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The Info List - ISO 3166-1


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ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , and special areas of geographical interest. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes. It defines three sets of country codes :

* ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 – two-letter country codes which are the most widely used of the three, and used most prominently for the Internet 's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions). * ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 – three-letter country codes which allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the alpha-2 codes. * ISO 3166-1 numeric – three-digit country codes which are identical to those developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division , with the advantage of script (writing system ) independence, and hence useful for people or systems using non-Latin scripts.

The alphabetic country codes were first included in ISO 3166 in 1974, and the numeric country codes were first included in 1981. The country codes have been published as ISO 3166-1 since 1997, when ISO 3166 was expanded into three parts, with ISO 3166-2 defining codes for subdivisions and ISO 3166-3 defining codes for former countries .

As a widely used international standard, ISO 3166-1 is implemented in other standards and used by international organizations to allow facilitation of the exchange of goods and information. However, it is not the only standard for country codes. Other country codes used by many international organizations are partly or totally incompatible with ISO 3166-1, although some of them closely correspond to ISO 3166-1 codes.

CONTENTS

* 1 Criteria for inclusion * 2 Information included

* 3 Naming and code construction

* 3.1 Naming and disputes * 3.2 Coding

* 4 Current codes

* 4.1 Officially assigned code elements * 4.2 Reserved and user-assigned code elements

* 5 Changes * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Sources and external links

CRITERIA FOR INCLUSION

Currently 249 countries, territories, or areas of geographical interest are assigned official codes in ISO 3166-1. According to the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), the only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:

* United Nations
United Nations
Terminology Bulletin Country
Country
Names, or * Country
Country
and Region Codes for Statistical Use of the UN Statistics Division.

To be listed in the bulletin Country
Country
Names, a country must be at least one of the following:

* A member state of the United Nations
United Nations
* A member of one of its specialized agencies * A party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice

The list of names in Country
Country
and Region Codes for Statistical Use of the UN Statistics Division is based on the bulletin Country
Country
Names and other UN sources.

Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default.

The ISO 3166/MA may reserve code elements for other entities that do not qualify for inclusion based on the above criteria. For example, because the European Union is not a country, it is not formally included in ISO 3166-1, but for practical reasons, the ISO 3166/MA has "reserved the two-letter combination EU for the purpose of identifying the European Union within the framework of ISO 3166-1".

INFORMATION INCLUDED

ISO 3166-1 is published officially in both English and French . Since the second edition of ISO 3166-1, the following columns are included for each entry:

* Country
Country
Name – English (or French) short name (all upper-case) * English (or French) short name (upper/lower case) * English (or French) full name * Alpha-2 code * Alpha-3 code * Numeric code * Remarks * Independent (# denotes the country is considered a sovereign state ) * Additional information: Administrative language(s) alpha-2 code element(s) * Additional information: Administrative language(s) alpha-3 code element(s) * Additional information: Local short name(s)

NAMING AND CODE CONSTRUCTION

NAMING AND DISPUTES

The International Organization for Standardization uses the country names chosen by the United Nations
United Nations
, some of which are disputed.

The country names used in ISO 3166-1 are taken from the two UN sources mentioned above. Some country names used by the UN, and accordingly by ISO, are subject to dispute: See also: List of states with limited recognition

SHORT NAME UPPER CASE IN ISO 3166 SHORT NAME LOWER CASE IN ISO 3166 INDEPENDENT OR NOT IN ISO 3166 LOCAL SHORT NAME LANGUAGE(S) DISPUTES

CHINA China Yes Zhongguo Chinese Sovereignty dispute : China
China
is de facto divided into the People's Republic of China
Republic of China
as the full name in ISO 3166 and the Republic of China
China
(Taiwan) not widely recognized.

CYPRUS Cyprus Yes Kýpros

Kıbrıs Greek

Turkish Sovereignty dispute : Cyprus
Cyprus
is de facto divided into the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
as the full name in ISO 3166 and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
not widely recognized.

FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS) Falkland Islands (the) No Falkland Islands (the) English Sovereignty dispute : The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
administers the Falkland Islands and Argentina
Argentina
claims this group of islands as Malvinas.

MACEDONIA, THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) Yes Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija Macedonian Naming dispute : ISO 3166 follows the provisional reference used by the United Nations
United Nations
for the Republic of Macedonia .

PALESTINE, STATE OF Palestine, State of No Dawlat Filasţīn Arabic Sovereignty dispute : Following the recognition of Palestine as a non-member UN state in 2012, the official designation used in ISO 3166-1 was changed from "Palestinian Territory, Occupied " to "Palestine, State of ".

TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA Taiwan
Taiwan
(Province of China) No Taiwan Chinese Sovereignty and naming dispute: In 2007, the Republic of China filed a lawsuit before a Swiss civil court against the ISO, arguing that the ISO's use of the United Nations
United Nations
name rather than "Republic of China
China
(Taiwan)" violates Taiwan
Taiwan
's name rights. On 9 September 2010, a panel of the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
decided, by three votes to two, to dismiss the suit as presenting a political question not subject to Swiss civil jurisdiction.

WESTERN SAHARA Western Sahara
Western Sahara
No Aş Şaḩrā' al Gharbīyah Arabic Sovereignty dispute : Morocco
Morocco
de facto controls the territory, claimed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
.

CODING

The codes are chosen, according to the ISO 3166/MA, "to reflect the significant, unique component of the country name in order to allow a visual association between country name and country code". For this reason, common components of country names like "Republic", "Kingdom", "United", "Federal" or "Democratic" are normally not used for deriving the code elements. As a consequence, for example, the United Kingdom is officially assigned the alpha-2 code GB rather than UK, based on its official name " United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (although UK is reserved on the request of the United Kingdom). Some codes are chosen based on the native names of the countries. For example, Germany
Germany
is assigned the alpha-2 code DE, based on its native name "Deutschland".

CURRENT CODES

OFFICIALLY ASSIGNED CODE ELEMENTS

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding list of the countries which are assigned official codes. It is listed in alphabetical order by the English short country name (upper/lower case) used by the ISO 3166/MA.

Note: Each country's alpha-2 code is linked to more information about the assignment of its code elements.

ENGLISH SHORT NAME (UPPER/LOWER CASE) ALPHA-2 CODE ALPHA-3 CODE NUMERIC CODE LINK TO ISO 3166-2 SUBDIVISION CODES INDEPENDENT

Afghanistan
Afghanistan
AF AFG 004 ISO 3166-2:AF Yes

Aland Islands ! Åland Islands
Åland Islands
AX ALA 248 ISO 3166-2:AX No

Albania
Albania
AL ALB 008 ISO 3166-2:AL Yes

Algeria
Algeria
DZ DZA 012 ISO 3166-2:DZ Yes

American Samoa AS ASM 016 ISO 3166-2:AS No

Andorra
Andorra
AD AND 020 ISO 3166-2:AD Yes

Angola
Angola
AO AGO 024 ISO 3166-2:AO Yes

Anguilla AI AIA 660 ISO 3166-2:AI No

Antarctica
Antarctica
AQ ATA 010 ISO 3166-2:AQ No

Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG 028 ISO 3166-2:AG Yes

Argentina
Argentina
AR ARG 032 ISO 3166-2:AR Yes

Armenia
Armenia
AM ARM 051 ISO 3166-2:AM Yes

Aruba
Aruba
AW ABW 533 ISO 3166-2:AW No

Australia
Australia
AU AUS 036 ISO 3166-2:AU Yes

Austria
Austria
AT AUT 040 ISO 3166-2:AT Yes

Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
AZ AZE 031 ISO 3166-2:AZ Yes

Bahamas
Bahamas
BS BHS 044 ISO 3166-2:BS Yes

Bahrain
Bahrain
BH BHR 048 ISO 3166-2:BH Yes

Bangladesh BD BGD 050 ISO 3166-2:BD Yes

Barbados
Barbados
BB BRB 052 ISO 3166-2:BB Yes

Belarus
Belarus
BY BLR 112 ISO 3166-2:BY Yes

Belgium
Belgium
BE BEL 056 ISO 3166-2:BE Yes

Belize
Belize
BZ BLZ 084 ISO 3166-2:BZ Yes

Benin
Benin
BJ BEN 204 ISO 3166-2:BJ Yes

Bermuda
Bermuda
BM BMU 060 ISO 3166-2:BM No

Bhutan
Bhutan
BT BTN 064 ISO 3166-2:BT Yes

Bolivia (Plurinational State of) BO BOL 068 ISO 3166-2:BO Yes

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba BQ BES 535 ISO 3166-2:BQ No

Bosnia and Herzegovina BA BIH 070 ISO 3166-2:BA Yes

Botswana
Botswana
BW BWA 072 ISO 3166-2:BW Yes

Bouvet Island BV BVT 074 ISO 3166-2:BV No

Brazil
Brazil
BR BRA 076 ISO 3166-2:BR Yes

British Indian Ocean Territory
British Indian Ocean Territory
IO IOT 086 ISO 3166-2:IO No

Brunei Darussalam BN BRN 096 ISO 3166-2:BN Yes

Bulgaria
Bulgaria
BG BGR 100 ISO 3166-2:BG Yes

Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
BF BFA 854 ISO 3166-2:BF Yes

Burundi BI BDI 108 ISO 3166-2:BI Yes

Cabo Verde CV CPV 132 ISO 3166-2:CV Yes

Cambodia
Cambodia
KH KHM 116 ISO 3166-2:KH Yes

Cameroon
Cameroon
CM CMR 120 ISO 3166-2:CM Yes

Canada
Canada
CA CAN 124 ISO 3166-2:CA Yes

Cayman Islands KY CYM 136 ISO 3166-2:KY No

Central African Republic
Central African Republic
CF CAF 140 ISO 3166-2:CF Yes

Chad
Chad
TD TCD 148 ISO 3166-2:TD Yes

Chile
Chile
CL CHL 152 ISO 3166-2:CL Yes

China
China
CN CHN 156 ISO 3166-2:CN Yes

Christmas Island CX CXR 162 ISO 3166-2:CX No

Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
CC CCK 166 ISO 3166-2:CC No

Colombia
Colombia
CO COL 170 ISO 3166-2:CO Yes

Comoros KM COM 174 ISO 3166-2:KM Yes

Congo CG COG 178 ISO 3166-2:CG Yes

Congo (Democratic Republic of the) CD COD 180 ISO 3166-2:CD Yes

Cook Islands CK COK 184 ISO 3166-2:CK No

Costa Rica CR CRI 188 ISO 3166-2:CR Yes

Cote d'Ivoire !Côte d\'Ivoire CI CIV 384 ISO 3166-2:CI Yes

Croatia
Croatia
HR HRV 191 ISO 3166-2:HR Yes

Cuba
Cuba
CU CUB 192 ISO 3166-2:CU Yes

Curacao ! Curaçao
Curaçao
CW CUW 531 ISO 3166-2:CW No

Cyprus
Cyprus
CY CYP 196 ISO 3166-2:CY Yes

Czechia
Czechia
CZ CZE 203 ISO 3166-2:CZ Yes

Denmark
Denmark
DK DNK 208 ISO 3166-2:DK Yes

Djibouti
Djibouti
DJ DJI 262 ISO 3166-2:DJ Yes

Dominica DM DMA 212 ISO 3166-2:DM Yes

Dominican Republic DO DOM 214 ISO 3166-2:DO Yes

Ecuador
Ecuador
EC ECU 218 ISO 3166-2:EC Yes

Egypt
Egypt
EG EGY 818 ISO 3166-2:EG Yes

El Salvador SV SLV 222 ISO 3166-2:SV Yes

Equatorial Guinea GQ GNQ 226 ISO 3166-2:GQ Yes

Eritrea
Eritrea
ER ERI 232 ISO 3166-2:ER Yes

Estonia
Estonia
EE EST 233 ISO 3166-2:EE Yes

Ethiopia
Ethiopia
ET ETH 231 ISO 3166-2:ET Yes

Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK FLK 238 ISO 3166-2:FK No

Faroe Islands FO FRO 234 ISO 3166-2:FO No

Fiji FJ FJI 242 ISO 3166-2:FJ Yes

Finland
Finland
FI FIN 246 ISO 3166-2:FI Yes

France
France
FR FRA 250 ISO 3166-2:FR Yes

French Guiana GF GUF 254 ISO 3166-2:GF No

French Polynesia PF PYF 258 ISO 3166-2:PF No

French Southern Territories TF ATF 260 ISO 3166-2:TF No

Gabon GA GAB 266 ISO 3166-2:GA Yes

Gambia
Gambia
GM GMB 270 ISO 3166-2:GM Yes

Georgia GE GEO 268 ISO 3166-2:GE Yes

Germany
Germany
DE DEU 276 ISO 3166-2:DE Yes

Ghana
Ghana
GH GHA 288 ISO 3166-2:GH Yes

Gibraltar
Gibraltar
GI GIB 292 ISO 3166-2:GI No

Greece
Greece
GR GRC 300 ISO 3166-2:GR Yes

Greenland
Greenland
GL GRL 304 ISO 3166-2:GL No

Grenada GD GRD 308 ISO 3166-2:GD Yes

Guadeloupe GP GLP 312 ISO 3166-2:GP No

Guam GU GUM 316 ISO 3166-2:GU No

Guatemala
Guatemala
GT GTM 320 ISO 3166-2:GT Yes

Guernsey
Guernsey
GG GGY 831 ISO 3166-2:GG No

Guinea
Guinea
GN GIN 324 ISO 3166-2:GN Yes

Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
GW GNB 624 ISO 3166-2:GW Yes

Guyana GY GUY 328 ISO 3166-2:GY Yes

Haiti
Haiti
HT HTI 332 ISO 3166-2:HT Yes

Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
HM HMD 334 ISO 3166-2:HM No

Holy See VA VAT 336 ISO 3166-2:VA Yes

Honduras
Honduras
HN HND 340 ISO 3166-2:HN Yes

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
HK HKG 344 ISO 3166-2:HK No

Hungary
Hungary
HU HUN 348 ISO 3166-2:HU Yes

Iceland
Iceland
IS ISL 352 ISO 3166-2:IS Yes

India
India
IN IND 356 ISO 3166-2:IN Yes

Indonesia
Indonesia
ID IDN 360 ISO 3166-2:ID Yes

Iran (Islamic Republic of) IR IRN 364 ISO 3166-2:IR Yes

Iraq
Iraq
IQ IRQ 368 ISO 3166-2:IQ Yes

Ireland IE IRL 372 ISO 3166-2:IE Yes

Isle of Man IM IMN 833 ISO 3166-2:IM No

Israel
Israel
IL ISR 376 ISO 3166-2:IL Yes

Italy
Italy
IT ITA 380 ISO 3166-2:IT Yes

Jamaica
Jamaica
JM JAM 388 ISO 3166-2:JM Yes

Japan
Japan
JP JPN 392 ISO 3166-2:JP Yes

Jersey
Jersey
JE JEY 832 ISO 3166-2:JE No

Jordan
Jordan
JO JOR 400 ISO 3166-2:JO Yes

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
KZ KAZ 398 ISO 3166-2:KZ Yes

Kenya
Kenya
KE KEN 404 ISO 3166-2:KE Yes

Kiribati KI KIR 296 ISO 3166-2:KI Yes

Korea (Democratic People\'s Republic of) KP PRK 408 ISO 3166-2:KP Yes

Korea (Republic of) KR KOR 410 ISO 3166-2:KR Yes

Kuwait
Kuwait
KW KWT 414 ISO 3166-2:KW Yes

Kyrgyzstan KG KGZ 417 ISO 3166-2:KG Yes

Lao People\'s Democratic Republic LA LAO 418 ISO 3166-2:LA Yes

Latvia
Latvia
LV LVA 428 ISO 3166-2:LV Yes

Lebanon
Lebanon
LB LBN 422 ISO 3166-2:LB Yes

Lesotho
Lesotho
LS LSO 426 ISO 3166-2:LS Yes

Liberia
Liberia
LR LBR 430 ISO 3166-2:LR Yes

Libya
Libya
LY LBY 434 ISO 3166-2:LY Yes

Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
LI LIE 438 ISO 3166-2:LI Yes

Lithuania
Lithuania
LT LTU 440 ISO 3166-2:LT Yes

Luxembourg
Luxembourg
LU LUX 442 ISO 3166-2:LU Yes

Macao
Macao
MO MAC 446 ISO 3166-2:MO No

Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) MK MKD 807 ISO 3166-2:MK Yes

Madagascar
Madagascar
MG MDG 450 ISO 3166-2:MG Yes

Malawi
Malawi
MW MWI 454 ISO 3166-2:MW Yes

Malaysia
Malaysia
MY MYS 458 ISO 3166-2:MY Yes

Maldives
Maldives
MV MDV 462 ISO 3166-2:MV Yes

Mali
Mali
ML MLI 466 ISO 3166-2:ML Yes

Malta
Malta
MT MLT 470 ISO 3166-2:MT Yes

Marshall Islands MH MHL 584 ISO 3166-2:MH Yes

Martinique
Martinique
MQ MTQ 474 ISO 3166-2:MQ No

Mauritania
Mauritania
MR MRT 478 ISO 3166-2:MR Yes

Mauritius
Mauritius
MU MUS 480 ISO 3166-2:MU Yes

Mayotte YT MYT 175 ISO 3166-2:YT No

Mexico
Mexico
MX MEX 484 ISO 3166-2:MX Yes

Micronesia (Federated States of) FM FSM 583 ISO 3166-2:FM Yes

Moldova (Republic of) MD MDA 498 ISO 3166-2:MD Yes

Monaco
Monaco
MC MCO 492 ISO 3166-2:MC Yes

Mongolia
Mongolia
MN MNG 496 ISO 3166-2:MN Yes

Montenegro
Montenegro
ME MNE 499 ISO 3166-2:ME Yes

Montserrat MS MSR 500 ISO 3166-2:MS No

Morocco
Morocco
MA MAR 504 ISO 3166-2:MA Yes

Mozambique
Mozambique
MZ MOZ 508 ISO 3166-2:MZ Yes

Myanmar
Myanmar
MM MMR 104 ISO 3166-2:MM Yes

Namibia
Namibia
NA NAM 516 ISO 3166-2:NA Yes

Nauru
Nauru
NR NRU 520 ISO 3166-2:NR Yes

Nepal
Nepal
NP NPL 524 ISO 3166-2:NP Yes

Netherlands
Netherlands
NL NLD 528 ISO 3166-2:NL Yes

New Caledonia
New Caledonia
NC NCL 540 ISO 3166-2:NC No

New Zealand
New Zealand
NZ NZL 554 ISO 3166-2:NZ Yes

Nicaragua NI NIC 558 ISO 3166-2:NI Yes

Niger
Niger
NE NER 562 ISO 3166-2:NE Yes

Nigeria
Nigeria
NG NGA 566 ISO 3166-2:NG Yes

Niue
Niue
NU NIU 570 ISO 3166-2:NU No

Norfolk Island NF NFK 574 ISO 3166-2:NF No

Northern Mariana Islands MP MNP 580 ISO 3166-2:MP No

Norway
Norway
NO NOR 578 ISO 3166-2:NO Yes

Oman
Oman
OM OMN 512 ISO 3166-2:OM Yes

Pakistan
Pakistan
PK PAK 586 ISO 3166-2:PK Yes

Palau
Palau
PW PLW 585 ISO 3166-2:PW Yes

Palestine, State of PS PSE 275 ISO 3166-2:PS No

Panama
Panama
PA PAN 591 ISO 3166-2:PA Yes

Papua New Guinea
Guinea
PG PNG 598 ISO 3166-2:PG Yes

Paraguay
Paraguay
PY PRY 600 ISO 3166-2:PY Yes

Peru
Peru
PE PER 604 ISO 3166-2:PE Yes

Philippines
Philippines
PH PHL 608 ISO 3166-2:PH Yes

Pitcairn
Pitcairn
PN PCN 612 ISO 3166-2:PN No

Poland
Poland
PL POL 616 ISO 3166-2:PL Yes

Portugal
Portugal
PT PRT 620 ISO 3166-2:PT Yes

Puerto Rico PR PRI 630 ISO 3166-2:PR No

Qatar QA QAT 634 ISO 3166-2:QA Yes

Reunion ! Réunion
Réunion
RE REU 638 ISO 3166-2:RE No

Romania
Romania
RO ROU 642 ISO 3166-2:RO Yes

Russian Federation RU RUS 643 ISO 3166-2:RU Yes

Rwanda
Rwanda
RW RWA 646 ISO 3166-2:RW Yes

Saint Barthelemy ! Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
BL BLM 652 ISO 3166-2:BL No

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
SH SHN 654 ISO 3166-2:SH No

Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA 659 ISO 3166-2:KN Yes

Saint Lucia LC LCA 662 ISO 3166-2:LC Yes

Saint Martin (French part) MF MAF 663 ISO 3166-2:MF No

Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
PM SPM 666 ISO 3166-2:PM No

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT 670 ISO 3166-2:VC Yes

Samoa
Samoa
WS WSM 882 ISO 3166-2:WS Yes

San Marino SM SMR 674 ISO 3166-2:SM Yes

Sao Tome and Principe ST STP 678 ISO 3166-2:ST Yes

Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
SA SAU 682 ISO 3166-2:SA Yes

Senegal
Senegal
SN SEN 686 ISO 3166-2:SN Yes

Serbia
Serbia
RS SRB 688 ISO 3166-2:RS Yes

Seychelles SC SYC 690 ISO 3166-2:SC Yes

Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
SL SLE 694 ISO 3166-2:SL Yes

Singapore
Singapore
SG SGP 702 ISO 3166-2:SG Yes

Sint Maarten (Dutch part) SX SXM 534 ISO 3166-2:SX No

Slovakia
Slovakia
SK SVK 703 ISO 3166-2:SK Yes

Slovenia
Slovenia
SI SVN 705 ISO 3166-2:SI Yes

Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
SB SLB 090 ISO 3166-2:SB Yes

Somalia
Somalia
SO SOM 706 ISO 3166-2:SO Yes

South Africa
South Africa
ZA ZAF 710 ISO 3166-2:ZA Yes

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
GS SGS 239 ISO 3166-2:GS No

South Sudan
South Sudan
SS SSD 728 ISO 3166-2:SS Yes

Spain
Spain
ES ESP 724 ISO 3166-2:ES Yes

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
LK LKA 144 ISO 3166-2:LK Yes

Sudan
Sudan
SD SDN 729 ISO 3166-2:SD Yes

Suriname SR SUR 740 ISO 3166-2:SR Yes

Svalbard and Jan Mayen SJ SJM 744 ISO 3166-2:SJ No

Swaziland
Swaziland
SZ SWZ 748 ISO 3166-2:SZ Yes

Sweden
Sweden
SE SWE 752 ISO 3166-2:SE Yes

Switzerland
Switzerland
CH CHE 756 ISO 3166-2:CH Yes

Syrian Arab Republic SY SYR 760 ISO 3166-2:SY Yes

Taiwan, Province of China
China
TW TWN 158 ISO 3166-2:TW No

Tajikistan TJ TJK 762 ISO 3166-2:TJ Yes

Tanzania, United Republic of TZ TZA 834 ISO 3166-2:TZ Yes

Thailand
Thailand
TH THA 764 ISO 3166-2:TH Yes

Timor-Leste TL TLS 626 ISO 3166-2:TL Yes

Togo
Togo
TG TGO 768 ISO 3166-2:TG Yes

Tokelau
Tokelau
TK TKL 772 ISO 3166-2:TK No

Tonga TO TON 776 ISO 3166-2:TO Yes

Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
TT TTO 780 ISO 3166-2:TT Yes

Tunisia
Tunisia
TN TUN 788 ISO 3166-2:TN Yes

Turkey
Turkey
TR TUR 792 ISO 3166-2:TR Yes

Turkmenistan TM TKM 795 ISO 3166-2:TM Yes

Turks and Caicos Islands TC TCA 796 ISO 3166-2:TC No

Tuvalu
Tuvalu
TV TUV 798 ISO 3166-2:TV Yes

Uganda
Uganda
UG UGA 800 ISO 3166-2:UG Yes

Ukraine
Ukraine
UA UKR 804 ISO 3166-2:UA Yes

United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
AE ARE 784 ISO 3166-2:AE Yes

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland GB GBR 826 ISO 3166-2:GB Yes

United States of America US USA 840 ISO 3166-2:US Yes

United States Minor Outlying Islands
United States Minor Outlying Islands
UM UMI 581 ISO 3166-2:UM No

Uruguay
Uruguay
UY URY 858 ISO 3166-2:UY Yes

Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
UZ UZB 860 ISO 3166-2:UZ Yes

Vanuatu
Vanuatu
VU VUT 548 ISO 3166-2:VU Yes

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) VE VEN 862 ISO 3166-2:VE Yes

Viet Nam VN VNM 704 ISO 3166-2:VN Yes

Virgin Islands (British) VG VGB 092 ISO 3166-2:VG No

Virgin Islands (U.S.) VI VIR 850 ISO 3166-2:VI No

Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna
WF WLF 876 ISO 3166-2:WF No

Western Sahara
Western Sahara
EH ESH 732 ISO 3166-2:EH No

Yemen
Yemen
YE YEM 887 ISO 3166-2:YE Yes

Zambia ZM ZMB 894 ISO 3166-2:ZM Yes

Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
ZW ZWE 716 ISO 3166-2:ZW Yes

RESERVED AND USER-ASSIGNED CODE ELEMENTS

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.

Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. Codes are usually reserved for former countries, overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status. The reserved alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes can be divided into the following four categories (click on the links for the reserved codes of each category):

* Alpha-2 : exceptional reservations , transitional reservations , indeterminate reservations , and codes currently agreed not to use * Alpha-3 : exceptional reservations , transitional reservations , indeterminate reservations , and codes currently agreed not to use * Numeric: no reserved codes

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following codes can be user-assigned:

* Alpha-2 : AA, QM to QZ, XA to XZ, and ZZ * Alpha-3 : AAA to AAZ, QMA to QZZ, XAA to XZZ, and ZZA to ZZZ * Numeric : 900 to 999

CHANGES

The ISO 3166/MA updates ISO 3166-1 when necessary. A country is usually assigned new ISO 3166-1 codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. In general, new alphabetic codes are assigned if a country changes a significant part of its name, while a new numeric code is assigned if a country changes its territorial boundaries. Codes for formerly used country names that were deleted from ISO 3166-1 are published in ISO 3166-3 .

ISO used to announce changes in newsletters which updated the currently valid standard, and releasing new editions which comprise a consolidation of newsletter changes. As of July 2013, changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore. Past newsletters remain available through the search option on the ISO website.

EDITION/NEWSLETTER DATE ISSUED CONTENTS

ISO 3166:1974 1974 First edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166:1981 1981 Second edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166:1988 1988-08-15 Third edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166:1994 1994-02-10 Fourth edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166-1:1997 1997-09-25 First edition of ISO 3166-1 ( ISO 3166 expanded into three parts)

Newsletter V-1 1998-02-05 Change of official name ( Samoa
Samoa
)

Newsletter V-2 1999-10-01 Inclusion of new country name and code elements (Palestinian Territory, Occupied )

Newsletter V-3 2002-02-01 Change of alpha-3 Code
Code
Element ( Romania
Romania
)

Newsletter V-4 2002-05-20 Name changes ( Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
, Bahrain
Bahrain
, Bosnia and Herzegovina , Fiji , Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kiribati , Macao
Macao
, Niue , Somalia
Somalia
, Venezuela
Venezuela
)

Newsletter V-5 2002-05-20 Change of names and alphabetical code elements of East Timor

Newsletter V-6 2002-11-15 Change of names of East Timor

Newsletter V-7 2003-01-14 Change of official name of Comoros

Newsletter V-8 2003-07-23 Deletion of "Yugoslavia "; inclusion of " Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro
Montenegro
" with new alphabetical code elements

Newsletter V-9 2004-02-13 Inclusion of an entry for Åland Islands
Åland Islands

Newsletter V-10 2004-04-26 Name changes ( Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, Åland Islands
Åland Islands
)

Newsletter V-11 2006-03-29 Inclusion of an entry for Jersey
Jersey
, Guernsey
Guernsey
and Isle of Man . Change of remark for the United Kingdom
United Kingdom

Newsletter V-12 2006-09-26 Inclusion of the new entries for " Serbia
Serbia
" and " Montenegro
Montenegro
" (replacing Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro
Montenegro
)

ISO 3166-1:2006 2006-11-20 Second edition of ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1:2006/ Cor 1:2007 2007-07-15 First Technical Corrigendum to ISO 3166-1:2006

Newsletter VI-1 2007-09-21 Assignment of code elements for Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
and Saint Martin and update of France
France
and other French Territories ( French Polynesia , French Southern Territories , Guadeloupe , Réunion
Réunion
)

Newsletter VI-2 2008-03-31 Name changes for Moldova
Moldova
, Montenegro
Montenegro
and other minor corrections ( Madagascar
Madagascar
, Palestinian Territory, Occupied , Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
)

Newsletter VI-3 2008-09-09 Name change for Nepal
Nepal
and other minor corrections ( Greenland
Greenland
, Guernsey
Guernsey
, Moldova
Moldova
, Nigeria
Nigeria
)

Newsletter VI-4 2009-01-07 Name change for the Republic of Moldova
Moldova
and other minor corrections ( Central African Republic
Central African Republic
, Comoros )

Newsletter VI-5 2009-03-03 Name change for Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Venezuela
and other minor corrections ( Kiribati , Tuvalu
Tuvalu
)

Newsletter VI-6 2009-05-08 Name change for Plurinational State of Bolivia
Bolivia

Newsletter VI-7 2010-02-22 Name change for Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Newsletter VI-8 2010-12-15 Code
Code
elements for Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba , Curaçao
Curaçao
and Sint Maarten (Dutch part) , update of other territories ( Netherlands
Netherlands
, Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles ) and minor corrections ( Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia
Croatia
)

Newsletter VI-9 2011-06-12 (corrected 2011-07-14) Name changes for Fiji and Myanmar
Myanmar
as well as other minor corrections ( Åland Islands
Åland Islands
, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba , Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, Netherlands
Netherlands
, Niue
Niue
)

Newsletter VI-10 2011-08-09 Code
Code
elements for South Sudan
South Sudan
(and new numeric code for Sudan
Sudan
)

Newsletter VI-11 2011-11-08 Name change for Libya
Libya

Newsletter VI-12 2012-02-15 Name change for Hungary
Hungary
and other minor corrections ( Bangladesh , Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba , Central African Republic
Central African Republic
, Equatorial Guinea , Eritrea
Eritrea
, Germany
Germany
)

Newsletter VI-13 2012-08-02 Name change for Eritrea
Eritrea
and other minor corrections ( Germany
Germany
, Sri Lanka )

Newsletter VI-14 2013-02-06 Name change for State of Palestine and other minor corrections ( Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, Bouvet Island , Jersey
Jersey
, Saint Martin (French part) , Seychelles , Sint Maarten (Dutch part) , Viet Nam )

Newsletter VI-15 2013-05-10 Name change for Papua New Guinea
Guinea

Newsletter VI-16 2013-07-11 Name change for Somalia
Somalia

ISO 3166-1:2013 2013-11-19 Third edition of ISO 3166-1 (changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore)

SEE ALSO

* ISO 639 – Codes for the representation of names of languages

NOTES

* ^ Taiwan
Taiwan
is included as a subdivision of China
China
because of its political status within the United Nations
United Nations
, as, even though it is de facto under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China
Republic of China
instead of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
, the United Nations
United Nations
does not recognize the Republic of China
Republic of China
and considers Taiwan
Taiwan
as part of China. In ISO 3166-1, Taiwan
Taiwan
is listed as "Taiwan, Province of China".

REFERENCES

* ^ " ISO 3166 – FAQs – General questions". International Organization for Standardization (ISO). * ^ "Development of ISO 3166". ISO. * ^ "Implementation of ISO 3166-1". ISO. * ^ "You and ISO 3166". ISO. * ^ "Links". ISO. * ^ " ISO 3166-1 and ccTLDs". ISO. * ^ "Qualifying top-level domain strings: Eligible categories of top-level domains". Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority. Retrieved February 25, 2014. * ^ " ISO 3166 – FAQs – General Questions". ISO. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06. * ^ A B C " ISO 3166 – FAQs – Specific". ISO. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. * ^ " ISO 3166 information for CN". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. * ^ " ISO 3166 information for CY". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. * ^ " ISO 3166 information for FK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. * ^ "Falkland Islands Government". Retrieved 2016-12-22. * ^ " ISO 3166 information for MK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. * ^ " ISO 3166 information for PS". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. Remark: Conventional names. * ^ "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations". United Nations Statistics Division. * ^ " ISO 3166 information for TW". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. * ^ " Taiwan
Taiwan
sues ISO over incorrect reference". Taipei Representative Office in the UK. * ^ Felber, René (10 September 2010). "Umweg über Zivilrichter unzulässig: Taiwans Kampf um seinen Namen". Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
(in German). p. 14. * ^ "Urteil vom 9. September 2010 (5A_329/2009)" (PDF) (in German). Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. * ^ "Arrêt du 9 septembre 2010 (5A_329/2009)" (PDF) (in French). Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. * ^ " ISO 3166 information for EH". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-25. Remark: Provisional name. * ^ " Country
Country
names and code elements". ISO. – Note: The source actually shows only the " Country
Country
Name" element, in all upper-case. The table here has been upper/lower-cased per standards, but should closely resemble the upper/lower-case elements that are not freely available from the ISO. * ^ "Customizing ISO 3166-1". ISO. * ^ " ISO 3166 – FAQs – General Questions". ISO. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06. * ^ " ISO 3166-1 - New access". ISO.

SOURCES AND EXTERNAL LINKS

* ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency,

.