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Ichihara (市原市, Ichihara-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of December 2015[update], the city has an estimated population of 275,776, and a population density of 749 persons per km2. The total area is 368.20 square kilometres (142.16 sq mi). The city is home, together with the city of Chiba, to the JEF United soccer team.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Surrounding municipalities

2 History

2.1 2011 earthquake

3 Economy 4 Crime and safety 5 Education 6 Transportation

6.1 Railway 6.2 Highway

7 Sister city relations 8 Notable people from Ichihara 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] Ichihara is located in the western part of the Bōsō Peninsula, and geographically is the largest of Chiba Prefecture's cities and towns. The highly industrialized northern part of the city sits on Tokyo Bay, while the southern part of the city is primarily mountainous. Ichihara, dense in housing developments, serves as a satellite town of Tokyo and Chiba City. Surrounding municipalities[edit] Chiba Prefecture

Chiba Mobara Sodegaura Kisarazu Kimitsu Nagara Chōnan Ōtaki

History[edit] The area of modern Ichihara is the center of ancient Kazusa province. The ruins of the Nara period
Nara period
Kazusa kokubun-ji have been found within the borders of Ichihara, although the exact location of the Nara-period provincial capital remains uncertain. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested between the Chiba clan
Chiba clan
to the north, and the Satomi clan
Satomi clan
to the south. During the Edo period, the area was divided between Goi Domain, Tsurumaki Domain and large areas of tenryō territory controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate
Tokugawa shogunate
and administered by various hatamoto. During the Meiji period, the area was reorganized into 171 villages under Ichihara District, Chiba Prefecture. By 1945, these villages had been consolidated into five towns and 16 villages. Through further consolidation and mergers, the city of Ichihara was founded on May 1, 1963. On October 1, 1967, the neighboring town of Nansō, and village of Kamo were merged into Ichihara. 2011 earthquake[edit] On Friday, March 11, 2011, the city was struck by the Tōhoku earthquake. Natural gas
Natural gas
storage tanks at the Cosmo oil refinery in Ichihara were set on fire by the earthquake.[1][2] Economy[edit] The city's economy is fueled by a large industrial complex overlooking Tokyo Bay. It contains the largest number of oil refineries in Japan, as well as power, petrochemical and shipbuilding companies.[3] Crime and safety[edit] The Soai-kai
Soai-kai
yakuza syndicate is headquartered in Ichihara.[4] A designated yakuza group, the Soai-kai
Soai-kai
is the three dominating yakuza syndicates in Chiba Prefecture, along with the Sumiyoshi-kai
Sumiyoshi-kai
and the Inagawa-kai.[5] Education[edit]

Teikyo Heisei University Ichihara has 43 public and one private elementary school, 21 public middle schools and six public and two private high schools.

Transportation[edit] Railway[edit]

JR East
JR East
– Uchibō Line

Yawatajuku - Goi - Anegasaki

Keisei Electric Railway
Keisei Electric Railway
– Keisei Chihara Line

Chiharadai

Kominato Railway – Kominato Line

Goi - Kazusa-Murakami - Amaariki - Kazusa-Mitsumata - Kazusa-Yamada - Kōfūdai - Umatate - Kazusa-Ushiku - Kazusa-Kawama - Kazusa-Tsurumai - Kazusa-Kubo - Takataki - Satomi - Itabu - Tsukizaki - Kazusa-Ōkubo - Yōrōkeikoku

Highway[edit]

Tateyama Expressway Ken-Ō Expressway National Route 16 National Route 297 National Route 409

Sister city relations[edit]

- Mobile, Alabama, United States,[6] from November 10, 1993

Notable people from Ichihara[edit]

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Ikuo Suhoh - Show Biz Promoter Denjiro Yonemura - Science Entertainer Chiaki
Chiaki
- Singer Neko Hiroshi
Neko Hiroshi
- Marathon Runner Katsushige Kawashima - Boxer Hirotoshi Ishii - Baseball Player Kohei Kudo- Soccer Player

References[edit]

^ " Japan
Japan
earthquake causes oil refinery inferno". Daily Telegraph, London, 11 March 2011, Retrieved 11 March 2011 ^ " Natural gas
Natural gas
storage tanks burn at Cosmo oil refinery in Ichihara city" Archived 2012-04-03 at WebCite. Reuters AlertNet. 11 March 2011, Retrieved 11 March 2011 ^ "An Outline of Ichihara City". Archived from the original on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2008-03-23.  ^ "2010 Police White Paper Chapter 2 : Furtherance of Organized Crime Countermeasures", 2010, National Police Agency (in Japanese) ^ "Condition of Boryokudan", as of late 2010, Chiba Prefectural Police (in Japanese) ^ "US- Japan
Japan
Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ichihara, Chiba.

Official Website (in Japanese)

v t e

Chiba Prefecture

Chiba (capital)

Wards of Chiba

Chūō Hanamigawa Inage Wakaba Midori Mihama

Core cities

Funabashi Kashiwa

Cities

Chōshi Ichikawa Tateyama Kisarazu Matsudo Noda Mobara Narita Sakura Tōgane Asahi Narashino Katsuura Ichihara Nagareyama Yachiyo Abiko Kamogawa Kamagaya Kimitsu Futtsu Urayasu Yotsukaidō Sodegaura Yachimata Inzai Shiroi Tomisato Minamibōsō Sōsa Katori Sanmu Isumi Ōamishirasato

Inba District

Shisui Sakae

Katori District

Kōzaki Tako Tōnoshō

Sanbu District

Kujūkuri Shibayama Yokoshibahikari

Chōsei
Chōsei
District

Ichinomiya Mutsuzawa Chōsei Shirako Nagara Chōnan

Isumi
Isumi
District

Ōtaki Onjuku

Awa District

Kyonan

List of mergers in Chiba Prefecture

v t e

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

Aftermath

Geology

Japan
Japan
Trench Pacific Plate North American Plate Okhotsk Plate Honshu
Honshu
Island Oshika Peninsula Pacific Ocean

Affected areas

Areas severely damaged

Hokkaido

Hokkaido Oshima Subprefecture Hakodate

Tōhoku Region

Iwate Prefecture Kamaishi Miyako Ōfunato Ōtsuchi Rikuzentakata Yamada

Miyagi Prefecture East-Matsushima (Naruse) Ishinomaki Kesennuma Kurihara Natori Onagawa Sendai South-Sanriku (Shizugawa) Yamamoto

Fukushima Prefecture Iwaki Ōkuma Sōma South-Sōma (Haranomachi) Tomioka

Kantō Region

Ibaraki Prefecture Hitachinaka Itako Kashima North-Ibaraki (Isohara) Ōarai

Chiba Prefecture Asahi Chōshi Ichihara Urayasu

Affected infrastructure

Ichihara refinery Fujinuma Dam Sendai
Sendai
Airport Taro sea wall

Rail lines

Ōarai-Kashima Line Tōhoku Shinkansen Joban Line

Shinchi Station Tomioka Station

Senseki Line

Nobiru Station

Kesennuma Line

Nuclear Accidents and Incidents

Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster

Accident reactors

Fukushima Daiichi plant

Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Units 4-6

Sequence of events

Timeline reactions

International Japanese

Radiation effects

Topics

Casualties Cleanup

Fukushima 50

Investigation

National Diet Government

Comparison Accident Rating

Movements

Project Sunshine for Japan Safecast (organization) Sayonara Nuclear Power Plants

Others

Reactors/Facilities

Fukushima Daini plant Tōkai plant Onagawa plant Higashidori plant Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant

Foreshocks, Aftershocks

Miyagi, Japan
Japan
(7.1, 7 April 2011) Fukushima, Japan
Japan
(6.6, 11 April 2011) Miyagi, Japan
Japan
(7.3, 7 December 2012)

People

Naoto Kan Yukio Edano Katsuhiko Ishibashi Kiyoo Mogi Masao Yoshida Miki Endo Takashi Shimokawara Hideaki Akaiwa Katsunobu Sakurai (fr; ja)

Relief and Recovery

Efforts

Humanitarian response

Operation Pacific Assist Operation Tomodachi

Reconstruction Agency

Fundraisers

All Together Artistes 311 Love Beyond Borders Download to Donate: Tsunami Relief Fight and Smile Songs for Japan Pray for Japan Side by Side Reunion

Media

Documentaries

Pray for Japan Surviving Japan Surviving the Tsunami - My Atomic Aunt The Tsunami and the Cherry Blossom

Movies

Himizu Homeland Land of Hope Reunion

Drama

Amachan

Songs

Side by Side Songs for Japan Anata ga Irukara

Books

Strong in the Rain

Other

Impact on video game industry No.18 Kyotoku-maru Tsunami fish Japan
Japan
Trench Fast Drilling Project Ryou-Un Maru 869 Sanriku earthquake 2011 local elections Miracle pine (ja; fr) Shinkansen Relay

See also: Japanese earthquakes Seismicity of the Sanriku coast List of historical tsunamis Nuclear power in Japan, section Seismicity Nuclear and radioactive incidents

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 25840

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