ILEX VOMITORIA, commonly known as YAUPON /jɒpɒn/ or YAUPON HOLLY,
is a species of holly that is native to southeastern
* 1 Description * 2 Habitat and range * 3 Ecology
* 4 Cultivation and uses
* 4.1 Human consumption * 4.2 Ornamental
* 5 See also * 6 References
Yaupon holly is an evergreen shrub or small tree reaching 5–9 meters tall, with smooth, light gray bark and slender, hairy shoots. The leaves are alternate, ovate to elliptical with a rounded apex and crenate or coarsely serrated margin, 1–4.5 cm long and 1–2 cm broad, glossy dark green above, slightly paler below. The flowers are 5–5.5 mm diameter, with a white four-lobed corolla. The fruit is a small round, shiny, and red (occasionally yellow) drupe 4–6 mm diameter containing four pits, which are dispersed by birds eating the fruit. The species may be distinguished from the similar Ilex cassine by its smaller leaves with a rounded, not acute apex.
HABITAT AND RANGE
I. vomitoria occurs in the
An eastern bluebird eating the bright red berries from an Ilex vomitoria.
The fruit are an important food for many birds, including Florida
American black duck , mourning dove , ruffed grouse , bobwhite
quail , wild turkey , northern flicker , sapsuckers , cedar waxwing ,
eastern bluebird ,
CULTIVATION AND USES
Native Americans used the leaves and stems to brew a tea , commonly
thought to be called asi or black drink for male-only purification and
unity rituals. The ceremony included vomiting , and Europeans
incorrectly believed that it was
Recently, the process of drying the leaves for consumption has been "rediscovered" by some modern Americans and yaupon tea is now commercially available.
* 'Folsom Weeping' – weeping cultivar * 'Grey's Littleleaf'/'Grey's Weeping' – weeping cultivar * 'Nana'/'Compacta' – dwarf female clone usually remaining below 1 m in height. * 'Pride of Houston' – female clone similar to type but featuring improvements in form, fruiting, and foliage. * 'Schilling's Dwarf'/'Stokes Dwarf' – dwarf male clone that grows no more than 0.6 m tall and 1.2 m wide. * 'Will Flemming' – male clone featuring a columnar growth habit.
* Ilex paraguariensis or yerba mate – a caffeinated holly native to subtropical South America. * Ilex guayusa or guayusa – a caffeinated holly native to the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest. * Kuding – a Chinese tisane made from I. kudingcha
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* ^ A B "Taxon: