Ibaraki Prefecture (茨城県 Ibaraki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan, located in the Kantō region. The capital is Mito.
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Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province. In 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki.
Map of Ibaraki Prefecture
Ibaraki Prefecture is the northeastern part of the Kantō region, stretching between Tochigi Prefecture and the Pacific Ocean and bounded on the north and south by Fukushima Prefecture and Chiba Prefecture. It also has a border on the southwest with Saitama Prefecture. The northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes.
As of 1 April 2012Natural Parks, namely Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park and nine Prefectural Natural Parks.
, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as
Thirty-two (32) cities are located in Ibaraki Prefecture:
- Mito (the capital city of the prefecture)
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Ibaraki's industries include energy, particularly nuclear energy, production, as well as chemical and precision machining industries. The Hitachi company was founded in the Ibaraki city of the same name.
As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 25% of Japan's bell peppers and Chinese cabbage.
Ibaraki's population is increasing modestly as the Greater Tokyo region spreads out.
Ibaraki is known for nattō, or fermented soybeans, in Mito, watermelons in Kyōwa (recently merged into Chikusei), and chestnuts in the Nishiibaraki region.
Ibaraki is famous for the martial art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei, also known as Osensei. Ueshiba spent the latter part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama, and the Aiki Shrine and dojo he created still remain.
There are castle ruins in many cities, including Mito, Kasama, and Yūki.
Kasama is famous for Shinto, art culture and pottery.
The capital Mito is home to Kairakuen, one of Japan's three most celebrated gardens, and famous for its over 3,000 Japanese plum trees of over 100 varieties.
- Tsukuba International University
The sports teams listed below are based in Ibaraki.
- Ibaraki Golden Golds (Regional club)
- Hitachi Pro Wrestling (Regional group)
A panoramic view of Kasumigaura and Tsuchiura, from Mount Hokyo
Fukuroda waterfalls in Daigo
A view of Mount Tsukuba, from Tsukuba City
A view of Itako Iris Park
A view of Rokkakudo and Pacific Ocean in Kitaibaraki
Transportation and access
The prefecture is often mispronounced "Ibaragi". However, the correct pronunciation is "Ibaraki". According to the author of "Not Ibaragi, Ibaraki", this is most likely due to a mishearing of the softening of the "k" sound in Ibaraki dialect.
- ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ibaraki-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 367, at Google Books; "Kantō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 479, at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Mito" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 642, at Google Books.
- ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", The Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
- ^ Aikikai Foundation Ibaraki Branch Dojo " Founder and Iwama", Retrieved August 25 2017
- ^ いばらぎじゃなくていばらき [Ibaragi ja Nakute Ibaraki]
||Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ibaraki.
Coordinates: 36°14′N 140°17′E / 36.233°N 140.283°E