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The Dominion
Dominion
or Union of INDIA was an independent state that existed between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950. It was transformed into the Republic of India
Republic of India
by the promulgation of the Constitution of India
India
on 26 January 1950.

George VI
George VI
was the king (the head of state ) and was represented by the Governor-General of India . However, the governor-general was not designated _viceroy _, as had been customary under the British Raj . Two governors-general held office in India
India
during the Dominion
Dominion
period (after the office of Viceroy was abolished by the Indian Independence Act 1947 ): Mountbatten of Burma (1947–48) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1948–50). Jawaharlal Nehru held office as prime minister of India
India
throughout this period.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Partition of India
Partition of India

* 1.1.1 Aftermath

* 1.2 Conflict with Pakistan
Pakistan
* 1.3 The Republic of India
Republic of India

* 2 Government

* 2.1 Monarchy

* 2.1.1 List of monarchs

* 2.2 List of Governors-General * 2.3 List of Prime Ministers

* 3 See also * 4 References and external links

HISTORY

PARTITION OF INDIA

Main article: Partition of India
Partition of India

The Partition of British India
India
on 14/15 August 1947 led to the creation of two sovereign states , both dominions: Pakistan
Pakistan
(which later split into the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Pakistan
and the People\'s Republic of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
in 1971) and India
India
(later the Republic of India ) India
India
received 82.5% of the total munitions, arms, and transport from the combined military of the Raj, and 70% of the manpower.

Since the 1920s the Indian independence movement had been demanding _Poorna Swaraj_ (complete self-rule) for the Indian nation and the establishment of the Dominion
Dominion
of India
India
and the Dominion
Dominion
of Pakistan was a major victory for the Swarajis. Nevertheless, the Partition was controversial among the people, and resulted in significant political instability and displacement .

Aftermath

Most of the 552 princely states within Indian territory acceded to the Dominion
Dominion
of India
India
due to the work of the civil servant V. P. Menon . The Hindu-majority Junagadh State located in modern day Gujarat attempted to accede to Pakistan
Pakistan
under the Muslim Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III . It was annexed militarily by the Indian government. Similarly, the State of Hyderabad sought to remain independent and was also annexed by India
India
in 1948.

CONFLICT WITH PAKISTAN

See also: Indo-Pakistani War of 1947

The newly-created states of Pakistan
Pakistan
and India
India
both joined the Commonwealth
Commonwealth
, a platform for cooperation between the countries that had been part of the British Empire
British Empire
. Nevertheless, they soon found themselves at war beginning in October 1947, over the contested princely state of Jammu and Kashmir . Pakistani militants entered the state, alarming Maharaja Hari Singh
Hari Singh
who appealed to India
India
for military intervention, in exchange for the signing of the Instrument of Accession and annexation into India. The region is contested to this day and two other Indo- Pakistan
Pakistan
wars occurred as part of the Kashmir conflict .

Hostilities and Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
's attempt to reconcile the two nations via a fast led to his assassination in 1948 by Nathuram Godse , further increasing tensions between the two new states.

The Dominion
Dominion
of India
India
began working towards a constitution based on liberal democracy immediately after independence.

THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

Main article: India
India

The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India
Constitution of India
, drafted by a committee headed by Dr Rajendra Prasad , on 26 November 1949. India
India
became a federal, democratic republic after its constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950, henceforth celebrated as Republic Day . The governmental structure was similar to that of the United Kingdom but within a federal system . Rajendra Prasad
Rajendra Prasad
became the first President of India
India
.

GOVERNMENT

MONARCHY

The sovereign and head of state of the dominion of India
India
was a hereditary monarch, George VI
George VI
, who was also the sovereign of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the other dominions in the British Commonwealth
Commonwealth
of Nations . His constitutional roles were mostly carried out by the Governor-General of India . The royal succession was governed by the Act of Settlement 1701 .

The monarchy was abolished on 26 January 1950, when India
India
became a republic within the Commonwealth
Commonwealth
, the first Commonwealth
Commonwealth
country to do so.

List Of Monarchs

The King in relation to independent India
India
held the following official style and titles :

* 15 August 1947 to 22 June 1948: _His Majesty George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India_ * 22 June 1948 to 26 January 1950: _His Majesty George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith_

HOUSE OF WINDSOR

PORTRAIT NAME BIRTH DEATH MONARCH FROM MONARCH UNTIL RELATIONSHIP WITH PREDECESSOR(S)

King George VI
George VI
14