HOME
The Info List - ISCED


--- Advertisement ---



The International Standard Classification of Education
Education
(ISCED) is a statistical framework for organizing information on education maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). It is a member of the international family of economic and social classifications of the United Nations.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Content

2.1 ISCED 1997 levels of education 2.2 ISCED 2011 levels of education and comparison with ISCED 1997 2.3 ISCED 2011 levels, categories, and sub-categories 2.4 ISCED 1997 fields of education

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The ISCED was designed in the early 1970s to serve ‘as an instrument suitable for assembling, compiling and presenting statistics of education both within individual countries and internationally’.[2] The first version, known as ISCED 1976, was approved by the International Conference on Education
Education
(Geneva, 1975), and was subsequently endorsed by UNESCO’s 19th General Conference in 1976. The second version, known as ISCED 1997, was approved by the UNESCO General Conference at its 29th session in November 1997 as part of efforts to increase the international comparability of education statistics. It covered primarily two cross-classification variables: levels (7) and fields of education (25). The UNESCO
UNESCO
Institute for Statistics led the development of a third version, which was adopted by UNESCO’s 36th General Conference in November 2011 and which will replace ISCED 1997 in international data collections in the coming years.[3] ISCED 2011 has 9 rather than 7 levels, created by dividing the tertiary pre-doctorate level into three levels. It also extended the lowest level (ISCED 0) to cover a new sub-category of early childhood educational development programmes, which target children below the age of 3 years. During the review and revision, which led to the adoption of ISCED 2011, UNESCO
UNESCO
Member States agreed that the fields of education should be examined in a separate process. This review is now underway with the view to establishing an independent but related classification called the ISCED Fields of Education
Education
and Training. Related materials from the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training and also Eurostat
Eurostat
provide further information and statistical guidance for the classification of sub-fields of education as a companion to ISCED.[4][5] Content[edit] ISCED 1997 levels of education[edit]

Level Description Principal characteristics

0 Pre-primary education Initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to develop their cognitive, physical, social and emotional skills. Designed for children from age 3 to the start of primary education.

1 Primary education
Primary education
or first stage of basic education Normally starting between the ages of 5 - 7, designed to give a sound basic education in reading, writing and mathematics along with an elementary understanding of other subjects.

2 Lower secondary education or second stage of basic education Designed to complete basic education, usually on a more subject-oriented pattern. It builds upon the learning outcomes from primary education (ISCED level 1) and aims to lay the foundation for lifelong learning and human development.

3 Upper secondary education More specialized education typically beginning at age 15 or 16 years and/or completes secondary education in preparation for tertiary education, or to provide skills relevant to employment, or both.

4 Post-secondary non-tertiary education Programmes that straddle the boundary between upper- and post-secondary education from an international point of view. ISCED level 4 programmes, considering their content, cannot be regarded as tertiary programmes. They are often not significantly more advanced than programmes at ISCED level 3 but they serve to broaden the knowledge of participants who have already completed a programme at level 3.

5 First stage of tertiary education Tertiary programmes having an educational content more advanced than those offered at ISCED levels 3 and 4. These programmes may be academically based or practically oriented / occupationally specific. Entry to these programmes normally requires the successful completion of ISCED level 3A or 3B or a similar qualification at ISCED level 4A. All degrees and qualifications are cross-classified by type of programmes, position in national degree or qualification structures and cumulative duration at tertiary.

6 Second stage of tertiary education Tertiary programmes leading to the award of an advanced research qualification, e.g. Ph.D.
Ph.D.
These programmes are therefore devoted to advanced study and original research and are not based on course-work only. It typically requires the submission of a thesis or dissertation of publishable quality which is the product of original research and represents a significant contribution to knowledge.

ISCED 2011 levels of education and comparison with ISCED 1997[edit]

Level ISCED 2011 Description Corresponding ISCED 1997 level

0 Early childhood Education
Education
(01 Early childhood educational development) Education
Education
designed to support early development in preparation for participation in school and society. Programmes designed for children below the age of 3. None

0 Early childhood Education
Education
(02 Pre-primary education) Education
Education
designed to support early development in preparation for participation in school and society. Programmes designed for children from age 3 to the start of primary education. Level 0: Pre-primary education.

1 Primary education Programmes typically designed to provide students with fundamental skills in reading, writing and mathematics and to establish a solid foundation for learning. Level 1: Primary education
Primary education
or first stage of basic education.

2 Lower secondary education First stage of secondary education building on primary education, typically with a more subject-oriented curriculum. Level 2: Lower secondary education or second stage of basic education

3 Upper secondary education Second/final stage of secondary education preparing for tertiary education and/or providing skills relevant to employment. Usually with an increased range of subject options and streams. Level 3: Upper secondary education

4 Post-secondary non-tertiary education Programmes providing learning experiences that build on secondary education and prepare for labour market entry and/or tertiary education. The content is broader than secondary but not as complex as tertiary education. Level 4: Post-secondary non-tertiary education

5 Short-cycle tertiary education Short first tertiary programmes that are typically practically-based, occupationally-specific and prepare for labour market entry. These programmes may also provide a pathway to other tertiary programmes. Level 5B: First stage of tertiary education: typically shorter, more practical/technical/occupationally specific programmes leading to professional qualifications.

6 Bachelor or equivalent Programmes designed to provide intermediate academic and/or professional knowledge, skills and competencies leading to a first tertiary degree or equivalent qualification. Level 5A: First stage of tertiary education: largely theoretically based programmes intended to provide qualifications for gaining entry into more advanced research programmes and professions with higher skills requirements.

7 Master or equivalent Programmes designed to provide advanced academic and/or professional knowledge, skills and competencies leading to a second tertiary degree or equivalent qualification. Level 5A: First stage of tertiary education: largely theoretically based programmes intended to provide qualifications for gaining entry into more advanced research programmes and professions with higher skills requirements.

8 Doctoral or equivalent Programmes designed primarily to lead to an advanced research qualification, usually concluding with the submission and defense of a substantive dissertation of publishable quality based on original research. Level 6: Second stage of tertiary education (leading to an advanced research qualification).

ISCED 2011 levels, categories, and sub-categories[edit] Source:International Standard Classification of Education
Education
(ISCED). [6]

0 EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

01 Early childhood educational development

010 Early childhood educational development

02 Pre-primary education

020 Pre-primary education

1 PRIMARY EDUCATION

10 Primary education

100 Primary education

2 LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION

24 General

241 Insufficient for level completion or partial level completion, without direct access to upper secondary education 242 Sufficient for partial level completion, without direct access to upper secondary education 243 Sufficient for level completion, without direct access to upper secondary education 244 Sufficient for level completion, with direct access to upper secondary education

25 Vocational

251 Insufficient for level completion or partial level completion, without direct access to upper secondary education 252 Sufficient for partial level completion, without direct access to upper secondary education 253 Sufficient for level completion, without direct access to upper secondary education 254 Sufficient for level completion, with direct access to upper secondary education [6]

3 UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION

34 General

341 Insufficient for level completion or partial level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 342 Sufficient for partial level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 343 Sufficient for level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 344 Sufficient for level completion, with direct access to tertiary education

35 Vocational

351 Insufficient for level completion or partial level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 352 Sufficient for partial level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 353 Sufficient for level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 354 Sufficient for level completion, with direct access to tertiary education [6]

4 POST-SECONDARY NON-TERTIARY EDUCATION

44 General

441 Insufficient for level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 443 Sufficient for level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 444 Sufficient for level completion, with direct access to tertiary education

45 Vocational

451 Insufficient for level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 453 Sufficient for level completion, without direct access to tertiary education 454 Sufficient for level completion with, direct access to tertiary education [6]

5 SHORT-CYCLE TERTIARY EDUCATION

54 General

541 Insufficient for level completion 544 Sufficient for level completion

55 Vocational

551 Insufficient for level completion 554 Sufficient for level completion [6]

6 BACHELOR OR EQUIVALENT LEVEL

64 Academic

641 Insufficient for level completion 645 First degree (3-4 years) 646 Long first degree (more than 4 years) 647 Second or further degree (following a bachelor's or equivalent programme)

65 Professional

651 Insufficient for level completion 655 First degree (3-4 years) 656 Long first degree (more than 4 years) 657 Second or further degree (following a bachelor's or equivalent programme)

66 Orientation unspecified1

661 Insufficient for level completion 665 First degree (3-4 years) 666 Long first degree (more than 4 years) 667 Second or further degree (following a bachelor's or equivalent programme) [6]

7 MASTER OR EQUIVALENT LEVEL

74 Academic

741 Insufficient for level completion 746 Long first degree (at least 5 years) 747 Second or further degree (following a bachelor's or equivalent programme) 748 Second or further degree (following a master's or equivalent programme)

75 Professional

751 Insufficient for level completion 756 Long first degree (at least 5 years) 757 Second or further degree (following a bachelor's or equivalent programme) 758 Second or further degree (following a master's or equivalent programme)

76 Orientation unspecified1

761 Insufficient for level completion 766 Long first degree (at least 5 years) 767 Second or further degree (following a bachelor's or equivalent programme) 768 Second or further degree (following a master's or equivalent programme) [6]

8 DOCTORAL OR EQUIVALENT LEVEL

84 Academic

841 Insufficient for level completion 844 Sufficient for completion of level

85 Professional

851 Insufficient for level completion 854 Sufficient for completion of level

86 Orientation unspecified

861 Insufficient for level completion 864 Sufficient for completion of level [6]

9 NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED

99 Not elsewhere classified

999 Not elsewhere classified

ISCED 1997 fields of education[edit]

0 General programmes

01 Basic programmes 08 Literacy and numeracy 09 Personal development

1 Education

14 Teacher training and education science

2 Humanities and arts

21 Arts 22 Humanities

3 Social sciences, business and law

31 Social and behavioural science 32 Journalism and information 34 Business and administration 38 Law

4 Science

42 Life sciences 44 Physical sciences 46 Mathematics and statistics 48 Computing

5 Engineering, manufacturing and construction

52 Engineering and engineering trades 54 Manufacturing and processing 58 Architecture and building

6 Agriculture

62 Agriculture, forestry and fishery 64 Veterinary

7 Health and welfare

72 Health 76 Social services

8 Services

81 Personal services 84 Transport services 85 Environmental protection 86 Security services

Not known or unspecified

See also[edit]

UNESCO
UNESCO
nomenclature for fields of science and technology European Qualifications Framework (EQF) for a similar European-based level system

References[edit]

^ United Nations Statistics Division: UN Classifications Registry, retrieved 30-03-2011. ^ UNESCO. 2006. International Standard Classification of Education: ISCED 1997. http://www.uis.unesco.org/Library/Documents/isced97-en.pdf ^ Revision of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), retrieved 05-04-2012. ^ European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training
and Eurostat. 1999. Manual: Fields of training. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/Files/5092_EN.PDF ^ Eurostat, 1999. Manual: Fields of education and training. https://circabc.europa.eu/sd/d/a80a1f5a-6c22-47e3-b7d2-d5accd289b00/fields_of_education_education_and_training_manual_en.pdf[permanent dead link] ^ a b c d e f g h Annex III in the ISCED 2011 English.pdf Navigate to International Standard Classification of Education
Education
(ISCED)

External links[edit]

ISCED 2011 classification Roadmap to compare education systems: examples of how ISCED is applied to national education systems. EU Council Directive 2009/50/EC: ISCED 1997 education levels required for EU Blue Card Visa.

Authority control

.