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India
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Rajya Sabha
(Chairman) Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(Speaker)

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Elections Election Commission:

Chief Election Commissioner (Election commissioners)

General elections: 2009 2014 2019

State elections: 2017 2018 2019

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United Progressive Alliance
(UPA)

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Vidhan Sabha Vidhan Parishad

Local governments:

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v t e

The Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
(IAST: Bhāratīya Praśāsanika Sevā), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India
India
Services.[3] The service is considered to be the premier civil service of India.[3][4] The IAS, the Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
(IPS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS/IFoS) comprise the three arms of the All India
India
Services. Members of these three services serve the Government of India
India
as well as the individual states. IAS officers may also be deployed to various public sector undertakings. As with other countries that follow the westminster system of government, the IAS is part of the permanent bureaucracy of the nation,[5] and is an inseparable part of the executive of the Government of India. As such, the bureaucracy remains politically neutral and guarantees administrative continuity to the ruling party.[5] Upon confirmation of service, an IAS officer serves a probationary period as a sub-divisional magistrate. Completion of this probation is followed by an administrative command role in a district as district magistrate and collector, which lasts a number of years although it may be as long as sixteen years in some states. After this tenure as a district magistrate, the officer may be promoted to head a whole state division, as divisional commissioner. On attaining the Apex Scale, IAS officers may go on to lead government departments or ministries. In these roles, IAS officers represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. If serving on a deputation, they may be employed in intergovernmental organisations such as the World Bank
World Bank
(WB), the International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
(IMF), the Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
(ADB), the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
(AIIB), and the United Nations (UN), or its agencies. IAS officers are also involved in the conduct of elections in India, as mandated by the Election Commission of India.

Contents

1 History 2 Recruitment

2.1 State cadres

2.1.1 Cadre allocation policy 2.1.2 Previous cadre allocation policies

3 Responsibilities of an IAS officer 4 Career progression

4.1 Assessment of suitability for promotion and posting

5 Major concerns and reforms

5.1 Shortage of officers 5.2 Lateral entry 5.3 Political influence

5.3.1 TSR Subramanian vs Union of India

5.4 Corruption

5.4.1 Fake cases

5.5 Missing IAS officers

6 Notable IAS Officers 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 Bibliography

10.1 Books 10.2 Papers

11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit] During the occupation of India
India
by the East India
India
Company, the civil services were divided into three — covenanted, uncovenanted and special civil services. The covenanted civil service, or the Honourable East India
India
Company's Civil Service (HEICCS), as it was called, largely consisted of British civil servants occupying the senior posts in the government.[4][6][7] The uncovenanted civil service was solely introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians into the lower rung of the administration.[6][7][8] The special service consisted of specialised departments, such as the Indian Forest Service, Indian Police and Indian Political Service, whose ranks were drawn from either the covenanted civil services or the British Indian Army. The Indian Police ranked many British Indian Army
British Indian Army
officers among its members, although after 1893, an annual exam was used to select its officers.[8][7] In 1858, the HEICCS was replaced by the Indian Civil Service (ICS),[6][7] which became the highest civil service in British-ruled India
India
between 1858 and 1947. The last British appointments to the ICS were made in 1942.[7][8] With the passing of the Government of India
India
Act, 1919, the Imperial Services — under the oversight of the Secretary of State for India — were split into two arms, the All India
India
Services and the Central Services.[9] The Imperial Civil Service
Imperial Civil Service
was one of the ten All India Services. In 1946, at the Premier's Conference, the then-Central Cabinet decided to form the Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
(IAS), based on the Imperial Civil Service (ICS);[10][11] and the Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
(IPS), based on the Imperial Police (IP).[10]

There is no alternative to this administrative system... The Union will go, you will not have a united India
India
if you do not have good All- India
India
Service which has the independence to speak out its mind, which has sense of security that you will standby your work... If you do not adopt this course, then do not follow the present Constitution. Substitute something else... these people are the instrument. Remove them and I see nothing but a picture of chaos all over the country. —  Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
in the Constituent Assembly of India discussing the role of All India
India
Services., [12][13][14][15][16]

When India
India
was partitioned following the departure of the British in 1947, the Imperial Civil Service
Imperial Civil Service
was divided between the new dominions of India
India
and Pakistan. The Indian remnant of the ICS was named the Indian Administrative Service,[17] while the Pakistan
Pakistan
remnant was named the Pakistan
Pakistan
Administrative Service (PAS). The modern Indian Administrative Service was created under the Article 312(2) in part XIV of the Constitution of India,[18][19] and the All India
India
Services Act, 1951.[20] Recruitment[edit]

Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
is the staff training college of IAS.

Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
interacting with IAS officers of 2015 batch (on probation)

There are three modes of recruitment into the Indian Administrative Service. IAS officers are recruited from the Civil Services Examination, which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission
Union Public Service Commission
(UPSC).[3] Officers selected from the Civil Services Examination are called direct recruits. Some IAS officers are also promoted from the state civil services,[3] and, in rare cases, selected from non-state civil service.[3] The ratio between the direct recruits and the promotees is fixed at 2:1. All IAS officers, regardless of the mode of entry, are appointed by the President of India.[18] Only about 180 candidates out of over 1 million applicants, who apply through the Civil Services Examination (CSE), are successful, a success rate of less than 0.0001 percent.[10][21] As a result, the members of the service are often referred to as "heaven-born".[22][23] Unlike candidates appointed to other civil services, a successful IAS candidate is rendered ineligible to reappear in the Civil Services Examination.[24] From 1951 to 1979, an IAS candidate was required to submit two additional papers, on top of three optional papers instead of two as with other civil services, to be eligible for Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Foreign Service
Indian Foreign Service
(IFS). The two additional papers were post graduate level submissions, compared to the graduate level for the optional papers, and it was this distinction that resulted in a higher status for the IAS and IFS. The two post graduate level submissions were later removed, but this did not change the perceived higher status of the IAS and IFS.[25][26] After the selection process, the successful candidates undergo training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.[11] State cadres[edit] Cadre allocation policy[edit] The central government announced a new cadre allocation policy for the All India
India
Services in August 2017, touting it as a policy to ensure national integration of the bureaucracy and to ensure an All-India character of the services.[27][28][29] Under the new policy, the existing 26 cadres were to be divided into five zones by the Department of Personnel and Training of the Government of India.[30][31][32][33] Under the new policy, a candidate first selects their zones of preference, in descending order, then indicates a cadre preference from each preferred zone. The candidate indicates his second cadre preference for every preferred zone subsequently. The process continues till a preference for all the cadres is indicated by the candidate. The preference for the zones/cadres remains in the same order and no change is permitted.[27][28][29] Officers remain in their allocated cadre or are deputed to the Government of India.[3][34]

Zones under the current cadre allocation policy

Zone States

Zone-I AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh-Goa- Mizoram
Mizoram
and Union Territories), Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and Haryana

Zone-II Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
and Odisha

Zone-III Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
and Chhattisgarh

Zone-IV West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura
Tripura
and Nagaland

Zone-V Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Kerala

Previous cadre allocation policies[edit] Until 2008, there was no formal system that permitted the selecting of a state cadre preferred by the candidate. If the candidate was not placed in a vacancy in their home state, they would be allocated to other states, which were selected from a roster in alphabetic order, starting from a, h, m or t, depending on the year. For example, if in a particular year the roster begins from 'a', then the first candidate on the roster will go to the Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
state cadre, the next one to Bihar, and then to Chhattisgarh, Gujarat
Gujarat
and so on in alphabetical order.[35] The next year the roster starts from 'h', for either Haryana
Haryana
or Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
(the two states alternate roster years). This system, practised since the mid-1980s, ensured that officers from different states were placed all over India. The system of permanent state cadres resulted in wide disparities of professional exposure for officers when comparing those from developed versus less developed states.[35][36] Changes of state cadre was permitted on grounds of marriage to an All India
India
Services officer of another state cadre or under other exceptional circumstances. The officers were allowed to go to their home state cadre on deputation for a limited period, after which they would be required to return to their allocated cadre.[35][36] Since 2008, IAS officers were assigned to state cadres at the beginning of their service. There was one cadre for each Indian state, except for two joint cadres: Assam– Meghalaya
Meghalaya
and Arunachal Pradesh–Goa–Mizoram–Union Territories (AGMUT).[36] The "insider-outsider ratio" (ratio of officers who were posted to their home states to those from other states) was maintained at 1:2, with one-third of the direct recruits being 'insiders' from the same state.[37] The remainder are posted as outsiders according to the state allocation 'roster' order in states other than their home states,[37] as indicated by their preference. Responsibilities of an IAS officer[edit] The typical functions performed by an IAS officer are:

To collect revenue and function as courts in matters of revenue and crime (revenue courts and criminal courts of executive magistrates), to maintain law and order, to implement Union and state government policies at the grass-root level when posted to field positions i.e. as sub-divisional magistrate, additional district magistrate, district magistrate and divisional commissioner, and to act as an agent of the government in the field, i.e. to act as an intermediary between the public and the government.[4][38][39][40] To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government, including formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of the concerned ministry or department.[4][38][39][40] To contribute to policy formulation, and to make a final decision in certain matters, with the agreement of the minister concerned or the council of ministers (depending upon the weight of the matter), when posted at higher level in Government of India
India
as joint secretary, additional secretary, special secretary/secretary equivalent, secretary and Cabinet Secretary, and in state governments as principal secretary, additional chief secretary/special chief secretary and chief secretary.[4][38][39][40]

Career progression[edit] At the beginning of their career, IAS officers receive district training with their home cadres followed by their first posting. In state administration, their initial role is as a sub-divisional magistrate (SDM) and they are placed in charge of a district sub-division. As SDMs, they are entrusted with maintaining law and order, as well as general administration and development work, of the sub-division.[40] With the completion of their training, IAS officers are assigned to various strategic posts in the state and Union governments, and also in local-self governments (municipal corporations/zilla parishads), and public sector undertakings.[41] In 2015, it was announced that a new designation of assistant secretary at the Central Secretariat had been created to enable new IAS officers to be posted to Delhi
Delhi
for a three-month assignment as part of their training regime. IAS officers were previously only permitted to go on a deputation being assigned to the Central Secretariat after nine years of service in their home cadre. However, it was observed that experience of central functions was severely lacking among these deputations, resulting in this change in their training.[42][43][44] Completion of this probation is followed by an administrative command role in a district as district magistrate and collector, which lasts a number of years although it may be as long as sixteen years in some states. After this tenure as a district magistrate, the officer may be promoted to head a whole state division, as divisional commissioner. On attaining the apex scale, IAS officers may go on to lead government departments or ministries. In these roles, IAS officers represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. If serving on a deputation,[34] they may be employed in intergovernmental organisations such as the World Bank (WB),[34][45][46] the International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
(IMF),[34][47][48] the Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
(ADB),[34][49][50] the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB),[51][52][53] and the United Nations
United Nations
(UN), or its agencies.[34][54][55] IAS officers are also involved in the conduct of elections in India, as mandated by the Election Commission of India.[56]

Positions and designations held by IAS officer in their career.[3][57][58]

Grade/Level on Pay Matrix[57][58] Field Posting(s)[3] Position in the State Government(s)[3] Position in the Central Government[3] Position in Indian order of precedence Base Salary (per month)[57][58]

Cabinet Secretary grade (Pay level 18)

Cabinet Secretary of India

11

₹250,000 (US$3,800)

Apex scale (Pay level 17)

Chief secretary[a]

Secretary[b]

23

₹225,000 (US$3,400)

Higher administrative grade (above super time scale) (Pay level 15)

Divisional commissioner[c]

Principal secretary

Additional secretary

25

₹182,200 (US$2,800)—₹224,100 (US$3,400)

Senior administrative grade (above super time scale) (Pay level 14)

Divisional commissioner[c]

Secretary

Joint secretary

26

₹144,200 (US$2,200)—₹218,200 (US$3,300)

Selection grade (Pay level 13)

District magistrate[d]

Special
Special
secretary

Director

₹118,500 (US$1,800)—₹214,100 (US$3,300)

Junior administrative grade (Pay level 12)

District magistrate[d]

Joint secretary

Deputy secretary

₹78,800 (US$1,200)—₹191,500 (US$2,900)

Senior time scale (Pay level 11)

Additional district magistrate[e]

Deputy secretary

Under secretary

₹67,700 (US$1,000)—₹160,000 (US$2,500)

Junior time scale (Pay level 10)

Sub-divisional magistratel[f]

Under secretary

Assistant secretary

₹56,100 (US$860)—₹132,000 (US$2,000)

Upon retirement, high ranking IAS officers have been known to occupy constitutional posts such as the Chief Election Commissioner of India (CEC),[66] Comptroller and Auditor General of India
India
(C&AG),[67] and Chairman of Union Public Service Commission
Union Public Service Commission
(UPSC).[68] They have also become members of administrative tribunals, such as National Green Tribunal (NGT) and Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT), as well as chiefs of regulators including the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
India
(TRAI),[69] the Securities and Exchange Board of India
India
(SEBI),[70][71] and the Reserve Bank of India
India
(RBI).[72] If a serving IAS officer is appointed to constitutional posts such as Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Chief Election Commissioner of India
India
and Chairman of UPSC or as head of statutory authorities, such as National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Women, and Central Information Commission, he or she is deemed to have retired from service.[73][74][75] IAS officers can also be deputed to private organizations for a fixed tenure under Rule 6(2)(ii) of The Indian Administrative Service (Cadre) Rules, 1954.[76][77] Assessment of suitability for promotion and posting[edit] The performance of IAS officers is assessed through a performance appraisal report (PAR). The reports are reviewed to judge the suitability of an officer prior to a posting and/or promotion in the Union or state governments. The report is compiled annually and is initiated by the officers themselves, designated as the reporting officer, who lists out their achievements, completion of assigned activities and targets for the year. The report is then modified and commented by the reviewing officer, usually the superior of the reporting officer. Reports submitted for IAS officers are forwarded by the reviewing officer to the accepting authority, who conducts a final review of the report.[3] Major concerns and reforms[edit] Shortage of officers[edit] It was reported in 2017 that there is a shortage of about 1500 IAS officers in the country,[78][79][80] Despite this, the government has stated that yearly recruitment of IAS officers will not increase to avoid impacting the career progression of existing officers and the overall structure of the service.[10][81] Lateral entry[edit] Media personnel, some retired IAS officers and a few academicians have argued in favour of lateral entry into IAS, so as to inject fresh blood into the service. They argue that it would help refresh the bureaucracy, offer competitiveness and bring in alternate perspectives.[82][83][84][85][86][87] However, a counter-argument has been put forward that a lateral entry process could be manipulated due to corruption and cronyism.[88] It is further argued that lateral entry would not lead to improvements in managerial performance or accountability,[89] and while it may create synergy between the government and big businesses, it could also compromise the integrity of government.[90] It has also been argued that it could weaken the bureaucracy instead.[91] The Union government has, on many occasions, ruled out lateral entry into the IAS.[92][93][94] Political influence[edit]

The IAS is hamstrung by political interference, outdated personnel procedures, and a mixed record on policy implementation, and it is in need of urgent reform. The Indian government should reshape recruitment and promotion processes, improve performance-based assessment of individual officers, and adopt safeguards that promote accountability while protecting bureaucrats from political meddling. — Vaishnav Milan and Saksham Khosla, The Indian Administrative Service Meets Big Data, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, [95][96][97]

A number of think tanks and media outlets have argued that the IAS is hamstrung by political influence within the service.[17][96][97][98] It has been reported that many local political leaders have been seen to have interfered with IAS officers. Politicians have also exerted pressure on IAS officers by repeatedly transferring them,[99][100][101][102][103] suspending them,[104][105][106] beating them,[107][108][109] and in some extreme cases, killing them.[110][111] TSR Subramanian vs Union of India[edit] Main article: T.S.R. Subramanian vs Union of India While hearing T.S.R. Subramanian vs. Union of India, the Supreme Court ruled that IAS officers were not required to act on oral instructions given by politicians as they 'undermined credibility'.[112][113][114][115] Corruption[edit] See also: Category: Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
officers convicted of crimes In 2015, it was reported by Government of India
India
that as many as 100 IAS officers had come under scrutiny by the Central Bureau of Investigation's alleged corruption.[116][117][118][119] In 2017, Government records showed that 379 IAS officers had deliberately failed to submit details of their immovable assets (IPR).[120] Since 2007, a number of Chief Secretaries[121][122][123] and Principal Secretary[124][125][126] have been arrested in graft cases and laundering.[127][128][129] IAS officers have been found amassing disproportionate assets and wealth varying from ₹200 crore (equivalent to ₹242 crore or US$37 million in 2017),[130] to ₹350 crore (equivalent to ₹559 crore or US$86 million in 2017).[130][131] However, in 2016, it was reported that the Government would provide the means to prosecute corrupt IAS officers,[132] with the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (DoPT) agreeing to receive requests from private citizens seeking punitive measures against IAS officers even without supporting documentation.[132] In 2017, a former Union Coal Secretary and two other IAS officers were sentenced to two years in prison, for their involvement in the coal allocation scam, by a CBI special court in Delhi.[133][134] In 2017, it was reported by the Department of Personnel and Training, part of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, that, since 2014, one IAS officer was prematurely retired from service, ten IAS officers had been deemed to have resigned, five had their pensions cut, and a further eight IAS officers suffered a cut in remuneration.[135][136][137][138] In 2018, the Union Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Dr. Jitendra Singh informed the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
that disciplinary proceedings were underway against 36 IAS officers.[139] Fake cases[edit] A number of false cases have been registered against IAS officers as a tactic to prevent them from taking action against the reporting individuals.[140][141][142] Missing IAS officers[edit] In June 2015, The Telegraph reported that a total of twelve IAS officers had gone missing, and had not reported to either the Union or the state government for their allocated cadre.[2] It was believed that they were working in foreign countries for companies such as Microsoft
Microsoft
for more lucrative pay.[2] It was later reported by The Asian Age that the services of three of the twelve officers were likely to be terminated due to "prolonged absence from service".[143] Notable IAS Officers[edit] Main page: Category: Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
officers

Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
Naresh Chandra; a retired 1956 batch IAS officer of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
cadre, who served as the Cabinet Secretary of India, Defence Secretary of India, Home Secretary of India, Water Resources Secretary of India
India
and Indian Ambassador to the United States.[144][145][146] He was awarded India's second-highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan, for civil service, in 2007.[147][148][149] Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
Narinder Nath Vohra
Narinder Nath Vohra
(N. N. Vohra); a retired 1959 batch IAS officer of Punjab cadre and the current and 12th Governor of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, he is the first civilian Governor of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
in 18 years after Jagmohan. Vohra has also served as the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister of India, Home Secretary of India, Defence Secretary of India
India
and Defence Production Secretary of India.[150][151][152] He was awarded India's second-highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan, for civil service, in 2007.[147][148][149] T. N. Seshan; a retired 1955 batch IAS officer of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
cadre, notable for enacting significant reforms to electoral oversight in India.[153][154] He was the 10th Chief Election Commissioner of India (1990–96), who reformed elections by ending electoral malpractice throughout the country,[155] and strengthened the image of the Election Commission of India.[156][157] He previously served as the 18th Cabinet Secretary of India
India
in 1989, and later as a member of the Planning Commission. He was presented the Ramon Magsaysay Award for government service in 1996.[158] Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
Vinod Rai; a retired 1972 batch IAS officer of Kerala cadre, who served as the 11th Comptroller and Auditor General of India. He is widely considered a symbol of the anti-corruption movement in India.[159] He also served as the Financial Services Secretary of India. Rai was awarded India's third highest civilian honour, the Padma Bhushan, civil service, in 2016.[160][161][162] Dr. Duvvuri Subbarao; a retired 1972 batch IAS officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre. He served as the 22nd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. A former Finance Secretary of India, he also served as a member of the Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council, and as a senior economist in the World Bank. Dr Subbarao's selection as RBI Governor in 2008 was coincidental with the outbreak of the Global Financial Crisis.[163] His leadership is generally credited with safeguarding the Indian economy through the financial crisis.[164] Dr. Yogendra Narain; a retired 1965 batch IAS officer of Uttar Pradesh cadre. He is a former Secretary-General of Rajya Sabha,[165][166] who also served as the Defence Secretary of India, Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
as well as Surface Transport Secretary of India.[165][166] He was awarded the Dean Paul H. Appleby Award, for distinguished civil service, in 2017.[167][168][169]

See also[edit]

Special
Special
Duty Allowance (SDA)

Notes[edit]

^ IAS officers of the designations additional chief secretary and special chief secretary draw same pay as the chief secretary of the state.[59][60][61] ^ IAS officers of the designation special secretary to Government of India
India
draw same pay as a secretary to Government of India.[62][63][64] ^ a b Alternate designations - Regional commissioner, revenue divisional commissioner. ^ a b Alternate designations - District collector, deputy commissioner.[65] ^ Alternate designations - Chief development officer, additional district collector, joint collector, additional deputy commissioner, CEO of zila parishad. ^ Alternate designations - Deputy collector, sub-divisional officer, sub-collector, joint magistrate.[65]

References[edit]

^ "CADRE STRENGTH OF INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE (AS ON 01.01.2017)" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2018.  ^ a b c Siddiqui, Imran Ahmed (13 June 2015). "Mystery of the missing IAS dozen". The Telegraph. New Delhi. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved 2 September 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Service Profile for the Indian Administrative Service" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ a b c d e Tummala, Krishna Kumar (1996). Public Administration in India. Mumbai: Allied Publishers. pp. 154–159. ISBN 978-8170235903. OCLC 313439426.  ^ a b Bhattacharjee, Subhomoy (22 June 2017). "In defence of administrative continuity". Business Standard. New Delhi. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved 20 January 2018.  ^ a b c Chesney, George Tomkyns (2016) [1870]. Indian Polity: A view of system of administration in India
India
(classic reprint). London: Forgotten Books (published 8 December 2017). ISBN 978-1333187644. OCLC 982769345.  ^ a b c d e "Civil Service". The British Library. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ a b c Sabharwal, Meghna; Berman, Evan M., eds. (2013). Public Administration in South Asia: India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan
Pakistan
(Public Administration and Public Policy) (1st ed.). Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge. ISBN 978-1439869116. OCLC 1004349979.  ^ Goel, S.L.; Rajneesh, Shalini (2002). Public Personnel Administration : Theory and Practice. Foreword by Vasundhara Raje. Delhi: Deep and Deep Publications. ISBN 978-8176293952. OCLC 51300460.  ^ a b c d Baswan, B. S.; Barik, Prof. (Dr.) R. K.; Ali, Dr. Akber; Singh, Pankaj Kumar (2016). "To take a comprehensive look at the requirement of IAS officers over a longer time frame" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. New Delhi: Indian Institute of Public Administration. Retrieved 23 January 2018.  ^ a b Ghose, Bhaskar (2011). The Service of the State: The IAS Reconsidered. New Delhi: Penguin Group
Penguin Group
(published 9 June 2011). ISBN 978-0670083817. OCLC 986241038.  ^ "Discussion in Constituent Assembly on role of Indian Administrative Service". Parliament of India. Retrieved 26 January 2010.  ^ Naidu, M Venkaiah (October 31, 2017). "The great unifier". The Indian Express. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved January 21, 2018.  ^ "Sardar Patel's great contribution was the Indian Administrative Service". The Economic Times. New Delhi. October 31, 2018. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved January 21, 2018.  ^ Noorani, A.G. (2 July 2017). "Save the integrity of the civil service". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ "One Who Forged India's Steel Frame". H.N. Bali. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ a b Schiavo-Campo, Salvatore; Tommaso, de Giulio; Mukherjee, Amitabha (1999). Government Employment and Pay: A Global and Regional Perspective. Washington D. C.: World Bank. p. 23. OCLC 913715804.  ^ a b "Part XIV of the Constitution of India- Services under the Union and the States - Article 312(2)" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ "Relevant portions of the constitution relating to the All India Services" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved 3 March 2018.  ^ "The All India
India
Services Act, 1951 (Act no. 61 of 1951)" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India. 29 October 1951. Retrieved 16 February 2018.  ^ "11.36 lakh candidates to appear for UPSC IAS Prelims tomorrow: 10 quick tips". India
India
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Bibliography[edit] Books[edit]

Tummala, Krishna Kumar (1996). Public Administration in India. Mumbai: Allied Publishers. ISBN 978-8170235903. OCLC 313439426.  Chesney, George Tomkyns (2016) [1870]. Indian Polity: A view of system of administration in India
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(classic reprint). London: Forgotten Books (published 8 December 2017). ISBN 978-1333187644. OCLC 982769345.  Sabharwal, Meghna; Berman, Evan M., eds. (2013). Public Administration in South Asia: India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan
Pakistan
(Public Administration and Public Policy). Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge. ISBN 978-1439869116. OCLC 1004349979.  Goel, S.L.; Rajneesh, Shalini (2002). Public Personnel Administration : Theory and Practice. Foreword by Vasundhara Raje. Delhi: Deep and Deep Publications. ISBN 978-8176293952. OCLC 51300460.  Ghose, Bhaskar (2011). The Service of the State: The IAS Reconsidered. New Delhi: Penguin Group
Penguin Group
(published 9 June 2011). ISBN 978-0670083817. OCLC 986241038.  Chattopadhyaya, Haraprasad; Baghel, Indu (2015). Indian Administration. New Delhi: Global Vision Publishing House. ISBN 978-8182207134. OCLC 927511141.  Malik, Yogendra K.; Kennedy, Charles H.; Oberst, Robert C.; Kapur, Ashok; Lawoti, Mahendra; Rahman, Syedur (2001). Government And Politics In South Asia (5th ed.). Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press (now Routledge) (published 7 September 2001). ISBN 978-0813339016. OCLC 945072906.  Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India
India
(2nd ed.). Noida: McGraw-Hill Education
McGraw-Hill Education
(published 25 August 2014). ISBN 978-9339204785.  Saxena, Vaishali (2003). Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
on Wheels: Trauma of Transfers in the Indian Administrative Service. Jaipur: Aalekh Publishers. ISBN 978-8187359210. OCLC 191202280. 

Papers[edit]

Schiavo-Campo, Salvatore; Tommaso, de Giulio; Mukherjee, Amitabha (1999). Government Employment and Pay: A Global and Regional Perspective. Washington D. C.: World Bank. OCLC 913715804.  Baswan, B. S.; Barik, R. K.; Ali, Dr. Akber; Singh, Pankaj Kumar (2016). "To take a comprehensive look at the requirement of IAS officers over a longer time frame" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. New Delhi: Indian Institute of Public Administration. Retrieved 23 January 2018.  Vaishnav, Milan; Khosla, Saksham (1 September 2016). "The Indian Administrative Service Meets Big Data" (PDF). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 19 September 2017.  Banik, Dan (June 1, 2001). "The transfer raj: Indian civil servants on the move". The European Journal of Development Research. 13 (1). doi:10.1080/09578810108426783. ISSN 0957-8811. OCLC 55042966 – via Palgrave Macmillan. 

Further reading[edit]

Maheswari, S. R. (2006). Public Administration in India: The Higher Civil Service. Delhi: Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
(published 5 June 2006). ISBN 978-0195683769. OCLC 820503225.  Arora, Keshav Chandra (1996). The Steel Frame: Indian Civil Service Since 1860. New Delhi: Sanchar Publishing House. ISBN 978-8172030346. OCLC 605601059.  Natarajan, Gulzar; Subbarao, Duvvuri (30 December 2017). "Changing chalta hai". The Indian Express. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 26 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Indian Administrative Service.

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India
Services (IAS • IFS/IFoS • IPS) Cabinet Secretary Secretaries (Defence • Finance • Foreign • Home) State governments Chief Minister (list) Chief Secretary Governors (list)

Legislative

Parliament Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(Speaker) Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
(Chairman) Vidhan Sabha Vidhan Parishad Leader of the Opposition

Judiciary

Supreme Court (Chief Justice) High Courts District Courts

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Public Services of India

All India
India
Services

Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
(IAS) Indian Forest Service
Indian Forest Service
(IFoS) Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
(IPS)

Central Services

Central Power Engineering Service (CPES) Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS) Indian Civil Accounts Service
Indian Civil Accounts Service
(ICAS) Indian Corporate Law Service
Indian Corporate Law Service
(ICLS) Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS) Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES) Indian Economic Service (IES) Indian Foreign Service
Indian Foreign Service
(IFS) Indian Information Service (IIS) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service (IPTAFS) Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS) Indian Railway Personnel Service
Indian Railway Personnel Service
(IRPS) Indian Railway Traffic Service
Indian Railway Traffic Service
(IRTS) Indian Revenue Service
Indian Revenue Service
(IRS-IT / C&CE) Indian Telecommunication Service (ITS) Indian Trade Service (ITrS)

State Services

Karnataka
Karnataka
Administrative Service (KAS) Provincial Civil Service (Uttar Pradesh)
Provincial Civil Service (Uttar Pradesh)
(PCS) Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Administrative Service (RAS) Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Civil Service (TNCS) West Bengal
West Bengal
Civil Service (WBCS) West Bengal
West Bengal
Legal Service (WBLS)

Others

Civil Services of India State civil services of India

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Law enforcement in India

Cross civil service: Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Revenue Service

Union Home Ministry

Ministry of Home Affairs

State Home Departments

Bihar
Bihar
Home Department Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Home Department Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Home Department West Bengal
West Bengal
Home Department

Federal Law Enforcement Agencies

Andaman and Nicobar Police Border Security Force
Border Security Force
(BSF) Central Industrial Security Force
Central Industrial Security Force
(CISF) Central Reserve Police Force
Central Reserve Police Force
(CRPF) Chandigarh
Chandigarh
Police Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
(COBRA) Delhi
Delhi
Police Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police Daman and Diu Police Home Guard Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Indo-Tibetan Border Police
(ITBP) Lakshadweep Police National Security Guard
National Security Guard
(NSG) Puducherry Police Railway Protection Force
Railway Protection Force
(RPF) Rapid Action Force
Rapid Action Force
(RAF) Special
Special
Protection Group (SPG)

Central Intelligence Agencies

Bureau of Police Research and Development
Bureau of Police Research and Development
(BPR&D) Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) Intelligence Bureau (IB) Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) Research and Analysis Wing
Research and Analysis Wing
(R&AW) National Technical Research Organisation

Central Investigative Agencies

Directorate General of Income Tax Investigation Investigation Division of the Central Board of Direct Taxes Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Central Central Bureau of Investigation
Central Bureau of Investigation
(CBI) Narcotics Control Bureau
Narcotics Control Bureau
(NCB) National Investigation Agency
National Investigation Agency
(NIA)

State police
State police
forces

Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Police Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Police Assam
Assam
Police Bihar
Bihar
Police Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
Police Goa
Goa
Police Gujarat
Gujarat
Police Haryana
Haryana
Police Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Police Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Police Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Police Karnataka
Karnataka
Police Kerala
Kerala
Police Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
Police Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Police Manipur
Manipur
Police Meghalaya
Meghalaya
Police Mizoram
Mizoram
Police Nagaland
Nagaland
Police Odisha
Odisha
Police Punjab Police Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Police Sikkim
Sikkim
Police Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Police Telangana
Telangana
Police Tripura
Tripura
Police Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Police Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Police West Bengal
West Bengal
Police

Police Commissionerates

North India

Delhi
Delhi
Police

East India

Asansol–Durgapur Police Commissionerate Barrackpore Police Commissionerate Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate Chandannagar Police Commissionerate Howrah Police Commissionerate Kolkata Police Siliguri Police Commissionerate

Central India

Bhubaneswar–Cuttack Police Commissionerate

West India

Mumbai
Mumbai
Police Nagpur Police Pune
Pune
Police

South India

Bangalore
Bangalore
City Police Coimbatore City Police Chennai
Chennai
Metropolitan Police Hyderabad
Hyderabad
City Police Kochi City Police Kollam City Police Nizamabad Police Thrissur City Police Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
City Police Vijayawada City Police Visakha

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