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The Info List - ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2


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ISO 3166-1 ALPHA-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1 , part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), to represent countries , dependent territories , and special areas of geographical interest. They are the most widely used of the country codes published by ISO (the others being alpha-3 and numeric ), and are used most prominently for the Internet
Internet
's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions). They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974.

CONTENTS

* 1 Uses and applications

* 1.1 Perfect implementations * 1.2 Imperfect implementations

* 2 Current codes

* 2.1 Decoding table * 2.2 Officially assigned code elements * 2.3 User-assigned code elements

* 2.4 Reserved code elements

* 2.4.1 Exceptional reservations * 2.4.2 Transitional reservations * 2.4.3 Indeterminate reservations * 2.4.4 Codes currently agreed not to use

* 3 Deleted codes * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources and external links

USES AND APPLICATIONS

The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are used in different environments and are also part of other standards. In some cases they are not perfectly implemented.

PERFECT IMPLEMENTATIONS

The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are used in the following standards:

SHORT NAME LONG NAME COMMENT

ISO 3166-2 Country
Country
subdivision code

ISO 3901 International Standard Recording Code
Code
(ISRC)

ISO 4217
ISO 4217
Currency code

ISO 6166 International Securities Identifying Number (ISIN )

ISO 9362 Bank Identifier Codes (BIC) Also known as SWIFT codes

ISO 13616 International Bank Account Number (IBAN)

ISO 15511 International Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations (ISIL)

UN/LOCODE United Nations
United Nations
Code
Code
for Trade and Transport Locations Implemented by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

IMPERFECT IMPLEMENTATIONS

Starting in 1985, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes have been used in the Domain Name System
Domain Name System
as country code top-level domains (ccTLDs). The Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority currently assigns the ccTLDs mostly following the alpha-2 codes, but with a few exceptions. For example, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, whose alpha-2 code is GB, uses .uk instead of .gb as its ccTLD, as UK is currently exceptionally reserved in ISO 3166-1 on the request of the United Kingdom.

The WIPO coding standard ST.3 is based on ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes, but includes a number of additional codes for international intellectual property organizations , which are currently reserved and not used at the present stage in ISO 3166-1.

The European Commission
European Commission
generally uses ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes with two exceptions: EL (not GR) is used to represent Greece
Greece
, and UK (not GB) is used to represent the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. This notwithstanding, the Official Journal of the European Communities specified that GR and GB be used to represent Greece
Greece
and United Kingdom
United Kingdom
respectively. For VAT administration purposes, the European Commission
European Commission
uses EL and GB for Greece
Greece
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
respectively.

The United Nations
United Nations
uses a combination of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes, along with codes that pre-date the creation of ISO 3166, for international vehicle registration codes , which are codes used to identify the issuing country of a vehicle registration plate; some of these codes are currently indeterminately reserved in ISO 3166-1.

IETF language tags (conforming to the BCP 47 standard track and maintained in an IANA registry) are also partially derived from ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes (for the region subtags). The full list of ISO 3166-1 codes assigned to countries and territories are usable as region subtags. Also, the "exceptionally reserved" alpha-2 codes defined in ISO 3166-1 (with the exception of UK) are also usable as region subtags for language tags. However, newer stability policies (agreed with ISO) have been implemented to avoid deleting subtags that have been withdrawn in ISO 3166-1 ; instead they are kept and aliased to the new preferred subtags, or kept as subtags grouping several countries. Some other region grouping subtags are derived from other standards. Under the newer stability policies, old assigned codes that have been withdrawn from ISO 3166-1 should no longer be reassigned to another country or territory (like it occurred in the past for "CS").

CURRENT CODES

DECODING TABLE

The following is a colour-coded decoding table of all ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes.

Decoding table of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ

BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ

CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ

DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ

EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ

FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ

GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ

HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ

IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ

JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ

KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ

LA LB LC LD LE LF LG LH LI LJ LK LL LM LN LO LP LQ LR LS LT LU LV LW LX LY LZ

MA MB MC MD ME MF MG MH MI MJ MK ML MM MN MO MP MQ MR MS MT MU MV MW MX MY MZ

NA NB NC ND NE NF NG NH NI NJ NK NL NM NN NO NP NQ NR NS NT NU NV NW NX NY NZ

OA OB OC OD OE OF OG OH OI OJ OK OL OM ON OO OP OQ OR OS OT OU OV OW OX OY OZ

PA PB PC PD PE PF PG PH PI PJ PK PL PM PN PO PP PQ PR PS PT PU PV PW PX PY PZ

QA QB QC QD QE QF QG QH QI QJ QK QL QM QN QO QP QQ QR QS QT QU QV QW QX QY QZ

RA RB RC RD RE RF RG RH RI RJ RK RL RM RN RO RP RQ RR RS RT RU RV RW RX RY RZ

SA SB SC SD SE SF SG SH SI SJ SK SL SM SN SO SP SQ SR SS ST SU SV SW SX SY SZ

TA TB TC TD TE TF TG TH TI TJ TK TL TM TN TO TP TQ TR TS TT TU TV TW TX TY TZ

UA UB UC UD UE UF UG UH UI UJ UK UL UM UN UO UP UQ UR US UT UU UV UW UX UY UZ

VA VB VC VD VE VF VG VH VI VJ VK VL VM VN VO VP VQ VR VS VT VU VV VW VX VY VZ

WA WB WC WD WE WF WG WH WI WJ WK WL WM WN WO WP WQ WR WS WT WU WV WW WX WY WZ

XA XB XC XD XE XF XG XH XI XJ XK XL XM XN XO XP XQ XR XS XT XU XV XW XX XY XZ

YA YB YC YD YE YF YG YH YI YJ YK YL YM YN YO YP YQ YR YS YT YU YV YW YX YY YZ

ZA ZB ZC ZD ZE ZF ZG ZH ZI ZJ ZK ZL ZM ZN ZO ZP ZQ ZR ZS ZT ZU ZV ZW ZX ZY ZZ

COLOUR LEGEND

OFFICIALLY ASSIGNED : assigned to a country, territory, or area of geographical interest

USER-ASSIGNED : free for assignment at the disposal of users

EXCEPTIONALLY RESERVED : reserved on request for restricted use

INDETERMINATELY RESERVED : used in coding systems associated with ISO 3166-1

TRANSITIONALLY RESERVED : deleted from ISO 3166-1 but reserved transitionally

DELETED : deleted and free for reassignment

UNASSIGNED: free for assignment by the ISO 3166/MA only

OFFICIALLY ASSIGNED CODE ELEMENTS

The following is a complete list of the 249 current officially assigned ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes, with the following columns:

* CODE — ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code * COUNTRY NAME — English short country name officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA) * YEAR — Year when alpha-2 code was first officially assigned (1974, first edition of ISO 3166) * CCTLD — Corresponding country code top-level domain (note that some are inactive); exceptions where another ccTLD is assigned for the country are shown in parentheses * ISO 3166-2 — Corresponding ISO 3166-2 codes * NOTES — Any unofficial notes

CODE COUNTRY NAME YEAR CCTLD ISO 3166-2 NOTES

AD Andorra
Andorra
1974 .ad ISO 3166-2:AD

AE United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
1974 .ae ISO 3166-2:AE

AF Afghanistan
Afghanistan
1974 .af ISO 3166-2:AF

AG Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
1974 .ag ISO 3166-2:AG

AI Anguilla
Anguilla
1985 .ai ISO 3166-2:AI AI previously represented French Afar and Issas

AL Albania
Albania
1974 .al ISO 3166-2:AL

AM Armenia
Armenia
1992 .am ISO 3166-2:AM

AO Angola
Angola
1974 .ao ISO 3166-2:AO

AQ Antarctica
Antarctica
1974 .aq ISO 3166-2:AQ Covers the territories south of 60° south latitude Code
Code
taken from name in French : Antarctique

AR Argentina
Argentina
1974 .ar ISO 3166-2:AR

AS American Samoa 1974 .as ISO 3166-2:AS

AT Austria
Austria
1974 .at ISO 3166-2:AT

AU Australia
Australia
1974 .au ISO 3166-2:AU Includes the Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
and the Coral Sea Islands

AW Aruba
Aruba
1986 .aw ISO 3166-2:AW

AX Aland Islands ! Åland Islands
Åland Islands
2004 .ax ISO 3166-2:AX An autonomous province of Finland
Finland

AZ Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
1992 .az ISO 3166-2:AZ

BA Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1992 .ba ISO 3166-2:BA

BB Barbados
Barbados
1974 .bb ISO 3166-2:BB

BD Bangladesh
Bangladesh
1974 .bd ISO 3166-2:BD

BE Belgium
Belgium
1974 .be ISO 3166-2:BE

BF Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
1984 .bf ISO 3166-2:BF Name changed from Upper Volta (HV)

BG Bulgaria
Bulgaria
1974 .bg
.bg
ISO 3166-2:BG

BH Bahrain
Bahrain
1974 .bh ISO 3166-2:BH

BI Burundi
Burundi
1974 .bi ISO 3166-2:BI

BJ Benin
Benin
1977 .bj ISO 3166-2:BJ Name changed from Dahomey (DY)

BL Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
2007 .bl ISO 3166-2:BL

BM Bermuda
Bermuda
1974 .bm
.bm
ISO 3166-2:BM

BN Brunei
Brunei
Darussalam 1974 .bn ISO 3166-2:BN ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Brunei)

BO Bolivia, Plurinational State of 1974 .bo ISO 3166-2:BO ISO country name follows UN designation (common name and previous ISO country name: Bolivia)

BQ Bonaire, Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius
and Saba
Saba
2010 .bq ISO 3166-2:BQ Consists of three Caribbean "special municipalities ", which are part of the Netherlands
Netherlands
proper: Bonaire
Bonaire
, Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius
, and Saba
Saba
(the BES Islands) Previous ISO country name: Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba BQ previously represented British Antarctic Territory
British Antarctic Territory

BR Brazil
Brazil
1974 .br ISO 3166-2:BR

BS Bahamas 1974 .bs
.bs
ISO 3166-2:BS

BT Bhutan
Bhutan
1974 .bt ISO 3166-2:BT

BV Bouvet Island
Bouvet Island
1974 .bv ISO 3166-2:BV Belongs to Norway

BW Botswana
Botswana
1974 .bw
.bw
ISO 3166-2:BW

BY Belarus
Belarus
1974 .by ISO 3166-2:BY Code
Code
taken from previous ISO country name: Byelorussian SSR (now assigned ISO 3166-3 code BYAA ) Code
Code
assigned as the country was already a UN member since 1945

BZ Belize
Belize
1974 .bz ISO 3166-2:BZ

CA Canada
Canada
1974 .ca ISO 3166-2:CA

CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
1974 .cc ISO 3166-2:CC

CD Congo, the Democratic Republic of the 1997 .cd ISO 3166-2:CD Name changed from Zaire (ZR)

CF Central African Republic
Central African Republic
1974 .cf ISO 3166-2:CF

CG Congo 1974 .cg ISO 3166-2:CG

CH Switzerland
Switzerland
1974 .ch ISO 3166-2:CH Code
Code
taken from name in Latin : Confoederatio Helvetica

CI Cote d'Ivoire !Côte d\'Ivoire 1974 .ci
.ci
ISO 3166-2:CI ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Ivory Coast)

CK Cook Islands
Cook Islands
1974 .ck
.ck
ISO 3166-2:CK

CL Chile
Chile
1974 .cl ISO 3166-2:CL

CM Cameroon
Cameroon
1974 .cm ISO 3166-2:CM

CN China
China
1974 .cn ISO 3166-2:CN

CO Colombia
Colombia
1974 .co ISO 3166-2:CO

CR Costa Rica
Costa Rica
1974 .cr
.cr
ISO 3166-2:CR

CU Cuba
Cuba
1974 .cu ISO 3166-2:CU

CV Cabo Verde 1974 .cv ISO 3166-2:CV

CW Curaçao 2010 .cw ISO 3166-2:CW

CX Christmas Island
Christmas Island
1974 .cx ISO 3166-2:CX

CY Cyprus
Cyprus
1974 .cy ISO 3166-2:CY

CZ Czechia
Czechia
1993 .cz ISO 3166-2:CZ Previous ISO country name: Czech Republic

DE Germany
Germany
1974 .de ISO 3166-2:DE Code
Code
taken from name in German : Deutschland Code
Code
used for West Germany
Germany
before 1990 (previous ISO country name: Germany, Federal Republic of)

DJ Djibouti
Djibouti
1977 .dj ISO 3166-2:DJ Name changed from French Afar and Issas (AI)

DK Denmark
Denmark
1974 .dk ISO 3166-2:DK

DM Dominica
Dominica
1974 .dm ISO 3166-2:DM

DO Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
1974 .do ISO 3166-2:DO

DZ Algeria
Algeria
1974 .dz
.dz
ISO 3166-2:DZ Code
Code
taken from name in Kabyle : Dzayer

EC Ecuador
Ecuador
1974 .ec ISO 3166-2:EC

EE Estonia
Estonia
1992 .ee ISO 3166-2:EE Code
Code
taken from name in Estonian : Eesti

EG Egypt
Egypt
1974 .eg ISO 3166-2:EG

EH Western Sahara
Western Sahara
1974 .eh ISO 3166-2:EH Previous ISO country name: Spanish Sahara (code taken from name in Spanish : Sahara español)

ER Eritrea
Eritrea
1993 .er ISO 3166-2:ER

ES Spain
Spain
1974 .es ISO 3166-2:ES Code
Code
taken from name in Spanish : España

ET Ethiopia
Ethiopia
1974 .et
.et
ISO 3166-2:ET

FI Finland
Finland
1974 .fi ISO 3166-2:FI

FJ Fiji
Fiji
1974 .fj
.fj
ISO 3166-2:FJ

FK Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
(Malvinas) 1974 .fk ISO 3166-2:FK ISO country name follows UN designation due to the Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute (local common name: Falkland Islands)

FM Micronesia, Federated States of 1986 .fm ISO 3166-2:FM Previous ISO country name: Micronesia

FO Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
1974 .fo ISO 3166-2:FO Code
Code
taken from name in Faroese : Føroyar

FR France
France
1974 .fr ISO 3166-2:FR Includes Clipperton Island
Clipperton Island

GA Gabon
Gabon
1974 .ga ISO 3166-2:GA

GB United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland 1974 .gb ( .uk ) ISO 3166-2:GB Code
Code
taken from Great Britain
Great Britain
(from official name: United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland) .uk is the primary ccTLD of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
instead of .gb (see code UK , which is exceptionally reserved )

GD Grenada
Grenada
1974 .gd ISO 3166-2:GD

GE Georgia 1992 .ge ISO 3166-2:GE GE previously represented Gilbert and Ellice Islands

GF French Guiana
French Guiana
1974 .gf ISO 3166-2:GF Code
Code
taken from name in French : Guyane française

GG Guernsey
Guernsey
2006 .gg ISO 3166-2:GG a British Crown dependency
Crown dependency

GH Ghana
Ghana
1974 .gh ISO 3166-2:GH

GI Gibraltar
Gibraltar
1974 .gi ISO 3166-2:GI

GL Greenland
Greenland
1974 .gl ISO 3166-2:GL

GM Gambia 1974 .gm ISO 3166-2:GM

GN Guinea
Guinea
1974 .gn ISO 3166-2:GN

GP Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
1974 .gp ISO 3166-2:GP

GQ Equatorial Guinea
Guinea
1974 .gq ISO 3166-2:GQ Code
Code
taken from name in French : Guinée équatoriale

GR Greece
Greece
1974 .gr ISO 3166-2:GR

GS South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
1993 .gs ISO 3166-2:GS

GT Guatemala
Guatemala
1974 .gt ISO 3166-2:GT

GU Guam
Guam
1974 .gu ISO 3166-2:GU

GW Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
1974 .gw ISO 3166-2:GW

GY Guyana
Guyana
1974 .gy ISO 3166-2:GY

HK Hong Kong
Hong Kong
1974 .hk ISO 3166-2:HK

HM Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
1974 .hm ISO 3166-2:HM

HN Honduras
Honduras
1974 .hn
.hn
ISO 3166-2:HN

HR Croatia
Croatia
1992 .hr ISO 3166-2:HR Code
Code
taken from name in Croatian : Hrvatska

HT Haiti
Haiti
1974 .ht ISO 3166-2:HT

HU Hungary
Hungary
1974 .hu ISO 3166-2:HU

ID Indonesia
Indonesia
1974 .id ISO 3166-2:ID

IE Ireland 1974 .ie ISO 3166-2:IE

IL Israel
Israel
1974 .il ISO 3166-2:IL

IM Isle of Man
Isle of Man
2006 .im ISO 3166-2:IM a British Crown dependency
Crown dependency

IN India
India
1974 .in
.in
ISO 3166-2:IN

IO British Indian Ocean Territory
British Indian Ocean Territory
1974 .io ISO 3166-2:IO

IQ Iraq
Iraq
1974 .iq ISO 3166-2:IQ

IR Iran, Islamic Republic of 1974 .ir ISO 3166-2:IR ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Iran)

IS Iceland
Iceland
1974 .is ISO 3166-2:IS Code
Code
taken from name in Icelandic : Ísland

IT Italy
Italy
1974 .it
.it
ISO 3166-2:IT

JE Jersey
Jersey
2006 .je ISO 3166-2:JE a British Crown dependency
Crown dependency

JM Jamaica
Jamaica
1974 .jm ISO 3166-2:JM

JO Jordan
Jordan
1974 .jo ISO 3166-2:JO

JP Japan
Japan
1974 .jp ISO 3166-2:JP

KE Kenya
Kenya
1974 .ke ISO 3166-2:KE

KG Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
1992 .kg ISO 3166-2:KG

KH Cambodia
Cambodia
1974 .kh ISO 3166-2:KH Code
Code
taken from former name: Khmer Republic
Khmer Republic
Previous ISO country name: Kampuchea

KI Kiribati
Kiribati
1979 .ki ISO 3166-2:KI

KM Comoros
Comoros
1974 .km ISO 3166-2:KM Code
Code
taken from name in Comorian : Komori

KN Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
1974 .kn ISO 3166-2:KN Previous ISO country name: Saint Kitts-Nevis- Anguilla
Anguilla

KP Korea, Democratic People\'s Republic of 1974 .kp ISO 3166-2:KP ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: North Korea)

KR Korea, Republic of 1974 .kr ISO 3166-2:KR ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: South Korea)

KW Kuwait
Kuwait
1974 .kw ISO 3166-2:KW

KY Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
1974 .ky ISO 3166-2:KY

KZ Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
1992 .kz ISO 3166-2:KZ Previous ISO country name: Kazakstan

LA Lao People\'s Democratic Republic 1974 .la ISO 3166-2:LA ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Laos)

LB Lebanon
Lebanon
1974 .lb ISO 3166-2:LB

LC Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
1974 .lc ISO 3166-2:LC

LI Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
1974 .li ISO 3166-2:LI

LK Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
1974 .lk ISO 3166-2:LK

LR Liberia
Liberia
1974 .lr ISO 3166-2:LR

LS Lesotho
Lesotho
1974 .ls ISO 3166-2:LS

LT Lithuania
Lithuania
1992 .lt ISO 3166-2:LT

LU Luxembourg
Luxembourg
1974 .lu ISO 3166-2:LU

LV Latvia
Latvia
1992 .lv ISO 3166-2:LV

LY Libya
Libya
1974 .ly ISO 3166-2:LY Previous ISO country name: Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

MA Morocco
Morocco
1974 .ma ISO 3166-2:MA Code
Code
taken from name in French : Maroc

MC Monaco
Monaco
1974 .mc ISO 3166-2:MC

MD Moldova, Republic of 1992 .md ISO 3166-2:MD ISO country name follows UN designation (common name and previous ISO country name: Moldova)

ME Montenegro
Montenegro
2006 .me ISO 3166-2:ME

MF Saint Martin
Saint Martin
(French part) 2007 .mf ISO 3166-2:MF The Dutch part of Saint Martin
Saint Martin
island is assigned code SX

MG Madagascar
Madagascar
1974 .mg ISO 3166-2:MG

MH Marshall Islands 1986 .mh ISO 3166-2:MH

MK Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of 1993 .mk ISO 3166-2:MK ISO country name follows UN designation (due to Macedonia naming dispute ; official name used by country itself: Republic of Macedonia) Code
Code
taken from name in Macedonian : Makedonija

ML Mali
Mali
1974 .ml ISO 3166-2:ML

MM Myanmar
Myanmar
1989 .mm ISO 3166-2:MM Name changed from Burma
Burma
(BU)

MN Mongolia
Mongolia
1974 .mn ISO 3166-2:MN

MO Macao 1974 .mo ISO 3166-2:MO Previous ISO country name: Macau

MP Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
1986 .mp ISO 3166-2:MP

MQ Martinique
Martinique
1974 .mq ISO 3166-2:MQ

MR Mauritania
Mauritania
1974 .mr ISO 3166-2:MR

MS Montserrat
Montserrat
1974 .ms ISO 3166-2:MS

MT Malta
Malta
1974 .mt ISO 3166-2:MT

MU Mauritius
Mauritius
1974 .mu ISO 3166-2:MU

MV Maldives
Maldives
1974 .mv ISO 3166-2:MV

MW Malawi
Malawi
1974 .mw ISO 3166-2:MW

MX Mexico
Mexico
1974 .mx ISO 3166-2:MX

MY Malaysia
Malaysia
1974 .my ISO 3166-2:MY

MZ Mozambique
Mozambique
1974 .mz ISO 3166-2:MZ

NA Namibia
Namibia
1974 .na ISO 3166-2:NA

NC New Caledonia
New Caledonia
1974 .nc ISO 3166-2:NC

NE Niger
Niger
1974 .ne ISO 3166-2:NE

NF Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
1974 .nf ISO 3166-2:NF

NG Nigeria
Nigeria
1974 .ng ISO 3166-2:NG

NI Nicaragua
Nicaragua
1974 .ni ISO 3166-2:NI

NL Netherlands
Netherlands
1974 .nl ISO 3166-2:NL

NO Norway
Norway
1974 .no
.no
ISO 3166-2:NO

NP Nepal
Nepal
1974 .np
.np
ISO 3166-2:NP

NR Nauru
Nauru
1974 .nr ISO 3166-2:NR

NU Niue
Niue
1974 .nu ISO 3166-2:NU

NZ New Zealand
New Zealand
1974 .nz ISO 3166-2:NZ

OM Oman
Oman
1974 .om ISO 3166-2:OM

PA Panama
Panama
1974 .pa ISO 3166-2:PA

PE Peru
Peru
1974 .pe ISO 3166-2:PE

PF French Polynesia
French Polynesia
1974 .pf ISO 3166-2:PF Code
Code
taken from name in French : Polynésie française

PG Papua New Guinea
Guinea
1974 .pg ISO 3166-2:PG

PH Philippines
Philippines
1974 .ph ISO 3166-2:PH

PK Pakistan
Pakistan
1974 .pk ISO 3166-2:PK

PL Poland
Poland
1974 .pl ISO 3166-2:PL

PM Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
1974 .pm ISO 3166-2:PM

PN Pitcairn 1974 .pn ISO 3166-2:PN

PR Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
1974 .pr ISO 3166-2:PR

PS Palestine, State of 1999 .ps ISO 3166-2:PS Previous ISO country name: Palestinian Territory, Occupied Consists of the West Bank
West Bank
and the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip

PT Portugal
Portugal
1974 .pt ISO 3166-2:PT

PW Palau
Palau
1986 .pw ISO 3166-2:PW

PY Paraguay
Paraguay
1974 .py ISO 3166-2:PY

QA Qatar
Qatar
1974 .qa ISO 3166-2:QA

RE Reunion ! Réunion
Réunion
1974 .re ISO 3166-2:RE

RO Romania
Romania
1974 .ro ISO 3166-2:RO

RS Serbia
Serbia
2006 .rs ISO 3166-2:RS Code
Code
taken from official name: Republic of Serbia
Serbia
(see Serbian country codes )

RU Russian Federation 1992 .ru ISO 3166-2:RU ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Russia)

RW Rwanda
Rwanda
1974 .rw ISO 3166-2:RW

SA Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
1974 .sa ISO 3166-2:SA

SB Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
1974 .sb ISO 3166-2:SB Code
Code
taken from former name: British Solomon Islands

SC Seychelles
Seychelles
1974 .sc ISO 3166-2:SC

SD Sudan
Sudan
1974 .sd ISO 3166-2:SD

SE Sweden
Sweden
1974 .se ISO 3166-2:SE

SG Singapore
Singapore
1974 .sg ISO 3166-2:SG

SH Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
1974 .sh ISO 3166-2:SH Previous ISO country name: Saint Helena
Saint Helena

SI Slovenia
Slovenia
1992 .si ISO 3166-2:SI

SJ Svalbard and Jan Mayen 1974 .sj ISO 3166-2:SJ Consists of two arctic territories of Norway: Svalbard
Svalbard
and Jan Mayen

SK Slovakia
Slovakia
1993 .sk ISO 3166-2:SK SK previously represented Sikkim
Sikkim

SL Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
1974 .sl ISO 3166-2:SL

SM San Marino
San Marino
1974 .sm ISO 3166-2:SM

SN Senegal
Senegal
1974 .sn ISO 3166-2:SN

SO Somalia
Somalia
1974 .so ISO 3166-2:SO

SR Suriname
Suriname
1974 .sr ISO 3166-2:SR

SS South Sudan
Sudan
2011 .ss ISO 3166-2:SS

ST Sao Tome and Principe 1974 .st ISO 3166-2:ST

SV El Salvador
El Salvador
1974 .sv ISO 3166-2:SV

SX Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
(Dutch part) 2010 .sx ISO 3166-2:SX The French part of Saint Martin
Saint Martin
island is assigned code MF

SY Syrian Arab Republic 1974 .sy ISO 3166-2:SY ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Syria)

SZ Swaziland
Swaziland
1974 .sz ISO 3166-2:SZ

TC Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
1974 .tc ISO 3166-2:TC

TD Chad
Chad
1974 .td ISO 3166-2:TD Code
Code
taken from name in French : Tchad

TF French Southern Territories 1979 .tf ISO 3166-2:TF Covers the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
except Adélie Land Code
Code
taken from name in French : Terres australes françaises

TG Togo
Togo
1974 .tg ISO 3166-2:TG

TH Thailand
Thailand
1974 .th ISO 3166-2:TH

TJ Tajikistan
Tajikistan
1992 .tj ISO 3166-2:TJ

TK Tokelau
Tokelau
1974 .tk ISO 3166-2:TK

TL Timor-Leste 2002 .tl ISO 3166-2:TL Name changed from East Timor
East Timor
(TP)

TM Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
1992 .tm ISO 3166-2:TM

TN Tunisia
Tunisia
1974 .tn ISO 3166-2:TN

TO Tonga
Tonga
1974 .to ISO 3166-2:TO

TR Turkey
Turkey
1974 .tr ISO 3166-2:TR

TT Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
1974 .tt ISO 3166-2:TT

TV Tuvalu
Tuvalu
1977 .tv ISO 3166-2:TV

TW Taiwan, Province of China
China
1974 .tw ISO 3166-2:TW Covers the current jurisdiction of the Republic of China
China
ISO country name follows UN designation (due to political status of Taiwan
Taiwan
within the UN) (common name: Taiwan)

TZ Tanzania, United Republic of 1974 .tz ISO 3166-2:TZ ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Tanzania)

UA Ukraine
Ukraine
1974 .ua ISO 3166-2:UA Previous ISO country name: Ukrainian SSR Code
Code
assigned as the country was already a UN member since 1945

UG Uganda
Uganda
1974 .ug ISO 3166-2:UG

UM United States Minor Outlying Islands
United States Minor Outlying Islands
1986 .um ISO 3166-2:UM Consists of nine minor insular areas of the United States: Baker Island , Howland Island
Howland Island
, Jarvis Island , Johnston Atoll
Johnston Atoll
, Kingman Reef , Midway Islands , Navassa Island
Navassa Island
, Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll
, and Wake Island

US United States
United States
of America 1974 .us ISO 3166-2:US

UY Uruguay
Uruguay
1974 .uy ISO 3166-2:UY

UZ Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
1992 .uz ISO 3166-2:UZ

VA Holy See
Holy See
1974 .va ISO 3166-2:VA Covers Vatican City, territory of the Holy See
Holy See
Previous ISO country name: Vatican City
Vatican City
State (Holy See)

VC Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1974 .vc ISO 3166-2:VC

VE Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 1974 .ve ISO 3166-2:VE ISO country name follows UN designation (common name and previous ISO country name: Venezuela)

VG Virgin Islands, British 1974 .vg ISO 3166-2:VG

VI Virgin Islands, U.S. 1974 .vi ISO 3166-2:VI

VN Viet Nam 1974 .vn ISO 3166-2:VN ISO country name follows UN designation (common name: Vietnam) Code used for Republic of Viet Nam (Common Name:South Vietnam) before 1977

VU Vanuatu
Vanuatu
1980 .vu ISO 3166-2:VU Name changed from New Hebrides (NH)

WF Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna
1974 .wf ISO 3166-2:WF

WS Samoa
Samoa
1974 .ws ISO 3166-2:WS Code
Code
taken from former name: Western Samoa

YE Yemen
Yemen
1974 .ye ISO 3166-2:YE Previous ISO country name: Yemen, Republic of Code
Code
used for North Yemen
Yemen
before 1990

YT Mayotte
Mayotte
1993 .yt ISO 3166-2:YT

ZA South Africa
South Africa
1974 .za ISO 3166-2:ZA Code
Code
taken from name in Dutch : Zuid-Afrika

ZM Zambia
Zambia
1974 .zm ISO 3166-2:ZM

ZW Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
1980 .zw ISO 3166-2:ZW Name changed from Southern Rhodesia
Rhodesia
(RH)

USER-ASSIGNED CODE ELEMENTS

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following alpha-2 codes can be user-assigned: AA, QM to QZ, XA to XZ, and ZZ. For example:

* The code QZ is being used by the World Intellectual Property Organization as an indicator for the Community Plant Variety Office . * The code XN is being used by the World Intellectual Property Organization as an indicator for the Nordic Patent Institute , an international organization common to Denmark, Iceland, Norway
Norway
and Sweden. * The code XU is being used by the World Intellectual Property Organization as an indicator for the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants . * The code XV is being used by the World Intellectual Property Organization as an indicator for the Visegrad Patent Institute . * The code XX is being used by the World Intellectual Property Organization as an indicator for unknown states, other entities or organizations. * UN/LOCODE assigns XZ to represent installations in international waters . * The Unicode
Unicode
Common Locale Data Repository assigns QO to represent Outlying Oceania (a multi-territory region containing Antarctica
Antarctica
, Bouvet Island
Bouvet Island
, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
, Christmas Island
Christmas Island
, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands , Heard Island and McDonald Islands , the British Indian Ocean Territory
British Indian Ocean Territory
, the French Southern Territories , and the United States Minor Outlying Islands
United States Minor Outlying Islands
), and ZZ to represent "Unknown or Invalid Territory". Before the adoption of the macroregion code EU by ISO, CLDR also used QU to represent the European Union
European Union
. * The code XK is being used by the European Commission
European Commission
, the IMF , and SWIFT , CLDR and other organizations as a temporary country code for Kosovo
Kosovo
. * The code XA is being used by Switzerland
Switzerland
, as a country code for the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, although IC is already reserved for that purpose. * The codes XE, XS and XW are used by WhatsApp
WhatsApp
to represent the flags of England, Scotland and Wales as Emoji
Emoji
.

Furthermore, the code element OO is designated as an escape code if the number of regular user-assigned code elements is not sufficient.

RESERVED CODE ELEMENTS

Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. The reserved alpha-2 codes can be divided into the following four categories: exceptional reservations , transitional reservations , indeterminate reservations , and codes currently agreed not to use .

Exceptional Reservations

Exceptionally reserved code elements are codes reserved at the request of national ISO member bodies, governments and international organizations, which are required in order to support a particular application, as specified by the requesting body and limited to such use; any further use of such code elements is subject to approval by the ISO 3166/MA. The following alpha-2 codes are currently exceptionally reserved:

CODE AREA NAME OR COUNTRY NAME CURRENT ACTUAL COUNTRY CCTLD NOTES

AC Ascension Island
Ascension Island
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
.ac Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area

CP Clipperton Island
Clipperton Island
France
France
— Reserved on request of ITU for location of certain telecommunications installations

DG Diego Garcia
Diego Garcia
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
— Reserved on request of ITU for location of certain telecommunications installations

EA Ceuta
Ceuta
, Melilla
Melilla
Spain
Spain
— Reserved on request of WCO for area not covered by European Union Customs arrangements Part of Spanish North Africa (Spanish : África Septentrional Española)

EU European Union
European Union
multiple .eu Reserved on request of ISO 4217
ISO 4217
/MA for the European monetary unit Euro
Euro
Extended for ISO 6166 "Securities – International securities identification numbering system (ISIN)" in March 1998 Extended for any application needing to represent the name European Union in August 1999

EZ Eurozone
Eurozone
multiple — Reserved on request of ISO 6166 /RA for the European OTC derivatives within International securities identification numbering system (ISIN)

FX France, Metropolitan France
France
— Reserved on request of France
France
Officially assigned before deleted from ISO 3166-1 (now assigned ISO 3166-3 code FXFR )

IC Canary Islands
Canary Islands
Spain
Spain
— Reserved on request of WCO for area not covered by European Union Customs arrangements . Code
Code
taken from name in Spanish : Islas Canarias

SU USSR multiple .su From June 2008; Transitionally reserved from September 1992 Officially assigned before deleted from ISO 3166-1 (now assigned ISO 3166-3 code SUHH ) Official name: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (common name: Soviet Union)

TA Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
— Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area

UK United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
.uk Reserved on request of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
lest UK be used for any other country Also used by the European Commission
European Commission
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is officially assigned the alpha-2 code GB

UN United Nations
United Nations
multiple — Reserved directly by ISO 3166 /MA for the United Nations
United Nations

The following alpha-2 codes were previously exceptionally reserved, but are now officially assigned:

CODE AREA NAME OR COUNTRY NAME NOTES

AX Åland Reserved on request of Finland
Finland

GG Guernsey
Guernsey
Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area

IM Isle of Man
Isle of Man
Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area

JE Jersey
Jersey
Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area

Transitional Reservations

Transitional reserved code elements are codes reserved after their deletion from ISO 3166-1. These codes may be used only during a transitional period of at least five years while new code elements that may have replaced them are taken into use. These codes may be reassigned by the ISO 3166/MA after the expiration of the transitional period. The following alpha-2 codes are currently transitionally reserved:

CODE FORMERLY USED COUNTRY NAME RESERVED FROM RESERVED TO CCTLD ISO 3166-2 ISO 3166-3 NOTES

AN Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles 2010-12 2060-12 .an ! .an ISO 3166-2:AN ANHH Divided into BQ, CW, SX

BU Burma
Burma
1989-12 2039-12 — — BUMM Name changed to Myanmar
Myanmar
(MM)

CS Originally Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
, later Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro
Montenegro
2006-09 2056-09 .yu
.yu
!( .yu
.yu
) ISO 3166-2:CS CSXX Code
Code
taken from name in Serbian : Srbija i Crna Gora Now divided into Montenegro
Montenegro
(ME) and Serbia
Serbia
(RS) CS previously represented Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(ccTLD .cs was never assigned to Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro; .yu
.yu
was the ccTLD of Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro, as name was changed from Yugoslavia). Czechia
Czechia
uses (CZ) and Slovakia
Slovakia
(SK)

NT Neutral Zone 1993-07 2043-07 — — NTHH Divided between Iraq
Iraq
(IQ) and Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
(SA)

SF Finland
Finland
1995-09 ? — — — Previously used in international postal codes and vehicle registration codes to represent Finland
Finland
(code was not officially assigned) Code
Code
taken from name in Finnish and Swedish combined: Suomi Finland Finland
Finland
is officially assigned the alpha-2 code FI Listed as transitionally reserved until 2012-06. Since then listed as indeterminately reserved .

TP East Timor
East Timor
2002-05 2052-05 .tp ISO 3166-2:TP TPTL Code
Code
taken from previous ISO country name: Portuguese Timor , name changed to Timor-Leste (TL)

YU Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
2003-07 2053-07 .yu
.yu
ISO 3166-2:YU YUCS Code
Code
used for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
before 1992 and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
after 1992

ZR Zaire 1997-07 2047-07 .zr — ZRCD Name changed to Congo, the Democratic Republic of the (CD)

The following alpha-2 code was previously transitionally reserved, but was later reassigned to another country as its official code:

CODE FORMERLY USED COUNTRY NAME DATE OF RESERVATION CCTLD ISO 3166-2 ISO 3166-3 NOTES

CS Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
1993-06 .cs — CSHH Code
Code
reassigned to Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro
Montenegro

For each deleted alpha-2 code, an entry for the corresponding former country name is included in ISO 3166-3 . Each entry is assigned a four-letter alphabetic code, where the first two letters are the deleted alpha-2 code.

Indeterminate Reservations

Indeterminately reserved code elements are codes used to designate road vehicles under the 1949 and 1968 United Nations
United Nations
Conventions on Road Traffic but differing from those contained in ISO 3166-1. These code elements are expected eventually to be either eliminated or replaced by code elements within ISO 3166-1. In the meantime, the ISO 3166/MA has reserved such code elements for an indeterminate period. Any use beyond the application of the two Conventions is discouraged and will not be approved by the ISO 3166/MA. Moreover, these codes may be reassigned by the ISO 3166/MA at any time. The following alpha-2 codes are currently indeterminately reserved:

CODE AREA NAME OR COUNTRY NAME NOTES

DY Benin
Benin

EW Estonia
Estonia

FL Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein

JA Jamaica
Jamaica

LF Libya
Libya
Fezzan
Fezzan

PI Philippines
Philippines

RA Argentina
Argentina

RB Bolivia
Bolivia

RB Botswana
Botswana

RC China
China

RH Haiti
Haiti

RI Indonesia
Indonesia

RL Lebanon
Lebanon

RM Madagascar
Madagascar

RN Niger
Niger

RP Philippines
Philippines

SF Finland
Finland

WG Grenada
Grenada

WL Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia

WV Saint Vincent

YV Venezuela
Venezuela

The following alpha-2 codes were previously indeterminately reserved, but have been reassigned to another country as its official code:

CODE AREA NAME OR COUNTRY NAME NOTES CODE REASSIGNED TO

LT Libya
Libya
Tripoli

Lithuania
Lithuania

ME Western Sahara
Western Sahara

Montenegro
Montenegro

RU Burundi
Burundi

Russian Federation

Notes

* ^ A B C D E F G Code
Code
notified to United Nations
United Nations
Secretary-General under 1949 and/or 1968 Road Traffic Conventions * ^ A B C D E F Code
Code
in use for road transport purposes, but not notified to United Nations
United Nations
Secretary-General under 1949 Road Traffic Convention * ^ A B C D E F G H Code
Code
under 1949 Road Traffic Convention * ^ A B Code
Code
under 1968 Road Traffic Convention * ^ Presumably a reclassification of the expired transitional reservation mentioned above.

Codes Currently Agreed Not To Use

In addition, the ISO 3166/MA will not use the following alpha-2 codes at the present stage, as they are used for international intellectual property organizations in WIPO Standard ST.3:

CODE ORGANIZATION NAME

AP African Regional Industrial Property Organization

BX Benelux Trademarks and Design Offices

EF Union of Countries under the European Community Patent Convention

EM European Trademark Office

EP European Patent Organization (Union of countries under the European Patent Convention )

EV Eurasian Patent Organization

GC Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)

IB International Bureau of WIPO

OA African Intellectual Property Organization

WO World Intellectual Property Organization
World Intellectual Property Organization

WIPO Standard ST.3 actually uses EA, instead of EV, to represent the Eurasian Patent Organization . However, EA was already exceptionally reserved by the ISO 3166/MA to represent Ceuta
Ceuta
and Melilla
Melilla
for customs purposes. The ISO 3166/MA proposed in 1995 that EV be used by WIPO to represent the Eurasian Patent Organization; however, this request was not honoured by WIPO.

DELETED CODES

Besides the codes currently transitionally reserved and two other codes currently exceptionally reserved (FX for France, Metropolitan and SU for USSR ), the following alpha-2 codes have also been deleted from ISO 3166-1:

CODE FORMERLY USED COUNTRY NAME ISO 3166-3 NOTES

AI French Afar and Issas AIDJ Code
Code
later reassigned to Anguilla
Anguilla

BQ British Antarctic Territory
British Antarctic Territory
BQAQ Code
Code
later reassigned to Bonaire, Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius
and Saba
Saba

CT Canton and Enderbury Islands CTKI

DD German Democratic Republic DDDE Code
Code
taken from name in German : Deutsche Demokratische Republik Common name: East Germany
Germany

DY Dahomey DYBJ Name changed to Benin
Benin
(BJ) The code is now indeterminately reserved .

FQ French Southern and Antarctic Territories FQHH

GE Gilbert and Ellice Islands GEHH Code
Code
later reassigned to Georgia

HV Upper Volta HVBF Code
Code
taken from name in French : Haute-Volta

JT Johnston Island JTUM

MI Midway Islands MIUM

NH New Hebrides NHVU

NQ Dronning Maud Land NQAQ Part of Norwegian Antarctic Territory

PC Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the PCHH

PU U.S. Miscellaneous Pacific Islands PUUM Consisted of Baker Island , Howland Island
Howland Island
, Jarvis Island , Kingman Reef
Kingman Reef
, and Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll

PZ Panama
Panama
Canal Zone PZPA

RH Southern Rhodesia
Rhodesia
RHZW Name used by country itself: Rhodesia
Rhodesia
(Southern Rhodesia
Rhodesia
was the colonial name)

SK Sikkim
Sikkim
SKIN Code
Code
later reassigned to Slovakia
Slovakia

VD Viet Nam, Democratic Republic of VDVN Common name: North Vietnam

WK Wake Island
Wake Island
WKUM

YD Yemen, Democratic YDYE Common name: South Yemen

For each deleted alpha-2 code, an entry for the corresponding former country name is included in ISO 3166-3 . Each entry is assigned a four-letter alphabetic code, where the first two letters are the deleted alpha-2 code.

SEE ALSO

* List of FIPS country codes in FIPS 10-4 , part of the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) * The Regional Indicator Symbol in Unicode, introduced to use these codes * ISO 639-1 , a different set of two-letter codes used for languages

REFERENCES

* ^ " ISO 3166 – FAQs – General questions". International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO). Archived from the original on 2012-06-04. Retrieved 2014-12-08. * ^ "ISO 3166-2". ISO. * ^ "The International Standard Recording Code". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. * ^ " ISO 4217
ISO 4217
currency names and code elements". ISO. * ^ "ISO6166 - an outline of the standard". Association of National Numbering Agencies. * ^ "About BIC". Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. * ^ "IBAN Registry" (PDF). Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. * ^ A B " UN/LOCODE Code
Code
List by Country". United Nations
United Nations
Economic Commission for Europe. Retrieved 6 May 2017. * ^ "IANA – Root Zone Database". Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority. * ^ "Standard ST.3 – Recommended standard on two-letter codes for the representation of states, other entities and intergovernmental organizations" (PDF). Handbook on Industrial Property Information and Documentation. World Intellectual Property Organization. April 2007. pp. 3.3.1–3.3.9. * ^ "Publications Office – Interinstitutional style guide – Countries". European Union. * ^ "Commission Regulation (EC) No 2645/98 of 9 December 1998 on the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Community and statistics of trade between Member States". Official Journal of the European Communities, L 335. European Union. 1998-12-10. pp. 22–29. * ^ "Distinguishing signs used on vehicles in international traffic" (PDF). United Nations
United Nations
Economic Commission for Europe. * ^ " ISO 3166-1 decoding table". ISO. * ^ " Country
Country
names and code elements". ISO. * ^ A B "Codes to history: Code
Code
for formerly used names of countries completes the trilogy of country codes" (PDF). ISO Bulletin. ISO. April 2000. pp. 10–12. * ^ " Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
Government". Retrieved 2016-12-22. * ^ A B " ISO 3166 – FAQs – Specific". ISO. * ^ "Agreement between the Nordic Patent Institute and the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization" (PDF). World Intellectual Property Organization. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-07. * ^ Mark Davis. " Unicode
Unicode
Technical Standard #35: Unicode
Unicode
Locale Data Markup Language (LDML)". Unicode
Unicode
Consortium. * ^ "Glossary: Country
Country
codes - Statistics Explained". europa.eu. * ^ SWIFT : IBAN Registry, Release 50, September 2014 * ^ "XK country code for Kosovo". GeoNames Blog. 8 March 2010. * ^ https://www.ezv.admin.ch/dam/ezv/en/dokumente/archiv/a5/tares_bemerkungen/laenderverzeichnis.pdf.download.pdf/list_of_countries.pdf * ^ " ISO 3166-1 decoding table". ISO. Archived from the original on 2012-06-04. * ^ Clive Feather (2003-07-25). " Country
Country
codes in ISO 3166 (Table 2: codes withdrawn from use)".

SOURCES AND EXTERNAL LINKS

* ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, International Organization

.