HOME
The Info List - Idrija



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE

OFFICIAL NAME Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

TYPE Cultural

CRITERIA ii, iv

DESIGNATED 2012 (36th session )

REFERENCE NO. 1313

STATE PARTY Spain

REGION Europe and North America

IDRIJA (pronounced ( listen ); Italian and German : Idria ) is a town in western Slovenia
Slovenia
. It is the seat of the Municipality of Idrija
Idrija
. It is located in the traditional region of the Slovenian Littoral and is in the Gorizia Statistical Region . It is notable for its mercury mine with stores and infrastructure, as well as miners' living quarters, and a miners' theatre. Together with the Spanish mine at Almadén
Almadén
, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012. In 2011, Idrija
Idrija
was given the Alpine Town of the Year award.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 2 History

* 2.1 Legend

* 3 Church * 4 Notable people * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The town of Idrija
Idrija
lies in the Idrija
Idrija
Basin , surrounded by the Idrija
Idrija
Hills . It is traversed by the Idrijca River, which is joined there by Nikova Creek. It includes the hamlets of Brusovše, Cegovnica, Prenjuta, and Žabja Vas close to the town center, as well as the more outlying hamlets of Češnjice, Ljubevč, Kovačev Rovt, Marof, Mokraška Vas, Podroteja, Razpotje, Staje, and Zahoda. The Marof hydroelectric plant is located on the Idrijca River on the northern outskirts of Idrija, between Marof and Mokraška Vas.

HISTORY

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (October 2012)

Idrija
Idrija
mercury mine, 1679 engraving by Johann Weikhard von Valvasor Anthony's Shaft, mine entrance in Idrija
Idrija

Mercury was discovered in Idrija
Idrija
(known as Idria under Austrian rule) in the late 15th century (various sources cite 1490, 1492, and 1497 ). Mining
Mining
operations were taken over by the government in 1580. The mineral idrialite , discovered here in 1832, is named after the town.

LEGEND

According to legend, a bucket maker working in a local spring spotted a small amount of liquid mercury over 500 years ago. Idrija
Idrija
is one of the few places in the world where mercury occurs in both its elemental liquid state and as cinnabar (mercury sulfide) ore. The subterranean shaft mine entrance known as Anthony's Shaft (Antonijev rov) is used today for tours of the upper levels, complete with life-sized depictions of workers over the ages. The lower levels, which extend to almost 400 meters below the surface and are no longer being actively mined, are currently being cleaned up.

CHURCH

The parish church in the town is dedicated to Saint Joseph
Saint Joseph
the Worker and belongs to the Diocese of Koper . There are three other churches in Idrija, dedicated to the Holy Trinity
Holy Trinity
, Saint Anthony of Padua , and Our Lady of Sorrows .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Notable people that were born or lived in Idrija
Idrija
include:

* Aleš Bebler (1907–1981), Slovene Communist leader, resistance fighter, and diplomat * Stanko Bloudek
Stanko Bloudek
(1890–1959), designer * Aleš Čar (born 1971), writer * Karel Dežman (1821–1889), Carniolan politician and scholar * Belsazar Hacquet (1739/40–1815), French natural scientist * Vladimír Karfík (1901–1996), Czechoslovak architect * Pier Paolo Pasolini
Pier Paolo Pasolini
(1922–1975), Italian film director and poet * Vasja Pirc (1907–1980), chess Grandmaster * Luka Rupnik (born 1993), Slovenian basketball player * Marko Ivan Rupnik (born 1954), artist, philosopher and theologian * Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723–1788), Italian natural scientist

SEE ALSO

* The ghost town of New Idria, California
New Idria, California
, a site of mercury mining during the 19th-century California Gold Rush , was named after Idrija.

REFERENCES

* ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia * ^ Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 124. * ^ Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija - UNESCO World Heritage Centre * ^ A B Arko, Mihael. 1931. Zgodovina Idrije: po raznih arhivalnih in drugih virih. Ljubljana: Katoliška knjigarna, p. 1. * ^ Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 70. * ^ A B Kmecl, Matjaž. 1981. Treasures of Slovenia. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, p. 262. * ^ Budkovič, Tomaž, Robert Šajn, & Mateja Gosar. 2003. "Vpliv delujočih in opuščenih rudnikov kovin in topilniških obratov na okolje v Sloveniji ." Geologija 46(1): 135–140, p. 136. * ^ Svetličič, Marjan, ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Municipality of Idrija
Municipality of Idrija

SETTLEMENTS Administrative centre: IDRIJA

CURRENT

* Čekovnik * Črni Vrh * Dole * Godovič * Gore * Gorenja Kanomlja * Gorenji Vrsnik * Govejk * Idrijska Bela * Idrijske Krnice * Idrijski Log * Idršek * Javornik * Jelični Vrh * Kanji Dol * Korita * Ledine * Ledinske Krnice * Ledinsko Razpotje * Lome * Masore * Mrzli Log * Mrzli Vrh * Pečnik * Potok * Predgriže * Razpotje * Rejcov Grič * Spodnja Idrija * Spodnja Kanomlja * Spodnji Vrsnik * Srednja Kanomlja * Strmec * Vojsko * Zadlog * Zavratec * Žirovnica

FORMER

* Črna

LANDMARKS

* Črni Vrh Observatory * Holy Trinity
Holy Trinity
Church * Gewerkenegg Castle * Idrija
Idrija
Lace School * Idrija
Idrija
Mine * Idrija
Idrija
Museum * Idrijca River * Kenda Manor * Mary on the Rock Parish Church * St. Joseph\'s Parish Church * Vojko\'s Plaque * Wild Lake
Wild Lake

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Anton Bebler * Karel Dežman * Belsazar Hacquet * Vladimír Karfík * Giovanni Antonio Scopoli * Pier Paolo Pasolini
Pier Paolo Pasolini

* v * t * e

World Heritage Sites in Slovenia
Slovenia

See also List of World Heritage Sites in Slovenia
Slovenia
.

CULTURAL

* Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps 1 * Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija 2

NATURAL

* Škocjan Caves
Škocjan Caves
* Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe 3

* 1 with Austria
Austria
, France
France
, Germany
Germany
, Italy
Italy
, and Switzerland
Switzerland
* 2 with Spain
Spain
* 3 with Albania
Albania
, Austria
Austria
, Belgium
Belgium
, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, Croatia
Croatia
, Germany , Italy
Italy
, Poland
Poland
, Romania
Romania
, Slovakia