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IL GUARANY (The Guarany) is an opera ballo composed by Antônio Carlos Gomes , based on the novel O Guarani by José de Alencar
José de Alencar
. Its libretto , in Italian rather than Gomes' native Portuguese, was written by Antonio Scalvini and Carlo D'Ormeville. The work is notable as the first Brazilian opera to gain acclaim outside Brazil. Maria Alice Volpe has analysed the historical subtext of the Indianismo movement behind Il Guarany.

PERFORMANCE HISTORY

The world premiere took place at La Scala
La Scala
, Milan
Milan
on 19 March 1870. The opera received additional European productions. It was performed at the Zagreb theater in 1883 and 1886. The first Brazilian performance was in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
on 2 December 1870, at the Theatro D. Pedro II . More recently, in 1996, Il Guarany
Il Guarany
was mounted by the Washington National Opera
Washington National Opera
with Plácido Domingo
Plácido Domingo
in the role of Peri.

The duet Sento una forza indomita for tenor and soprano had a vogue: it was in the recorded repertoire of Francesco Marconi with Bice Mililotti, 1908, and of Enrico Caruso
Enrico Caruso
with Emmy Destinn
Emmy Destinn
, 1914.

ROLES

ROLE VOICE TYPE Premiere Cast, March 19, 1870 (Conductor: Eugenio Terziani)

Dom Antonio de Mariz, a Portuguese nobleman bass Teodoro Coloni

Cecilia, his daughter soprano Marie Constance Sass

Peri, son of the Guarani tribal chief tenor Giuseppe Villani

Gonzales, a Spanish adventurer baritone Enrico Storti

Il Cacico, chief of the Aymoré Indians bass Victor Maurel

Alonso bass Severino Mazza

Don Alvaro tenor Giuseppe Masato

Ruy-Bento tenor Annibale Micheloni

Pedro bass Severino Mazza

Antônio Carlos Gomes's overture to the opera Il Guarany, played by the United States Marine Band (ca. 7 mins.).

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ A B Volpe, Maria Alice, "Remaking the Brazilian Myth of National Foundation: Il Guarany" (Autumn-Winter 2002). Latin American Music Review/Revista de Música Latinoamericana, 23 (2): pp. 179-194. * ^ reviews in Pozor 93 (1883); Agramer Tagblatt 255 and Agramer Zeitung 93 The Gramophone Company Limited 1909; Compagnia Italiana Del Grammofono 1909 - 1912; Società Nazionale Del Grammofono 1912 - 1925. Lingfield, UK: The Oakwood Press, 1957 ISBN ??? * Casagli