ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization
* 1 Parts * 2 Editions
* 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency
* 3.1 Members
* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
It consists of three parts:
ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and
their subdivisions – Part 1:
* ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 – two-letter country codes which are the most widely used of the three, and used most prominently for the Internet 's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions, e.g. uk instead of GB for United Kingdom). * ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 – three-letter country codes which allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the alpha-2 codes. * ISO 3166-1 numeric – three-digit country codes which are identical to those developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division , with the advantage of script (writing system ) independence, and hence useful for people or systems using non-Latin scripts .
ISO 3166-2 , Codes for the representation of names of countries
and their subdivisions – Part 2:
The first edition of ISO 3166 was published in 1974, which included only alphabetic country codes. The second edition, published in 1981, also included numeric country codes, with the third and fourth editions published in 1988 and 1993 respectively. The fifth edition, published between 1997 and 1999, was expanded into three parts to include codes for subdivisions and former countries.
ISO 3166 MAINTENANCE AGENCY
ISO 3166 standard is maintained by the
ISO 3166 Maintenance
Agency (ISO 3166/MA), located at the ISO central office in
* To add and to eliminate country names (respectively, country subdivision names) and to assign code elements to them; * To publish lists of country names (respectively, country subdivision names) and code elements; * To maintain a reference list of all country code elements and country subdivision code elements used and their period of use; * To issue newsletters announcing changes to the code tables; * To advise users on the application of ISO 3166.
There are fourteen experts with voting rights on the ISO 3166/MA. Eight are representatives of national standards organizations :
Association française de normalisation (AFNOR) –
The other six are representatives of major United Nations agencies or other international organizations who are all users of ISO 3166-1:
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
International Telecommunication Union
The ISO 3166/MA has further associated members who do not participate in the votes but who, through their expertise, have significant influence on the decision-taking procedure in the maintenance agency.
* ^ "What is ISO 3166?". International Organization for
* ISO 3166