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IDUKKI is one of the 14 districts of Kerala
Kerala
state, India, created on 26 January 1972. At that time, the district headquarters was at Kottayam . In June 1976 it was moved to Painavu . Idukki
Idukki
which lies in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
of Kerala. Idukki
Idukki
is the second largest district in area but has the lowest population density. Idukki
Idukki
has a vast forest reserve area; more than a half of the district is covered by forests. The urban areas are densely populated whereas villages are sparsely populated.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Geography

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 Technology

* 4 Places of interest

* 4.1 Munnar
Munnar
* 4.2 Vagamon * 4.3 Ramakkalmedu * 4.4 Thekkady * 4.5 Marayur
Marayur

* 5 Wildlife sanctuaries

* 5.1 Eravikulam Wild Life Sanctuary * 5.2 Periyar Tiger
Tiger
Reserve * 5.3 Pampadumshola National Park * 5.4 Kurinjimala Sanctuary * 5.5 Protected areas

* 6 Waterfalls

* 6.1 Cheeyappara * 6.2 Thommankkuthu

* 7 Administrative divisions * 8 Municipalities * 9 Towns * 10 Culture

* 11 Transport

* 11.1 Road * 11.2 Rail * 11.3 Air * 11.4 Neriamangalam Bridge

* 12 References * 13 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The name of the district is derived from the Malayalam
Malayalam
word IDUKKU (ഇടുക്ക്), meaning narrow gorge . Idukki
Idukki
arch Dam

GEOGRAPHY

Idukki
Idukki
has an area of 4,358 km2 (1,683 sq mi) and is the second largest District of Kerala
Kerala
(the largest being Palakkad
Palakkad
). Rugged mountains and forests cover about 97 percent of the total area of the District. The district borders the Kerala
Kerala
districts of Pathanamthitta to the south, Kottayam to the southwest, Ernakulam
Ernakulam
to the northwest and Thrissur
Thrissur
to the north and Coimbatore , Dindigul and Theni Districts in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
to the east. The district is accessible only by road. Rail and airlink is not available. National Highway NH 49 and State highways 13 and 33 passes through the district. GEC Idukki and other government offices

Anamudi
Anamudi
and Meesapulimala are the 2 highest peaks in India
India
south of the Himalayas, Anamudi
Anamudi
is in the Kuttampuzha Panchayat of Adimali Block, in the Kannan Devan Hills Village of Devikulam taluk bordering Kothamangalam taluk of Ernakulam
Ernakulam
district. Thirteen other peaks in the district exceed a height of 2,000 m (6,600 ft). The Periyar , Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar are the important rivers of the district. Idukki Dam
Idukki Dam
, Asia
Asia
's largest Arch Dam is located at Idukki Township of Idukki
Idukki
Taluk. The point where the Periyar flows through the gorge formed between two high massive rocks known as "Kuravan" and "Kurathi" is the site of the Idukki
Idukki
arch dam. The Idukki
Idukki
Hydroelectic project caters for more than 60% of the power requirements of the state of Kerala
Kerala
.

DEMOGRAPHICS

According to the 2011 census Idukki
Idukki
district has a population of 1,107,453. This ranks it as 416th among the 640 districts of India
India
. The district has a population density of 254 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was −1.93%. Idukki
Idukki
has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 92.2 per cent. According to the 2011 census, Hindus
Hindus
make up 48. 86% (541,854) of the population, Christians
Christians
43.42% (481,507), Muslims
Muslims
7.41%(82,206).

{{bar box title=Religions in Idukki Districttitlebar=#Fcd116left1=Religionright1=Percentfloat=rightbars=

TECHNOLOGY

Idukki
Idukki
district is the first district in India
India
to get connected with super-fast broad band system as a part of Digital India
India

PLACES OF INTEREST

MUNNAR

Tea plantations in Munnar
Munnar

Munnar
Munnar
was the summer resort of the British Government in the south. The town is situated at the convergence of three mountain streams namely Muthirappuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. Munnar
Munnar
has some of the largest tea plantations in the world. This hill station, which is more than 5000 feet above sea level, is a well-known tourist attraction noted for its scenic and picturesque landscapes.Most of the native flora and fauna of Munnar
Munnar
have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resultant from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, including the new Kurinjimala Sanctuary to the east, the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
, Manjampatti Valley and the Amaravati reserve forest of Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary to the north east, the Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park
and Anamudi
Anamudi
Shola National Park to the north, the Pampadum Shola National Park
Pampadum Shola National Park
to the south and the proposed Palani Hills National Park to the east.These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri Thar , the grizzled giant squirrel , the Nilgiri wood-pigeon , elephant , the gaur , the Nilgiri langur
Nilgiri langur
, the sambar , and the neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years).

VAGAMON

Vagamon meadows, Kerala
Kerala
, India
India

Western Ghats
Western Ghats
as seen from Vagamon View Point

Vagamon is a hill station situated 1200 meters above sea level,37 km from Palai and 42 km from Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
.

This hill station provides option of trekking, paragliding or rock climbing for adventurous seekers. The place has many variety of flora and fauna located in various parts of hilly region. Evergreen tress, tall grasses and shrubs are present in the lower regions of Vagamon. Many rare species of birds, insects, wild buffaloes and elephants can be easily located in the forests. The main attractions here are mist-covered mountains and lakes, Pilgrim centers – Kurishumala, Murugan temple, Burial chamber of Sufi saint and pine forests

RAMAKKALMEDU

Ramakkalmedu (രാമക്കൽമേട്‌) is a hill station and a hamlet in Idukki
Idukki
district in the Indian state of Kerala
Kerala
. It is located about 15 km from Nedumkandam on the Munnar
Munnar
- Thekkady route.

Ramakalmedu stands tall in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
at a height of 3500 feet above sea level. The ecosystem of the area consists largely of grass land Shola forest type which is laced by sporadic bamboo forests.

Constant wind is another factor which makes Ramakkalmedu unique. Wind blows at a speed around 35 km/ hour at Ramakkalmedu throughout the year irrespective of the season and time.Tourism villages like Pushpakandam and Kuruvikanam near Ramakkalmedu is one of the places in Kerala
Kerala
where wind energy farm is installed, though it is private holdings. Currently the capacity is at about 12.5 MW.This electricity is distributed to Kerala
Kerala
State Electricity Board. Ramakkalmedu has potential to produce more electricity, as it is said to be one of Asia's largest windiest area.

View of Tamil Nadu, from Ramakkalmedu

THEKKADY

Misty Thekkady

Cardamom Hills

Thekkady is located about 257 km (160 mi) from Trivandrum , 140 km from Madurai
Madurai
City and Madurai Airport , 145 km from Cochin International Airport and 114 km from Kottayam railway station. Thekkady is located near to Kerala- Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
border. The sanctuary is famous for its dense evergreen , semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savanna grass lands. It is home to herds of elephants , sambar , tigers , gaur , lion-tailed macaques and Nilgiri langurs .

The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is spread across 777 km2 (300 sq mi), of which 360 km2 (140 sq mi) is thick evergreen forest. The wildlife sanctuary was declared a tiger reserve in 1978. The splendid artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam across the Periyar River adds to the charm of the park. The greatest attractions of Periyar are the herds of wild elephants, deers, bisons that come down to drink in the lake. The sanctuary can be accessed through a trekking, boating or jeep safari.

Submerged trees in Periyar National Park

Thekkady is considered as a heaven of natural spices such as black pepper , cardamom , cinnamon , nutmeg , nutmace, ginger , and clove .

MARAYUR

Walkway through the sandalwood forest

Marayur
Marayur
is a remote village on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. The relics of new stone-age civilisation has been unearthed here. It has ancient stone cabins, called 'Muniyaras', and is the only place in Kerala
Kerala
having natural growths of sandal wood trees. Marayur has more than 1000 species of flowering plants and is a well known repository of medicinal plants. There are 114 endemic species and the sighting of Aibizia lathamii, a critically endangered tree, was recently reported from the dry forests. Chinnar - the wildlife sanctuary in Marayur
Marayur
- has recorded the largest number of reptilian species, including the mugger crocodile, in Kerala. With 225 recorded species of birds, it is one of the richest areas of south India
India
in avian diversity. The forests in Marayur
Marayur
preserve a population of the endangered grizzled giant squirrel. The rare white bison has been recently reported in Chinnar wildlife sanctuary. Other important mammals found are elephant, tiger, leopard, guar, sambar, spotted deer, Nilgiri thar, common langur, bonnet macaque etc. The phenomenon of butterfly migration occurs in between the monsoons.

Maryoor has got a number of sandalwood forests, and is the only place in Kerala
Kerala
where natural sandalwood forest is present. Processing of sandalwood and its associated oil forms part of local economy and a depot near Marayur
Marayur
town is supporting this industry. Sandal wood or Santalum album
Santalum album
is a parasitic tree having a fragrant and close-grained yellowish heartwood. Sandalwood
Sandalwood
oil, also known as ‘liquid gold,’ is extracted from the roots and wood of sandalwood. This oil is a costly item marketed at a few choosy outlets all over the state. A climate with low rainfall is suitable for the growth of choice sandalwood trees from which good quality oil can be extracted. The 93 km2 Marayur
Marayur
reserve forest is believed to have about sixty thousand naturally grown sandalwood trees, of which nearly 2,000 trees had been allegedly plundered in just one year since January 2004, when the last survey was conducted. The auction rate for first quality Marayur sandal is quoted at Rs. 1100 per kg, according to forest department sources (2004).

WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES

IDUKKI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

A land-locked district, Idukki
Idukki
is one of the most nature-rich areas of Kerala. The Idukki
Idukki
Wildlife Sanctuary here spreads over an area of 105.364 sq km in the Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
and Udumpanchola taluks of the district. Situated at an altitude of 450-748 m above sea level, this sanctuary occupies the forest land between the Cheruthoni and Periyar rivers. There is a scenic lake around the sanctuary, covered by an enchanting canopy of tropical ever-green and deciduous trees, and offers boat rides.

Elephants, sambar deer, wild dogs, jungle cats, wild boar etc. are seen here apart from various species of snakes including cobra, viper, kraits and numerous non-poisonous ones. Birds include grey jungle fowl, Malabar grey hornbill, several species of woodpeckers, bulbuls, flycatchers, etc. The wildlife here is similar to that of Thekkady. This sanctuary lies adjacent to the world renowned Idukki
Idukki
Arch Dam.

Contact Address:

The Wild Life Warden, Idukki
Idukki
Wildlife Division Painavu P.O. Idukki – 685603 Phone: +91 486 2232271 Mobile: 8547603182, 9496821481

The Asst. Wildlife Warden Vellapara, Painavu P.O, Idukki
Idukki
Phone : +91 4862 322025

ERAVIKULAM WILD LIFE SANCTUARY

Nilagiri thar

Eravikulam is another wild life sanctuary proclaimed as a National Park. It supports the largest population of Nilgiri tahr
Nilgiri tahr
in the world. Anamudi
Anamudi
peak is on the southern part of this park. Most of the park is grassland and the average altitude is more than 5000 feet above sea level . Heavy rain and gushing winds makes the area inaccessible during the monsoon season. The famous Neelakurinji (Strobilanthes kunthiana ) grows here. It has a flowering cycle of 12 years. Twenty six species of mammals have been recorded in the park including the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr
Nilgiri tahr
, estimated at about 750 individuals. The other ungulates are gaur , Indian muntjac
Indian muntjac
and sambar deer . Golden jackal
Golden jackal
, jungle cat , wild dog , dhole , leopard and tiger are the main predators. Some little-known animals such as Nilgiri langur
Nilgiri langur
, stripe-necked mongoose , Indian porcupine , Nilgiri marten , small clawed otter , ruddy mongoose , and dusky palm squirrel are also found. Elephants make seasonal visits.

132 species of birds have been recorded which include endemics like black-and-orange flycatcher , Nilgiri pipit , Nilgiri wood pigeon
Nilgiri wood pigeon
, white bellied shortwing , Nilgiri flycatcher and Kerala
Kerala
laughingthrush .

Endemic butterflies confined to the shola-grass land ecosystem like the red disk bushbrown and Palni four wing are among the 101 species in the park.

PERIYAR TIGER RESERVE

Periyar Tiger
Tiger
Reserve, Thekkady, is an example of nature’s bounty, with great scenic charm, rich biodiversity and providing veritable visitor satisfaction. Sprawled over an area of 925 km2., Periyar is one of the 27 tiger reserves in India. Zealously guarded and efficiently managed reserve is a repository of rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna and forms the major watershed of two important rivers of Kerala, the Periyar and Pamba.

Wild elephants in Munnar
Munnar
, Kerala
Kerala

PERIYAR NATIONAL PARK AND WILDLIFE SANCTUARY (PNP) is a protected area in the districts of Idukki
Idukki
and Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
in Kerala, India. It is notable as an elephant reserve and a tiger reserve . The protected area covers an area of 925 km2 (357 sq mi). 305 km2 (118 sq mi) of the core zone was declared as the Periyar National Park in 1982

PAMPADUMSHOLA NATIONAL PARK

PAMPADUM SHOLA NATIONAL PARK is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India
India
. The park is administered by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar
Munnar
Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park
Mathikettan Shola National Park
, Eravikulam National Park , Anamudi
Anamudi
Shola National Park , Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary . The park adjoins the Allinagaram Reserved Forest
Forest
within the proposed Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park . The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, including these parks, is under consideration by the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
.

Nilgiri wood-pigeon (vulnerable )

Neelakurinji

KURINJIMALA SANCTUARY

KURINJIMALA SANCTUARY protects the approximately 32 km2 core habitat of the endangered Neelakurinji plant in Kottakamboor and Vattavada villages in Devikulam Taluk , Idukki
Idukki
district of Kerala
Kerala
State in South India
India
. map

PROTECTED AREAS

Giant grizzled squirrel

This district has several protected areas including: Periyar Tiger Reserve in the south, Kurinjimala Sanctuary to the east, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary to the northeast, Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park
and Anamudi
Anamudi
Shola National Park to the north and Pampadum Shola National Park to the south. These protected areas are well known for several threatened and endemic species including tiger , Nilgiri tahr
Nilgiri tahr
, grizzled giant squirrel , Nilgiri wood-pigeon , elephant , gaur , sambar deer , purple frog and neelakurinji .

WATERFALLS

Idukki
Idukki
district alone has about 50 small and big waterfalls; many of which are not included here because they are not well known and because they tend to be active only during monsoon season.

CHEEYAPPARA

Play media

Cheeyappara falls video

The CHEEYAPPARA WATERFALL (ച്ചീയ്യപ്പാറ) is on the Kochi
Kochi
- Madurai
Madurai
Highway (National Highway 49 ), between Neriamangalam and Adimali . It is in Idukki
Idukki
district, Kerala
Kerala
, India.

The Cheeyappara Waterfall cascades down in seven steps. This is also a great place for trekking.

THOMMANKKUTHU

Thommankuthu Waterfalls

THOMMANKUTHU (തൊമ്മൻകുത്ത്) is a very scenic waterfall near Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
, in the southern state of Kerala
Kerala
, India and is named after the great hunter, Mr. Thommachen Kuruvinakunnel, who let the world know of this beautiful waterfall in the jungle in the late 1920s. Thommachen also played a big part in the discovery of the site for the Idukki Dam
Idukki Dam
. This panchayat, belonging to Thodupuzha Thaluk in Idukki
Idukki
District, is one of the major eco-tourism centres in Kerala. A song of the Malayalam
Malayalam
movie Chattakaari was shot here.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Main article: Administration of Idukki
Idukki
district

Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
Civil Station

Kattappana
Kattappana

Idukki
Idukki
District is divided into eight community development blocks (block panchayats). The community development blocks are further divided into talukas . The blocks are:

* Adimaly Block with

* Pallivasal grama panchayat * Adimaly grama panchayat (Mannamkandam) * Vellathooval grama panchayat * Bysonvalley grama panchayat * Konnathady grama panchayat

Hindus
Hindus
  48%

Christians
Christians
  43%

Muslims
Muslims
  7.41%

Others   0.3%

* Azhutha Block with

* Elappara grama panchayat * Kokkayar grama panchayat * Kumily grama panchayat * Peerumedu grama panchayat * Peruvanthanam grama panchayat * Vandiperiyar grama panchayat

* Devikulam Block with

* Chinnakkanal grama panchayat * Edamalakudy grama panchayat * Kanthalloor grama panchayat * Mankulam grama panchayat * Marayoor grama panchayat * Munnar
Munnar
grama panchayat * Santhanpara grama panchayat * Vattavada grama panchayat * Devikulam Grama panchayat

* Elamdesom Block with

* Alakode grama panchayat * Karimannoor grama panchayat * Kodikulam grama panchayat * Kudayathoor grama panchayat * Udumbannoorgrama panchayat * Vannappuramgrama panchayat * Velliamattomgrama panchayat

* Idukki
Idukki
Block with

* Arakkulam grama panchayat * Kamakshy grama panchayat * Kanjikuzhy grama panchayat * Mariapuram grama panchayat * Vathykudy grama panchayat * Vazhathoppu grama panchayat

* Kattappana
Kattappana
Block with

* Kattappana
Kattappana
Municipality * Ayyappankoil grama panchayat * Chakkupallam grama panchayat * Erattayar grama panchayat * Kanchiyar grama panchayat * Upputhara grama panchayat * Vandanmedu grama panchayat

* Nedumkandam Block with

* Karunapuram grama panchayat * Nedumkandam grama panchayat * Pampadumpara grama panchayat * Rajakkad grama panchayat * Rajakumary grama panchayat * Senapathy grama panchayat * Udumbanchola grama panchayat

* Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
Block with

* Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
Municipality

MUNICIPALITIES

* Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
* Kattappana
Kattappana

TOWNS

* Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
* Udumbannoor * Moolamattom * Adimali * Nedumkandam * Thookkupalam * Poopara
Poopara
* Kumily * Udumbanchola * Peerumade * Anakkara * Cheruthoni * Kanjikuzhy * Thopramkudy * Murickassery * Munnar
Munnar
* Vagamon * Kuttikkanam * Elappara * Thekkady * Vandiperiyar * Thankamany * Upputhara * Kattappana
Kattappana
* Chelachuvadu

CULTURE

Culture in Idukki
Idukki
is mixed type since it constitutes of migrated people and native tribals. Indigenous art forms in Idukki
Idukki
is still not known to the outside world. Tourist areas like Munnar
Munnar
and Thekkady welcome people by hosting various art forms. Kathakali performance at Thekkady ‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

ADJACENT PLACES OF IDUKKI DISTRICT

Ernakulam
Ernakulam
district Coimbatore district
Coimbatore district
, Tamil Nadu

* Coimbatore district
Coimbatore district
, Tamil Nadu * Tiruppur district , Tamil Nadu * Dindigul district , Tamil Nadu

Kottayam district

Theni district , Tamil Nadu

IDUKKI DISTRICT

Pathanamthitta district

* Virudhunagar district , Tamil Nadu * Tirunelveli district , Tamil Nadu

TRANSPORT

ROAD

The roads in Idukki
Idukki
are part of Ghat roads. The major roads connect city of Kochi
Kochi
to Tamil Nadu. The KK road(Kumili-Kottayam), the PT road(Puliyanmala- Thodupuzha
Thodupuzha
State Highway-33) are some of the other busy roads. Neryamangalam bridge

RAIL

At present there is no railway in and to Idukki
Idukki
district of Kerala. The nearest railway stations are Kottayam (station code - KTYM), Aluva (Alwaye, station code - AWY), Ernakulam
Ernakulam
South ( Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Jn., station code - ERS) and Ernakulam
Ernakulam
North ( Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Town, station code - ERN).

AIR

The nearest airport to Idukki
Idukki
is Cochin International Airport and Coimbatore Airport . Airport Authority of India
India
's plan to set up an airport in Anakkara is in a conflict of environmental issues. Anakkara Airport will be a great leap in Idukki's complete development. The government claims this project will improve the tourism in the area. However, with Anakkara being situated in environmentally sensitive Western Ghats
Western Ghats
, environmentalists and villagers argue that this can significantly impact the area's climatic conditions and livelihood of people. Also the land identified for the project is one of the very few remaining paddy fields of the district, currently cultivating some of the rare indigenous varieties of rice which increases the concern about the project. Those opposing the airport also cite the economic benefits as Munnar, one of the key target destinations for the airport lies at about 100 km from Anakkara and the time taken to reach there from Cochin International Airport is less than the time taken to reach from Anakkara. Though there are no clear references online from the government on the objectives, benefits and purpose of the proposed airport, anti-anakkara-airport groups have set up social networking campaign sites such as Save Anakkara Blog and Anti-Anakkara Airport on Facebook explaining reasons why they claim the airport project should not be implemented.

NERIAMANGALAM BRIDGE

The Neriamangalam Bridge, built across the Periyar river, is often referred as 'The Gateway to the Highranges' as it is on the way to the higher regions of Idukki
Idukki
district, especially Munnar. The bridge was made by His Highness The Maharaja of Travancore
Travancore
in 1935.

REFERENCES

* ^ Idukki
Idukki
District (Variant - V) at GEOnet Names Server , United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency * ^ A B "Tourist Map of Idukki
Idukki
District". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. * ^ A B C "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. * ^ " Idukki
Idukki
District Population Census 2011, Kerala
Kerala
literacy sex ratio and density". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-12-27. * ^ "Hi-Speed Rural Broadband Network". Retrieved 17 March 2016. * ^ "Government of Kerala, Forest
Forest
and Wildlife Department, Notification No. 36/2006 F&WLD". Kerala
Kerala
Gazette. 6 October 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-05. * ^ Roy, Mathew (25 September 2006). "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod". The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-12-05. * ^ Tourist Guide to Kerala
Kerala
By Motilal (UK) Books of India, Various, V. Subburaj * ^ "Information and Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala".

* ^ "Munnar". * ^ UNEP (05/07/2007) World Commission on Protected Areas, World Database on Protected Areas, Eravikulam National Park, Retrieved 7 May 2007 * ^ Envis Kerala
Kerala
(2009). "Forest". Kerala
Kerala
State Council for Science, Technology and Environment. Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-18. * ^ Online Highways LLC. (2004) India
India
Kerala
Kerala
Devikulam Pambadum Shola National Park, retrieved 6/4/2007 * ^ K.S. Sudhi (Nov 03, 2006) The Hindu, retrieved 6/21/2007 New lives bloom in Rajamala * ^ UNESCO, World Heritage sites, Tentative lists, Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. retrieved 4/20/2007 World Heritage sites, Tentative lists * ^ Government of Kerala, Forest
Forest
and Wildlife Department, Notification No. 36/2006 F&WLD (6 October 2006) retrieved 5/12/2007 Kerala
Kerala
Gazette * ^ Roy, Mathew (25 September 2006). "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 December 2007. * ^ "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Block Panchayats of Idukki, Kerala". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Missing or empty url= (help ) * ^ " Idukki
Idukki
Zilla Panchayat". Archived from the original on 9 December 2014.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to IDUKKI DISTRICT .

* Official Idukki
Idukki
District

.