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Idukki
Idukki
is one of the 14 districts of Kerala
Kerala
state, India,[1] created on 26 January 1972. At that time, the district headquarters was at Kottayam. In June 1976 it was moved to Painavu. Idukki
Idukki
which lies in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
of Kerala. Idukki
Idukki
is the second largest district in area but has the lowest population density. Idukki
Idukki
has a vast forest reserve area; more than a half of the district is covered by forests. The urban areas are densely populated whereas villages are sparsely populated. Idukki
Idukki
is also known as the spice garden of Kerala.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography 3 Demographics

3.1 Technology

4 Places of interest

4.1 Munnar 4.2 Vagamon 4.3 Ramakkalmedu 4.4 Thekkady 4.5 Marayur

5 Wildlife sanctuaries

5.1 Eravikulam Wild Life Sanctuary 5.2 Periyar Tiger
Tiger
Reserve 5.3 Pampadumshola National Park 5.4 Kurinjimala Sanctuary 5.5 Protected areas

6 Waterfalls

6.1 Cheeyappara 6.2 Thommankuthu

7 Administrative divisions 8 Municipalities 9 Towns 10 Culture 11 Dams in Idukki 12 Transport

12.1 Road 12.2 Rail 12.3 Air 12.4 Neriamangalam
Neriamangalam
Bridge

13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Etymology[edit] The name of the district is derived from the Malayalam
Malayalam
word Idukku (ഇടുക്ക്), meaning narrow gorge.

Idukki
Idukki
arch Dam

Geography[edit] Idukki
Idukki
has an area of 4,358 km2 (1,683 sq mi) and is the second largest District of Kerala
Kerala
(the largest being Palakkad). Rugged mountains and forests cover about 97 percent of the total area of the District. Idukki
Idukki
district consist of five taluks: Thodupuzha, Devikulam, Idukki, Udumbanchola
Udumbanchola
and Peerumedu. The district borders the Kerala
Kerala
districts of Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
to the south, Kottayam
Kottayam
to the southwest, Ernakulam
Ernakulam
to the northwest and Thrissur
Thrissur
to the north and Coimbatore, Dindigul , Thiruppur
Thiruppur
and Theni Districts in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
to the east. The district is accessible only by road. Rail and airlink is not available. National Highway NH 49 and State highways 13 and 33 passes through the district.[2]

GEC Idukki
Idukki
and other government offices

Anamudi
Anamudi
is the highest point in Idukki
Idukki
District and Kerala
Kerala
and South India. Anamudi
Anamudi
and Meesapulimala
Meesapulimala
are the 2 highest peaks in India
India
south of the Himalayas, Anamudi
Anamudi
is in the Kuttampuzha Panchayat of Adimali Block, in the Kannan Devan Hills
Kannan Devan Hills
Village of Devikulam
Devikulam
taluk bordering Kothamangalam
Kothamangalam
taluk of Ernakulam
Ernakulam
district. Thirteen other peaks in the district exceed a height of 2,000 m (6,600 ft). The Periyar, Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar are the important rivers of the district. Idukki
Idukki
Dam, Asia's largest Arch Dam is located at Idukki
Idukki
Township of Idukki
Idukki
Taluk. The point where the Periyar flows through the gorge formed between two high massive rocks known as "Kuravan" and "Kurathi" is the site of the Idukki
Idukki
arch dam.[2] The Idukki
Idukki
Hydroelectic project caters for more than 60% of the power requirements of the state of Kerala. Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census Idukki
Idukki
district has a population of 1,107,453.[3] This ranks it as 416th among the 640 districts of India. The district has a population density of 254 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was −1.93%. Idukki
Idukki
has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 92.2 per cent.[3] According to the 2011 census, Hindus make up 48. 86% (541,854) of the population, Christians 43.42% (481,507), Muslims 7.41%(82,206). [4] Technology[edit] Idukki
Idukki
district is the first district in India
India
to get connected with super-fast broad band system as a part of Digital India[5] Places of interest[edit] Munnar[edit]

Tea plantations in Munnar

Munnar
Munnar
was the summer resort of the British Government in the south. The town is situated at the convergence of three mountain streams namely Muthirappuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. Munnar
Munnar
has some of the largest tea plantations in the world. This hill station, which is more than 5000 feet above sea level, is a well-known tourist attraction noted for its scenic and picturesque landscapes.Most of the native flora and fauna of Munnar
Munnar
have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resultant from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, including the new Kurinjimala Sanctuary to the east, the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Manjampatti Valley
Manjampatti Valley
and the Amaravati reserve forest of Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary to the north east, the Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park
and Anamudi
Anamudi
Shola National Park to the north, the Pampadum Shola National Park
Pampadum Shola National Park
to the south and the proposed Palani Hills National Park
Palani Hills National Park
to the east.These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri Thar, the grizzled giant squirrel, the Nilgiri wood-pigeon, elephant, the gaur, the Nilgiri langur, the sambar, and the neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years).[6][7] Vagamon[edit]

Vagamon
Vagamon
meadows, Kerala, India

Western Ghats
Western Ghats
as seen from Vagamon
Vagamon
View Point

Vagamon
Vagamon
is a hill station situated 1200 meters above sea level,37 km from Palai
Palai
and 42 km from Thodupuzha. This hill station provides option of trekking, paragliding or rock climbing for adventurous seekers. The place has many variety of flora and fauna located in various parts of hilly region. Evergreen
Evergreen
tress, tall grasses and shrubs are present in the lower regions of Vagamon. Many rare species of birds, insects, wild buffaloes and elephants can be easily located in the forests. The main attractions here are mist-covered mountains and lakes, Pilgrim centers – Kurishumala, Murugan temple, Burial chamber of Sufi saint and pine forests Ramakkalmedu[edit] Ramakkalmedu (രാമക്കൽമേട്‌) is a hill station and a hamlet in Idukki
Idukki
district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located about 15 km from Nedumkandam
Nedumkandam
on the Munnar-Thekkady route. Ramakalmedu stands tall in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
at a height of 3500 feet above sea level. The ecosystem of the area consists largely of grass land Shola forest type which is laced by sporadic bamboo forests. Constant wind is another factor which makes Ramakkalmedu unique. Wind blows at a speed around 35 km/ hour at Ramakkalmedu throughout the year irrespective of the season and time.Tourism villages like Pushpakandam and Kuruvikanam near Ramakkalmedu is one of the places in Kerala
Kerala
where wind energy farm is installed, though it is private holdings. Currently the capacity is at about 12.5 MW.This electricity is distributed to Kerala
Kerala
State Electricity Board. Ramakkalmedu has potential to produce more electricity, as it is said to be one of Asia's largest windiest area.[citation needed]

View of Tamil Nadu, from Ramakkalmedu

Thekkady[edit]

Misty Thekkady

Cardamom
Cardamom
Hills

Thekkady
Thekkady
is located about 257 km (160 mi) from Trivandrum, 140 km from Madurai
Madurai
City and Madurai
Madurai
Airport, 145 km from Cochin International Airport
Cochin International Airport
and 114 km from Kottayam
Kottayam
railway station. Thekkady
Thekkady
is located near to Kerala- Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
border. The sanctuary is famous for its dense evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savanna grass lands. It is home to herds of elephants, sambar, tigers, gaur, lion-tailed macaques and Nilgiri langurs. The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
is spread across 777 km2 (300 sq mi), of which 360 km2 (140 sq mi) is thick evergreen forest. The wildlife sanctuary was declared a tiger reserve in 1978. The splendid artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam
Mullaperiyar Dam
across the Periyar River
Periyar River
adds to the charm of the park. The greatest attractions of Periyar are the herds of wild elephants, deers, bisons that come down to drink in the lake. The sanctuary can be accessed through a trekking, boating or jeep safari.

Submerged trees in Periyar National Park

[8] Thekkady
Thekkady
is considered as a heaven of natural spices such as black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, nutmace, ginger, and clove. Marayur[edit]

Walkway through the sandalwood forest

Marayur
Marayur
is a remote village on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. The relics of new stone-age civilisation has been unearthed here. It has ancient stone cabins, called 'Muniyaras', and is the only place in Kerala
Kerala
having natural growths of sandal wood trees. Marayur has more than 1000 species of flowering plants and is a well known repository of medicinal plants. There are 114 endemic species and the sighting of Aibizia lathamii, a critically endangered tree, was recently reported from the dry forests. Chinnar - the wildlife sanctuary in Marayur
Marayur
- has recorded the largest number of reptilian species, including the mugger crocodile, in Kerala. With 225 recorded species of birds, it is one of the richest areas of south India
India
in avian diversity. The forests in Marayur
Marayur
preserve a population of the endangered grizzled giant squirrel. The rare white bison has been recently reported in Chinnar wildlife sanctuary. Other important mammals found are elephant, tiger, leopard, guar, sambar, spotted deer, Nilgiri thar, common langur, bonnet macaque etc. The phenomenon of butterfly migration occurs in between the monsoons. Maryoor has got a number of sandalwood forests, and is the only[citation needed] place in Kerala
Kerala
where natural sandalwood forest is present. Processing of sandalwood and its associated oil forms part of local economy and a depot near Marayur
Marayur
town is supporting this industry. Sandal wood
Sandal wood
or Santalum album
Santalum album
is a parasitic tree having a fragrant and close-grained yellowish heartwood. Sandalwood
Sandalwood
oil, also known as ‘liquid gold,’ is extracted from the roots and wood of sandalwood. This oil is a costly item marketed at a few choosy outlets all over the state. A climate with low rainfall is suitable for the growth of choice sandalwood trees from which good quality oil can be extracted. The 93 km2 Marayur
Marayur
reserve forest is believed to have about sixty thousand naturally grown sandalwood trees, of which nearly 2,000 trees had been allegedly plundered in just one year since January 2004, when the last survey was conducted. The auction rate for first quality Marayur
Marayur
sandal is quoted at Rs.
Rs.
1100 per kg, according to forest department sources (2004). Wildlife sanctuaries[edit] Idukki
Idukki
Wildlife Sanctuary A land-locked district, Idukki
Idukki
is one of the most nature-rich areas of Kerala. The Idukki
Idukki
Wildlife Sanctuary here spreads over an area of 105.364 sq km in the Thodupuzha, Idukki
Idukki
and Udumpanchola taluks of the district. Situated at an altitude of 450-748 m above sea level, this sanctuary occupies the forest land between the Cheruthoni
Cheruthoni
and Periyar rivers. There is a scenic lake around the sanctuary, covered by an enchanting canopy of tropical ever-green and deciduous trees, and offers boat rides. Elephants, sambar deer, wild dogs, jungle cats, wild boar etc. are seen here apart from various species of snakes including cobra, viper, kraits and numerous non-poisonous ones. Birds include grey jungle fowl, Malabar grey hornbill, several species of woodpeckers, bulbuls, flycatchers, etc. The wildlife here is similar to that of Thekkady. This sanctuary lies adjacent to the world renowned Idukki
Idukki
Arch Dam. Contact Address: The Wild Life Warden, Idukki
Idukki
Wildlife Division Painavu
Painavu
P.O. Idukki
Idukki
– 685603 Phone: +91 486 2232271 Mobile: 8547603182, 9496821481 The Asst. Wildlife Warden Vellapara, Painavu
Painavu
P.O, Idukki
Idukki
Phone : +91 4862 322025 Eravikulam Wild Life Sanctuary[edit]

Nilagiri thar

Eravikulam is another wild life sanctuary proclaimed as a National Park. It supports the largest population of Nilgiri tahr
Nilgiri tahr
in the world. Anamudi
Anamudi
peak is on the southern part of this park. Most of the park is grassland and the average altitude is more than 5000 feet above sea level. Heavy rain and gushing winds makes the area inaccessible during the monsoon season. The famous Neelakurinji
Neelakurinji
(Strobilanthes kunthiana) grows here. It has a flowering cycle of 12 years.[9] Twenty six species of mammals have been recorded in the park including the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr,[10] estimated at about 750 individuals. The other ungulates are gaur, Indian muntjac
Indian muntjac
and sambar deer. Golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard and tiger are the main predators. Some little-known animals such as Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel are also found.[11] Elephants make seasonal visits. 132 species of birds have been recorded which include endemics like black-and-orange flycatcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white bellied shortwing, Nilgiri flycatcher and Kerala
Kerala
laughingthrush. Endemic butterflies confined to the shola-grass land ecosystem like the red disk bushbrown and Palni four wing are among the 101 species in the park. Periyar Tiger
Tiger
Reserve[edit] Periyar Tiger
Tiger
Reserve, Thekkady, is an example of nature’s bounty, with great scenic charm, rich biodiversity and providing veritable visitor satisfaction. Sprawled over an area of 925 km2., Periyar is one of the 27 tiger reserves in India. Zealously guarded and efficiently managed reserve is a repository of rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna and forms the major watershed of two important rivers of Kerala, the Periyar and Pamba.

Wild elephants in Munnar, Kerala

Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (PNP) is a protected area in the districts of Idukki
Idukki
and Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
in Kerala, India. It is notable as an elephant reserve and a tiger reserve. The protected area covers an area of 925 km2 (357 sq mi). 305 km2 (118 sq mi) of the core zone was declared as the Periyar National Park in 1982 Pampadumshola National Park[edit] Pampadum Shola National Park
Pampadum Shola National Park
is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India.[12][13] The park is administered by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar
Munnar
Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Anamudi
Anamudi
Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary.[14] The park adjoins the Allinagaram Reserved Forest
Forest
within the proposed Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, including these parks, is under consideration by the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.[15]

Nilgiri wood-pigeon
Nilgiri wood-pigeon
(vulnerable)

Neelakurinji

Kurinjimala Sanctuary[edit] Kurinjimala Sanctuary protects the approximately 32 km2 core habitat of the endangered Neelakurinji
Neelakurinji
plant in Kottakamboor and Vattavada
Vattavada
villages in Devikulam
Devikulam
Taluk, Idukki
Idukki
district of Kerala
Kerala
State in South India. map Protected areas[edit]

Giant grizzled squirrel

This district has several protected areas including: Periyar Tiger Reserve in the south, Kurinjimala Sanctuary to the east, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary to the northeast, Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park
and Anamudi
Anamudi
Shola National Park to the north and Pampadum Shola National Park to the south. These protected areas are well known for several threatened and endemic species including tiger, Nilgiri tahr, grizzled giant squirrel, Nilgiri wood-pigeon, elephant, gaur, sambar deer, purple frog and neelakurinji.[16][17] Waterfalls[edit] Idukki
Idukki
district alone has about 50 small and big waterfalls; many of which are not included here because they are not well known and because they tend to be active only during monsoon season. Cheeyappara[edit]

Play media

Cheeyappara falls video

The Cheeyappara Waterfall (ചീയ്യപ്പാറ) is on the Kochi
Kochi
- Madurai
Madurai
Highway (National Highway 49), between Neriamangalam and Adimali. It is in Idukki
Idukki
district, Kerala, India. The Cheeyappara Waterfall cascades down in seven steps. This is also a great place for trekking. Thommankuthu[edit]

Thommankuthu Waterfalls

Thommankuthu (തൊമ്മൻകുത്ത്) is a very scenic waterfall near Thodupuzha, in the southern state of Kerala, India
India
and is named after the great hunter, Mr. Thommachen Kuruvinakunnel, who let the world know of this beautiful waterfall in the jungle in the late 1920s. Thommachen also played a big part in the discovery of the site for the Idukki
Idukki
Dam. This panchayath, belonging to Thodupuzha Thaluk in Idukki
Idukki
District, is one of the major eco-tourism centres in Kerala. A song of the Malayalam
Malayalam
movie Chattakaari was shot here. Administrative divisions[edit] Main article: Administration of Idukki
Idukki
district

Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
Civil Station

Kattappana

Idukki
Idukki
District is divided into eight community development blocks (block panchayats).[18] The community development blocks are further divided into talukas. The blocks are:[19]

Adimaly Block with

Pallivasal grama panchayat Adimaly grama panchayat (Mannamkandam) Vellathooval grama panchayat Bysonvalley grama panchayat Konnathady grama panchayat

Azhutha Block with

Elappara
Elappara
grama panchayat Kokkayar grama panchayat Kumily
Kumily
grama panchayat Peerumedu
Peerumedu
grama panchayat Peruvanthanam
Peruvanthanam
grama panchayat Vandiperiyar
Vandiperiyar
grama panchayat

Devikulam
Devikulam
Block with

Chinnakkanal grama panchayat Edamalakudy grama panchayat Kanthalloor grama panchayat Mankulam grama panchayat Marayoor grama panchayat Munnar
Munnar
grama panchayat Santhanpara
Santhanpara
grama panchayat Vattavada
Vattavada
grama panchayat Devikulam
Devikulam
Grama panchayat

Elamdesom Block with

Alakode grama panchayat Karimannoor
Karimannoor
grama panchayat Kodikulam grama panchayat Kudayathoor grama panchayat Udumbannoorgrama panchayat Vannappuramgrama panchayat Velliamattomgrama panchayat

Idukki
Idukki
Block with

Arakkulam grama panchayat Kamakshy grama panchayat Kanjikuzhy grama panchayat Mariapuram grama panchayat Vathykudy grama panchayat Vazhathoppu grama panchayat

Kattappana
Kattappana
Block with

Ayyappankoil grama panchayat Chakkupallam grama panchayat Erattayar grama panchayat Kanchiyar grama panchayat Upputhara
Upputhara
grama panchayat Vandanmedu grama panchayat

Nedumkandam
Nedumkandam
Block with

Karunapuram grama panchayat Nedumkandam
Nedumkandam
grama panchayat Pampadumpara grama panchayat Rajakkad
Rajakkad
grama panchayat Rajakumary grama panchayat Senapathy grama panchayat Udumbanchola
Udumbanchola
grama panchayat

Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
Block with

Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
Municipality Kattappana
Kattappana
Municipality

Municipalities[edit]

Thodupuzha Kattappana

Towns[edit]

Thodupuzha Kattappana Adimali Munnar Devikulam Chinnakanal Rajakkad Rajakumari Udumbanchola Nedumkandam Anakkara Idukki

Cheruthoni

Murickassery Thopramkudy Moolamattom Mutton Karimannoor Peruvanthanam Peerumade

Kuttikkanam

Upputhara Elappara Vagamon Vandiperiyar Kumily

Thekkady

Culture[edit] Culture in Idukki
Idukki
is mixed type since it constitutes of migrated people and native tribals. Indigenous art forms in Idukki
Idukki
is still not known to the outside world. Tourist areas like Munnar
Munnar
and Thekkady welcome people by hosting various art forms.

Kathakali
Kathakali
performance at Thekkady

Places adjacent to Idukki
Idukki
district

Ernakulam
Ernakulam
district Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu

Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu Tiruppur district, Tamil Nadu Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu

Kottayam
Kottayam
district

Idukki
Idukki
district

Theni district, Tamil Nadu

Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
district

Virudhunagar district, Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu

Dams in Idukki[edit]

Idukki
Idukki
archdam Cheruthoni Mullapperiyar Ponmudy Kallarkutty Kundala Mattuppetti Aanayirangal Bhoothathankettu Neriyamangalam Sengulam Lower Periyar Malankara Kallar (Nedumkandam) Kulamavu Peppara Munnar
Munnar
Head Works Erattayar Uluppuni Kochu Pamba

Transport[edit] Road[edit] The roads in Idukki
Idukki
are part of Ghat roads. The major roads connect city of Kochi
Kochi
to Tamil Nadu. The KK road(Kumili-Kottayam), the PT road(Puliyanmala- Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
State Highway-33) are some of the other busy roads.

Neryamangalam bridge

Rail[edit] At present there is no railway in and to Idukki
Idukki
district of Kerala. The nearest railway stations are Kottayam
Kottayam
(station code - KTYM), Aluva (Alwaye, station code - AWY), Ernakulam
Ernakulam
South ( Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Jn., station code - ERS) and Ernakulam
Ernakulam
North ( Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Town, station code - ERN). Air[edit] The nearest airport to Idukki
Idukki
is Cochin International Airport
Cochin International Airport
and Coimbatore Airport. Airport Authority of India's plan to set up an airport in Anakkara is in a conflict of environmental issues. Anakkara Airport will be a great leap in Idukki's complete development. The government claims this project will improve the tourism in the area. However, with Anakkara being situated in environmentally sensitive Western Ghats, environmentalists and villagers argue that this can significantly impact the area's climatic conditions and livelihood of people. Also the land identified for the project is one of the very few remaining paddy fields of the district, currently cultivating some of the rare indigenous varieties of rice which increases the concern about the project. Those opposing the airport also cite the economic benefits as Munnar, one of the key target destinations for the airport lies at about 100 km from Anakkara and the time taken to reach there from Cochin International Airport
Cochin International Airport
is less than the time taken to reach from Anakkara. Though there are no clear references online from the government on the objectives, benefits and purpose of the proposed airport, anti-anakkara-airport groups have set up social networking campaign sites such as Save Anakkara Blog and Anti-Anakkara Airport on Facebook explaining reasons why they claim the airport project should not be implemented. Neriamangalam
Neriamangalam
Bridge[edit] The Neriamangalam
Neriamangalam
Bridge, built across the Periyar river, is often referred as 'The Gateway to the Highranges' as it is on the way to the higher regions of Idukki
Idukki
district, especially Munnar. The bridge was made by His Highness The Maharaja of Travancore
Travancore
in 1935. See also[edit]

Civil Station, Idukki Keezhanthoor Santhanpara

References[edit]

^ Idukki
Idukki
District (Variant - V) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency ^ a b "Tourist Map of Idukki
Idukki
District". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015.  ^ a b c "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.  ^ " Idukki
Idukki
District Population Census 2011, Kerala
Kerala
literacy sex ratio and density". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-12-27.  ^ "Hi-Speed Rural Broadband Network". Retrieved 17 March 2016.  ^ "Government of Kerala, Forest
Forest
and Wildlife Department, Notification No. 36/2006 F&WLD". Kerala
Kerala
Gazette. 6 October 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-05.  ^ Roy, Mathew (25 September 2006). "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod". The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-12-05.  ^ Tourist Guide to Kerala
Kerala
By Motilal (UK) Books of India, Various, V. Subburaj ^ "Information and Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala".  ^ "Munnar".  ^ UNEP (05/07/2007) World Commission on Protected Areas, World Database on Protected Areas, Eravikulam National Park, Retrieved 7 May 2007 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2007.  ^ Envis Kerala
Kerala
(2009). "Forest". Kerala
Kerala
State Council for Science, Technology and Environment. Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-18.  ^ Online Highways LLC. (2004) India
India
Kerala
Kerala
Devikulam
Devikulam
Pambadum Shola National Park, retrieved 6/4/2007 [1] ^ K.S. Sudhi (Nov 03, 2006) The Hindu, retrieved 6/21/2007 New lives bloom in Rajamala ^ UNESCO, World Heritage sites, Tentative lists, Western Ghats
Western Ghats
sub cluster, Niligiris. retrieved 4/20/2007 World Heritage sites, Tentative lists ^ Government of Kerala, Forest
Forest
and Wildlife Department, Notification No. 36/2006 F&WLD (6 October 2006) retrieved 5/12/2007 Kerala Gazette ^ Roy, Mathew (25 September 2006). "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 December 2007.  ^ "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Block Panchayats of Idukki, Kerala". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India.  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ " Idukki
Idukki
Zilla Panchayat". Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Idukki
Idukki
district.

Official Idukki
Idukki
District website Human Development Index (HDI) and Gender Development Index (GDI) Idukki
Idukki
district at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

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Arts Culture Demographics Economy Education Film Geography Roads Ports History Flora and Fauna Government Tourism Sports

Districts

Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
KL-01 Kollam
Kollam
KL-02 Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
KL-03 Alappuzha
Alappuzha
KL-04 Kottayam
Kottayam
KL-05 Idukki
Idukki
KL-06 Ernakulam
Ernakulam
KL-07 Thrissur
Thrissur
KL-08 Palakkad
Palakkad
KL-09 Malappuram
Malappuram
KL-10 Kozhikode
Kozhikode
KL-11 Wayanad KL-12 Kannur
Kannur
KL-13 Kasaragod
Kasaragod
KL-14

Taluks

Neyyattinkara Kattakada Thiruvananthapuram Nedumangad Chirayinkeezhu Varkala Kollam Karunagappalli Kunnathur Kottarakkara Punalur Pathanapuram Adoor Konni Kozhencherry Ranni Mallapally Tiruvalla Chengannur Mavelikkara Karthikappally Ambalappuzha Kuttanad Cherthala Changanassery Kottayam Kanjirappally Meenachil Vaikom Peermade Udumbanchola Idukki Thodupuzha Devikulam Kothamangalam Muvattupuzha Kunnathunad Kanayannur Kochi Aluva North Paravur Kodungallur Chalakudy Mukundapuram Thrissur Chavakkad Thalapilly Alathur Chittur Palakkad Pattambi Ottapalam Mannarkkad Perinthalmanna Ponnani Thirur Tirurangadi Eranad Kondotty Nilambur Kozhikode Thamarassery Koyilandy Vatakara Vythiri Sultan Bathery Mananthavady Iritty Thalassery Kannur Taliparamba Hosdurg Vellarikundu Kasaragod Manjeshwaram

Municipal Corporations

Thiruvananthapuram Kochi Kozhikode Kollam Thrissur Kannur

Municipalities

Adoor Anthoor Alappuzha Aluva Angamaly Attingal Chalakudy Changanassery Chavakkad Chengannur Cherthala Chittur Tattamangalam Eloor Guruvayur Irinjalakuda Iritty Kalamassery Kalpetta Kanhangad Karunagappalli Kasaragod Kayamkulam Kodungallur Kuthuparamba Kothamangalam Kottakkal Kottarakkara Kottayam Koyilandy Kunnamkulam Malappuram Manjeri Maradu Mattanur Mavelikkara Muvattupuzha Nedumangad Neyyattinkara Nilambur Nileshwaram North Paravur Ottapalam Palai Palakkad Panoor Paravur Pathanamthitta Payyanur Perintalmanna Perumbavoor Ponnani Punalur Shoranur Sreekandapuram Thalassery Taliparamba Tiruvalla Thodupuzha Thrikkakkara Thrippunithura Tirur Vatakara Vaikom Varkala

Other Towns

Parassala Balaramapuram Kattakkada Chirayinkeezhu Kilimanoor Chathannur Kundara Chavara Oachira Sasthamkotta Kunnathur Anchal Pathanapuram Kozhencherry Konni Ranni Mallapally Kumbanad Aranmula Kulanada Omalloor Vadasserikkara Parumala Mannar Charummoodu Ambalapuzha Mararikulam Aroor Kanjirapally Erumeli Mundakayam Vazhoor Karukachal Pampady Puthuppally Kuravilangad Uzhavoor Thalayolaparambu Kaduthuruthy Peermade Vandiperiyar Kumily Rajakkad Munnar Devikulam Adimali Kolenchery Puthencruz Kunnathunad Kalady Malayattoor Chottanikkara Udayamperoor Varapuzha Sreemoolanagaram Nedumbassery Mala Kodakara Pudukkad Manalur Pavaratty Chelakkara Vadakkencherry Alathur Nemmara Puthunagaram Malampuzha Sreekrishnapuram Lakkidi-Perur Thrithala Edappal Tavanur Angadipuram Mankada Kuttippuram Karipur Areekode Wandoor Vengara Vallikunnu Olavanna Kunnamangalam Thamarassery Thiruvambady Kodencheri Balussery Perambra Nadapuram Kuttiyadi Lakkidi Vythiri Chundale Meppadi Kottappadi Muttil Padinharethara Meenangadi Panamaram Pulpally Peravoor Dharmadam Anjarakandi Muzhappilangad Azhikode Cherukunnu Pappinisseri Kaliiasseri Irikkur Alakode Trikaripur Cheruvathur Bekal Udma Vellarikundu Parappa Karadka Kumbala Mangalpady Uppala Manjeshwaram

Historical Regions

Malabar

North Malabar South Malabar

Cochin Venad
Venad
Swarupam (Kingdom of Quilon) Travancore Travancore-Cochin

Portal: Kerala

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Travancore
Travancore
region

Districts

Kanyakumari
Kanyakumari
(Part) Thiruvananthapuram Kollam Pathanamthitta Alappuzha Kottayam Idukki Ernakulam
Ernakulam
(Part)

Towns and Cities

Nagarcoil Kanyakumari Thovala Suchindram Manavalakurichy Kaliyakkavilai Mandaikadu Marthandam Neyyoor Thiruvithancode Kolachal Thiruvananthapuram Parassala Neyyattinkara Nedumangadu Venjaramoodu Aryanad Vembayam Chirayinkeezhu Attingal Varkala Avanavancherry Kallambalam Kilimanoor Kottarakara Neduvathoor Ayoor Anchal Edamulackal Chadayamangalam Chathannoor Kalluvathukkal Kottiyam Kollam Paravur Parippally Munroethuruth Mayyanad Punalur Pathanapuram Manchalloor Pidavoor Kottarakkara Adoor Konni Pathanamthitta Kozhencherry Aranmula Kumbanad Ranni Vadasserikkara Mallapally Tiruvalla Parumala Mannar Edathua Chengannur Mavelikkara Padanilam Nilakkal Chettikulangara Kayamkulam Haripad Ambalappuzha Alappuzha Mankombu Mararikulam Cherthala Aroor Changanacherry Vazhoor Karukachal Kottayam Kumarakam Pambadi Ettumanoor Vaikom Kaduthuruthy Thalayolaparambu Kuravilangad Palai Uzhavoor Poonjar Erattupetta Kanjirappally Ponkunnam Erumely Mundakayam Vagamon Peermade Kumily Kattappana Adimali Vechoor North Paravur Alengad Angamaly Kalady Aluva Perumbavoor Muvattupuzha Kothamangalam Arakuzha Koothattukulam Piravom Kolenchery Kizhakkambalam Idukki Thodupuzha Painavu Munnar Devikulam Kannan Devan Hills Marayur Adimali Udumbanchola Nedumkandam Kattappana Rajakkad

v t e

Cities and towns in Idukki
Idukki
district

Cities

Towns

Thodupuzha Muttom, Thodupuzha Idukki-Painav,Idukki-Cheruthony Thadiyampadu-Karimpan Chelachuvadu-Keerithodu Kanjikuzhy Udumbanchola Nedumkandam Rajakkad Kattappana Adimali Devikulam Munnar Vagamon Peermade Vandiperiyar Kumily

Villages

K. Chappathu Karimkulam Chappathu

Hill stations

Devikulam Munnar Peermade Vagamon

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Hindu temples in Kerala

Alappuzha

Kurattikkadu Mutharamman Devi Temple Thrikkuratti Mahadeva Temple Ambalappuzha
Ambalappuzha
Sri Krishna Manakkattu Devi Temple, Pallippad, Harippad Chakkulathukavu Chammanad Devi Cherthala
Cherthala
Devi Chettikulangara
Chettikulangara
Devi Evoor Major Sri krishnaswamy temple Haripad
Haripad
Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple Kandiyoor Sree Mahadeva Temple Kuttikattu Sree Bhadra Kali Devi Mannarasala Mullakkal Nalpathaneeswaram Sree Mahadeva Padanilam
Padanilam
Parabrahma Temple Pattambalam Valiyakulangara Devi

Ernakulam

Cherai Gowreeshwara Dakshina Mookambika Temple North Paravur Chottanikkara Eravikulangara Iringole Kavu Kalamassery
Kalamassery
Mahaganapathy Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathy Pallikal kavu Panekavu Bhagavati Shastha Sree Bhavaneeswara Sree Poornathrayesa Sree Venugopala Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha Thrikkakara Temple Thrikkara Temple Thiru Nayathode Siva Narayana Temple

Idukki

Sri Siddhi Vinayakar

Kannur

Andalur kavu Sree Vadeswaram Azhikode Palottukavu Chenankavu Chala Bhagavathi Sree Annapoorneswari Sree Chovva Shiva Temple Edappara Chamundi Hanumarambalam Sree Jagannathan Kadalayi Kandanthalli Keecheri Palottukavu Keezhur Mahadeva Kottiyoor Vadakkeshwaram Kunnathoor Padi Madayi Kavu Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Temple Vadukunda Mamanathambalam Manakulangara Mariamman Koil, Pilakool Mavilakkavu Mookambika Temple Muneeswaran Kovil Oorpazhachi Kavu Padavil Sree Muthappan Panoonneri Shiva Parassinikkadavu Muthappan Payyannur Sree Subramanyaswamy Temple Peralasseri Sree Subramaniaswamy Temple Pillayar Koil Neeliyaarkottam Rajarajeshwara Temple Sree Andalurkavu Tiruvangad Talap Ambalam Trichambaram Thrikkapalam Shiva Valluvan Kadav Sree Muthapan Vasudevapuram Tavanur Places of worship in Kannur
Kannur
district

Kasaragod

Ananthapura Lake Kanila Shree Bhagavathi Madhur Trikaripur
Trikaripur
Chakrapani Sri Gopalakrishna Temple Kumble

Kollam

Ammachiveedu Muhurthi Anandavalleeshwaram Sri Mahadevar Temple Ashram Sree krishna Swamy Kadakkal Devi Kodimoottil Sri Bhadrakaali Kottankulangara Devi Temple Kottarakkara
Kottarakkara
Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram Kottarakkulam Sree Mahaganapathy Kovil, Kollam Oachira
Oachira
Parabrahma Temple Panakkattodil Devi Temple Poruvazhy Peruviruthy Malanada Temple Pulimukham Devi Temple Paravur Puttingal Devi Temple Sasthamcotta Sree Dharma Sastha Temple Sree Indilayappan Sree Maha Ganapathy Vayalil Thrikkovil Mahavishnu

Kottayam

Thirunakkara Sree Mahadevar Temple, Kottayam ThiruVazhappally Sree Mahadevar Chirakkadavu Sree Mahadevar Ettumanoor
Ettumanoor
Mahadevar Neendoor Subrahmanya Swami Temple Kavinpuram Devi Morkulangara Devi Kadamuri Narasimhaswamy Temple, Kadamuri Moozhayil Sankaranarayana Temple Anicad Kodungoor Devi Temple Elamgulam Sree Dharma Shastha Temple Anicad Sree Bhagavathi Temple Kaduthruthy Mahadeva Temple Pullattukunnel Temple, Elamgulam Nethalloor Devi Panachikkadu Paippad Puthenkavu Bhagavathi Perunna Subrahmanya Swami Pundareekapuram Thrippakudam Vaikom Puthiyakavu Devi Temple

Kozhikode

Azhakodi Devi Lokanarkavu Pisharikavu Valayanad Devi

Malappuram

Alathiyur Hanuman Kadampuzha Devi Kadampuzha Bhagavathy Sree Rama Thirumanthamkunnu Thirunavaya Thrikkavu

Palakkad

Brahmeeswaran Chinakkathoor Karimpuzha Sree Ramaswamy Killikkurussimangalam Kodikkunnu Bhagavathy Manapullikavu Malamakkavu Ayyappa Temple Meenkulathi Sri Nellikulangara Bhagavathi Thirupuraikkal Valliya Aarattu – Karnaki Amman Vayilyamkunnu Bhagavathi Viswanatha Swam

Pathanamthitta

Aranmula
Aranmula
Parthasarathy anikkattilammakshethram Gurunathanmukadi Kaviyoor Mahadevar Mahadeva Mezhuveli Muringamangalam Sreemahadevar Panayannarkavu Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi Rektha Kanda Swamy Sabarimala Sree Bhuvaneswary Sree Vallabha Sreenarayanapuram Sri Chirakkakavu Bhagavthi Thazhoor Bhagavathy Kshetram Thrikkovil Sree Padmanabha Swami Kshetram Thrippara Shiva Kshetram Thumpamon Vadakkumnatha Valiyakoikkal

Thiruvananthapuram

Attukal Avanavanchery Sri Indilayappan Edava Palakkavu Bhagavathi temple Irumkulangara Durga Devi Janardanaswamy Kappil Bhagavathy Mannanthala Anandavaleeswaram Padmanabhaswamy Sarkaradevi Sivagiri Sarada Mutt Sreekanteswaram Thaliyadichapuram Sree Mahadeva Vellayani Devi Temple Venkatachalapathy

Thrissur

Arattupuzha Temple Ammathiruvadi Temple Annamanada Mahadeva Temple Chembukkavu Bhagavathy Temple Chemmanthatta Mahadeva Temple Chiravarampathukavu Bhagavathi Temple Choorakkottukavu Bhagavathy Temple Guruvayur
Guruvayur
Temple Ivor Madom Kanimangalam Sastha Temple Kodungallur
Kodungallur
Bhagavathy Temple Koodalmanikyam Temple Kootumuchikal amma Kottekkad Temple Kuttankulangara Sri Krishna Temple Kuttumuck Siva Temple Laloor Bhagavathy Temple Mammiyoor Temple Mithrananthapuram Trimurti Temple Muthuvara Mahadeva Temple Pallimanna Siva Temple Panamukkumpally Sastha Temple Paramekkavu Bagavathi Temple Poonkunnam Seetha Ramaswamy Temple Poonkunnam Siva Temple Punkunnam Seetha Ramaswamy Temple Shatrughna Temple Shree Rama Temple Sree Maheswara Temple Sringapuram Mahadeva Temple Thanikkudam Bhagavathi Temple Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna Temple Thiruvanchikulam Temple Thiruvullakkavu Sree Dharma Sastha Temple Thottipal Bhagavati Trikkur Mahadeva Vadakkunnathan Vailikulangara Bhagavathi Temple Vilwadrinatha Temple Peruvanam Mahadeva Temple Mathur Shiva Temple

Wayanad

Mazhuvannur Maha Siva Kshethram Thirune

.