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The Info List - ISO 639-2


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ISO 639-2:1998, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code, is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages. The three-letter codes given for each language in this part of the standard are referred to as "Alpha-3" codes. There are 464 entries in the list of ISO 639-2 codes. The US Library of Congress
Library of Congress
is the registration authority for ISO 639-2 (referred to as ISO 639-2/RA). As registration authority, the LOC receives and reviews proposed changes; they also have representation on the ISO 639-RA Joint Advisory Committee responsible for maintaining the ISO 639 code tables.

Contents

1 History and relationship to other ISO 639 standards 2 B and T codes 3 Scopes and types

3.1 Collections of languages 3.2 Reserved for local use 3.3 Special
Special
situations

4 See also 5 External links

History and relationship to other ISO 639 standards[edit] Work was begun on the ISO 639-2 standard in 1989, because the ISO 639-1 standard, which uses only two-letter codes for languages, is not able to accommodate a sufficient number of languages. The ISO 639-2 standard was first released in 1998. In practice, ISO 639-2 has largely been superseded by ISO 639-3 (2007), which includes codes for all the individual languages in ISO 639-2 plus many more. It also includes the special and reserved codes, and is designed not to conflict with ISO 639-2. ISO 639-3, however, does not include any of the collective languages in ISO 639-2; most of these are included in ISO 639-5. B and T codes[edit] While most languages are given one code by the standard, twenty of the languages described have two three-letter codes, a "bibliographic" code (ISO 639-2/B), which is derived from the English name for the language and was a necessary legacy feature, and a "terminological" code (ISO 639-2/T), which is derived from the native name for the language and resembles the language's two-letter code in ISO 639-1. There were originally 22 B codes; scc and scr are now deprecated. In general the T codes are favored; ISO 639-3 uses ISO 639-2/T. However, ISO 15924 derives its codes from ISO 639-2/B when possible. Scopes and types[edit] The codes in ISO 639-2 have a variety of "scopes of denotation", or types of meaning and use, some of which are described in more detail below.

Individual languages Macrolanguages (see ISO 639 macrolanguage) Collections of languages Dialects Reserved for local use Special
Special
situations

Individual languages are further classified as to type:

Living languages Extinct languages Ancient languages Historic languages Constructed languages

Collections of languages[edit] Some ISO 639-2 codes that are commonly used for languages do not precisely represent a particular language or some related languages (as the above macrolanguages). They are regarded as collective language codes and are excluded from ISO 639-3. For a definition of macrolanguages and collective languages see [1]. The collective language codes in ISO 639-2 are listed below. The following two codes are identified as collective codes in ISO 639-2 but are (at present) missing from ISO 639-5:

bih Bihari (has the ISO 639-1 code bh) him Himachali

Codes registered for 639-2 that are listed as collective codes in ISO 639-5 (and collective codes by name in ISO 639-2):

afa Afro-Asiatic languages alg Algonquian languages apa Apache languages art artificial languages ath Athapascan languages aus Australian languages bad Banda languages bai Bamileke languages bal Balochi language bat Baltic languages ber Berber languages bnt Bantu languages btk Batak languages cai Central American Indian languages cau Caucasian languages cel Celtic languages cmc Chamic languages col Shilluk language cpe creoles and pidgins, English-based cpf creoles and pidgins, French-based cpp creoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based crp creoles and pidgins cus Cushitic languages day Land Dayak languages dra Dravidian languages fiu Finno-Ugrian languages gem Germanic languages ijo Ijo languages inc Indic languages ine Indo-European languages ira Iranian languages iro Iroquoian languages kar Karen languages khi Khoisan languages kor Korean languages kro Kru languages map Austronesian languages mkh Mon–Khmer languages mno Manobo languages mun Munda languages myn Mayan languages nah Nahuatl languages nai North American Indian languages nic Niger–Congo languages nub Nubian languages oto Otomian languages paa Papuan languages phi Philippine languages pra Prakrit languages roa Romance languages sai South American Indian languages sal Salishan languages sem Semitic languages sgn sign languages sio Siouan languages sit Sino-Tibetan languages sla Slavic languages smi Sami languages son Songhai languages ssa Nilo-Saharan languages tai Tai languages tup Tupi languages tut Altaic languages wak Wakashan languages wen Sorbian languages ypk Yupik languages znd Zande languages

Reserved for local use[edit] The interval from qaa to qtz is 'reserved for local use' and is not used in ISO 639-2 nor in ISO 639-3. These codes are typically used privately for languages not (yet) in either standard. Special
Special
situations[edit] There are four generic codes for special situations:

mis is listed as "uncoded languages" (originally an abbreviation for "miscellaneous") mul (for multiple languages) is applied when several languages are used and it is not practical to specify all the appropriate language codes und (for undetermined) is used in situations in which a language or languages must be indicated but the language cannot be identified. zxx is listed in the code list as "no linguistic content", e.g. animal sounds (added 2006-01-11)

These four codes are also used in ISO 639-3. See also[edit]

List of ISO 639-2 codes Language code

External links[edit]

Official website ISO 639-2/RA Change Notice at the Library of Congress ISO 639-2:1998: Codes for the representation of names of languages—Part 2: Alpha-3 code at the International Organization for Standardization

v t e

ISO 639 and ISO 639 macrolanguage

   

ISO 639-1 list of codes languages

ISO 639-2 list of codes languages

ISO 639-3 list of codes languages

ISO 639-4 — guidelines

ISO 639-5 list of codes families/groups

ISO 639-6 — variants

v t e

ISO standards by standard number

List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards

1–9999

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31

-0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13

128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639

-1 -2 -3 -5 -6

646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166

-1 -2 -3

3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859

-1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16

8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995

10000–19999

10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303

-11 -21 -22 -28 -238

10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211

-1 -2

13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496

-2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20

14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444

-3

15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706

-2

15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831

20000+

20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000

-1 -2

.