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The Info List - ISO 3166-1


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ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes. It defines three sets of country codes:[1]

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
– two-letter country codes which are the most widely used of the three[citation needed], and used most prominently for the Internet's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions). ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 – three-letter country codes which allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the alpha-2 codes. ISO 3166-1 numeric – three-digit country codes which are identical to those developed and maintained by the United Nations
United Nations
Statistics Division, with the advantage of script (writing system) independence, and hence useful for people or systems using non-Latin scripts.

The alphabetic country codes were first included in ISO 3166 in 1974, and the numeric country codes were first included in 1981. The country codes have been published as ISO 3166-1 since 1997, when ISO 3166 was expanded into three parts, with ISO 3166-2 defining codes for subdivisions and ISO 3166-3 defining codes for former countries.[2] As a widely used international standard, ISO 3166-1 is implemented in other standards and used by international organizations[3] to allow facilitation of the exchange of goods and information.[4] However, it is not the only standard for country codes. Other country codes used by many international organizations are partly or totally incompatible with ISO 3166-1,[5] although some of them closely correspond to ISO 3166-1 codes.

Contents

1 Criteria for inclusion 2 Information included 3 Naming and code construction

3.1 Naming and disputes 3.2 Coding

4 Current codes

4.1 Officially assigned code elements 4.2 Reserved and user-assigned code elements

5 Changes 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Sources and external links

Criteria for inclusion[edit] Currently 249 countries, territories, or areas of geographical interest are assigned official codes in ISO 3166-1. According to the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), the only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:[6]

United Nations
United Nations
Terminology Bulletin Country
Country
Names, or Country
Country
and Region Codes for Statistical Use of the UN Statistics Division.

To be listed in the bulletin Country
Country
Names, a country must be at least one of the following:[7]

A member state of the United Nations A member of one of its specialized agencies A party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice

The list of names in Country
Country
and Region Codes for Statistical Use of the UN Statistics Division is based on the bulletin Country
Country
Names and other UN sources. Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default. The ISO 3166/MA may reserve code elements for other entities that do not qualify for inclusion based on the above criteria.[8] For example, because the European Union
European Union
is not a country, it is not formally included in ISO 3166-1, but for practical reasons, the ISO 3166/MA has "reserved the two-letter combination EU for the purpose of identifying the European Union
European Union
within the framework of ISO 3166-1".[9] Information included[edit] ISO 3166-1 is published officially in both English and French. Since the second edition of ISO 3166-1, the following columns are included for each entry:

Country
Country
Name – English (or French) short name (all upper-case) English (or French) short name (upper/lower case) English (or French) full name Alpha-2 code Alpha-3 code Numeric code Remarks Independent (# denotes the country is considered a sovereign state) Additional information: Administrative language(s) alpha-2 code element(s) Additional information: Administrative language(s) alpha-3 code element(s) Additional information: Local short name(s)

Naming and code construction[edit] Naming and disputes[edit]

The International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
uses the country names chosen by the United Nations, some of which are disputed.

The country names used in ISO 3166-1 are taken from the two UN sources mentioned above. Some country names used by the UN, and accordingly by ISO, are subject to dispute: See also: List of states with limited recognition

Short name upper case in ISO 3166 Short name lower case in ISO 3166 Independent or not in ISO 3166 Local short name Language(s) Disputes

CHINA China Yes[10] Zhongguo Chinese Sovereignty dispute: China
China
is de facto divided into the People's Republic of China
Republic of China
as the full name in ISO 3166 and the Republic of China
China
(Taiwan) not widely recognized.

CYPRUS Cyprus Yes[11] Kýpros

Kıbrıs Greek

Turkish Sovereignty dispute: Cyprus
Cyprus
is de facto divided into the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus
as the full name in ISO 3166 and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
not widely recognized.

FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS) Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas] No[12] Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas] English Sovereignty dispute: The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
administers the Falkland Islands[13] and Argentina
Argentina
claims this group of islands as Malvinas.

MACEDONIA, THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) Yes[14] Makedonija, poranešna jugoslovenska republika Macedonian Naming dispute: ISO 3166 follows the provisional reference used by the United Nations
United Nations
for the Republic of Macedonia.

PALESTINE, STATE OF Palestine, State of No[15] Dawlat Filasţīn Arabic Sovereignty dispute: Following the recognition of Palestine as a non-member UN state in 2012, the official designation used in ISO 3166-1 was changed from "Palestinian Territory, Occupied" to "Palestine, State of".[16]

TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA Taiwan
Taiwan
(Province of China) No[17] Taiwan Chinese Sovereignty and naming dispute:[9] In 2007, the Republic of China filed a lawsuit before a Swiss civil court against the ISO, arguing that the ISO's use of the United Nations
United Nations
name rather than "Republic of China
China
(Taiwan)" violates Taiwan's name rights.[18] On 9 September 2010, a panel of the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
decided, by three votes to two, to dismiss the suit as presenting a political question not subject to Swiss civil jurisdiction.[19][20][21]

WESTERN SAHARA Western Sahara No[22] Aş Şaḩrā' al Gharbīyah Arabic Sovereignty dispute: Morocco
Morocco
de facto controls the territory, claimed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

Coding[edit] The codes are chosen, according to the ISO 3166/MA, "to reflect the significant, unique component of the country name in order to allow a visual association between country name and country code".[9] For this reason, common components of country names like "Republic", "Kingdom", "United", "Federal" or "Democratic" are normally not used for deriving the code elements. As a consequence, for example, the United Kingdom is officially assigned the alpha-2 code GB rather than UK, based on its official name " United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (although UK is reserved on the request of the United Kingdom). Some codes are chosen based on the native names of the countries. For example, Germany
Germany
is assigned the alpha-2 code DE, based on its native name "Deutschland". Current codes[edit] Officially assigned code elements[edit] The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding list of the countries which are assigned official codes. It is listed in alphabetical order by the English short country name (upper/lower case) used by the ISO 3166/MA.[23] Note: Each country's alpha-2 code is linked to more information about the assignment of its code elements.

English short name (upper/lower case) Alpha-2 code Alpha-3 code Numeric code Link to ISO 3166-2 subdivision codes Independent

Afghanistan AF AFG 004 ISO 3166-2:AF Yes

Aland Islands !Åland Islands AX ALA 248 ISO 3166-2:AX No

Albania AL ALB 008 ISO 3166-2:AL Yes

Algeria DZ DZA 012 ISO 3166-2:DZ Yes

American Samoa AS ASM 016 ISO 3166-2:AS No

Andorra AD AND 020 ISO 3166-2:AD Yes

Angola AO AGO 024 ISO 3166-2:AO Yes

Anguilla AI AIA 660 ISO 3166-2:AI No

Antarctica AQ ATA 010 ISO 3166-2:AQ No

Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG 028 ISO 3166-2:AG Yes

Argentina AR ARG 032 ISO 3166-2:AR Yes

Armenia AM ARM 051 ISO 3166-2:AM Yes

Aruba AW ABW 533 ISO 3166-2:AW No

Australia AU AUS 036 ISO 3166-2:AU Yes

Austria AT AUT 040 ISO 3166-2:AT Yes

Azerbaijan AZ AZE 031 ISO 3166-2:AZ Yes

Bahamas BS BHS 044 ISO 3166-2:BS Yes

Bahrain BH BHR 048 ISO 3166-2:BH Yes

Bangladesh BD BGD 050 ISO 3166-2:BD Yes

Barbados BB BRB 052 ISO 3166-2:BB Yes

Belarus BY BLR 112 ISO 3166-2:BY Yes

Belgium BE BEL 056 ISO 3166-2:BE Yes

Belize BZ BLZ 084 ISO 3166-2:BZ Yes

Benin BJ BEN 204 ISO 3166-2:BJ Yes

Bermuda BM BMU 060 ISO 3166-2:BM No

Bhutan BT BTN 064 ISO 3166-2:BT Yes

Bolivia
Bolivia
(Plurinational State of) BO BOL 068 ISO 3166-2:BO Yes

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba BQ BES 535 ISO 3166-2:BQ No

Bosnia and Herzegovina BA BIH 070 ISO 3166-2:BA Yes

Botswana BW BWA 072 ISO 3166-2:BW Yes

Bouvet Island BV BVT 074 ISO 3166-2:BV No

Brazil BR BRA 076 ISO 3166-2:BR Yes

British Indian Ocean Territory IO IOT 086 ISO 3166-2:IO No

Brunei Darussalam BN BRN 096 ISO 3166-2:BN Yes

Bulgaria BG BGR 100 ISO 3166-2:BG Yes

Burkina Faso BF BFA 854 ISO 3166-2:BF Yes

Burundi BI BDI 108 ISO 3166-2:BI Yes

Cabo Verde CV CPV 132 ISO 3166-2:CV Yes

Cambodia KH KHM 116 ISO 3166-2:KH Yes

Cameroon CM CMR 120 ISO 3166-2:CM Yes

Canada CA CAN 124 ISO 3166-2:CA Yes

Cayman Islands KY CYM 136 ISO 3166-2:KY No

Central African Republic CF CAF 140 ISO 3166-2:CF Yes

Chad TD TCD 148 ISO 3166-2:TD Yes

Chile CL CHL 152 ISO 3166-2:CL Yes

China CN CHN 156 ISO 3166-2:CN Yes

Christmas Island CX CXR 162 ISO 3166-2:CX No

Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC CCK 166 ISO 3166-2:CC No

Colombia CO COL 170 ISO 3166-2:CO Yes

Comoros KM COM 174 ISO 3166-2:KM Yes

Congo CG COG 178 ISO 3166-2:CG Yes

Congo (Democratic Republic of the) CD COD 180 ISO 3166-2:CD Yes

Cook Islands CK COK 184 ISO 3166-2:CK No

Costa Rica CR CRI 188 ISO 3166-2:CR Yes

Cote d'Ivoire !Côte d'Ivoire CI CIV 384 ISO 3166-2:CI Yes

Croatia HR HRV 191 ISO 3166-2:HR Yes

Cuba CU CUB 192 ISO 3166-2:CU Yes

Curacao !Curaçao CW CUW 531 ISO 3166-2:CW No

Cyprus CY CYP 196 ISO 3166-2:CY Yes

Czechia CZ CZE 203 ISO 3166-2:CZ Yes

Denmark DK DNK 208 ISO 3166-2:DK Yes

Djibouti DJ DJI 262 ISO 3166-2:DJ Yes

Dominica DM DMA 212 ISO 3166-2:DM Yes

Dominican Republic DO DOM 214 ISO 3166-2:DO Yes

Ecuador EC ECU 218 ISO 3166-2:EC Yes

Egypt EG EGY 818 ISO 3166-2:EG Yes

El Salvador SV SLV 222 ISO 3166-2:SV Yes

Equatorial Guinea GQ GNQ 226 ISO 3166-2:GQ Yes

Eritrea ER ERI 232 ISO 3166-2:ER Yes

Estonia EE EST 233 ISO 3166-2:EE Yes

Ethiopia ET ETH 231 ISO 3166-2:ET Yes

Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK FLK 238 ISO 3166-2:FK No

Faroe Islands FO FRO 234 ISO 3166-2:FO No

Fiji FJ FJI 242 ISO 3166-2:FJ Yes

Finland FI FIN 246 ISO 3166-2:FI Yes

France FR FRA 250 ISO 3166-2:FR Yes

French Guiana GF GUF 254 ISO 3166-2:GF No

French Polynesia PF PYF 258 ISO 3166-2:PF No

French Southern Territories TF ATF 260 ISO 3166-2:TF No

Gabon GA GAB 266 ISO 3166-2:GA Yes

Gambia GM GMB 270 ISO 3166-2:GM Yes

Georgia GE GEO 268 ISO 3166-2:GE Yes

Germany DE DEU 276 ISO 3166-2:DE Yes

Ghana GH GHA 288 ISO 3166-2:GH Yes

Gibraltar GI GIB 292 ISO 3166-2:GI No

Greece GR GRC 300 ISO 3166-2:GR Yes

Greenland GL GRL 304 ISO 3166-2:GL No

Grenada GD GRD 308 ISO 3166-2:GD Yes

Guadeloupe GP GLP 312 ISO 3166-2:GP No

Guam GU GUM 316 ISO 3166-2:GU No

Guatemala GT GTM 320 ISO 3166-2:GT Yes

Guernsey GG GGY 831 ISO 3166-2:GG No

Guinea GN GIN 324 ISO 3166-2:GN Yes

Guinea-Bissau GW GNB 624 ISO 3166-2:GW Yes

Guyana GY GUY 328 ISO 3166-2:GY Yes

Haiti HT HTI 332 ISO 3166-2:HT Yes

Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM HMD 334 ISO 3166-2:HM No

Holy See VA VAT 336 ISO 3166-2:VA Yes

Honduras HN HND 340 ISO 3166-2:HN Yes

Hong Kong HK HKG 344 ISO 3166-2:HK No

Hungary HU HUN 348 ISO 3166-2:HU Yes

Iceland IS ISL 352 ISO 3166-2:IS Yes

India IN IND 356 ISO 3166-2:IN Yes

Indonesia ID IDN 360 ISO 3166-2:ID Yes

Iran (Islamic Republic of) IR IRN 364 ISO 3166-2:IR Yes

Iraq IQ IRQ 368 ISO 3166-2:IQ Yes

Ireland IE IRL 372 ISO 3166-2:IE Yes

Isle of Man IM IMN 833 ISO 3166-2:IM No

Israel IL ISR 376 ISO 3166-2:IL Yes

Italy IT ITA 380 ISO 3166-2:IT Yes

Jamaica JM JAM 388 ISO 3166-2:JM Yes

Japan JP JPN 392 ISO 3166-2:JP Yes

Jersey JE JEY 832 ISO 3166-2:JE No

Jordan JO JOR 400 ISO 3166-2:JO Yes

Kazakhstan KZ KAZ 398 ISO 3166-2:KZ Yes

Kenya KE KEN 404 ISO 3166-2:KE Yes

Kiribati KI KIR 296 ISO 3166-2:KI Yes

Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) KP PRK 408 ISO 3166-2:KP Yes

Korea (Republic of) KR KOR 410 ISO 3166-2:KR Yes

Kuwait KW KWT 414 ISO 3166-2:KW Yes

Kyrgyzstan KG KGZ 417 ISO 3166-2:KG Yes

Lao People's Democratic Republic LA LAO 418 ISO 3166-2:LA Yes

Latvia LV LVA 428 ISO 3166-2:LV Yes

Lebanon LB LBN 422 ISO 3166-2:LB Yes

Lesotho LS LSO 426 ISO 3166-2:LS Yes

Liberia LR LBR 430 ISO 3166-2:LR Yes

Libya LY LBY 434 ISO 3166-2:LY Yes

Liechtenstein LI LIE 438 ISO 3166-2:LI Yes

Lithuania LT LTU 440 ISO 3166-2:LT Yes

Luxembourg LU LUX 442 ISO 3166-2:LU Yes

Macao MO MAC 446 ISO 3166-2:MO No

Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) MK MKD 807 ISO 3166-2:MK Yes

Madagascar MG MDG 450 ISO 3166-2:MG Yes

Malawi MW MWI 454 ISO 3166-2:MW Yes

Malaysia MY MYS 458 ISO 3166-2:MY Yes

Maldives MV MDV 462 ISO 3166-2:MV Yes

Mali ML MLI 466 ISO 3166-2:ML Yes

Malta MT MLT 470 ISO 3166-2:MT Yes

Marshall Islands MH MHL 584 ISO 3166-2:MH Yes

Martinique MQ MTQ 474 ISO 3166-2:MQ No

Mauritania MR MRT 478 ISO 3166-2:MR Yes

Mauritius MU MUS 480 ISO 3166-2:MU Yes

Mayotte YT MYT 175 ISO 3166-2:YT No

Mexico MX MEX 484 ISO 3166-2:MX Yes

Micronesia (Federated States of) FM FSM 583 ISO 3166-2:FM Yes

Moldova
Moldova
(Republic of) MD MDA 498 ISO 3166-2:MD Yes

Monaco MC MCO 492 ISO 3166-2:MC Yes

Mongolia MN MNG 496 ISO 3166-2:MN Yes

Montenegro ME MNE 499 ISO 3166-2:ME Yes

Montserrat MS MSR 500 ISO 3166-2:MS No

Morocco MA MAR 504 ISO 3166-2:MA Yes

Mozambique MZ MOZ 508 ISO 3166-2:MZ Yes

Myanmar MM MMR 104 ISO 3166-2:MM Yes

Namibia NA NAM 516 ISO 3166-2:NA Yes

Nauru NR NRU 520 ISO 3166-2:NR Yes

Nepal NP NPL 524 ISO 3166-2:NP Yes

Netherlands NL NLD 528 ISO 3166-2:NL Yes

New Caledonia NC NCL 540 ISO 3166-2:NC No

New Zealand NZ NZL 554 ISO 3166-2:NZ Yes

Nicaragua NI NIC 558 ISO 3166-2:NI Yes

Niger NE NER 562 ISO 3166-2:NE Yes

Nigeria NG NGA 566 ISO 3166-2:NG Yes

Niue NU NIU 570 ISO 3166-2:NU No

Norfolk Island NF NFK 574 ISO 3166-2:NF No

Northern Mariana Islands MP MNP 580 ISO 3166-2:MP No

Norway NO NOR 578 ISO 3166-2:NO Yes

Oman OM OMN 512 ISO 3166-2:OM Yes

Pakistan PK PAK 586 ISO 3166-2:PK Yes

Palau PW PLW 585 ISO 3166-2:PW Yes

Palestine, State of PS PSE 275 ISO 3166-2:PS No

Panama PA PAN 591 ISO 3166-2:PA Yes

Papua New Guinea PG PNG 598 ISO 3166-2:PG Yes

Paraguay PY PRY 600 ISO 3166-2:PY Yes

Peru PE PER 604 ISO 3166-2:PE Yes

Philippines PH PHL 608 ISO 3166-2:PH Yes

Pitcairn PN PCN 612 ISO 3166-2:PN No

Poland PL POL 616 ISO 3166-2:PL Yes

Portugal PT PRT 620 ISO 3166-2:PT Yes

Puerto Rico PR PRI 630 ISO 3166-2:PR No

Qatar QA QAT 634 ISO 3166-2:QA Yes

Reunion !Réunion RE REU 638 ISO 3166-2:RE No

Romania RO ROU 642 ISO 3166-2:RO Yes

Russian Federation RU RUS 643 ISO 3166-2:RU Yes

Rwanda RW RWA 646 ISO 3166-2:RW Yes

Saint Barthelemy !Saint Barthélemy BL BLM 652 ISO 3166-2:BL No

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha SH SHN 654 ISO 3166-2:SH No

Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA 659 ISO 3166-2:KN Yes

Saint Lucia LC LCA 662 ISO 3166-2:LC Yes

Saint Martin (French part) MF MAF 663 ISO 3166-2:MF No

Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM SPM 666 ISO 3166-2:PM No

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT 670 ISO 3166-2:VC Yes

Samoa WS WSM 882 ISO 3166-2:WS Yes

San Marino SM SMR 674 ISO 3166-2:SM Yes

Sao Tome and Principe ST STP 678 ISO 3166-2:ST Yes

Saudi Arabia SA SAU 682 ISO 3166-2:SA Yes

Senegal SN SEN 686 ISO 3166-2:SN Yes

Serbia RS SRB 688 ISO 3166-2:RS Yes

Seychelles SC SYC 690 ISO 3166-2:SC Yes

Sierra Leone SL SLE 694 ISO 3166-2:SL Yes

Singapore SG SGP 702 ISO 3166-2:SG Yes

Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
(Dutch part) SX SXM 534 ISO 3166-2:SX No

Slovakia SK SVK 703 ISO 3166-2:SK Yes

Slovenia SI SVN 705 ISO 3166-2:SI Yes

Solomon Islands SB SLB 090 ISO 3166-2:SB Yes

Somalia SO SOM 706 ISO 3166-2:SO Yes

South Africa ZA ZAF 710 ISO 3166-2:ZA Yes

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS SGS 239 ISO 3166-2:GS No

South Sudan SS SSD 728 ISO 3166-2:SS Yes

Spain ES ESP 724 ISO 3166-2:ES Yes

Sri Lanka LK LKA 144 ISO 3166-2:LK Yes

Sudan SD SDN 729 ISO 3166-2:SD Yes

Suriname SR SUR 740 ISO 3166-2:SR Yes

Svalbard and Jan Mayen SJ SJM 744 ISO 3166-2:SJ No

Swaziland SZ SWZ 748 ISO 3166-2:SZ Yes

Sweden SE SWE 752 ISO 3166-2:SE Yes

Switzerland CH CHE 756 ISO 3166-2:CH Yes

Syrian Arab Republic SY SYR 760 ISO 3166-2:SY Yes

Taiwan, Province of China[a] TW TWN 158 ISO 3166-2:TW No

Tajikistan TJ TJK 762 ISO 3166-2:TJ Yes

Tanzania, United Republic of TZ TZA 834 ISO 3166-2:TZ Yes

Thailand TH THA 764 ISO 3166-2:TH Yes

Timor-Leste TL TLS 626 ISO 3166-2:TL Yes

Togo TG TGO 768 ISO 3166-2:TG Yes

Tokelau TK TKL 772 ISO 3166-2:TK No

Tonga TO TON 776 ISO 3166-2:TO Yes

Trinidad and Tobago TT TTO 780 ISO 3166-2:TT Yes

Tunisia TN TUN 788 ISO 3166-2:TN Yes

Turkey TR TUR 792 ISO 3166-2:TR Yes

Turkmenistan TM TKM 795 ISO 3166-2:TM Yes

Turks and Caicos Islands TC TCA 796 ISO 3166-2:TC No

Tuvalu TV TUV 798 ISO 3166-2:TV Yes

Uganda UG UGA 800 ISO 3166-2:UG Yes

Ukraine UA UKR 804 ISO 3166-2:UA Yes

United Arab Emirates AE ARE 784 ISO 3166-2:AE Yes

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland GB GBR 826 ISO 3166-2:GB Yes

United States
United States
of America US USA 840 ISO 3166-2:US Yes

United States
United States
Minor Outlying Islands UM UMI 581 ISO 3166-2:UM No

Uruguay UY URY 858 ISO 3166-2:UY Yes

Uzbekistan UZ UZB 860 ISO 3166-2:UZ Yes

Vanuatu VU VUT 548 ISO 3166-2:VU Yes

Venezuela
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of) VE VEN 862 ISO 3166-2:VE Yes

Viet Nam VN VNM 704 ISO 3166-2:VN Yes

Virgin Islands (British) VG VGB 092 ISO 3166-2:VG No

Virgin Islands (U.S.) VI VIR 850 ISO 3166-2:VI No

Wallis and Futuna WF WLF 876 ISO 3166-2:WF No

Western Sahara EH ESH 732 ISO 3166-2:EH No

Yemen YE YEM 887 ISO 3166-2:YE Yes

Zambia ZM ZMB 894 ISO 3166-2:ZM Yes

Zimbabwe ZW ZWE 716 ISO 3166-2:ZW Yes

Reserved and user-assigned code elements[edit] Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.[24] Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. Codes are usually reserved for former countries, overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status. The reserved alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes can be divided into the following four categories (click on the links for the reserved codes of each category):

Alpha-2: exceptional reservations, transitional reservations, indeterminate reservations, and codes currently agreed not to use Alpha-3: exceptional reservations, transitional reservations, indeterminate reservations, and codes currently agreed not to use Numeric: no reserved codes

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following codes can be user-assigned:[25]

Alpha-2: AA, QM to QZ, XA to XZ, and ZZ Alpha-3: AAA to AAZ, QMA to QZZ, XAA to XZZ, and ZZA to ZZZ Numeric: 900 to 999

Changes[edit] The ISO 3166/MA updates ISO 3166-1 when necessary. A country is usually assigned new ISO 3166-1 codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. In general, new alphabetic codes are assigned if a country changes a significant part of its name, while a new numeric code is assigned if a country changes its territorial boundaries. Codes for formerly used country names that were deleted from ISO 3166-1 are published in ISO 3166-3. ISO used to announce changes in newsletters which updated the currently valid standard, and releasing new editions which comprise a consolidation of newsletter changes. As of July 2013, changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore. Past newsletters remain available through the search option on the ISO website.[26]

Edition/Newsletter Date issued Contents

ISO 3166:1974 1974 First edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166:1981 1981 Second edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166:1988 1988-08-15 Third edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166:1994 1994-02-10 Fourth edition of ISO 3166

ISO 3166-1:1997 1997-09-25 First edition of ISO 3166-1 ( ISO 3166 expanded into three parts)

Newsletter V-1 1998-02-05 Change of official name (Samoa)

Newsletter V-2 1999-10-01 Inclusion of new country name and code elements (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)

Newsletter V-3 2002-02-01 Change of alpha-3 Code
Code
Element (Romania)

Newsletter V-4 2002-05-20 Name changes (Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Fiji, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Macao, Niue, Somalia, Venezuela)

Newsletter V-5 2002-05-20 Change of names and alphabetical code elements of East Timor

Newsletter V-6 2002-11-15 Change of names of East Timor

Newsletter V-7 2003-01-14 Change of official name of Comoros

Newsletter V-8 2003-07-23 Deletion of "Yugoslavia"; inclusion of " Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro" with new alphabetical code elements

Newsletter V-9 2004-02-13 Inclusion of an entry for Åland Islands

Newsletter V-10 2004-04-26 Name changes (Afghanistan, Åland Islands)

Newsletter V-11 2006-03-29 Inclusion of an entry for Jersey, Guernsey
Guernsey
and Isle of Man. Change of remark for the United Kingdom

Newsletter V-12 2006-09-26 Inclusion of the new entries for "Serbia" and "Montenegro" (replacing Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro)

ISO 3166-1:2006 2006-11-20 Second edition of ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1:2006/ Cor 1:2007 2007-07-15 First Technical Corrigendum to ISO 3166-1:2006

Newsletter VI-1 2007-09-21 Assignment of code elements for Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
and Saint Martin and update of France
France
and other French Territories (French Polynesia, French Southern Territories, Guadeloupe, Réunion)

Newsletter VI-2 2008-03-31 Name changes for Moldova, Montenegro
Montenegro
and other minor corrections (Madagascar, Palestinian Territory, Occupied, Saint Barthélemy)

Newsletter VI-3 2008-09-09 Name change for Nepal
Nepal
and other minor corrections (Greenland, Guernsey, Moldova, Nigeria)

Newsletter VI-4 2009-01-07 Name change for the Republic of Moldova
Moldova
and other minor corrections (Central African Republic, Comoros)

Newsletter VI-5 2009-03-03 Name change for Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Venezuela
and other minor corrections (Kiribati, Tuvalu)

Newsletter VI-6 2009-05-08 Name change for Plurinational State of Bolivia

Newsletter VI-7 2010-02-22 Name change for Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Newsletter VI-8 2010-12-15 Code
Code
elements for Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba, Curaçao
Curaçao
and Sint Maarten (Dutch part), update of other territories (Netherlands, Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles) and minor corrections (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia)

Newsletter VI-9 2011-06-12 (corrected 2011-07-14) Name changes for Fiji
Fiji
and Myanmar
Myanmar
as well as other minor corrections (Åland Islands, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Bulgaria, Netherlands, Niue)

Newsletter VI-10 2011-08-09 Code
Code
elements for South Sudan
South Sudan
(and new numeric code for Sudan)

Newsletter VI-11 2011-11-08 Name change for Libya

Newsletter VI-12 2012-02-15 Name change for Hungary
Hungary
and other minor corrections (Bangladesh, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Germany)

Newsletter VI-13 2012-08-02 Name change for Eritrea
Eritrea
and other minor corrections (Germany, Sri Lanka)

Newsletter VI-14 2013-02-06 Name change for State of Palestine
State of Palestine
and other minor corrections (Bulgaria, Bouvet Island, Jersey, Saint Martin (French part), Seychelles, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
(Dutch part), Viet Nam)

Newsletter VI-15 2013-05-10 Name change for Papua New Guinea

Newsletter VI-16 2013-07-11 Name change for Somalia

ISO 3166-1:2013 2013-11-19 Third edition of ISO 3166-1 (changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore)

See also[edit]

ISO 639 – Codes for the representation of names of languages

Notes[edit]

^ Taiwan
Taiwan
is included as a subdivision of China
China
because of its political status within the United Nations, as, even though it is de facto under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China
Republic of China
instead of the People's Republic of China, the United Nations
United Nations
does not recognize the Republic of China
Republic of China
and considers Taiwan
Taiwan
as part of China. In ISO 3166-1, Taiwan
Taiwan
is listed as "Taiwan, Province of China".

References[edit]

^ " ISO 3166 – FAQs – General questions". International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO).  ^ "Development of ISO 3166". ISO.  ^ "Implementation of ISO 3166-1". ISO.  ^ "You and ISO 3166". ISO.  ^ "Links". ISO.  ^ " ISO 3166-1 and ccTLDs". ISO.  ^ "Qualifying top-level domain strings: Eligible categories of top-level domains". Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority. Retrieved February 25, 2014.  ^ " ISO 3166 – FAQs – General Questions". ISO. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06.  ^ a b c " ISO 3166 – FAQs – Specific". ISO. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16.  ^ " ISO 3166 information for CN". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ " ISO 3166 information for CY". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ " ISO 3166 information for FK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ "Falkland Islands Government". Archived from the original on 2016-12-11. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ " ISO 3166 information for MK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ " ISO 3166 information for PS". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. Remark: Conventional names.  ^ "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations". United Nations Statistics Division.  ^ " ISO 3166 information for TW". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ " Taiwan
Taiwan
sues ISO over incorrect reference". Taipei Representative Office in the UK. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18.  ^ Felber, René (10 September 2010). "Umweg über Zivilrichter unzulässig: Taiwans Kampf um seinen Namen". Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
(in German). p. 14.  ^ "Urteil vom 9. September 2010 (5A_329/2009)" [Decision of 9 September 2010 (5A_329/2009)] (PDF) (in German). Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011.  ^ "Arrêt du 9 septembre 2010 (5A_329/2009)" [Decision of 9 September 2010 (5A_329/2009)] (PDF) (in French). Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2010.  ^ " ISO 3166 information for EH". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-25. Remark: Provisional name.  ^ " Country
Country
names and code elements". ISO.  – Note: The source actually shows only the " Country
Country
Name" element, in all upper-case. The table here has been upper/lower-cased per standards, but should closely resemble the upper/lower-case elements that are not freely available from the ISO. ^ "Customizing ISO 3166-1". ISO.  ^ " ISO 3166 – FAQs – General Questions". ISO. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06.  ^ " ISO 3166-1 - New access". ISO. 

Sources and external links[edit]

ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO)

Country
Country
names and code elements — list of alpha-2 codes

Standard Country
Country
or Area Codes for Statistical Use, United Nations Statistics Division

Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations — list of alpha-3 and numeric codes (a few territories officially assigned codes in ISO 3166-1 are not included in this list)

The World Factbook
The World Factbook
(public domain), Central Intelligence Agency

Appendix D – Cross-Reference List of Country
Country
Data Codes — comparison of FIPS 10, ISO 3166, and STANAG 1059 country codes

Administrative Divisions of Countries ("Statoids"), Statoids.com

Country
Country
codes — comparison of ISO 3166-1 country codes with other country codes

v t e

ISO 3166 codes for the names of countries and their subdivisions

ISO codes for the names of countries and their (administrative) subdivisions

ISO 3166-1 country codes

alpha-2 alpha-3 numeric

ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes

AD AE AF AG AI AL AM AO AQ AR AS AT AU AW AX AZ BA BB BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BL BM BN BO BQ BR BS BT BV BW BY BZ CA CC CD CF CG CH CI CK CL CM CN CO CR CU CV CW CX CY CZ DE DJ DK DM DO DZ EC EE EG EH ER ES ET FI FJ FK FM FO FR GA GB GD GE GF GG GH GI GL GM GN GP GQ GR GS GT GU GW GY HK HM HN HR HT HU ID IE IL IM IN IO IQ IR IS IT JE JM JO JP KE KG KH KI KM KN KP KR KW KY KZ LA LB LC LI LK LR LS LT LU LV LY MA MC MD ME MF MG MH MK ML MM MN MO MP MQ MR MS MT MU MV MW MX MY MZ NA NC NE NF NG NI NL NO NP NR NU NZ OM PA PE PF PG PH PK PL PM PN PR PS PT PW PY QA RE RO RS RU RW SA SB SC SD SE SG SH SI SJ SK SL SM SN SO SR SS ST SV SX SY SZ TC TD TF TG TH TJ TK TLa TM TN TO TR TT TV TW TZ UA UG UM US UY UZ VA VC VE VG VI VN VU WF WS YE YT ZA ZM ZW

Deleted

AN CSb

ISO 3166-3 codes for former names of countries

List

a Changed from TP b Changed from YU

v t e

ISO standards by standard number

List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards

1–9999

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31

-0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13

128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639

-1 -2 -3 -5 -6

646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166

-1 -2 -3

3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859

-1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16

8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995

10000–19999

10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303

-11 -21 -22 -28 -238

10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211

-1 -2

13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496

-2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20

14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444

-3

15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706

-2

15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831

20000+

20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000

-1 -2

.