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IN THROUGH THE OUT DOOR is the eighth studio album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
, and their final album of entirely new material. It was recorded over a three-week period in November and December 1978 at ABBA
ABBA
's Polar Studios in Stockholm
Stockholm
, Sweden
Sweden
, and released by Swan Song Records on 15 August 1979. In Through the Out Door was the band's eighth and final studio release to reach the top of the charts in America, and was the last released by the band before the death of drummer John Bonham
John Bonham
in 1980.

The album is a reflection of the personal turmoil that the band members had been going through before and during its recording. For example, frontman Robert Plant
Robert Plant
and his wife had gone through a serious car accident, and their young son, Karac Plant, died from a stomach illness. All four band members also felt weary of dealing with record companies and other associates. Despite this, the release wound up being a huge commercial success, particularly in the United States (sitting at the #1 slot on Billboard 's chart in just its second week on the chart).

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Packaging and artwork

* 3 Release and critical reception

* 3.1 Accolades

* 4 2015 reissue

* 5 Track listing

* 5.1 Standard edition * 5.2 Deluxe edition bonus disc

* 6 Personnel

* 7 Charts

* 7.1 Weekly charts * 7.2 Singles

* 8 Certifications * 9 References * 10 External links

BACKGROUND

The album was named by the group to describe its recent struggles amidst the death of Robert Plant
Robert Plant
's son Karac in 1977, and the taxation exile the band took from the UK. The exile resulted in the band being unable to tour on British soil for over two years, and trying to get back into the public mind was therefore like "trying to get in through the 'out' door."

In contrast to previous Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
albums, In Through the Out Door features much greater influence on the part of bassist and keyboardist John Paul Jones and vocalist Robert Plant
Robert Plant
, and relatively less from drummer John Bonham
John Bonham
and guitarist Jimmy Page
Jimmy Page
. Two songs from the album—" South Bound Saurez " and "All My Love "—were the only two original Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
songs that Jimmy Page
Jimmy Page
had no part in writing. With the exception of "Darlene ," a boogie-woogie based song credited to all band members (which was eventually released on the 1982 album, Coda ), Bonham did not receive writing credits for any of the songs recorded at Polar Studios . This diminished input by Page and Bonham is attributed to the two band members often not showing up on time at the recording studio, with Bonham struggling with alcoholism and Page battling heroin addiction . As Jones said, "there were two distinct camps by then, and we were in the relatively clean one."

Many of the songs were consequently put together by Plant and Jones during the day, with Page and Bonham adding their parts late at night. According to Jones, this was

…mainly because I had a new toy. I had this big new keyboard. And Robert and I just got to rehearsals early, basically. With Zeppelin writing, if you came up with good things, and everybody agreed that they were good things, they got used. There was no formula for writing. So Robert and I, by the time everybody turned up for rehearsals, we’d written three or four songs. So we started rehearsing those immediately, because they were something to be getting on with.

Following the recording sessions at Polar Studios, the album was mixed at Page's personal studio at his home in Plumpton . "Wearing and Tearing ", " Ozone Baby " and "Darlene " were recorded during sessions for this album, but were dropped because of space constraints. All later appeared on Coda.

PACKAGING AND ARTWORK

The original album featured an unusual gimmick : the album had an outer sleeve which was made to look like a plain brown paper bag (reminiscent of similarly packaged bootleg album sleeves with the title rubber-stamped on it), and the inner sleeve featured black and white line artwork which, if washed with water, would become permanently fully coloured. There were also six different sleeves featuring a different pair of photos (one on each side), and the external brown paper sleeve meant that it was impossible for record buyers to tell which sleeve they were getting (there is actually a code on the spine of the album jacket which indicated which sleeve it was—this could sometimes be seen while the record was still sealed). The pictures all depicted the same scene in a bar (in which a man burns a Dear John letter ), and each photo was taken from the separate point of view of someone who appeared in the other photos. The walls are covered with thousands of yellowed business cards and dollar bills. The photo session in a London studio was meant to look like a re-creation of the Old Absinthe House, in New Orleans
New Orleans
, Louisiana
Louisiana
.

The album artwork was designed by Hipgnosis . Storm Thorgerson recalls the design in his book Eye of the Storm:

The sepia quality was meant to evoke a non-specific past and to allow the brushstroke across the middle to be better rendered in colour and so make a contrast. This self same brushstroke was like the swish of a wiper across a wet windscreen, like a lick of fresh paint across a faded surface, a new look to an old scene, which was what Led Zeppelin told us about their album. A lick of fresh paint, as per Led Zeppelin, and the music on this album... It somehow grew in proportion and became six viewpoints of the same man in the bar, seen by the six other characters. Six different versions of the same image and six different covers.

And:

Did you ever notice you could affect the dust jacket by putting water on it? If you applied spittle to it or a bit of water, it would change colour, like a children's colouring book we based it on. But we didn't tell anybody. I don't think Zeppelin told anybody, either.

In 1980, Hipgnosis were nominated for a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
in the category of Best Album
Album
Package for In Through the Out Door.

RELEASE AND CRITICAL RECEPTION

PROFESSIONAL RATINGS

AGGREGATE SCORES

SOURCE RATING

Metacritic
Metacritic
73/100

REVIEW SCORES

SOURCE RATING

AllMusic

Classic Rock 7/10

The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph

Encyclopedia of Popular Music

MusicHound Rock 4/5

Pitchfork 8/10

Q

The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Album
Album
Guide

Smash Hits 7/10

The Village Voice
The Village Voice
B+

The album was intended to be released before the band's twin concerts at Knebworth in 1979 , but production delays meant that it was released shortly after their performances at this event. Plant jokingly referred to the delays at times during the performance on 4 August.

The album went to No. 1 on Billboard 's chart in its second week on the chart. On this album's release, Led Zeppelin's entire catalogue made the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
between the weeks of 23 October and 3 November 1979, an unprecedented feat. The album remained on the US top spot for seven weeks and sold three million copies by the end of September 1979. It is also the Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
album that has been most weeks on the top of the charts (tied along with Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
II ). To date, the album has sold six million copies in the US.

In Through the Out Door
In Through the Out Door
divided contemporary critics and Led Zeppelin fans; some found its synthesizer-influenced music inevitable but forward-thinking while others felt the band had forsaken their heavy, fast sound. According to Jimmy Page
Jimmy Page
biographer Martin Power, "predictably, in the wake of punk , In Through the Out Door
In Through the Out Door
received a rough ride from some critics, with Zep's veteran status in the music business now used as a stick with which to beat them." Rolling Stone reviewer Charles M. Young said Page's diminishing creativity resulted in little good material to work with for Plant, whose lyrics Young found inane, and Bonham, whose drumming was viewed as heavy handed. This brought to the forefront the keyboard playing of Jones, whom Young said "functions best behind Page, not in front of him". Chris Bohn from Melody Maker
Melody Maker
said "the impressionable first play" of the record "had everyone in the office rolling around laughing", while accusing the band of being "totally out of touch" and "displaying the first intimations of mortality". By contrast, NME
NME
journalist Nick Kent argued that the album was "no epitaph", believing its "potential points of departure" deserved further listening. Robert Christgau also wrote positively of the record in The Village Voice
The Village Voice
, observing the usual "lax in the lyrics department", but regarding the album as the group's best since Houses of the Holy (1973). He said "the tuneful synthesizer pomp on side two confirms my long-held belief that this is a real good art-rock band", while "the lollapalooza hooks on the first side confirms the world's long-held belief that this is a real good hard rock band."

Following the album's release, Plant, Page and Bonham all expressed reservations about the record. In 1990 Plant stated:

In Through The Out Door wasn't the greatest thing in the world, but at least we were trying to vary what we were doing, for our own integrity's sake. Of all the records, it's interesting but a bit sanitised because we hadn't been in the clamour and chaos for a long time. In '77, when I lost my boy, I didn't really want to go swinging around—"Hey hey mama say the way you move" didn't really have a great deal of import any more. In Through The Out Door is more conscientious and less animal.

In a 1998 Guitar World
Guitar World
magazine interview, Page was asked about the paradigm shift of the album's composition and style:

GW: I thought maybe you were losing your enthusiasm for the band.

PAGE: Never. Never. In fact, Bonzo and I had already started discussing plans for a hard-driving rock album after that. We both felt that In Through the Out Door
In Through the Out Door
was a little soft. I was not really very keen on "All My Love ". I was a little worried about the chorus. I could just imagine people doing the wave and all of that. And I thought, 'That is not us. That is not us.' In its place it was fine, but I would not have wanted to pursue that direction in the future.

In the same interview Page explained that in juxtaposition to the previous Presence album, John Paul Jones was inspired to create new material from his recently purchased Yamaha GX-1
Yamaha GX-1
synthesizer, and he was "...working closely with Robert, which was something that had not happened before."

Page said in 2004, "we wanted, after In Through the Out Door, to make something hard-hitting and riff-based again. Of course, we never got to make that album." He is also quoted as saying "It wasn't the most comfortable album. I think it was very transitional... a springboard for what could have been.

In Through the Out Door
In Through the Out Door
was Led Zeppelin's final album to be released while all the original members were still living. Drummer John Bonham died the next year on 25 September 1980.

ACCOLADES

PUBLICATION COUNTRY ACCOLADE YEAR RANK

American Music Award United States Favorite Pop/Rock Album
Album
1980 Nominee

2015 REISSUE

A remastered version of In Through the Out Door, along with Presence and Coda were reissued on 31 July 2015. The reissue comes in six formats: a standard CD edition, a deluxe two-CD edition, a standard LP version, a deluxe two-LP version, a super deluxe two-CD plus two-LP version with a hardback book, and as high resolution 96k/24-bit digital downloads. The deluxe and super deluxe editions feature bonus material containing alternative takes and previously unreleased songs, "Southbound Piano
Piano
", "The Epic ", "The Hook ", and "Blot ". The reissue was released with a grayscale version of the original album's artwork as its bonus disc's cover. A replica of the brown bag and the colorable line drawing are included in this edition.

TRACK LISTING

All tracks written by John Paul Jones , Jimmy Page
Jimmy Page
, and Robert Plant , except where noted.

STANDARD EDITION

SIDE ONE

NO. TITLE WRITER(S) LENGTH

1. " In the Evening "

6:53

2. " South Bound Saurez "

* Jones * Plant

4:13

3. " Fool in the Rain "

6:10

4. "Hot Dog "

* Page * Plant

3:18

SIDE TWO

NO. TITLE WRITER(S) LENGTH

5. " Carouselambra "

10:34

6. "All My Love "

* Jones * Plant

5:53

7. "I\'m Gonna Crawl "

5:29

DELUXE EDITION BONUS DISC

NO. TITLE WRITER(S) LENGTH

1. "In the Evening" (Rough mix )

6:54

2. "Southbound Piano" ("South Bound Saurez") (Rough mix)

* Jones * Plant

4:14

3. "Fool in the Rain" (Rough mix)

6:13

4. "Hot Dog" (Rough mix)

* Page * Plant

3:17

5. "The Epic" ("Carouselambra") (Rough mix)

10:48

6. "The Hook" ("All My Love") (Rough mix)

* Jones * Plant

5:52

7. "Blot" ("I'm Gonna Crawl") (Rough mix)

5:31

TOTAL LENGTH: 42:49

PERSONNEL

* John Bonham
John Bonham
– drums and percussion * John Paul Jones – bass guitar , mandolin , keyboards , synthesizer , piano * Jimmy Page
Jimmy Page
– electric and acoustic guitars , Gizmotron , production * Robert Plant
Robert Plant
– lead vocals * Barry Diament – mastering (original 1988 Compact Disc release) * Peter Grant – executive producer * Hipgnosis – record sleeve * Leif Mases – engineering * George Marino – remastered Compact Disc release * Jeff Ocheltree – drum tech for John Bonham * Lennart Östlund – assistant engineering

CHARTS

WEEKLY CHARTS

CHART (1979–80) PEAK POSITION

Australian KMR Albums Chart 3

Austrian Albums Chart 15

Canadian RPM Albums Chart 1

French Albums Chart 7

Italian Albums Chart 12

Japanese Albums Chart 2

New Zealand Top 50 Albums Chart 1

Norwegian Albums Chart 14

Spanish Albums Chart 5

Swedish Albums Chart 17

UK Albums Chart
UK Albums Chart
1

US Billboard 200
Billboard 200
1

West German Albums Chart 28

CHART (2015) PEAK POSITION

Swiss Albums Chart 17

SINGLES

YEAR SINGLE CHART POSITION

1980 "Fool in the Rain" Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
21

CERTIFICATIONS

REGION CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED UNITS /SALES

ARGENTINA (CAPIF ) Gold 30,000^

AUSTRALIA (ARIA ) 2× Platinum 140,000^

UNITED KINGDOM (BPI ) Platinum 300,000^

UNITED STATES (RIAA ) 6× Platinum 6,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

REFERENCES

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Special
Led Zeppelin edition, 2003, p. 94. * ^ Gilmore, Mikal (10 August 2006). "The Long Shadow of Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
(1006). Retrieved 9 December 2007. * ^ Snow, Mat, "The Secret Life of a Superstar", Mojo magazine , December 2007. * ^ Cavanagh, David. "John Paul Jones On Jimmy Page". Uncut . * ^ "Old Absinthe Bar, 400 Bourbon St. corner Conti". CardCow Vintage Postcards. Retrieved 1 August 2017. * ^ File:OldAbsintheNOLA1903.jpg * ^ File:OldAbsintheHouseQuaintNO.jpg * ^ File:Absinthe House Front Bar Wall.JPG * ^ "History - Old Absinthe House". Ruebourbon.com. Retrieved 1 August 2017. * ^ Thorgerson, Storm (1999). Eye of the Storm: The Album
Album
Graphics of Storm Thorgerson. pp. 34, 35. ISBN 978-1-86074-259-0 . * ^ Alan di Perna, Guitar World
Guitar World
Presents Pink Floyd, pg. 104, Hal Leonard Corporation 2002, ISBN 0-634-03286-0 * ^ " Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Album
Album
Package (Hipgnosis) – 27 February 1980". Grammy. Retrieved 10 February 2009. * ^ "In Through The Out Door - Led Zeppelin". Metacritic
Metacritic
. Retrieved 3 January 2016. * ^ link * ^ Batcup, Tim (August 2015). " Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
Presence / In Through The Out Door / Coda". Classic Rock . pp. 102–03. * ^ McCormick, Neil (23 April 2014). "Led Zeppelin\'s albums ranked from worst to best". The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
. Retrieved 8 December 2014. * ^ Larkin, Colin (2006). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music . 5 (4th ed.). MUZE. p. 141. ISBN 0195313739 . * ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album
Album
Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 662. ISBN 1-57859-061-2 . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ Richardson, Mark (28 July 2015). "Led Zeppelin: Presence / In Through the Out Door / Coda". Pitchfork Media
Pitchfork Media
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Album
Guide - Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Music". Web.archive.org. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2017. * ^ Starr, Red. "Albums". Smash Hits (20 September – 3 October 1979): 25. * ^ A B Christgau, Robert (31 March 1980). "Christgau\'s Consumer Guide". The Village Voice
The Village Voice
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Rowman & Littlefield
. p. 113. ISBN 0810889161 . * ^ A B Power, Martin (2016). "Chapter 27: Wearing and Tearing". No Quarter: The Three Lives of Jimmy Page. Omnibus Press
Omnibus Press
. ISBN 1783235365 . * ^ Young, Charles M. (18 October 1979). "In Through The Out Door". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
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Guitar
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Led Zeppelin
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Album
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Led Zeppelin
Announce Final Three Deluxe Reissues". Rolling Stone
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. Retrieved 3 June 2015. * ^ "Top 75 Albums – 15 October 1979". austriancharts.at. Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 32, No. 6, November 3, 1979". RPM . Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ "Top 100 Albums – 1979". infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ "Top 100 Albums – 1979". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved 14 April 2014. * ^ "Top 100 Albums – 25 August 1979". Oricon. Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ Scapolo, Dean (2007). "Top 50 Albums – November 1979". The Complete New Zealand Music Charts (1st ed.). Wellington: Transpress. ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8 . * ^ "Top 20 Albums – 16 September 1979". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ "Top 100 Albums – 15 December 1979". PROMUSICAE. Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ "Top 60 Albums – 7 September 1979". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ "Top 100 Albums – 8 September 1979". chartstats.com. Retrieved 19 January 2009. * ^ "The Billboard 200
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- In Through the Out Door". hitparade.ch. Retrieved 12 August 2015. * ^ Archived 4 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine