Ilya Iosifovich Klebanov (Russian: Илья Иосифович Клебанов; born 7 May 1951 in Leningrad) is a Russian politician. He was the Plenipotentiary Presidential Envoy to the Northwestern Federal District of the Russian Federation .
Klebanov graduated in 1974 from the M.I. Kalinin Polytechnical Institute in Leningrad where he majored in electrical engineering. After graduating, he moved up through the ranks of the Leningrad Optics and Mechanics Association (LOMO) in St. Petersburg, leaving in 1997 after spending 7 years as its Director.
From 1997 to 1998, he worked in the Saint Petersburg City Administration as a First Deputy Governor with responsibility for the economy and industrial policy. Klebanov was appointed the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation responsible for Military Industries in May 1998. He was instructed to reform the arms industry while in this post. However, when he tried to reduce the industry's 170 organisations, he was met with strong opposition.
On 14 August 2000, as vice-premier, President Putin put him in charge of the Kursk rescue operation following its disastrous sinking. On 29 or 20 August, he announced that the likely cause of the sinking was a "strong 'dynamic external impact' corresponding with 'first event'", probably a collision with a foreign submarine or a large surface ship, or striking a World War II mine. This later proved to be completely unfounded. In February 2002, Putin designated Klebanov as Minister of Industry, Science and Technology. This move was seen as a demotion by many.
On 1 November 2003 he was chosen to be the Presidential Envoy to the Northwestern Federal District. It has been suggested[who?] that this was part of a long running campaign to bring the Northern capital closer to Moscow.
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| Presidential Envoy to the Northwestern Federal District
1 November 2003–6 September 2011
| Deputy Prime Minister
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