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As of 6 March 2018

The India
India
national cricket team, also known as Team India
India
and Men in Blue, represents India
India
in international cricket. Governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India
India
(BCCI), it is a full member of the International Cricket Council
International Cricket Council
(ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International
Twenty20 International
(T20I) status. Although cricket was introduced to India
India
by European merchant sailors in the 18th century, and the first cricket club was established in Calcutta
Calcutta
[currently known as Kolkata] in 1792, India's national cricket team did not play its first Test match until 25 June 1932 at Lord's, becoming the sixth team to be granted Test cricket
Test cricket
status. In its first fifty years of international cricket, India
India
was one of the weaker teams, winning only 35 of the first 196 Test matches it played. From 1932 India
India
had to wait until 1952, almost 20 years for its first Test victory. The team, however, gained strength in the 1970s with the emergence of players such as batsmen Sunil Gavaskar
Sunil Gavaskar
and Gundappa Viswanath, all-rounder Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
and the Indian spin quartet of Erapalli Prasanna, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Bhagwat Chandrasekhar and Bishen Singh Bedi. Traditionally much stronger at home than abroad, the Indian team has improved its overseas form, especially in limited-overs cricket, since the start of the 21st century, winning Test matches in Australia, England
England
and South Africa. It has won the Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
twice – in 1983 under the captaincy of Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
and in 2011 under the captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni. After winning the 2011 World Cup, India
India
became only the third team after West Indies
West Indies
and Australia to have won the World Cup more than once,[8] and the first cricket team to win the World Cup at home. It also won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, under the captaincy of MS Dhoni. It was also the joint champions of 2002 ICC Champions Trophy, along with Sri Lanka. As of 10 February 2018, India
India
is ranked first in Test and ODIs and third in T20Is by the ICC.[9] Virat Kohli
Virat Kohli
is the current captain of the team across all formats, while the head coach is Ravi Shastri.[10] The Indian cricket team has rivalries with other Test-playing nations, most notably with Pakistan, the political arch-rival of India. However, in recent times, rivalries with nations like Australia and England
England
have also gained prominence.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early History 1.2 Test-Match Status 1.3 One-Day Cricket and World Cup Success 1.4 Late 20th Century 1.5 Turn of the Millennium 1.6 Controversy and World Cup Flop 1.7 Success under Dhoni 1.8 Transition Period 1.9 Worldwide Limited-Overs Success 1.10 Dominance at Home under Kohli 1.11 2017 ICC Champions Trophy
ICC Champions Trophy
and onwards

2 Governing body

2.1 Selection committee

3 Team colours 4 International grounds 5 Captains 6 Results and fixtures 7 Personnel

7.1 Squad

8 Support staff 9 Tournament history 10 Individual records 11 Statistics

11.1 Tests 11.2 One-Day Internationals 11.3 Twenty20
Twenty20
Internationals

12 Fan following 13 Indian women's cricket team 14 See also 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of the Indian cricket team Early History[edit]

Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji
Ranjitsinhji
Jadeja was an Indian who played for the English cricket team

See also: History of cricket in India
India
to 1918 The British brought cricket to India
India
in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721.[11] In 1848, the Parsi
Parsi
community in Bombay
Bombay
formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians. After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877.[12] By 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims of Bombay
Bombay
played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year.[12] In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England
England
cricket team. Some of these, such as Ranjitsinhji
Ranjitsinhji
and KS Duleepsinhji
KS Duleepsinhji
were greatly appreciated by the British and their names went on to be used for the Ranji Trophy and Duleep Trophy – two major first-class tournaments in India. In 1911, an Indian team went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team.[13] Test-Match Status[edit] See also: History of cricket in India
India
from 1918-19 to 1945, History of cricket in India
India
from 1945–46 to 1960, and History of cricket in India
India
from 1960–61 to 1970 India
India
was invited to The Imperial Cricket Council
Imperial Cricket Council
in 1926, and made their debut as a Test playing nation in England
England
in 1932, led by CK Nayudu, who was considered as the best Indian batsman at the time.[14] The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at Lord's
Lord's
in London. The team was not strong in their batting at this point and went on to lose by 158 runs.[15] In 1933, the first Test series in India
India
was played between India
India
and England
England
with matches in Bombay, Calcutta
Calcutta
(now Kolkata) and Madras (now Chennai). England
England
won the series 2–0.[16] The Indian team continued to improve throughout the 1930s and '40s but did not achieve an international victory during this period. In the early 1940s, India
India
didn't play any Test cricket due to the Second World War. The team's first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against Sir Donald Bradman's Invincibles (a name given to the Australia national cricket team
Australia national cricket team
of that time). It was also the first Test series India
India
played which was not against England. Australia won the five-match series 4–0, with Bradman tormenting the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer.[17] India
India
subsequently played their first Test series at home not against England
England
against the West Indies
West Indies
in 1948. West Indies
West Indies
won the 5-Test series 1–0.[18] India
India
recorded their first Test victory, in their 24th match, against England
England
at Madras in 1952.[19] Later in the same year, they won their first Test series, which was against Pakistan.[20] They continued their improvement throughout the early 1950s with a series win against New Zealand in 1956. However, they did not win again in the remainder of the decade and lost badly to strong Australian and English sides. On 24 August 1959, India
India
lost by an innings in the Test to complete the only 5–0 whitewash ever inflicted by England. The next decade saw India's reputation develop as a team with a strong record at home. They won their first Test series against England
England
at home in 1961–62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India
India
also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68.

Panoramic View of the Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
Stadium during IPL 2008

The key to India's bowling in the 1970s were the Indian spin quartet – Bishen Bedi, E.A.S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and Srinivas Venkataraghavan. This period also saw the emergence of two of India's best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar
Sunil Gavaskar
and Gundappa Viswanath. Indian pitches have had the tendency to support spin and the spin quartet exploited this to create collapses in opposing batting line-ups. These players were responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies
West Indies
and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored 774 runs in the West Indian series while Dilip Sardesai's 112 played a big part in their one Test win. One-Day Cricket and World Cup Success[edit] See also: History of cricket in India
India
from 1970–71 to 1985

A graph showing India's Test match results against all Test match teams from 1932 to September 2006

The advent of One Day International
One Day International
(ODI) cricket in 1971 created a new dimension in the cricket world. However, India
India
was not considered strong in ODIs at this point and batsmen such as the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach to batting. India
India
began as a weak team in ODIs and did not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup. Gavaskar infamously blocked his way to 36 not out off 174 balls against England
England
in the first World Cup in 1975, India
India
scored just 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs. In contrast, India
India
fielded a strong team in Test matches and was particularly strong at home, where their combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling spinners were at their best. India
India
set a then Test record in the third Test against the West Indies
West Indies
at Port-of-Spain in 1976, when they chased 403 to win, thanks to 112 from Viswanath. This West Indian defeat is considered to be a watershed in the history of their cricket because it led to captain Clive Lloyd
Clive Lloyd
dispensing with spin altogether and relying entirely on a four-man pace attack instead. In November 1976, the team established another record by scoring 524 for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur
Kanpur
without any individual batsman scoring a century. There were six fifties, the highest being 70 by Mohinder Amarnath. This innings was only the eighth instance in Test cricket
Test cricket
where all eleven batsmen reached double figures. During the 1980s, India
India
developed a more attack-minded batting line-up with stroke makers such as the wristy Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and all-rounders Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
and Ravi Shastri. India
India
won the Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
in 1983, defeating the favourites and the two-time defending champions West Indies
West Indies
in the final at Lords, owing to a strong bowling performance. In spite of this, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. In 1984, India
India
won the Asia Cup
Asia Cup
and in 1985, won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. Apart from this, India remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India's Test series victory in 1986 against England
England
remained the last Test series win by India
India
outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years. The 1980s saw Gavaskar and Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
(India's best all-rounder to date) at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10,000 run mark. Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
later became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket
Test cricket
with 434 wickets. The period was also marked by an unstable leadership, with Gavaskar and Kapil exchanging the captaincy several times. Late 20th Century[edit] See also: History of cricket in India
India
from 1985–86 to 2000

With 619 wickets, Anil Kumble
Anil Kumble
is the world's third highest wicket-taker in Tests and India's highest Test and ODI wicket taker .[21]

The addition of Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Tendulkar
and Anil Kumble
Anil Kumble
to the national side in 1989 and 1990 further improved the team. The following year, Javagal Srinath, India's fastest bowler since Amar Singh made his debut. Despite this, during the 1990s, India
India
did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the subcontinent while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home. After being eliminated by neighbours Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
on home soil at the 1996 Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
semifinal, the team underwent a year of change as Sourav Ganguly
Sourav Ganguly
and Rahul Dravid, later to become captains of the team, made their debut in the same Test at Lord's. Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late 1996, but after a personal and team form slump, Tendulkar relinquished the captaincy and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of 1998. With the captaincy burden removed, Tendulkar was the world's leading run-scorer in both Tests and ODIs, as India
India
enjoyed a home Test series win over Australia, the best-ranked team in the world. After failing to reach the semifinals at the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Tendulkar was again made captain, and had another poor run, losing 3–0 on a tour of Australia and then 2–0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again. Ganguly was appointed the new captain and the team was further damaged in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja
Ajay Jadeja
were implicated in a match-fixing scandal and given life and five years bans respectively. This period was described by the BBC as "the Indian cricket's worst hour". However, the new core – Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly – swore not to let this happen to them again, and lead Indian cricket out of the dark times. And the first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era.[22] Turn of the Millennium[edit] See also: History of cricket in India
India
from 2000–01 Since 2000, the Indian team underwent major improvements with the appointment of John Wright as India's first ever foreign coach. India maintained their unbeaten home record against Australia in Test series after defeating them in 2001. The series was famous for the Kolkata Test match, in which India
India
became only the third team in the history of Test cricket
Test cricket
to win a Test match after following on. Australian captain Steve Waugh
Steve Waugh
labelled India
India
as the "Final Frontier" as a result of his side's inability to win a Test series in India.[23] Victory in 2001 against the Australians marked the beginning of a dream run for India
India
under their captain Ganguly, winning Test matches in Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies
West Indies
and England. The England
England
series is also known for India's highest ODI run-chase of 325 runs at Lord's
Lord's
which came in the Natwest ODI Series final against England. In the same year, India were joint-winners of the ICC Champions Trophy
ICC Champions Trophy
with Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and then went to the 2003 Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
in South Africa where they reached the final, only to be beaten by Australia. The 2003–04 season also saw India
India
play out a Test series in Australia where they drew 1–1 with the world champions, and then win a Test and ODI series in Pakistan. Controversy and World Cup Flop[edit]

The Indian cricket team in action in the Wankhede Stadium

At the end of the 2004 season, India
India
suffered from lack of form and fitness from its older players. A defeat in a following home Test series against Australia was followed by an ODI home series defeat against Pakistan followed by a Test series levelled 1–1. Greg Chappell took over from John Wright as the coach of the Indian cricket team following the series, and his methods proved to be controversial during the beginning of his tenure. The tension resulted in a fallout between Chappell and Ganguly, resulting in Rahul Dravid
Rahul Dravid
being made captain. This triggered a revival in the team's fortunes, following the emergence of players like Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Suresh Raina, and the coming of age of players like Irfan Pathan
Irfan Pathan
and Yuvraj Singh. A thumping home series victory over Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in 2005 and a drawn series with South Africa put India
India
at second place in the ICC ODI rankings. Dravid, Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag
Virender Sehwag
were selected to play for the ICC World XI in the 2005 "SuperTest" against Australia. A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early 2006, following a loss in the Test series, gave India
India
the world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second.[24] Towards the middle of 2006, however, a 4–1 series loss in the West Indies
West Indies
gave rise to a slump in India's ODI form, while they achieved a 1–0 victory in the Test series that followed, giving them their first Test series victory in the Caribbean since 1971. India's ODI form slumped further with a disappointing performance in the 2006 Champions Trophy and a drubbing in the ODI series in South Africa. This was followed yet again by an initial good performance in the Tests, giving India
India
its first Test match win in South Africa, although they went on to lose the series 2–1. This Test series was marked by Ganguly's comeback to the Indian team.[25] In December 2006, India
India
played and won its first ever Twenty20 international in South Africa, becoming the most recent Test team to play Twenty20
Twenty20
cricket. The beginning of 2007 had seen a revival in the Indian team's ODI fortunes before the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Series victories against the West Indies
West Indies
and Sri Lanka, marked by the comeback of Ganguly, and strong form by Tendulkar, and the emergence of young players like Robin Uthappa
Robin Uthappa
saw many pundits to tip India
India
as a real contender to win the 2007 Cricket World Cup. However, defeats to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
saw India
India
fail to reach the second round. Success under Dhoni[edit] After winning the Test series against England
England
in August 2007, Dravid stepped down as the captain of the team, following which Dhoni was made the captain of the Twenty20
Twenty20
and ODI team. In September 2007, India
India
won the first-ever Twenty20
Twenty20
World Cup held in South Africa, beating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final. In 2007–08, they toured Australia where India
India
lost the highly controversial home Test series 2–1 but managed to win the CB series the following month with a whitewash final of Australia. In April 2009, India
India
secured their first Test series win in New Zealand in 41 years. After beating Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
2–0 in December 2009, India
India
became the No. 1 Test team in the world. They retained the ranking by drawing series against South Africa and Sri Lanka. In October 2010, India
India
whitewashed Australia 2–0 in the home test series, giving them back-to-back series wins against them. Later that year, India
India
managed to draw the Test series in South Africa at 1–1.[26]

India's results in international matches

  Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied No result Inaugural Match Latest Match

Test[27] 521 144 160 216 1 – 25 June 1932 27 January 2018

ODI[28] 939 483 409 – 7 40 13 July 1974 16 February 2018

T20I[29] 91 55 33 – 1 2 1 December 2006 24 December 2017

On 2 April 2011, India
India
won the 2011 Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, thus becoming the third team after West Indies
West Indies
and Australia to win the World Cup twice, the previous win being in 1983. Gautam Gambhir
Gautam Gambhir
and the skipper Dhoni led the way with 97 and 91* respectively.[30] India
India
also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil. Transition Period[edit] India
India
were whitewashed 4–0 in away Test series by England
England
in August 2011 due to which England
England
replaced India
India
as the No. 1 Test team in the rankings.[31] This series was followed by another 4–0 whitewash of India
India
in January 2012 in Australia. The disastrous whitewashes saw the retirement of Dravid and VVS Laxman
VVS Laxman
from Test cricket
Test cricket
in 2012. Tendulkar retired in November 2013 after his 200th Test match. With Ganguly having retired in 2008, this period signalled the end of the fabled middle-order batting line-up India
India
had for a decade. 2012 signalled a rough period for Indian cricket as they were beaten 2–1 by England
England
at home in the Test series. This was the first Team India were beaten by England
England
at home in the modern era. This was followed by a 2–1 loss in the ODI series against Pakistan, India's arch-rivals, at home. India
India
was then knocked out in the second round of the 2012 ICC World Twenty20. India
India
also failed to qualify for the 2012 Asia Cup final which closed out a disappointing 2012 for the Indian cricket team. 2013 saw a resurgence in Indian cricket. Worldwide Limited-Overs Success[edit] In early 2013, India
India
returned the favour to Australia and whitewashed them 4–0 at home in a Test series. India
India
then beat the Aussies 3–2 in the 7-match ODI series and won the one-off T20I. However, India lost heavily against New Zealand and South Africa away from home and led to heavy criticism of Indian cricketers for not being able to perform overseas. India
India
defeated England
England
in the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy final and Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
became the first captain in history to win the three major ICC trophies, namely- ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC World Twenty20
ICC World Twenty20
and ICC Champions Trophy. This was followed by a victory in the West Indies Triangular Series in 2013 consisting of India, West Indies
West Indies
and Sri Lanka. In 2014, India
India
toured Bangladesh and England. Although they beat the former 2–0 in 3 One Day Internationals, Team India
India
were beaten 3–1 in 5 Test matches by England. This series included a famous win for the Indian team in the first match of the series at Lord's. The Test series was followed by a 3–1 win for the Indians in a 5-match ODI series and a loss in a one-off T20, both against England. India
India
failed to reach the final of the Asia Cup
Asia Cup
yet again in 2014. In the 2014 ICC World Twenty20
ICC World Twenty20
hosted in Bangladesh, India
India
narrowly missed out on another ICC trophy by losing to Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in the final. This tournament saw the rise of Virat Kohli
Virat Kohli
as one of the best limited overs batsmen in world cricket, as he was adjudged the man of the series. India
India
soon comprehensively beat Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and West Indies
West Indies
in ODI series to cement their position at the top of the ODI rankings. India
India
toured Australia towards the end of 2014 for a 4-match Test series, which is remembered for MS Dhoni's sudden retirement from Test cricket after the end of the second Test. Virat Kohli
Virat Kohli
was appointed as the captain of Team India
India
in Test matches but he was unable to turn the series around and India
India
lost 2–0. Kohli's first series win as captain came away from home in a 3-match Test series vs Sri Lanka, which signalled the beginning of an unbeaten Test series run for India. Dominance at Home under Kohli[edit] 2015 saw the beginning of India's dominance at home in Test matches under new captain Virat Kohli
Virat Kohli
when they comprehensively beat South Africa. This series was the beginning of an unbeaten streak of 19 Test matches for India
India
which was brought to an end by Australia in early 2017. This series also saw the emergence of Ravichandran Ashwin
Ravichandran Ashwin
and Ravindra Jadeja
Ravindra Jadeja
as two of the best spinners and all-rounders. They spun webs around touring batsmen, much like the spinning quartet of the 1970s. This was followed by limited overs victories over Australia and Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
away from home. India
India
was knocked out of the 2015 World Cup in the semi-final stage, to eventual winners Australia. India began 2016 by winning the 2016 Asia Cup, remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament, beating Pakistan along the way. India
India
were favourites to win the 2016 ICC World Twenty20
ICC World Twenty20
which was being held at home, but they lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies. Virat Kohli was again named the man of the series. In 2016, "The Grand Home Season" began for India, including series at home against New Zealand, England, Bangladesh and Australia. India whitewashed New Zealand to regain the number one ranking in Test cricket after almost 10 years. Before the series against England
England
in November 2016, MS Dhoni
MS Dhoni
resigned as captain of India
India
in limited overs, thus handing the captaincy to Virat Kohli
Virat Kohli
across all formats. India beat England
England
across all three formats, with a notable 4–0 win in the Test series. This was followed by Test series wins against Bangladesh and Australia, which meant India
India
reclaimed the Border Gavaskar Trophy. Ravichandran Ashwin
Ravichandran Ashwin
became the fastest cricketer of all time to reach 250 wickets; he and Ravindra Jadeja
Ravindra Jadeja
occupied the top two spots in both the ICC Bowlers and All-Rounders rankings at the time. In the process, India
India
became the third team (after South Africa and Australia) to have won their most recent Test series against all the other Test-playing nations. India
India
holds an unbeaten streak of 8 consecutive Test series wins as of 19 August 2017. 2017 ICC Champions Trophy
ICC Champions Trophy
and onwards[edit] India
India
defeated Pakistan in their first game of the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, winning by a convincing 124-run margin,[32] but lost their second game of the group against Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
by 7 wickets despite posting a total of 321.[33] In their final group game against South Africa, a must-win encounter, India
India
won comfortably and sealed a spot in the semi-finals, against Bangladesh.[34] India
India
comfortably won the match by 9 wickets, and faced arch-rivals Pakistan in the final, the first time they had met at this stage of a tournament since 2007.[35] In an anti-climax, considering India
India
were the clear favourites, Pakistan defeated India
India
comfortably by 180 runs in the final, outclassing them across all three departments.[36] India
India
beat the West Indies
West Indies
3–1 in a 5-match ODI series in the Caribbean in July 2017,[37] but lost to the same opposition in a one-off T20I.[38] India
India
then toured Sri Lanka, and comprehensively defeated them 3-0 in a three-match Test series, the first time India had whitewashed a team away from home in a Test series with at least three games.[39] Governing body[edit] Main article: Board of Control for Cricket in India The Board of Control for Cricket in India
Board of Control for Cricket in India
(BCCI) is the governing body for the Indian cricket team and first-class cricket in India. The Board has been operating since 1929 and represents India
India
at the International Cricket Council. It is amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world. It sold media rights for India's matches from 2006–2010 for US$612,000,000.[40] It manages the Indian team's sponsorships, its future tours and team selection. The International Cricket Council
International Cricket Council
determines India's upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, the BCCI, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, has often challenged the ICC's program and called for more series between India, Australia and England
England
which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe.[41] In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC regarding sponsorships[42] and the legitimacy of the ICC Champions Trophy. Selection committee[edit] Main article: Indian national cricket selectors Selection for the Indian cricket team occurs through the BCCI's zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented with one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the Chairman of the selection committee. This has sometimes led to controversy as to whether these selectors are biased towards their zones.[43] The current chairman of the selection committee is M. S. K. Prasad. Devang Gandhi, Sarandeep Singh, Jatin Paranjpe, and Gagan Khoda are the other members of the selection committee from 21 September 2016. Team colours[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor

2003-2004

Sahara

2005-2013 Nike

2014-2016 Star India

2017-present Oppo

Since colours have made their way into international cricket, the Indian cricket team has chosen blue as their primary colour and orange/red as their secondary colour and have worn one or the other shade of blue. The blue colour of their uniform has also earned them the nickname of "Men in Blue". With the advent of the World Series Cup in the 1970s, each team was to don a primary and secondary colour on their uniforms. The Indian team elected to wear light-blue as their primary colour and yellow as their secondary colour. Even during the 1999 Cricket World Cup, the secondary colour on the Indian cricket team's clothing was yellow. However, this has since been replaced with the tricolour. In the past, the Indian ODI outfits were changed to different shades of blue, mostly darker than the current,[44] and the team donned navy blue during 1992,[45] and then the sky blue colour for the next decade. Indian team has got a new kit from 2009 which is feroza blue with India
India
written on it in orange.[46] Currently, from October 2010, the team is once again using a light blue shade though not as light as the previous sky blue one, with India
India
written in orange, and shades of the tricolour at the sides. The kit sponsor for the Indian cricket team is Nike, which in 2005 bought the kit rights in a $27.2 million contract with BCCI.[47] Due to their love for blue colour Nike with Board for Control of Cricket in India
India
launched the mega campaign called "Bleed Blue" for the support of Indian team in 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
which turned out to be a huge success and people over the internet and places adopted this to cheer for India.[48] A new ultramarine blue coloured jersey of the one-day cricket team was released on 20 October 2010[49] for the upcoming tours and ICC Cricket World Cup. The jersey has been designed by team's apparel and kit sponsor Nike. Previously, the Indian cricket team has worn a darker shade of blue and before that, the team has worn sky blue. The vertical tricolour band has been made on both sides in comparison to just one side in the previous shirt. OPPO, the manufacturer of Chinese electronics is the official team sponsor logo is on the central part of the jersey (above orange coloured INDIA logo) and on the right arm Nike logo is visible. The name and jersey number of the player are printed in orange at the back while on the chest the logo of BCCI is on the left side. The one-day cap was also sky blue with the BCCI logo on the front. When playing first-class cricket, in addition to their cricket whites, Indian fielders sometimes wear a sunhat, which is dark blue and has a wide brim, with the BCCI logo in the middle of the front of the hat. Helmets are coloured similarly. Some players sport the Indian flag on their helmet. The current kit sponsor for the Indian team is Nike and current team sponsor is OPPO (since April, 2017).[50] Previously, the Indian team was sponsored by Star India
India
(2014-2017),[51] Sahara India Pariwar (2002-2013) and Wills (1994-2000). International grounds[edit] Main article: List of international cricket grounds in India See also: List of international cricket centuries on Indian cricket grounds and List of international cricket five-wicket hauls in Indian Grounds

Barabati

Barkatullah

Roop

ACA-VDCA

Wankhede

Brabourne/Gymkhana

MCA

Eden Gardens

Guwahati

Barsapara

Kotla

Gandhi

Noida

Green

Greenfield

LB Shastri

HPCA

Rajiv

Chinnaswamy

MAC

Kaloor

Mohali

Indore

Motera

Jaipur

Vidarbha

Ranchi

Locations of all stadiums which have hosted an international match within India

There are numerous world-renowned cricket stadiums located in India. Most grounds are under the administration of various state cricket boards as opposed to being under the control of the BCCI. The Bombay Gymkhana was the first ground in India
India
to host a full-scale cricket match featuring an Indian cricket team. This was between the Parsis and the Europeans in 1877. The first stadium to host a Test match in India
India
was also the Gymkhana Ground in Bombay
Bombay
in 1933, the only Test it ever hosted. The second and third Tests in the 1933 series were hosted at Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
and Chepauk. The Feroz Shah Kotla
Feroz Shah Kotla
in Delhi
Delhi
was the first stadium to host a Test match after independence, a draw against the West Indies
West Indies
in 1948, the first of a 5-Test series. 21 stadiums in India
India
have hosted at least one official Test match. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of world-class cricket stadiums in India, with multiple Test venues in Indore, Chandigarh Mohali, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Rajkot, Ranchi, Pune, Dharamshala and Nagpur. Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
in Kolkata
Kolkata
has hosted the most Tests, and also has the second-largest seating capacity of any cricket stadium in the world, being capable of holding more than 66,000 spectators. Founded in 1864, it is one of the most historical stadiums in India, having hosted numerous historical and controversial matches.[52] Other major stadiums in India
India
include the Feroz Shah Kotla, which was established in 1883 and hosted memorable matches including Anil Kumble's ten wickets in an innings haul against Pakistan. For the last two years, the ground has been undergoing renovation.[53] The Bombay
Bombay
Gymkhana hosted the first ever Test match in India
India
which is the only Test it has hosted to date. Wankhede Stadium, established in 1974, has a capacity to hold 33,000 spectators and is currently the most popular venue in the city. It has hosted 24 Test matches. It was the unofficial successor of the Brabourne Stadium, which is also located in Mumbai. Mumbai
Mumbai
is often considered the cricketing capital of India
India
because of its fans and the talent it produces (see Mumbai cricket team) and thus the stadium regularly hosts major Test matches.[54] The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium
in Chepauk
Chepauk
is also considered to be an important historical Indian cricket ground, established in the early 1900s it was the site of India's first Test victory.[55]

Stadium City Test matches Ref

Eden Gardens Kolkata 41 [56]

Feroz Shah Kotla
Feroz Shah Kotla
Ground Delhi 34 [57]

M. A. Chidambaram Stadium Chepauk, Chennai 32 [58]

Wankhede Stadium Mumbai 25 [59]

Green Park Kanpur 22 [60]

M. Chinnaswamy Stadium Bangalore 22 [61]

Brabourne Stadium Mumbai 18 [62]

Punjab Cricket Association Stadium Mohali, Chandigarh 13 [63]

Sardar Patel Stadium
Sardar Patel Stadium
(Gujarat) Motera, Ahmedabad 12 [64]

Nehru Stadium Chennai 9 [65]

Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground Nagpur 9 [66]

Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium Nagpur 6 [67]

Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium Hyderabad 4 [68]

Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium Hyderabad 3 [69]

Barabati Stadium Cuttack 2 [70]

Holkar Stadium Indore 1 [71]

Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium Rajkot 1 [72]

ACA-VDCA Cricket Stadium Visakhapatnam 1 [73]

Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium Pune 1 [74]

JSCA International Stadium Complex Ranchi 1 [75]

Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association Stadium Dharamshala 1 [76]

Bombay
Bombay
Gymkhana Mumbai 1 [77]

Gandhi Stadium Jalandhar 1 [78]

K. D. Singh Babu Stadium Lucknow 1 [79]

Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur 1 [80]

Sector 16 Stadium Chandigarh 1 [81]

University Ground Lucknow 1 [82]

Captains[edit] Main article: List of India
India
national cricket captains Thirty-two men have captained the Indian cricket team in at least one Test match, although only six have led the team in more than 25 matches, and six have captained the team in ODIs but not Tests. India's first captain was CK Nayudu, who led the team in four matches against England: one in England
England
in 1932 and a series of three matches at home in 1933–34. Lala Amarnath, India's fourth captain, led the team in its first Test match after Indian independence. He also captained the side to its first Test victory and first series win, both in a three-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952–53. From 1952 until 1961–62, India
India
had a number of captains such as Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar
Polly Umrigar
and Nari Contractor. The Nawab of Pataudi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was the team's captain for 36 Test matches from 1961–62 to 1969–70, returning for another four matches against West Indies
West Indies
in 1974–75. In the early years of his captaincy tenure, the team was whitewashed in the West Indies, England
England
and Australia. However, in 1967–68, Pataudi led India
India
on its maiden New Zealand tour, which ended in India
India
winning the Test series 3–1. In 1970–71, Ajit Wadekar took over the captaincy from Pataudi. Under Wadekar's captaincy, India
India
registered its first Test series win in the West Indies
West Indies
and England. India
India
played its first ODI in 1974, also under his captaincy. India
India
won its first ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East Africa. Between 1975–76 and 1978–79, Bishen Singh Bedi captained the team in 22 Tests and 4 ODIs, winning 6 Tests and one ODI. Sunil Gavaskar
Sunil Gavaskar
took over as Test and ODI captain in 1978–79, leading India
India
in 47 Test matches and 37 ODIs, winning 9 Tests and 14 ODIs. He was succeeded by Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
in the 1980s, who captained for 34 Test matches, including 4 victories. Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
led India
India
to victory in 39 of his 74 ODIs in charge, including the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Kapil Dev also captained India's 2–0 Test series victory in England
England
in 1986. Between 1987–88 and 1989–90, India
India
had three captains in Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri
Ravi Shastri
and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. Although he started with two centuries in his first series as captain, his captaincy period was turbulent[citation needed] and he lost the job following a disastrous tour of the West Indies
West Indies
in early-1989 and a stand-off with the Indian cricket board (BCCI). India
India
has had six regular Test captains since Mohammad Azharuddin
Mohammad Azharuddin
took charge in 1989. Azharuddin led the team in 47 Test matches from 1989–90 to 1998–99, winning 14, and in 174 ODIs, winning 90. He was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who captained the team in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s; Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful[83][84] as a captain, winning only 4 Test matches and 23 ODIs. He was replaced as ODI captain by Ajay Jadeja
Ajay Jadeja
and then by Sourav Ganguly.

Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
holds the record for most Tests wins (27) by an Indian captain.

Ganguly became the regular captain of the team in both Tests and ODIs in 2000. He remained captain until 2005–06 and became the then most successful Indian captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captaincy, India
India
became the joint-winners of the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy
2002 ICC Champions Trophy
with Sri Lanka, and the runners-up of the 2003 Cricket World Cup. India
India
lost only three Tests at home under Ganguly and managed to draw Test series in England
England
and Australia. Rahul Dravid
Rahul Dravid
took over as Test captain in 2005. In 2006, he led India
India
to its first Test series victory in the West Indies
West Indies
in more than 30 years. In September 2007, Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
was named as the new captain of the ODI and T20I
T20I
teams, after Dravid stepped down from the post. Soon after taking up the captaincy, Dhoni led the team to the inaugural World Twenty20
Twenty20
title. Anil Kumble
Anil Kumble
was appointed Test captain in November 2007, but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining in 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as the Test captain, making him the captain in all formats. Under the captaincy of Dhoni, the Indian team held the number one position in the Test rankings for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011), and set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (nine straight wins).[85] Dhoni also led the team to victory in 2011 Cricket World Cup and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. Thus, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies, namely- ICC Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
in 2011, ICC World Twenty20
ICC World Twenty20
in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013. He is widely regarded as India's best ever captain. However, the team performed poorly in away Tests from 2011 to 2014 and Dhoni retired from Test cricket
Test cricket
in December 2014, with Virat Kohli being named as the new Test captain. Dhoni resigned as captain of the ODI and T20 teams in January 2017 and Kohli succeeded him at the position. Under Kohli's captaincy, India
India
was unbeaten in 19 Test matches, starting from a 3–0 series win over New Zealand and ending with a 2–1 series win over Australia. India
India
has an unbeaten streak of winning 9 consecutive Test series as of Dec 2017, starting with a 2–1 series win over Sri Lanka. India
India
also became only the third team after Australia and South Africa to have won their most recent Test series simultaneously against all the other Test playing nations. As per winning percentage in Test matches, Kohli is India's most successful test captain, having won more than 61% of Test matches (at least 2 games). Results and fixtures[edit] The recent results and forthcoming fixtures of India
India
in international cricket:

Bilateral series and tours

Date Against H/A/N Results [Matches]

Test ODI T20I

June–July 2017  West Indies Away – 3–1 [5] 0–1 [1]

July–September 2017  Sri Lanka Away 3–0 [3] 5–0 [5] 1–0 [1]

September–October 2017  Australia Home – 4–1 [5] 1–1 [3]

October–November 2017  New Zealand Home – 2–1 [3] 2–1 [3]

November–December 2017  Sri Lanka Home 1–0 [3] 2–1 [3] 3–0 [3]

January–February 2018  South Africa Away 1–2 [3] 5–1 [6] 2–1 [3]

June 2018  Afghanistan Home [1] – –

June 2018  Ireland Away – – [2]

July–September 2018  England Away [5] [3] [3]

Multiteam series and tournaments

Date Series Format Position Results [Matches]

June 2017 2017 ICC Champions Trophy ODI Runner-up 3–2 [5]

March 2018 2018 Nidahas Trophy T20I Winner 4–1 [5]

September 2018 2018 Asia Cup ODI

Personnel[edit] Squad[edit] This lists all the players who have played for India
India
in the past 12 months and the forms in which they have played. Correct as of 7 March 2018. Key

C/G = Contract grade S/N = Shirt number

Name Age Batting style Bowling
Bowling
style Domestic team Zone C/G[86][87] Forms S/N

Captain and middle-order batsman

Virat Kohli 29 Right-handed Right medium Delhi North A+ Test, ODI, T20I 18

Test vice-captain and middle-order batsman

Ajinkya Rahane 29 Right-handed Right medium Mumbai West A Test, ODI 27

ODI, T20I
T20I
vice-captain and middle-order batsman

Rohit Sharma 30 Right-handed Off break Mumbai West A+ Test, ODI, T20I 45

Opening batsmen

Shikhar Dhawan 32 Left-handed Off break Delhi North A+ Test, ODI, T20I 25

Abhinav Mukund 28 Left-handed Leg break Tamil Nadu South – Test

K. L. Rahul 25 Right-handed Off break Karnataka South B Test, ODI, T20I 1

Murali Vijay 34 Right-handed Off break Tamil Nadu South A Test 8

Middle-order batsmen

Shreyas Iyer 23 Right-handed Leg break Mumbai West – ODI, T20I 41

Kedar Jadhav 33 Right-handed Off break Maharashtra West C ODI, T20I 81

Manish Pandey 28 Right-handed Right medium Karnataka South C ODI, T20I 9

Cheteshwar Pujara 30 Right-handed Leg break Saurashtra West A Test 16

Suresh Raina 31 Left-handed Off break Uttar Pradesh Central C T20I 3

All-rounders

Ravichandran Ashwin 31 Right-handed Off break Tamil Nadu South A Test, ODI, T20I 99

Ravindra Jadeja 29 Left-handed Slow left arm Saurashtra West A Test, ODI, T20I 8

Hardik Pandya 24 Right-handed Right medium-fast Baroda West B Test, ODI, T20I 33

Axar Patel 24 Left-handed Slow left arm Gujarat West C ODI, T20I 20

Vijay Shankar 27 Right-handed Right medium Tamil Nadu South – T20I 59

Washington Sundar 18 Left-handed Off break Tamil Nadu South – ODI, T20I 55

Yuvraj Singh 36 Left-handed Slow left arm Punjab North – ODI 12

Wicket-keepers

Mahendra Singh Dhoni 36 Right-handed Right medium Jharkhand East A ODI, T20I 7

Dinesh Karthik 32 Right-handed Off break Tamil Nadu South B ODI, T20I 21

Rishabh Pant 20 Left-handed

Delhi North – T20I 77

Parthiv Patel 33 Left-handed

Gujarat West C Test 42

Wriddhiman Saha 33 Right-handed

Bengal East A Test 24

Pace bowlers

Jasprit Bumrah 24 Right-handed Right fast-medium Gujarat West A+ Test, ODI, T20I 93

Bhuvneshwar Kumar 28 Right-handed Right medium-fast Uttar Pradesh Central A+ Test, ODI, T20I 15

Mohammed Shami 27 Right-handed Right fast-medium Bengal East B Test, ODI, T20I 11

Ishant Sharma 29 Right-handed Right fast-medium Delhi North B Test 1

Mohammed Siraj 24 Right-handed Right medium-fast Hyderabad South – T20I 13

Shardul Thakur 26 Right-handed Right medium-fast Mumbai West – ODI, T20I 54

Jaydev Unadkat 26 Right-handed Left medium-fast Saurashtra West – T20I 77

Umesh Yadav 30 Right-handed Right fast Vidarbha Central B Test, ODI 19

Spin bowlers

Yuzvendra Chahal 27 Right-handed Leg break Haryana North B ODI, T20I 3

Kuldeep Yadav 23 Left-handed Left arm chinaman Uttar Pradesh Central B Test, ODI, T20I 23

Other players with a central contract who have not played for India
India
in the past 12 months: Karun Nair and Jayant Yadav (both Grade C) The BCCI awards central contracts to its players, its pay graded according to the importance of the player. Players' salaries are as follows:

Grade A+ – ₹7 crore (US$1.1 million) Grade A – ₹5 crore (US$766,000) Grade B – ₹3 crore (US$459,000) Grade C – ₹1 crore (US$153,000)

Players also receive a match fee of ₹15 lakh (US$23,000) per Test match, ₹6 lakh (US$9,200) per ODI, and ₹3 lakh (US$4,600) per T20I.[88] Support staff[edit]

Head coach - Ravi Shastri Batting coach - Sanjay Bangar Bowling
Bowling
coach - Bharat Arun Fielding coach - Ramakrishnan Sridhar Manager - Sunil Subramaniam Trainer - Basu Shanker Physio - Patrick Farhart

Tournament history[edit] See also: India
India
at the Cricket World Cup

World Cup record

Host Year Round Position GP W L T NR

England 1975 Round 1 6/8 3 1 2 0 0

England 1979 7/8 3 0 3 0 0

England 1983 Champions 1/8 8 6 2 0 0

India/Pakistan 1987 Semi-finals 4/8 7 5 2 0 0

Australia/New Zealand 1992 Round 1 7/9 8 2 5 0 1

India/Pakistan/Sri Lanka 1996 Semi-finals 4/12 7 4 3 0 0

England 1999 R2 (Super 6s) 6/12 8 4 4 0 0

South Africa/Zimbabwe/Kenya 2003 Runners-up 2/14 11 9 2 0 0

West Indies 2007 Round 1 10/16 3 1 2 0 0

India/Sri Lanka/Bangladesh 2011 Champions 1/14 9 7 1 1 0

Australia/New Zealand 2015 Semi-finals 3/14 8 7 1 0 0

England 2019 - – – – – – –

India 2023 - – – – – – –

Total 12/12 2 titles 75 46 27 1 1

World Twenty20
Twenty20
record

Host Year Round Position GP W L T NR

South Africa 2007 Champions 1/12 7 4 1 1 1

England 2009 Super 8s 7/12 5 2 3 0 0

West Indies 2010 8/12 5 2 3 0 0

Sri Lanka 2012 5/12 5 4 1 0 0

Bangladesh 2014 Runners-up 2/16 6 5 1 0 0

India 2016 Semi-finals 3/16 5 3 2 0 0

Total 6/6 1 title 33 20 11 1 1

Other Major Tournaments

ICC Champions Trophy Asia Cup

1998: Semi-finals 2000: Runners-up 2002: Joint Champions with Sri Lanka 2004: Round 1 2006: Round 1 2009: Round 1 2013: Champions 2017: Runners-up

1984: Champions 1986: Boycott 1988: Champions 1990/1991: Champions 1995: Champions 1997: Runners-up 2000: 3rd place 2004: Runners-up 2008: Runners-up 2010: Champions 2012: 3rd place 2014: 3rd place 2016: Champions

Defunct Tournaments

Commonwealth Games† Hero Cup Asian Test Championship Austral-Asia Cup World Championship of Cricket

1998: Round 1

1993 Hero Cup: Champions

1999: 3rd place 2001: Boycott

1986: Runners-up 1990: Round 1 1994: Runners-up

1985 World Championship of Cricket: Champions

†Cricket was played only at the 1998 Commonwealth Games. †The Indian team that won the 1985 World Championship of Cricket was adjudged by Wisden as the 'Team of the Century'. Individual records[edit]

Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Tendulkar
celebrates his 38th Test century during a match against Australia in 2008. Tendulkar holds multiple world records including the world's leading run-scorer and century maker in both Tests and ODIs.[89]

Main article: Indian cricket team records See also: List of Indian Test cricketers
List of Indian Test cricketers
and List of Indian ODI cricketers Sachin Tendulkar, who began playing for India
India
as a 16-year-old in 1989 and has since become the most prolific run-scorer in the history of both Test and ODI cricket, holds a large number of national batting records. He holds the record of most appearances in both Tests and ODIs, most runs in both Tests and ODIs and most centuries in Tests and ODIs. The highest score by an Indian is the 319 scored by Virender Sehwag in Chennai. It is the second triple century in Test cricket
Test cricket
by an Indian, the first being a 309 also made by Sehwag although against Pakistan. The team's highest ever score was a 759/7 against England
England
at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai
Chennai
in 2016, while its lowest was 42 against England
England
in 1974. In ODIs, the team's highest score is 418/5 against West Indies
West Indies
at Indore
Indore
in 2011–12. India
India
score 413–5 in a match against Bermuda in 2007 World Cup which is the highest score ever in Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
history. In the same match, India
India
set a world record of the highest winning margin in an ODI match of 257 runs. India
India
has also had some very strong bowling figures, with spin bowler Anil Kumble
Anil Kumble
being a member of the elite group of 3 bowlers who have taken 600 Test wickets. In 1999, Anil Kumble
Anil Kumble
emulated Jim Laker
Jim Laker
to become the second bowler to take all ten wickets in a Test match innings when he took 10 wickets for 74 runs against Pakistan at the Feroz Shah Kotla
Feroz Shah Kotla
in Delhi. Many of the Indian cricket team's records are also world records, for example Sachin Tendulkar's century tally (in Tests and ODIs) and run tally (also in both Tests and ODIs). Mahendra Singh Dhoni's 183 not out against Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in 2005 is the world record score by a wicketkeeper in ODIs. The Indian cricket team also holds the record sequence of 17 successful run-chases in ODIs,[90] which ended in a dramatic match against the West Indies
West Indies
in May 2006, which India
India
lost by just 1 run when Yuvraj Singh
Yuvraj Singh
was bowled by Dwayne Bravo's full toss. Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Tendulkar
was the first batsman to score 200 runs (he was unbeaten on 200 from 147 deliveries including 25x4 and 3x6) in a single ODI innings, on 24 February 2010 against South Africa in Gwalior. On 8 December 2011, this achievement was eclipsed by compatriot Virender Sehwag, who scored 219 runs from 149 deliveries (25x4 7x6) versus West Indies
West Indies
in Indore. On 13 November 2014 the record was broken by another Indian opening batsmen, Rohit Sharma, who scored 264 runs from 173 deliveries (33x4 9x6) against Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in Kolkata. In 2013, MS Dhoni
MS Dhoni
became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies- ICC Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
in 2011, ICC World Twenty20
Twenty20
in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy
ICC Champions Trophy
in 2013. In 2014, Virat Kohli
Virat Kohli
became the first cricketer to win back-to-back man of the series awards in the 2012 ICC World Twenty20
ICC World Twenty20
and 2014 ICC World Twenty20. In 2017, Ravichandran Ashwin
Ravichandran Ashwin
became the fastest cricketer in history to reach 250 wickets. He and Ravindra Jadeja
Ravindra Jadeja
are considered to be the best bowlers in Test cricket
Test cricket
and occupy the top two spots in the rankings for Test bowlers as of May 2017. Virat Kohli became the first captain in history to score double tons in three consecutive series, against New Zealand, England
England
and Bangladesh in 2017. Statistics[edit] Main article: Indian cricket team records Further information: India
India
national cricket team record by opponent

Tests[edit] Main article: List of India
India
Test cricket
Test cricket
records Test record versus other nations

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied Draw W/L Ratio First Last

 Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 - - -

 Australia 94 26 41 1 26 0.63 1947 2017

 Bangladesh 9 7 0 0 2 - 2000 2017

 England 117 25 43 0 49 0.58 1932 2016

 Ireland 0 0 0 0 0 - - -

 New Zealand 57 21 10 0 26 2.10 1955 2016

 Pakistan 59 9 12 0 38 0.75 1952 2007

 South Africa 36 11 15 0 10 0.73 1992 2018

 Sri Lanka 44 20 7 0 17 2.85 1982 2017

 West Indies 94 18 30 0 46 0.60 1948 2016

 Zimbabwe 11 7 2 0 2 3.50 1992 2005

Total 521 144 160 1 216 0.90 1932 2018

Statistics are correct as of   India
India
v  South Africa at New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, 3rd Test, Jan 24-27, 2018.[91][92]

v t e

Most Test runs for India[93]

Player Runs Average

Sachin Tendulkar 15,921 53.78

Rahul Dravid 13,265 52.63

Sunil Gavaskar 10,122 51.12

VVS Laxman 8,781 45.97

Virender Sehwag 8,586 49.34

Sourav Ganguly 7,212 42.17

Dilip Vengsarkar 6,868 42.13

Mohammad Azharuddin 6,215 45.03

Gundappa Vishwanath 6,080 41.93

Virat Kohli 5,554 53.40

Most Test wickets for India[94]

Player Wickets Average

Anil Kumble 619 29.65

Kapil Dev 434 29.64

Harbhajan Singh 417 32.46

Ravichandran Ashwin 311 25.56

Zaheer Khan 311 32.94

Bishan Singh Bedi 266 28.71

Bhagwat Chandrasekhar 242 29.74

Javagal Srinath 236 30.49

Ishant Sharma 234 35.94

Erapalli Prasanna 189 30.38

One-Day Internationals[edit] Main article: List of India
India
One Day International
One Day International
cricket records ODI record versus other nations

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied No Result % Won First Last

ICC Full Members

 Afghanistan 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2014 2014

 Australia 128 45 73 0 10 38.13 1980 2017

 Bangladesh 33 27 5 0 1 84.37 1988 2017

 England 96 52 39 2 3 56.98 1974 2017

 Ireland 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2015

 New Zealand 101 51 44 1 5 53.64 1975 2017

 Pakistan 129 52 73 0 4 41.60 1978 2017

 South Africa 83 34 46 0 3 42.50 1988 2018

 Sri Lanka 158 90 56 1 11 61.56 1979 2017

 West Indies 121 56 61 1 3 47.88 1979 2017

 Zimbabwe 63 51 10 2 0 82.53 1983 2016

Others

 Bermuda 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2007

East Africa 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 1975 1975

 Hong Kong 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2008 2008

 Kenya 13 11 2 0 0 84.61 1996 2004

 Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2003 2003

 Netherlands 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 2003 2011

 Scotland 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2007

 United Arab Emirates 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 1994 2015

Total 939 483 409 7 40 54.11 1974 2018

Statistics are correct as of   India
India
v  South Africa at SuperSport Park, Centurion, 16 February 2018.[95][96]

v t e

Most ODI runs for India[97]

Player Runs Average

Sachin Tendulkar 18,426 44.83

Sourav Ganguly 11,221 40.95

Rahul Dravid 10,768 39.15

MS Dhoni 9,793 51.00

Virat Kohli 9,588 58.11

Mohammad Azharuddin 9,378 36.92

Yuvraj Singh 8,609 36.47

Virender Sehwag 7,995 35.37

Rohit Sharma 6,594 44.55

Suresh Raina 5,568 35.46

Most ODI wickets for India[98]

Player Wickets Average

Anil Kumble 334 30.83

Javagal Srinath 315 28.08

Ajit Agarkar 288 27.85

Zaheer Khan 269 30.11

Harbhajan Singh 265 33.47

Kapil Dev 253 27.45

Venkatesh Prasad 196 32.30

Irfan Pathan 173 29.72

Manoj Prabhakar 157 28.87

Ashish Nehra 155 31.60

Twenty20
Twenty20
Internationals[edit] T20I
T20I
record versus other nations

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tie+Win Tie+Loss No Result % Won First Last

ICC Full Members

 Afghanistan 2 2 0 0 0 0 100.00 2010 2012

 Australia 15 10 5 0 0 0 66.66 2007 2017

 Bangladesh 8 8 0 0 0 0 100.00 2009 2018

 England 11 5 6 0 0 0 45.45 2007 2017

 Ireland 1 1 0 0 0 0 100.00 2009 2009

 New Zealand 8 2 6 0 0 0 25.00 2007 2017

 Pakistan 8 6 1 1 0 0 81.25 2007 2016

 South Africa 13 8 5 0 0 0 61.53 2006 2018

 Sri Lanka 16 11 5 0 0 0 68.75 2009 2018

 West Indies 8 2 5 0 0 1 28.57 2009 2017

 Zimbabwe 7 5 2 0 0 0 71.42 2010 2016

ICC Associate members

 Scotland 1 0 0 0 0 1 – 2007 2007

 United Arab Emirates 1 1 0 0 0 0 100.00 2016 2016

Total 99 61 35 1 0 2 63.40 2006 2018

Statistics are correct as of   India
India
v  Bangladesh at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo, March 18, 2018.[99][100]

v t e

Most T20I
T20I
runs for India[101]

Player Runs Average

Virat Kohli 1,983 50.84

Rohit Sharma 1,852 31.38

Suresh Raina 1,499 28.82

MS Dhoni 1,444 37.02

Yuvraj Singh 1,177 28.02

Most T20I
T20I
wickets for India[102]

Player Wickets Average

R Ashwin 52 22.94

Jasprit Bumrah 41 20.43

Yuzvendra Chahal 35 18.45

Ashish Nehra 34 22.29

Ravindra Jadeja 31 31.70

Players in bold text are still active with India. Fan following[edit] Main article: Cricket in India

Supporters of the Indian cricket team wave the Indian flag during match between India
India
and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

Sudhir Kumar Chaudhary
Sudhir Kumar Chaudhary
a fan of the Indian Cricket team, travels to all Indian home games with his body painted as the Indian Flag.

Due to the massive Indian diaspora
Indian diaspora
in nations like Australia, England and South Africa, a large Indian fan turnout is expected whenever India
India
plays in each of these nations. There have been a number of official fan groups that have been formed over the years, including the Swami Army or Bharat Army,[103] the Indian equivalent of the Barmy Army, that were very active in their support when India
India
toured Australia in 2003/2004. They are known to attribute a number of popular Indian songs to the cricket team.[104] Fan rivalry and cross-border tension has created a strong rivalry between the Indian and the Pakistani cricket teams. In tours between these two nations, cricket visas are often employed to accommodate for the tens of thousands of fans wishing to cross the border to watch cricket. This intense fan dedication is one of the major causes of the BCCI's financial success.[105] However, there are downsides to having such a cricket-loving population. Many Indians hold cricket very close to their hearts and losses are not received well by the Indian population. In some cases, particularly after losses to Pakistan or after a long string of weak performances, there have been reports of player effigies being burnt in the streets and vandalism of player homes.[106] In many cases, players have come under intense attention from the media for negative reasons, this has been considered as one of the reasons for Sourav Ganguly being left out of the Indian team. At times, when a match is surrounded by controversy, it has resulted in a debacle. For example, when India
India
slid to defeat against Australia at Brabourne Stadium
Brabourne Stadium
in 1969, fans began throwing stones and bottles onto the field as well as setting fire to the stands, before laying siege to the Australian dressing rooms. During the same tour, a stampede occurred at Eden Gardens when tickets were oversold and India
India
fell to another loss; the Australian team bus was later stoned with bricks.[107] A similar event occurred during the 1996 Cricket World Cup, where India
India
were losing the semi-final to Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
at Eden Gardens. In this case, the fan behaviour was directed at the Indian team in disappointment at their lacklustre performance. An armed guard had to be placed at the home of captain Mohammad Azharuddin
Mohammad Azharuddin
to ensure his safety.[107] Indian fans have also been passionate in their following of Sachin Tendulkar, who has been commonly thought of as one of the best batsmen in the world. Glorified for the bulk of his career, a riot occurred in early 1999 in a Test against Pakistan at Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
after a collision with Pakistani paceman Shoaib Akhtar
Shoaib Akhtar
saw him run out, forcing police to eject spectators and the game to be played in an empty stadium. Although in 2006, a string of low scores resulted in Tendulkar being booed by the Mumbai
Mumbai
crowd when he got out against England[108] Often, fans engage in protests regarding players if they believe that regionalism has affected selection, or because of regional partisan support for local players. In 2005, when Sourav Ganguly
Sourav Ganguly
was dropped due to lack of form, Ganguly's home state of West Bengal
West Bengal
erupted in protests.[109] India
India
later played a match against South Africa in Kolkata, West Bengal. The Indian team was booed by the crowd who supported South Africa instead of India
India
in response to Ganguly's dropping.[citation needed] Similar regional divisions in India regarding selection have also caused protests against the team, with political activists from the regional Kalinga Kamgar Sena party in Odisha
Odisha
disrupting the arrival of the team in Cuttack
Cuttack
for an ODI over the lack of a local player in the team, with one activist manhandling coach Greg Chappell.[110] Similar treatment was handed to Sunil Gavaskar in the 1987 World Cup Semi Finals by crowds at Wankhede Stadium when he got bowled by Philip DeFreitas.[108] A successful string of results, victories against arch-rivals Pakistan or victory in major tournaments such as the World Cup are greeted with particular ecstasy from the Indian fans.[111] Indian women's cricket team[edit] Main article: India
India
women's national cricket team

Members of the Indian cricket team before a Women's Cricket World Cup game in Sydney

The Indian women's cricket team has a much lower profile than the men's team. For all national women's cricket teams, the female players are paid much less their male counterparts, and the women's teams do not receive as much popular support or recognition as the men's team. The women's teams also have a less packed schedule compared to men's teams and play fewer matches. The Indian women's cricket team played its first Test match in 1976/7, when they drew with the West Indies
West Indies
in a six-match series.[112] The Women's Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
was held in India
India
in 1978 and featured 4 teams. India
India
lost both the matches they have played. Their next appearance in the Test and ODI circuit was against Australia in 1984, in which the Test series was tied but the ODI series was lost in a whitewash. The Indian women's cricket team has since picked up their form, reaching the finals in the World Cup, but then losing to Australia. The Women's Asia Cup
Asia Cup
of 2005–06 was won by India, who beat Sri Lanka in the final. They also beat the West Indies
West Indies
in the 2004–05 season, winning the 5 ODI series 5–0. They were knocked out in the group stage of the 2013 Women's Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup
held in India. India reached the final of the 2017 World Cup but lost to England
England
by 9 runs, following which the team was praised by many including Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Jhulan Goswami
Jhulan Goswami
is the world's leading ODI wicket-taker while Mithali Raj, the captain, is the leading run-scorer in ODI cricket. See also[edit]

Cricket portal

Cricket in India Indian Premier League India
India
A cricket team

References[edit]

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Cricinfo
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Eden Gardens
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Feroz Shah Kotla
Test matches". cricinfo.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ " M. A. Chidambaram Stadium
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium
Test matches". cricinfo.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ " Wankhede Stadium
Wankhede Stadium
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M. Chinnaswamy Stadium
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Brabourne Stadium
Test matches". cricinfo.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Punjab Cricket Association I. S. Bindra Stadium Test matches". cricinfo.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ " Sardar Patel Stadium
Sardar Patel Stadium
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Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium
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Barabati Stadium
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Dr. Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy ACA-VDCA Cricket Stadium
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Sawai Mansingh Stadium
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Dilip Vengsarkar
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Sourav Ganguly
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