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Iksan (Korean: 익산; Korean pronunciation: [ik.s͈an]) is a city and major railway junction in North Jeolla Province, (commonly transliterated as Jeollabuk-do or Chollabuk-do) South Korea. The city center and railway junction was formerly called "Iri" (Hangul: 이리시; Hanja: 裡里市; RR: Iri-si), but merged with Iksan County (Iksan-gun) in 1995. The railway junction is located at the point where Jeolla, Janghang and Gunsan Lines meet the Honam Line and is served by frequent train service to/from Seoul, Daejeon, Gwangju, Mokpo, Jeonju, Suncheon, and Yeosu. Jeonbuk National University Iksan campus (before, it was Iksan National College), the Won Buddhism Graduate School, Wonkwang Health Science College, and Wonkwang University are all located in Iksan. This city is called “The City of Jewelry." The Iksan Jewelry Museum opened in May 2002 next to a Dinosaur museum. In late November 2006, Korean authorities quarantined a farm in Iksan and began culling poultry and livestock within a 3-kilometer radius to contain an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus.[2] Local tradition includes the story of Seodong and Seonhwa, which was broadcast in 2005~2006 as "Sedongyo" and is also dramatized in the 'Paradise in Autumn Festival.' Festivals with various themes are held in Iksan, all reflecting local history and culture. These include:

10,000,000 Chrysanthemum Festival (held in October/November) Iksan Jewelry Expo Seodong Festival Stone Culture Festival

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Transportation 4 Culture

4.1 Museums 4.2 Parks 4.3 Events

5 Sister cities 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Iksan was once the capital of the ancient Baekje Kingdom. Temples built then are still standing. Iksan has always been an important transport center. After the Iri train station explosion in 1977, Iksan fell into a state of decline. However, the city's train station was later rebuilt, and it became the junction of three rail lines named above. It now services KTX and Saemaul trains as well as frequent bus lines. Today, Iksan is once again a thriving city. Geography[edit] Iksan is situated on the Okgu and Keumman Plains, which lead to the West Sea [Yellow Sea]. As it is located very near the sea where ships can transport a wide variety of products, Iksan has served as a logistical and traffic center for a long time.[3] The city is in the northwestern part of Jeollabuk-do. East are the rugged mountains of Mt. Cheonho and Mt. Mireuk (Mireuksan (Jeollabuk-do)) at the edge of the Noryeong Mountains, and northwest the range of Mt. Hamra lead to a series of hills and a great stream that has formed the fertile Okgu plain to the west. Iksan borders Nonsan-gun and Buyeo-gun, Chuncheongnam-do, and is divided by the Keum-gang[river] in the north. It faces the Kimje Plains, divided by Mankyeong-gang, to the south. Transportation[edit]

Iksan Bus Terminal

The Iksan Bus Terminal (익산종합버스터미널) provides daily bus service to most cities in South Korea. Express buses to Seoul, Ansan, and Incheon are available.

Iksan Train station

Culture[edit] Museums[edit]

Iksan Jewelry Museum[4] Mireuksaji Mesuem[5] Wanggung-Ri Relics Museum [6]

Music fountain in Iksan Central Park

Parks[edit]

Central Park(Chungang Cheuk Gongwon) Seodong Park Gemma sculpture park

Events[edit]

Iksan will host the 99th National Athletic Meet in 2018.[7]

Sister cities[edit]

Culver City, California, United States Odense, Denmark Zhenjiang, People's Republic of China

Notable people[edit]

Birdie Kim, LPGA golfer Lee Sunmi (born May 2, 1992), member of the girl group Wonder Girls. Lee Chan (Dino) (born February 11,1999), member of the boy group Seventeen.

See also[edit]

South Korea portal

Geography of South Korea Honam List of cities in South Korea

References[edit]

^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2010-01-28.  ^ http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/Engnews/20061126/620000000020061126120016E6.html[permanent dead link] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-02. Retrieved 2008-11-02.  Iksan Official English Website ^ "Jewelry Museum".  ^ "mireuksaji Mesuem".  ^ "Wanggung-Ri Relics Museum English page". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02.  ^ "익산시, 2018년 전국체전 개최지로, Iksan hosting a national athletic meet in 2008". Munhwa ilbo. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iksan, Jeollabuk-do.

City government home page City government home page (in Korean)

v t e

North Jeolla Province

Jeonju (capital)

Specific city

Jeonju

Deokjin Wansan

Cities

Gimje Gunsan Iksan Jeongeup Namwon

Counties

Buan Gochang Imsil Jangsu Jinan Muju Sunchang Wanju

v t e

Cities in South Korea

Special city

Seoul

Metropolitan city

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

Metropolitan autonomous city

Sejong

Specific city

Ansan Anyang Bucheon Changwon※ Cheonan Cheongju※ Gimhae Goyang Hwaseong Jeonju※ Namyangju Pohang Seongnam Suwon※ Yongin

Municipal city

Andong※ Anseong Asan Boryeong Chuncheon※ Chungju Dangjin Dongducheon Donghae Gangneung Geoje Gimcheon Gimje Gimpo Gongju Gumi Gunpo Guri Gunsan Gwacheon Gwangju Gwangmyeong Gwangyang Gyeongju Gyeongsan Gyeryong Hanam Icheon Iksan Jecheon Jeongeup Jinju Miryang Mokpo Mungyeong Namwon Naju Nonsan Osan Paju Pocheon Pyeongtaek Sacheon Samcheok Sangju Seosan Siheung Sokcho Suncheon Taebaek Tongyeong Uijeongbu Uiwang Wonju Yangju Yangsan Yeoju Yeongcheon Yeongju Yeosu

Administrative city

Jeju※ Seogwipo

Provincial capital

Hongseong Muan

Note: ※ also a provincial capital

Coordinates: 35°56′38″N 126°57′16″E / 35.9438888989°N 126.954444454°E / 35.9438888989; 1