hispanic White),[12] 29 (0.6%) African American, 20 (0.4%) Native American, 83 (1.7%) Asian, 2 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 52 (1.0%) from other races, and 51 (1.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 209 persons (4.2%). The Census
reported that 4,952 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 6 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized. There were 2,745 households, out of which 193 (7.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,519 (55.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 85 (3.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 46 (1.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 85 (3.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 36 (1.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 944 households (34.4%) were made up of individuals and 690 (25.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.80. There were 1,650 families (60.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.22. The age distribution was: 310 people (6.3%) under the age of 18, 76 people (1.5%) aged 18 to 24, 283 people (5.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,558 people (31.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,731 people (55.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 66.7 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males. There were 5,137 housing units at an average density of 352.1 per square mile (135.9/km²), of which 2,285 (83.2%) were owner-occupied, and 460 (16.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 15.4%. 4,251 people (85.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 701 people (14.1%) lived in rental housing units. During 2009–2013, Indian Wells had a median household income of $83,884, with 5.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[5] 2000[edit] As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 3,816 people, 1,982 households, and 1,323 families residing in the city. The population density was 288.5 people per square mile (111.4/km²). There were 3,843 housing units at an average density of 290.5 per square mile (112.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 1.5% Asian, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. 3.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,982 households out of which 8.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.9 and the average family size was 2.3. The age distribution is 7.6% under the age of 18, 1.5% from 18 to 24, 9.4% from 25 to 44, 35.3% from 45 to 64, and 46.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 63 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $93,986, and the median income for a family was $119,110. Males had a median income of $88,709 versus $49,539 for females. The per capita income for the city was $76,187. About 1.2% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over. Geography[edit] Indian Wells is located at 33°42′57″N 116°20′28″W / 33.71583°N 116.34111°W / 33.71583; -116.34111 (33.715755, −116.341109).[14]

Hiking trails in the undeveloped area of Indian Wells

According to the United States
United States
Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.6 square miles (38 km2), of which, 14.3 square miles (37 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (1.85%) is water. Climate[edit] This climate is dominated in all months by the subtropical anticyclone, or subtropical high, with its descending air, elevated inversions, and clear skies. Such an atmospheric environment inhibits precipitation.[15]

Climate data for Indio, California
(approximately 8 miles east of Indian Wells) (1981–2010 normals)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 95 (35) 99 (37) 104 (40) 112 (44) 116 (47) 121 (49) 123 (51) 123 (51) 121 (49) 116 (47) 102 (39) 93 (34) 123 (51)

Average high °F (°C) 70.7 (21.5) 73.9 (23.3) 80.5 (26.9) 87.5 (30.8) 95.6 (35.3) 103.6 (39.8) 108.1 (42.3) 107.3 (41.8) 101.7 (38.7) 91.1 (32.8) 78.4 (25.8) 69.3 (20.7) 89.0 (31.7)

Average low °F (°C) 45.5 (7.5) 48.0 (8.9) 52.2 (11.2) 57.4 (14.1) 64.4 (18) 71.0 (21.7) 77.6 (25.3) 77.6 (25.3) 71.7 (22.1) 62.5 (16.9) 51.8 (11) 44.2 (6.8) 60.3 (15.7)

Record low °F (°C) 19 (−7) 24 (−4) 29 (−2) 34 (1) 36 (2) 44 (7) 54 (12) 52 (11) 46 (8) 30 (−1) 23 (−5) 23 (−5) 19 (−7)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.15 (29.2) 1.11 (28.2) 0.53 (13.5) 0.06 (1.5) 0.02 (0.5) 0.02 (0.5) 0.13 (3.3) 0.29 (7.4) 0.23 (5.8) 0.24 (6.1) 0.32 (8.1) 0.87 (22.1) 4.97 (126.2)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.1 3.2 1.6 0.6 0.2 0 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.9 14.4

Source: NOAA[16]

Politics[edit] Indian Wells has the second highest percentage of registered Republicans of any city in California, with 65.1% of its 3,027 registered voters registered as Republicans, 19.5% of voters are registered Democrats, and 12.2% declined to state.[17] In the California
State Legislature, Indian Wells is in the 28th Senate District, represented by Republican Jeff Stone, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Chad Mayes.[18] In the United States
United States
House of Representatives, Indian Wells is in California's 36th congressional district, represented by Democrat Raul Ruiz.[19] Notable residents[edit]

Desi Arnaz
Desi Arnaz
– singer, actor and developer[20] Robert "Bob" Cummings – actor Tony Curtis
Tony Curtis
- actor Ernest E. Debs
Ernest E. Debs
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
City Council member and Los Angeles County supervisor Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
– former U.S. President and avid golfer Don Fairfield – golfer Howard Haugerud
Howard Haugerud
– military pilot, diplomat, businessman and educator Colleen Kay Hutchins – former Miss America Richard M. Jennings
Richard M. Jennings
– U.S. Army officer, author and businessman Jack Jones – singer Robert Kardashian – lawyer Charles Koch – businessman Arthur Lake – actor W. Howard Lester – businessman Cargill MacMillan Jr – businessman[21] Curt Massey - musician Charles Peebler – advertising executive Robert Prescott - Founder of the Flying Tiger Line Charles H. Price II
Charles H. Price II
– businessman and former ambassador Tommy Shepard
Tommy Shepard
– trombonist and orchestra leader Ernie Vandeweghe – physician, U.S. Air Force veteran and basketball player; husband of Colleen Kay Hutchins Sam B. Williams – inventor and businessman John Wilson – golfer Kenneth Simonds
Kenneth Simonds
- businessman Lito Camo - Filipino songwriter


^ a b "Indian Wells". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 11, 2014.  ^ " California
Cities by Incorporation Date". California
Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ " Mayor
Ty Peabody". City of Indian Wells. Retrieved January 23, 2015.  ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.  ^ a b "Indian Wells (city) QuickFacts". United States
United States
Bureau. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2015.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "Indian Wells, CA - The Early Years". Cityofindianwells.org. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ "Indian Wells, CA - The 1950s & 1960s". Cityofindianwells.org. 1967-02-24. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ "Indian Wells, CA - Becoming A City". Cityofindianwells.org. 1967-06-27. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ " Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "2010 Census
Interactive Population Search: CA - Indian Wells city". U.S. Census
Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2013-08-30.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States
United States
Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Indio, California
Travel Weather Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-04-17.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 1, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2009.  ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 23, 2014.  ^ "California's 36th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.  ^ Meeks, Eric G. (2011). P.S. I Love Lucy: The Story of Lucille Ball in Palm Springs. Horatio Limburger Oglethorpe. p. 26. ISBN 978-1468098549.  ^ "Obituary: Cargill MacMillan, 84, company heir". StarTribune. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Indian Wells.

Official website The Desert Sun, Coachella Valley
Coachella Valley
Newspaper Indian Wells at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

Places adjacent to Indian Wells, California

Palm Desert Palm Desert Bermuda Dunes

Palm Desert

Indian Wells

La Quinta

Santa Rosa Mountains Santa Rosa Mountains La Quinta

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Riverside County, California, United States

County seat: Riverside


Banning Beaumont Blythe Calimesa Canyon Lake Cathedral City Coachella Corona Desert Hot Springs Eastvale Hemet Indian Wells Indio Jurupa Valley La Quinta Lake Elsinore Menifee Moreno Valley Murrieta Norco Palm Desert Palm Springs Perris Rancho Mirage Riverside San Jacinto Temecula Wildomar


Aguanga Anza Bermuda Dunes Cabazon Cherry Valley Coronita Crestmore Heights Desert Center Desert Edge Desert Palms East Hemet El Cerrito El Sobrante French Valley Garnet Glen Avon Good Hope Green Acres Highgrove Home Gardens Homeland Idyllwild-Pine Cove Indio Hills Lake Mathews Lake Riverside Lakeland Village Lakeview March ARB Mead Valley Meadowbrook Mecca Mesa Verde Mira Loma Mountain Center North Shore Nuevo Oasis Pedley Ripley Romoland Rubidoux Sky Valley Sunnyslope Temescal Valley Thermal Thousand Palms Valle Vista Vista Santa Rosa Warm Springs Whitewater Winchester Woodcrest

Unincorporated communities

Alberhill Alessandro Arcilla Arnold Heights B Bar H Ranch Belltown Biskra Palms Bly Bonnie Bell Box Springs Cactus City Cahuilla Cahuilla Hills Chiriaco Summit Desert Beach East Blythe Edgemont El Cariso Gilman Hot Springs La Cresta Lost Lake Mortmar North Palm Springs Pinyon Pines Radec Rancho Capistrano River Bend Lodge Sage Snow Creek Village Sun City Palm Desert Valerie

Indian reservations

Agua Caliente Band Augustine Band Cabazon Band Cahuilla Band Colorado River
Colorado River
Indian Reservation Los Coyotes Band Morongo Band Pechanga Band Ramona Band Santa Rosa Band Soboba Band Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians Twenty-Nine Palms Band

Ghost towns

Alamo Bonito Auld Bergman Bradshaw's Ferry Caleb Dos Palmas Eagle Mountain Hell La Placita Leon Linda Rosa Midland Olive City Pinacate Saahatpa Temescal Terra Cotta Willard Willow Springs Station

v t e

Inland Empire


Riverside San Bernardino

Major cities

Riverside San Bernardino

Cities and towns 100k+

Corona Fontana Moreno Valley Murrieta Ontario Rancho Cucamonga Temecula Victorville

Cities and towns 25k–100k

Apple Valley Banning Beaumont Cathedral City Chino Chino Hills Coachella Colton Desert Hot Springs Eastvale Hemet Hesperia Highland Indio Jurupa Valley Lake Elsinore Menifee Montclair Norco Palm Desert Palm Springs Perris Redlands Rialto Rubidoux San Jacinto Twentynine Palms Upland Valle Vista Wildomar Yucaipa

Cities and towns 10k–25k

Adelanto Barstow Big Bear City Bloomington Blythe Cabazon Canyon Lake Crestline Glen Avon Grand Terrace La Quinta Loma Linda Mira Loma Pedley Rancho Mirage Twentynine Palms Yucca Valley

Cities and towns under 10k

Big Bear Lake Calimesa Devore El Cerrito Oak Glen Highgrove Home Gardens Indian Wells Joshua Tree Lake Arrowhead Landers Mentone Muscoy Needles Romoland San Antonio Heights Sunnyslope Wrightwood Woodcrest


Coachella Valley Cucamonga Valley Elsinore Trough High Desert Morongo Basin Perris Plain Plains of Leon San Bernardino Mountains San Bernardino Valley San Jacinto Mountains San Jacinto Valley Santa Ana Mountains Temescal Mount