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ISO/IEC JTC 1 is a joint technical committee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Its purpose is to develop, maintain and promote standards in the fields of information technology (IT) and Information and Communications Technology (ICT).

JTC 1 has been responsible for many critical IT standards, ranging from the Moving Picture Experts Group of MPEG video format fame[a] to the C++ programming language.[b]

History

ISO/IEC JTC 1 was formed in 1987 as a merger between ISO/TC 97 (Information Technology) and IEC/TC 83, with IEC/SC 47B joining later. The intent was to bring together, in a single committee, the IT standardization activities of the two parent organizations in order to avoid duplicative or possibly incompatible standards. At the time of its formation, the mandate of JTC 1 was to develop base standards in information technology upon which other technical committees could build. This would allow for the development of domain and application specific standards that could be applicable to specific business domains, while also ensuring the interoperation and function of the standards on a consistent base.[2]

In its first 15 years, JTC 1 brought about many standards in the information technology sector, including standards in the fields of multimedia (such as MPEG), IC cards (or "smart cards"), ICT security, programming languages, and character sets (such as the Universal Character Set).[2][3] In the early 2000s, the organization expanded its standards development into fields such as security and authentication, bandwidth/connection management, storage and data management, software and systems engineering, service protocols, portable computing devices, and certain societal aspects such as data protection and cultural and linguistic adaptability.

For more than 25 years, JTC 1 has provided a standards development environment where experts come together to develop worldwide Information and Communication Technology (ICT) standards for business and consumer applications. JTC 1 is also addressing such critical areas as teleconferences and e-meetings, cloud data management interface, biometrics in identity management, sensor networks for smart grid systems, and corporate governance of ICT implementation. As technologies converge, JTC 1 acts as a system integrator, especially in areas of standardization in which many consortia and forums are active. JTC 1 provides the standards approval environment for integrating diverse and complex ICT technologies. These standards rely upon the core infrastructure technologies developed by JTC 1 centers of expertise complemented by specifications developed in other organizations.[4][5] There are over 2800 published JTC 1 standards developed by some 2100 technical experts from around the world, many of which are freely available for download.[6][7]

Leadership

In 2008, Ms. Karen Higginbottom was elected chair.[8] In a 2013 interview, she described priorities, including cloud computing standards and adaptations of existing standards.[9] After Karen's nine-year term expired in 2017, Mr. Phil Wennblom was elected chair at the JTC 1 Plenary meeting in Vladivostok, Russia.

ISO/IEC JTC 1 is a joint technical committee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Its purpose is to develop, maintain and promote standards in the fields of information technology (IT) and Information and Communications Technology (ICT).

JTC 1 has been responsible for many critical IT standards, ranging from the Moving Picture Experts Group of MPEG video format fame[a] to the C++ programming language.[b]

ISO/IEC JTC 1 was formed in 1987 as a merger between ISO/TC 97 (Information Technology) and IEC/TC 83, with IEC/SC 47B joining later. The intent was to bring together, in a single committee, the IT standardization activities of the two parent organizations in order to avoid duplicative or possibly incompatible standards. At the time of its formation, the mandate of JTC 1 was to develop base standards in information technology upon which other technical committees could build. This would allow for the development of domain and application specific standards that could be applicable to specific business domains, while also ensuring the interoperation and function of the standards on a consistent base.[2]

In its first 15 years, JTC 1 brought about many standards in the information technology sector, including standards in the fields of multimedia (such as MPEG), IC cards (or "smart cards"), ICT security, programming languages, and character sets (such as the Universal Character Set).[2][3] In the early 2000s, the organization expanded its standards development into fields such as security and authentication, bandwidth/connection management, storage and data management, software and systems engineering, service protocols, portable computing devices, and certain societal aspects such as data protection and cultural and linguistic adaptability.

For more than 25 years, JTC 1 has provided a standards development environment where experts come together to develop worldwide Information and Communication Technology (ICT) standards for business and consumer applications. JTC 1 is also addressing such critical areas as teleconferences and e-meetings, cloud data management interface, biometrics in identity management, sensor networks for smart grid systems, and corporate governance of ICT implementation. As technologies converge, JTC 1 acts as a system integrator, especially in areas of standardization in which many consortia and forums are active. JTC 1 provides the standards approval environment for integrating diverse and complex ICT technologies. These standards rely upon the core infrastructure technologies developed by JTC 1 centers of expertise complemented by specifica

In its first 15 years, JTC 1 brought about many standards in the information technology sector, including standards in the fields of multimedia (such as MPEG), IC cards (or "smart cards"), ICT security, programming languages, and character sets (such as the Universal Character Set).[2][3] In the early 2000s, the organization expanded its standards development into fields such as security and authentication, bandwidth/connection management, storage and data management, software and systems engineering, service protocols, portable computing devices, and certain societal aspects such as data protection and cultural and linguistic adaptability.

For more than 25 years, JTC 1 has provided a standards development environment where experts come together to develop worldwide Information and Communication Technology (ICT) standards for business and consumer applications. JTC 1 is also addressing such critical areas as teleconferences and e-meetings, cloud data management interface, biometrics in identity management, sensor networks for smart grid systems, and corporate governance of ICT implementation. As technologies converge, JTC 1 acts as a system integrator, especially in areas of standardization in which many consortia and forums are active. JTC 1 provides the standards approval environment for integrating diverse and complex ICT technologies. These standards rely upon the core infrastructure technologies developed by JTC 1 centers of expertise complemented by specifications developed in other organizations.[4][5] There are over 2800 published JTC 1 standards developed by some 2100 technical experts from around the world, many of which are freely available for download.[6][7]

In 2008, Ms. Karen Higginbottom was elected chair.[8] In a 2013 interview, she described priorities, including cloud computing standards and adaptations of existing standards.[9] After Karen's nine-year term expired in 2017, Mr. Phil Wennblom was elected chair at the JTC 1 Plenary meeting in Vladivostok, Russia.

PAS processJTC 1 has implemented a 'publicly available specification' (PAS) process. The PAS process allows a PAS to be approved as an ISO/IEC standard within 9 months. Consortia, such as OASIS, Trusted Computing Group (TCG), The Open Group, Object Management Group (OMG), W3C, Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF), Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA), Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), GS1, Spice User Group, Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF), NESMA, and Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) use this process to transpose their specifications in an efficient manner into ISO/IEC standards.[10]

Scope and mission

Most work on the development of standards is done by subcommittees (SCs), each of which deals with a particular field. Most of these subcommittees have several working groups (WGs). Subcommittees, working groups, special working groups (SWGs), and study groups (SGs) within JTC 1 are:working groups (WGs). Subcommittees, working groups, special working groups (SWGs), and study groups (SGs) within JTC 1 are:[13]

Subcommittee/Working Group/Special Working Group Title
ISO/IEC JTC 1/JAG JTC 1 Advisory Group
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SG 1 (disbanded) Smart Cities
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SG 2 (disbanded) Big Data
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SG 3 3D Printing and scanning
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SWG 1 (disbanded) Accessibility (SWG-A)
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SWG 2 (disbanded) Directives
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SWG 3 (disbanded) Planning
See also

Notes

  1. ^ The MPEG format is standardized under the ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29 subcommittee on coding audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information; working group 11 is Motion Picture Experts Group; formally the "working group on coding of moving pictures and audio".
  2. ^ C++ is standardized under the ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 22 subcommittee on programming languages; working group 21 is the "C++ standards committee".

References

  1. ^ "ISO/IEC JTC 1". www.iso.org. Retrieved 2017-06-18.