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Idris I (Arabic: إدريس الأول‎), also known as Idris ibn Abdillah, was the founder of the Idrisid dynasty in part of northern Morocco in alliance with the Berber tribe of Awerba. He ruled between from 788 to 791. He is credited with founding the dynasty that established Moroccan statehood and is regarded as the "founder of Morocco".[1] He was the great-great-great grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 Notes 4 External links 5 References

History[edit] Idris was the great grandchild of Hasan, who was the son of Fatimah and grandson of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. His brothers Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya and Ibrahim had been killed by the Abbasids during an abortive rebellion, and Idris himself escaped after the defeat of another Alid uprising at the Battle of Fakhkh in 786 and took refuge in the western Maghreb (nowadays Morocco). There he established the Arabian Idrisid dynasty.

The Tomb of Idris I (green roofed structure, bottom left) in Moulay Idris

In 789 arrived in Walīla, the site of the Roman Volubilis where he founded the town of Moulay Idriss near the hill of Zerhoun surrounding the native Berber tribes. It was then occupied by the Berber tribe of the Awraba, under Ishaq ibn Mohammed. He married Kenza, daughter of Ishaq ben Mohammed the king of the tribe, fathering a son, Idris II. This event is considered a consolidation and the birth of the Idrisid dynasty, the fourth Muslim State in Morocco after Nekor (710 - 1019), Barghawata (744 - 1058), and Midrar (757 - 976). Idris I conquered large parts of northern Morocco, his son Idris II made Fez the capital city of the Idrisid dynasty. In 789 AD, he captured Tlemcen[citation needed] (modern day Algeria) which became part of the kingdom. This succession of events prompted vengeance from the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid, who sent emissaries to kill him. Idris I was poisoned and died in 791. His son, Idris II, was brought up by the Awraba, and left Walīla for Fes in 808. Idris is buried in Moulay Idriss. See also[edit]

Idris II of Morocco Idrisid dynasty History of North Africa Moulay Idriss Zerhoun North African Arabs

Notes[edit]

^ A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period, Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, 1987, p. 52

External links[edit]

(in Arabic) Muslim rulers at hukam.net

References[edit]

Julien, Charles-André, Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, original edition in 1931, new edition by Payot, Paris, 1994 Abum-Nasr, Jamil M. (1987). A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period.

Preceded by New creation Idrisid dynasty 788–791 Succeeded by Idris II

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Rulers of Morocco

Idrisid dynasty (788–974)

Idris I (Idris ibn Abdallah) Idris II (Idris ibn Idris) Muhammad ibn Idris Ali I (Ali ibn Muhammad) Yahya I (Yahya ibn Muhammad) Yahya II (Yahya ibn Yahya) Ali II (Ali ibn Umar) Yahya III (Yahya ibn al-Qasim) Yahya IV (Yahya ibn Idris ibn Umar) Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad Al-Qasim ibn Ibrahim Ahmad ibn al-Qasim Al-Hasan ibn al-Qasim

Almoravid dynasty (1040–1147)

Yusuf ibn Tashfin Ali ibn Yusuf Tashfin ibn Ali Ibrahim ibn Tashfin Ishaq ibn Ali

Almohad dynasty (1121–1269)

Abd al-Mu'min Yusuf I (Abu Yaqub Yusuf) Yaqub al-Mansur Muhammad al-Nasir Yusuf II (Yusuf al-Mustansir) Abd al-Wahid I (Abd al-Wahid al-Makhluʿ) Abdallah al-ʿAdil Yahya al-Mu'tasim Idris al-Ma'mun Abd al-Wahid II Said al-Muʿtadid

Marinid dynasty (1244–1465)

Abubakr ibn Abd al-Haqq Yaqub ibn Abubakr Yusuf ibn Yaqub Amir ibn Abdullah Sulayman ibn Abdullah Uthman ibn Yaqub Ali ibn Uthman Faris ibn Ali Muhammad ibn Faris Abubakr ibn Faris Ibrahim ibn Ali Tashfin ibn Ali Abd al-Aziz ibn Ali Muhammad ibn Abd al-Aziz Ahmad ibn Ibrahim (al-Mustansir) Musa ibn Faris Muhammad ibn Ahmad (al-Wathiq) Ahmad ibn Ibrahim (al-Mustansir) Abd al-Aziz ibn Ahmad Abdallah ibn Ahmad Uthman ibn Ahmad Abd al-Haqq ibn Uthman

Idrisid interlude (1465–1471)

Muhammad ibn Ali Amrani-Joutey

Wattasid dynasty (1471–1549, 1554)

Muhammad ibn Yahya Muhammad ibn Muhammad Ali ibn Muhammad (Abu Hassun) Ahmad ibn Muhammad Muhammad ibn Ahmad

Saadi dynasty (1549–1659)

Muhammad ash-Sheikh Abdallah al-Ghalib Muhammad al-Mutawakkil Abd al-Malik I (Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik al-Ghazi) Ahmad al-Mansur Abu Faris Abdallah Zidan al-Nasir Abd al-Malik II (Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik ibn Zidan) Al-Walid ibn Zidan Mohammed esh-Sheikh es-Seghir Ahmad al-Abbas

Dila'i interlude (1659–1663)

Muhammad al-Haj ad-Dila'i

Alaouite dynasty (1666–present)

Al-Rashid ibn Ali Ismail ibn Ali Ahmad ibn Ismail Abd al-Malik ibn Ismail Abdallah ibn Ismail Ali ibn Ismail Muhammad II (Muhammad ibn Ismail) Al-Mustadi' ibn Ismail Zin al-Abidin ibn Ismail Muhammad III (Muhammad ibn Abdallah) Al-Yazid ibn Muhammad Hisham ibn Muhammad Suleiman ibn Muhammad Abd al-Rahman ibn Hisham Muhammad IV (Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman) Hassan I (Al-Hassan ibn Muhammad) Abd al-Aziz ibn al-Hassan Abd al-Hafid ibn al-Hassan Yusuf ibn al-Hassan Muhammad ibn Arafa Muhammad V (Muhammad ibn Yusuf) Hassan II (Hassan ibn Muhammad) Muhammad VI (Muhammad ibn al-Hassan)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 36019331 LCCN: n88242548

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