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Indian Congress (Socialist) (IC(S)) also known as Congress (S) was a political party in India
India
between 1978 and 1986. The party was formed through a split in the Indian National Congress. Initially the party was known as the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(Urs) and was led by D. Devraj Urs. It broke away from the parent party in 1978 following Indira Gandhi's drubbing in the 1977 General Elections. Urs took with him many legislators from Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Goa including future Union Ministers and Chief Ministers A.K. Antony, Sharad Pawar, Dev Kant Baruah, Priyaranjan Das Munshi, Sarat Chandra Sinha and K. P. Unnikrishnan. When Sharad Pawar
Sharad Pawar
took over the party presidency in October 1981, the name of the party was changed to Indian Congress (Socialist)[1] In 1986 Pawar and his party rejoined the Indian National Congress. One section led by Sarat Chandra Sinha broke away from IC(S) in 1984 and formed a separate party known as Indian Congress (Socialist) - Sarat Chandra Sinha. This faction merged with Sharad Pawar's National Congress Party in 1999.[2] However, in Kerala, the residual faction of Indian Congress (Socialist) led by Kadannappalli Ramachandran
Kadannappalli Ramachandran
still exists and is a part of the Left Democratic Front. In 2007, Democratic Indira Congress (Left) led by M.A. John merged with this party. See also[edit]

Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
breakaway parties

References[edit]

^ Andersen, Walter K.. India
India
in 1981: Stronger Political Authority and Social Tension, published in Asian Survey, Vol. 22, No. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part II (February, 1982), pp. 119-135 ^ "Spotlight: Merger with NCP". Tribune India. 1999-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 

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Political parties in India
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Former national coalitions

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Recognised national parties

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Trinamool Congress Bahujan Samaj Party Bharatiya Janata Party Communist Party of India Communist Party of India
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(Marxist) Indian National Congress Nationalist Congress Party

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Aam Aadmi Party All India
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Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam All India
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Forward Bloc All India
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Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen All India
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United Democratic Front Asom Gana Parishad Biju Janata Dal Bodoland People's Front Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Indian National Lok Dal Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular) Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Karnataka
Karnataka
Pragnyavantha Janatha Party Kerala
Kerala
Congress Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Mani) Lok Jan Shakti Party Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Navnirman Sena Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Manipur Peoples Party Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Meghalaya Democratic Party Mizo National Front Mizoram People's Conference Muslim League Kerala
Kerala
State Committee Naga People's Front National People's Party N.R. Congress Pattali Makkal Katchi People's Party of Punjab Rashtriya Janata Dal Rashtriya Lok Dal Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Revolutionary Socialist Party Samajwadi Party Shiromani Akali Dal Shiv Sena Sikkim Democratic Front Telangana Rashtra Samithi Telugu Desam Party United Democratic Party Uttarakhand Kranti Dal YSR Congress Party Mahan Dal Zoram Nationalist Party

Other parties in parliament

Apna Dal
Apna Dal
(Sonelal) Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi Jan Adhikar Party Socialist Unity Centre of India
India
(Communist) Swabhimani Paksha Swatantra Bharat Paksh

Unrecognised parties or parties with limited presence

Apna Dal All India
India
Muslim Forum Arunachal Congress Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh Bharatiya Awam Party Chhattisgarh Janata Congress Communist Marxist Party Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist–Leninist) Liberation Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra) Gorkha Janmukti Morcha Hindu Sena Hindustani Awam Morcha Indian Federal Democratic Party Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(Socialist) Indian National League Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra Jana Sena Party Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy Jharkhand Party Karnataka
Karnataka
Janata Paksha Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Balakrishna Pillai) Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Jacob) Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Secular) Kerala
Kerala
People's Party Kongunadu Munnetra Peravai Lok Satta Party Naam Tamilar Katchi People's Guardian Peoples Republican Party Peoples’ Resurgence and Justice Alliance Perunthalaivar Makkal Katchi Pragatisheel Indira Congress Professionals Party of India Puthiya Tamilagam Puducherry Munnetra Congress Republican Party of India
India
(Gavai) Republican Party of India
India
(Athvale) Republican Party of India
India
(Kamble) Republican Party of India
India
(Democratic) Republican Party of India
India
(Khobragade) Revolutionary Socialist Party (Baby John) Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Sikkim Krantikari Morcha Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi United Goans Democratic Party Welfare Party of India

Former political parties

Janata Dal Justice Party Praja Socialist Party Swatantra Party

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