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Im Kkeokjeong or Im Kkuk-Jung (Hangul: 임꺽정; Hanja: 林巪正, d. 1562) was born in Yangju, Gyeonggi Province. His father was a butcher, which was considered one of the lowly jobs. Im was the leader of a peasant rebellion in Hwanghae Province in 1559-1562. The initial cause of the revolt was taxation. He started off with a band but later the number grew as he began killing rich people and giving out food to the poor. His group of thieves eventually grew to number in the hundreds. They even built a small wooden castle and called themselves Noklimdang.[1]

Contents

1 Legacy 2 Popular culture

2.1 Literature 2.2 Film and television

3 References

Legacy[edit] Im Kkokjong became an inspiration for the fictional character of Hong Gildong,[2] subject of Hong Gildong jeon, often considered the first Korean novel. Popular culture[edit] Literature[edit]

Im Kkokjong - novel by the North Korean writer Hong Myong-Hui (洪命熹) (1888—1968)[3][4][5]

Film and television[edit]

Portrayed by Cheong Hung-chae in the 1996 SBS TV series Im Kkokjong. Portrayed by Kwon Hyun-sang in the 2013 KBS2 TV series The Fugitive of Joseon.

References[edit]

^ Yi Tae-jin The dynamics of Confucianism and modernization in Korean history East Asia Program, Cornell University, 2007 p44, p113 "In Choson, tax rebellions (chongnan), most notably that of Im Kkok-chong (?-1562 ), broke out all over the country" ^ (in Polish) Joanna Rurarz (2009). Historia Korei. Dialog. ISBN 978-83-89899-28-6. P.237 ^ Kenneth M. Wells South Korea's minjung movement: the culture and politics of dissidence University of Hawaii at Manoa. Center for Korean Studies - 1995 p184 "Of course, as a long novel, Im Kkokjong has a structure and continuity of plot that is absent in Ten Thousand Lives and possesses, besides, those unique strengths and aesthetic virtues of Hong which Ko Un lacks." ^ Illusive Utopia: Theater, Film, and Everyday Performance in North Korea (review) P Miller - Asian Theatre Journal, 2011 - muse.jhu.edu "The Great Leader reincarnates ancient popular heroes such as Hong Gil-dong, On-dal, and Im Kkeok-jeong, who topple the corrupt feudal order to bring about the people's utopia." ^ SH Kim A costume study on the basis of descriptions in the novel Im Kkeok Jeong - International Journal of Costume, 2008 한국복식학회.

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