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[1]

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Official name Heritage of Mercury. Almadén
Almadén
and Idrija

Type Cultural

Criteria ii, iv

Designated 2012 (36th session)

Reference no. 1313

State Party Spain

Region Europe and North America

Idrija
Idrija
(pronounced [ˈiːdɾija] ( listen); Italian and German: Idria[2]) is a town in western Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Idrija. It is located in the traditional region of the Slovenian Littoral
Slovenian Littoral
and is in the Gorizia Statistical Region. It is notable for its mercury mine with stores and infrastructure, as well as miners' living quarters, and a miners' theatre. Together with the Spanish mine at Almadén, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.[3] In 2011, Idrija
Idrija
was given the Alpine Town of the Year award.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History

2.1 Legend

3 Church 4 Notable people 5 See also 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links

Geography[edit] The town of Idrija
Idrija
lies in the Idrija
Idrija
Basin, surrounded by the Idrija Hills. It is traversed by the Idrijca
Idrijca
River, which is joined there by Nikova Creek. It includes the hamlets of Brusovše, Cegovnica, Prenjuta, and Žabja Vas close to the town center, as well as the more outlying hamlets of Češnjice, Ljubevč, Kovačev Rovt, Marof, Mokraška Vas, Podroteja, Razpotje, Staje, and Zahoda. The Marof hydroelectric plant is located on the Idrijca
Idrijca
River on the northern outskirts of Idrija, between Marof and Mokraška Vas. History[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2012)

Idrija
Idrija
mercury mine, 1679 engraving by Johann Weikhard von Valvasor

Anthony's Shaft, mine entrance in Idrija

Mercury was discovered in Idrija
Idrija
(known as Idria under Austrian rule) in the late 15th century (various sources cite 1490,[4][5][6] 1492,[7][8] and 1497[4][6]). Mining
Mining
operations were taken over by the government in 1580. The mineral idrialite, discovered here in 1832, is named after the town. Legend[edit] According to legend, a bucket maker working in a local spring spotted a small amount of liquid mercury over 500 years ago. Idrija
Idrija
is one of the few places in the world where mercury occurs in both its elemental liquid state and as cinnabar (mercury sulfide) ore. The subterranean shaft mine entrance known as Anthony's Shaft (Antonijev rov) is used today for tours of the upper levels, complete with life-sized depictions of workers over the ages. The lower levels, which extend to almost 400 meters below the surface and are no longer being actively mined, are currently being cleaned up. Church[edit] The parish church in the town is dedicated to Saint Joseph
Saint Joseph
the Worker and belongs to the Diocese of Koper. There are three other churches in Idrija, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, Saint Anthony of Padua, and Our Lady of Sorrows.[9] Notable people[edit] Notable people that were born or lived in Idrija
Idrija
include:

Aleš Bebler
Aleš Bebler
(1907–1981), Slovene Communist leader, resistance fighter, and diplomat Stanko Bloudek (1890–1959), designer Jožef Mrak (1709–1786), one of the most notable slovenian polytechnicians Aleš Čar (born 1971), writer Henrik Freyer (1802–1866), Slovenian botanist, cartographer, pharmacist and natural scientist Nikolaj Pirnat (1903-1948), sculptor, painter, illustratior and author Ludvik Grilc (1851–1910), painter/portret painter Damir Feigel (1879–1959), writer, journalist, cultural worker, satirist, humorist, father of slovenian science fiction, national awakener and anti-fascism fighter Karel Dežman
Karel Dežman
(1821–1889), Carniolan politician and scholar Belsazar Hacquet
Belsazar Hacquet
(1739/40–1815), French natural scientist Marko V. Lipold (1816–1883), Miner, geologist and lawyer, known as the father of slovenian geology Zorko Prelovec
Zorko Prelovec
(1887–1939), musician, composer, choir composition author Jožef Blasnik (1800 – 1872), printer, publisher Anton Alojzij Wolf (1782–1859), roman-catholic bishop, philantrophist, patron of literature Vladimír Karfík (1901–1996), Czechoslovak architect Pier Paolo Pasolini
Pier Paolo Pasolini
(1922–1975), Italian film director and poet Vasja Pirc
Vasja Pirc
(1907–1980), chess Grandmaster Luka Rupnik (born 1993), Slovenian basketball player Borut Božič
Borut Božič
(1980), professional road cyclist Jan Tratnik
Jan Tratnik
(1990), professional road cyclist Marko Ivan Rupnik (born 1954), artist, philosopher and theologian Giovanni Antonio Scopoli
Giovanni Antonio Scopoli
(1723–1788), Italian natural scientist Eva Lucija Cecilija Viktorija Emilija Kraus, (1785-?), Baroness of Wolsberg, lover of french emperor Napoleon Marko Hatlak (1980), accordionist Tanja Žakelj
Tanja Žakelj
(1988), slovenian professional world champion mountain biker

See also[edit]

The ghost town of New Idria, California, a site of mercury mining during the 19th-century California Gold Rush, was named after Idrija.

References[edit]

^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia ^ Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 124. ^ Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija
Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija
- UNESCO World Heritage Centre ^ a b Arko, Mihael. 1931. Zgodovina Idrije: po raznih arhivalnih in drugih virih. Ljubljana: Katoliška knjigarna, p. 1. ^ Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 70. ^ a b Kmecl, Matjaž. 1981. Treasures of Slovenia. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, p. 262. ^ Budkovič, Tomaž, Robert Šajn, & Mateja Gosar. 2003. "Vpliv delujočih in opuščenih rudnikov kovin in topilniških obratov na okolje v Sloveniji ." Geologija 46(1): 135–140, p. 136. ^ Svetličič, Marjan, & Matija Rojec. 2000. "Kolektor." In Saul Estrin et al. (eds.), Foreign Direct Investment in Central Eastern Europe, pp. 3–28. New York: M. E. Sharpe, p. 3. ^ Koper Diocese list of churches Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine.

Sources[edit] External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Idrija.

Idrija, official page of the municipality (in Slovene) Idrija
Idrija
on Geopedia Idrija
Idrija
municipal museum Local newspaper Tourist info Tourist information, a page in English about the town and its history Town portal

v t e

Municipality of Idrija

Settlements

Administrative centre: Idrija

Current

Čekovnik Črni Vrh Dole Godovič Gore Gorenja Kanomlja Gorenji Vrsnik Govejk Idrijska Bela Idrijske Krnice Idrijski Log Idršek Javornik Jelični Vrh Kanji Dol Korita Ledine Ledinske Krnice Ledinsko Razpotje Lome Masore Mrzli Log Mrzli Vrh Pečnik Potok Predgriže Razpotje Rejcov Grič Spodnja Idrija Spodnja Kanomlja Spodnji Vrsnik Srednja Kanomlja Strmec Vojsko Zadlog Zavratec Žirovnica

Former

Črna

Landmarks

Črni Vrh Observatory Holy Trinity
Holy Trinity
Church Gewerkenegg Castle Idrija
Idrija
Lace School Idrija
Idrija
Mine Idrija
Idrija
Museum Idrijca
Idrijca
River Kenda Manor Mary on the Rock Parish Church St. Joseph's Parish Church Vojko's Plaque Wild Lake

Notable people

Anton Bebler Karel Dežman Belsazar Hacquet Vladimír Karfík Giovanni Antonio Scopoli Pier Paolo Pasolini

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Slovenia

See also List of World Heritage Sites in Slovenia.

Cultural

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps1 Heritage of Mercury. Almadén
Almadén
and Idrija2

Natural

Škocjan Caves Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe3

1 with Austria, France, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland 2 with Spain 3 with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovakia,

.