In Through the Out Door is the eighth studio album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin and their last album to be released during their career. It was recorded over a three-week period in November and December 1978 at ABBA's Polar Studios in Stockholm, Sweden, and released by Swan Song Records on 15 August 1979. In Through the Out Door was the band's eighth and final studio release to reach the top of the charts in America, and was the last released by the band before the death of drummer John Bonham in 1980. The album is a reflection of the personal turmoil that the band members had been going through before and during its recording. For example, frontman Robert Plant and his wife had gone through a serious car accident, and their young son, Karac Plant, died from a stomach illness. All four band members also felt weary of dealing with record companies and other associates. Despite this, the release wound up being a huge commercial success, particularly in the United States (sitting at the #1 slot on Billboard's chart in just its second week on the chart).
1 Background 2 Packaging and artwork 3 Release and critical reception
4 2015 reissue 5 Track listing
5.1 Standard edition 5.2 Deluxe edition bonus disc
6 Personnel 7 Charts
7.1 Weekly charts 7.2 Singles
8 Certifications 9 References 10 External links
Background The album was named by the group to describe its recent struggles amidst the death of Robert Plant's son Karac in 1977, and the taxation exile the band took from the UK. The exile resulted in the band being unable to tour on British soil for over two years, and trying to get back into the public mind was therefore like "trying to get in through the 'out' door." In contrast to previous Led Zeppelin albums, In Through the Out Door features much greater influence on the part of bassist and keyboardist John Paul Jones and vocalist Robert Plant, and relatively less from drummer John Bonham and guitarist Jimmy Page. Two songs from the album—"South Bound Saurez" and "All My Love"—were the only two original Led Zeppelin songs that Jimmy Page had no part in writing. With the exception of "Darlene," a boogie-woogie based song credited to all band members (which was eventually released on the 1982 album, Coda), Bonham did not receive writing credits for any of the songs recorded at Polar Studios. This diminished input by Page and Bonham is attributed to the two band members often not showing up on time at the recording studio, with Bonham struggling with alcoholism and Page battling heroin addiction. As Jones said, "there were two distinct camps by then, and we [Plant and I] were in the relatively clean one." Many of the songs were consequently put together by Plant and Jones during the day, with Page and Bonham adding their parts late at night. According to Jones, this was
…mainly because I had a new toy. I had this big new keyboard. And Robert and I just got to rehearsals early, basically. [...] With Zeppelin writing, if you came up with good things, and everybody agreed that they were good things, they got used. There was no formula for writing. So Robert and I, by the time everybody turned up for rehearsals, we’d written three or four songs. So we started rehearsing those immediately, because they were something to be getting on with.
Following the recording sessions at Polar Studios, the album was mixed at Page's personal studio at his home in Plumpton. "Wearing and Tearing", "Ozone Baby" and "Darlene" were recorded during sessions for this album, but were dropped because of space constraints. All later appeared on Coda. Packaging and artwork The original album featured an unusual gimmick: the album had an outer sleeve which was made to look like a plain brown paper bag (reminiscent of similarly packaged bootleg album sleeves with the title rubber-stamped on it), and the inner sleeve featured black and white line artwork which, if washed with water, would become permanently fully coloured. There were also six different sleeves featuring a different pair of photos (one on each side), and the external brown paper sleeve meant that it was impossible for record buyers to tell which sleeve they were getting (there is actually a code on the spine of the album jacket which indicated which sleeve it was—this could sometimes be seen while the record was still sealed). The pictures all depicted the same scene in a bar (in which a man burns a Dear John letter), and each photo was taken from the separate point of view of someone who appeared in the other photos. The walls are covered with thousands of yellowed business cards and dollar bills. The photo session in a London studio was meant to look like a re-creation of the Old Absinthe House, in New Orleans, Louisiana. The album artwork was designed by Hipgnosis. Storm Thorgerson recalls the design in his book Eye of the Storm:
The sepia quality was meant to evoke a non-specific past and to allow the brushstroke across the middle to be better rendered in colour and so make a contrast. This self same brushstroke was like the swish of a wiper across a wet windscreen, like a lick of fresh paint across a faded surface, a new look to an old scene, which was what Led Zeppelin told us about their album. A lick of fresh paint, as per Led Zeppelin, and the music on this album... It somehow grew in proportion and became six viewpoints of the same man in the bar, seen by the six other characters. Six different versions of the same image and six different covers.
Did you ever notice you could affect the dust jacket by putting water on it? If you applied spittle to it or a bit of water, it would change colour, like a children's colouring book we based it on. But we didn't tell anybody. I don't think Zeppelin told anybody, either.
In 1980, Hipgnosis were nominated for a Grammy Award in the category of Best Album Package for In Through the Out Door. Release and critical reception
Classic Rock 7/10
The Daily Telegraph 
Encyclopedia of Popular Music 
MusicHound Rock 4/5
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 
Smash Hits 7/10
The Village Voice B+
The album was intended to be released before the band's twin concerts at Knebworth in 1979, but production delays meant that it was released shortly after their performances at this event. Plant jokingly referred to the delays at times during the performance on 4 August. The album went to No. 1 on Billboard's chart in its second week on the chart, reportedly selling 1.7 million copies within days of release. On this album's release, Led Zeppelin's entire catalogue made the Billboard 200 between the weeks of 23 October and 3 November 1979, an unprecedented feat. The album remained on the US top spot for seven weeks and sold three million copies by the end of September 1979. It is also the Led Zeppelin album that has been most weeks on the top of the charts (tied along with Led Zeppelin II). To date, the album has sold six million copies in the US. In Through the Out Door divided contemporary critics and Led Zeppelin fans; some found its synthesizer-influenced music inevitable but forward-thinking while others felt the band had forsaken their heavy, fast sound. According to Jimmy Page biographer Martin Power, "predictably, in the wake of punk, In Through the Out Door received a rough ride from some critics, with Zep's veteran status in the music business now used as a stick with which to beat them." Rolling Stone reviewer Charles M. Young said Page's diminishing creativity resulted in little good material to work with for Plant, whose lyrics Young found inane, and Bonham, whose drumming was viewed as heavy handed. This brought to the forefront the keyboard playing of Jones, whom Young said "functions best behind Page, not in front of him". Chris Bohn from Melody Maker said "the impressionable first play" of the record "had everyone in the office rolling around laughing", while accusing the band of being "totally out of touch" and "displaying the first intimations of mortality". By contrast, NME journalist Nick Kent argued that the album was "no epitaph", believing its "potential points of departure" deserved further listening. Robert Christgau also wrote positively of the record in The Village Voice, observing the usual "lax in the lyrics department", but regarding the album as the group's best since Houses of the Holy (1973). He said "the tuneful synthesizer pomp on side two confirms my long-held belief that this is a real good art-rock band", while "the lollapalooza hooks on the first side confirms the world's long-held belief that this is a real good hard rock band." Following the album's release, Plant, Page and Bonham all expressed reservations about the record. In 1990 Plant stated:
In Through The Out Door wasn't the greatest thing in the world, but at least we were trying to vary what we were doing, for our own integrity's sake. Of all the [Led Zeppelin] records, it's interesting but a bit sanitised because we hadn't been in the clamour and chaos for a long time. In '77, when I lost my boy, I didn't really want to go swinging around—"Hey hey mama say the way you move" didn't really have a great deal of import any more. In Through The Out Door is more conscientious and less animal.
In a 1998 Guitar World magazine interview, Page was asked about the paradigm shift of the album's composition and style:
GW: I thought maybe you were losing your enthusiasm for the band. Page: Never. Never. In fact, Bonzo [i.e. drummer John Bonham] and I had already started discussing plans for a hard-driving rock album after that. We both felt that In Through the Out Door was a little soft. I was not really very keen on "All My Love". I was a little worried about the chorus. I could just imagine people doing the wave and all of that. And I thought, 'That is not us. That is not us.' In its place it was fine, but I would not have wanted to pursue that direction in the future.
In the same interview Page explained that in juxtaposition to the previous Presence album, John Paul Jones was inspired to create new material from his recently purchased Yamaha GX-1 synthesizer, and he was "...working closely with Robert, which was something that had not happened before." Page said in 2004, "we wanted, after In Through the Out Door, to make something hard-hitting and riff-based again. Of course, we never got to make that album." He is also quoted as saying "It wasn't the most comfortable album. I think it was very transitional... a springboard for what could have been. In Through the Out Door was Led Zeppelin's final album to be released while all the original members were still living. Drummer John Bonham died the next year on 25 September 1980. Accolades
Publication Country Accolade Year Rank
American Music Award United States Favorite Pop/Rock Album 1980 Nominee
2015 reissue A remastered version of In Through the Out Door, along with Presence and Coda were reissued on 31 July 2015. The reissue comes in six formats: a standard CD edition, a deluxe two-CD edition, a standard LP version, a deluxe two-LP version, a super deluxe two-CD plus two-LP version with a hardback book, and as high resolution 96k/24-bit digital downloads. The deluxe and super deluxe editions feature bonus material containing alternative takes and previously unreleased songs, "Southbound Piano", "The Epic", "The Hook", and "Blot". The reissue was released with an inverted color version of the original album's artwork as its bonus disc's cover. A replica of the brown bag and the colorable line drawing are included in this edition. Track listing All tracks written by John Paul Jones, Jimmy Page, and Robert Plant, except where noted. Standard edition
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "In the Evening" 6:53
2. "South Bound Saurez"
3. "Fool in the Rain" 6:10
4. "Hot Dog"
No. Title Writer(s) Length
5. "Carouselambra" 10:34
6. "All My Love"
7. "I'm Gonna Crawl" 5:29
Deluxe edition bonus disc
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "In the Evening" (Rough mix) 6:54
2. "Southbound Piano" ("South Bound Saurez") (Rough mix)
3. "Fool in the Rain" (Rough mix) 6:13
4. "Hot Dog" (Rough mix)
5. "The Epic" ("Carouselambra") (Rough mix) 10:48
6. "The Hook" ("All My Love") (Rough mix)
7. "Blot" ("I'm Gonna Crawl") (Rough mix) 5:31
Total length: 42:49
John Bonham – drums and percussion John Paul Jones – bass guitar, mandolin, keyboards, synthesizer, piano Jimmy Page – electric and acoustic guitars, Gizmotron, production Robert Plant – lead vocals Barry Diament – mastering (original 1988 Compact Disc release) Peter Grant – executive producer Hipgnosis – record sleeve Leif Mases – engineering George Marino – remastered Compact Disc release John Davis[disambiguation needed] – remastered 2015 Compact Disc, vinyl and high-resolution digital download releases Jeff Ocheltree – drum tech for John Bonham Lennart Östlund – assistant engineering
Charts Weekly charts
Chart (1979–80) Peak position
Australian KMR Albums Chart 3
Austrian Albums Chart 15
Canadian RPM Albums Chart 1
French Albums Chart 7
Italian Albums Chart 12
Japanese Albums Chart 2
New Zealand Top 50 Albums Chart 1
Norwegian Albums Chart 14
Spanish Albums Chart 5
Swedish Albums Chart 17
UK Albums Chart 1
US Billboard 200 1
West German Albums Chart 28
Chart (2015) Peak position
Swiss Albums Chart 17
Year Single Chart Position
1980 "Fool in the Rain" Billboard Hot 100 21
Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Argentina (CAPIF) Gold 30,000^
Australia (ARIA) 2× Platinum 140,000^
United Kingdom (BPI) Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA) 6× Platinum 6,000,000^
^shipments figures based on certification alone
^ a b c Dave Lewis (2003), Led Zeppelin: Celebration II: The 'Tight But Loose' Files, London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 1-84449-056-4, pp. 49, 63, 80. ^ Aizelwood, John, "Closing Time", Q Magazine Special Led Zeppelin edition, 2003, p. 94. ^ Gilmore, Mikal (10 August 2006). "The Long Shadow of Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stone (1006). Retrieved 9 December 2007. ^ Snow, Mat, "The Secret Life of a Superstar", Mojo magazine, December 2007. ^ Cavanagh, David. "John Paul Jones On Jimmy Page". Uncut. ^ "Old Absinthe Bar, 400 Bourbon St. corner Conti". CardCow Vintage Postcards. Retrieved 1 August 2017. ^ File:OldAbsintheNOLA1903.jpg ^ File:OldAbsintheHouseQuaintNO.jpg ^ File:Absinthe House Front Bar Wall.JPG ^ "History - Old Absinthe House". Ruebourbon.com. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2017. ^ Thorgerson, Storm (1999). Eye of the Storm: The Album Graphics of Storm Thorgerson. pp. 34, 35. ISBN 978-1-86074-259-0. ^ Alan di Perna, Guitar World Presents Pink Floyd, pg. 104, Hal Leonard Corporation 2002, ISBN 0-634-03286-0 ^ "Grammy Award for Best Album Package (Hipgnosis) – 27 February 1980". Grammy. Retrieved 10 February 2009. ^ "In Through The Out Door [Remastered] - Led Zeppelin". Metacritic. Retrieved 3 January 2016. ^ link ^ Batcup, Tim (August 2015). "Led Zeppelin Presence / In Through The Out Door / Coda". Classic Rock. pp. 102–03. ^ McCormick, Neil (23 April 2014). "Led Zeppelin's albums ranked from worst to best". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 December 2014. ^ Larkin, Colin (2006). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 5 (4th ed.). MUZE. p. 141. ISBN 0195313739. ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 662. ISBN 1-57859-061-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Richardson, Mark (28 July 2015). "Led Zeppelin: Presence / In Through the Out Door / Coda". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 31 August 2015. ^ Anon. (September 2015). "Review". Q. p. 121. ^ "Led Zeppelin: Album Guide - Rolling Stone Music". Web.archive.org. 14 January 2011. Archived from the original on 14 January 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Starr, Red. "Albums". Smash Hits (20 September – 3 October 1979): 25. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (31 March 1980). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved 22 April 2017. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2, illustrated ed.). Barrie & Jenkins. ISBN 0-214-20480-4. ^ Chris Welch (1994) Led Zeppelin, London: Orion Books. ISBN 1-85797-930-3, pp. 89–90. ^ Akkerman, Gregg (2014). Experiencing Led Zeppelin: A Listener's Companion. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 113. ISBN 0810889161. ^ a b Power, Martin (2016). "Chapter 27: Wearing and Tearing". No Quarter: The Three Lives of Jimmy Page. Omnibus Press. ISBN 1783235365. ^ Young, Charles M. (18 October 1979). "In Through The Out Door". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 April 2017. ^ Mat Snow, “Apocalypse Then”, Q magazine, December 1990, p. 82. ^ a b Brad Tolinski and Greg Di Bendetto, "Light and Shade", Guitar World, January 1998. ^ Charles Shaar Murray, "The Guv’nors'", Mojo, August 2004, p. 75. ^ Liner notes for the Led Zeppelin boxed set. ^ "Favorite Pop/Rock Album – 18 January 1980". rockonthenet. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ Grow, Kory (3 June 2015). "Led Zeppelin Announce Final Three Deluxe Reissues". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 June 2015. ^ "Top 75 Albums – 15 October 1979". austriancharts.at. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 32, No. 6, November 3, 1979". RPM. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 1979". infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 1979". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved 14 April 2014. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 25 August 1979". Oricon. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ Scapolo, Dean (2007). "Top 50 Albums – November 1979". The Complete New Zealand Music Charts (1st ed.). Wellington: Transpress. ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8. ^ "Top 20 Albums – 16 September 1979". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 15 December 1979". PROMUSICAE. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "Top 60 Albums – 7 September 1979". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "Top 100 Albums – 8 September 1979". chartstats.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "The Billboard 200 – 15 September 1979". Billboard. Retrieved 19 January 2009. [dead link] ^ "Top 100 Albums – November 1979". charts-surfer.de. Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2009. ^ "Led Zeppelin - In Through the Out Door". hitparade.ch. Retrieved 12 August 2015. ^  Archived 4 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Argentinian album certifications – Led Zeppelin – In Through the Out Door". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2007 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. ^ "British album certifications – Led Zeppelin – In Through the Out Door". British Phonographic Industry. Enter In Through the Out Door in the search field and then press Enter. ^ "American album certifications – Led Zeppelin – In Through the Out Door". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
In Through the Out Door at MusicBrainz (list of releases) Images of the six covers Storm Thorgerson's official website – includes an In Through The Out Door feature Rick Barrett In Through The Out Door Album Covers
Preceded by The Best Disco Album in the World by various artists UK Albums Chart number one album 8–22 September 1979 Succeeded by The Pleasure Principle by Gary Numan
Preceded by Get the Knack by The Knack Billboard 200 number-one album 15 September – 2 November 1979 Succeeded by The Long Run by Eagles
v t e
In Through the Out Door track listing
"In the Evening" "South Bound Saurez" "Fool in the Rain" "Hot Dog"
"Carouselambra" "All My Love" "I'm Gonna Crawl"
"Southbound Piano" "The Epic" "The Hook" "Blot"
Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin II Led Zeppelin III Led Zeppelin IV Houses of the Holy Physical Graffiti Presence In Through the Out Door Coda
v t e
John Bonham John Paul Jones Jimmy Page Robert Plant
Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin II Led Zeppelin III Led Zeppelin IV Houses of the Holy Physical Graffiti Presence In Through the Out Door Coda
The Song Remains the Same BBC Sessions How the West Was Won Celebration Day
Profiled BBC Sessions The Best of Led Zeppelin Mothership Led Zeppelin Deluxe Edition
Led Zeppelin Remasters Boxed Set 2 The Complete Studio Recordings Definitive Collection
"Good Times Bad Times" / "Communication Breakdown" "Whole Lotta Love" / "Living Loving Maid (She's Just a Woman)" "Immigrant Song" / "Hey, Hey, What Can I Do" "Black Dog" / "Misty Mountain Hop" "Rock and Roll" / "Four Sticks" "Over the Hills and Far Away" / "Dancing Days" "D'yer Mak'er" / "The Crunge" "Trampled Under Foot" / "Black Country Woman" "Candy Store Rock" / "Royal Orleans" "Fool in the Rain" / "Hot Dog" "Travelling Riverside Blues" "Baby Come On Home" "The Girl I Love She Got Long Black Wavy Hair"
The Song Remains the Same Led Zeppelin DVD Celebration Day
Scandinavia 1968 U.K. 1968 North America 1968–1969 U.K. & Scandinavia 1969 North America Spring 1969 U.K. Summer 1969 North America Summer 1969 Europe Autumn 1969 North America Autumn 1969 U.K. 1970 Europe 1970 North America Spring 1970 Iceland, Bath & Germany 1970 North America Summer 1970 U.K. Spring 1971 Europe 1971 North America 1971 Japan 1971 U.K. Winter 1971 Australasia 1972 North America 1972 Japan 1972 U.K. 1972–1973 Europe 1973 North America 1973 North America 1975 Earls Court 1975 North America 1977 Knebworth 1979 Over Europe 1980
Live Aid (1985) Atlantic Records 40th Anniversary (1988) Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert (2007)
Discography Songs Awards and nominations Bootlegs Cover versions by others Led Zeppelin songs written or inspired by others
Swan Song Records Three Week Hero "Beck's Bolero" Bron-Yr-Aur The Starship Caesar's Chariot Shark episode Planned tour – The 1980s, Part One Covers and tributes That '70s Show (season 5)
The Yardbirds Band of Joy XYZ The Honeydrippers The Firm Coverdale•Page Page and Plant Jimmy Page and the Black Crowes Them Crooked Vultures Strange Sensation
Hammer of the Gods: The Led Zeppelin Saga Stairway to Heaven: Led Zeppelin Uncensored When Giants Walked the Earth
Jason Bonham Peter Grant Richard Cole