The INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (IEEE,
pronounced "I triple E") is a professional association with its
corporate office in
New York City
* 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Organization * 4 Current Leadership * 5 Publications * 6 Educational activities * 7 IEEE Conferences * 8 Standards and development process * 9 Membership and member grades * 10 Awards * 11 Societies * 12 Technical councils * 13 Technical committees * 14 Organizational units * 15 IEEE Foundation * 16 See also * 17 References * 18 External links
IEEE stands for the "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers". The association is chartered under this full legal name. IEEE's membership has long been composed of engineers and scientists. Allied professionals who are members include computer scientists, software developers, information technology professionals, physicists, and medical doctors, in addition to IEEE's electrical and electronics engineering core. For this reason the organization no longer goes by the full name, except on legal business documents, and is referred to simply as IEEE.
The IEEE is dedicated to advancing technological innovation and
excellence. It has about 420,000 members in about 160 countries,
slightly less than half of whom reside in the
The major interests of the AIEE were wire communications (telegraphy and telephony ) and light and power systems. The IRE concerned mostly radio engineering, and was formed from two smaller organizations, the Society of Wireless and Telegraph Engineers and the Wireless Institute. With the rise of electronics in the 1930s, electronics engineers usually became members of the IRE, but the applications of electron tube technology became so extensive that the technical boundaries differentiating the IRE and the AIEE became difficult to distinguish. After World War II, the two organizations became increasingly competitive, and in 1961, the leadership of both the IRE and the AIEE resolved to consolidate the two organizations. The two organizations formally merged as the IEEE on January 1, 1963.
Notable presidents of IEEE and its founding organizations include
The IEEE is incorporated under the Not-for-Profit Corporation Law of the state of New York . It was formed in 1963 by the merger of the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE, founded 1912) and the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE, founded 1884).
The IEEE serves as a major publisher of scientific journals and
organizer of conferences , workshops, and symposia (many of which have
associated published proceedings ). It is also a leading standards
development organization for the development of industrial standards
(having developed over 900 active industry technical standards ) in a
broad range of disciplines, including electric power and energy ,
biomedical technology and healthcare , information technology ,
information assurance , telecommunications, consumer electronics,
transportation, aerospace, and nanotechnology . IEEE develops and
participates in educational activities such as accreditation of
electrical engineering programs in institutes of higher learning. The
IEEE logo is a diamond-shaped design which illustrates the right hand
grip rule embedded in
IEEE has a dual complementary regional and technical structure –
with organizational units based on geography (e.g., the IEEE
The IEEE includes 39 technical Societies, organized around specialized technical fields, with more than 300 local organizations that hold regular meetings.
The IEEE Standards Association is in charge of the standardization activities of the IEEE.
The IEEE History Center became a feeder organization to the Engineering and Technology History Wiki (ETHW) in 2015. The new ETHW is a cooperative effort by various engineering societies as a formal repository of topic articles, oral histories, first-hand histories, Landmarks + Milestones and archival documents. The IEEE History Center is annexed to Stevens University Hoboken, NJ.
In 2016, the IEEE acquired GlobalSpec , adding the provision of engineering data for a profit to its organizational portfolio.
Karen Bartleson is 2017 President and CEO of IEEE. She has over thirty-five years of experience in the semiconductor industry and retired as Senior Director of Corporate Programs and Initiatives at Synopsis, a company that specializes in electronic design automation. Bartleson was President of the IEEE Standards Association in 2013 and 2014 where she led the development of a new strategic plan, among other projects.
Main article: List of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers publications
IEEE produces over 30% of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, publishing well over 100 peer-reviewed journals .
The published content in these journals as well as the content from several hundred annual conferences sponsored by the IEEE are available in the IEEE online digital library, IEEE _Xplore_, for subscription-based access and individual publication purchases.
In addition to journals and conference proceedings, the IEEE also publishes tutorials and standards that are produced by its standardization committees.
The IEEE provides learning opportunities within the engineering sciences, research, and technology.
IEEE offers educational opportunities such as _IEEE e Learning Library,_ the _Education Partners Program_, _Standards in Education_ and _Continuing Education Units_ (CEUs).
_IEEE eLearning Library_ is a collection of online educational
courses designed for self-paced learning. Education Partners,
exclusive for IEEE members, offers on-line degree programs,
certifications and courses at a 10% discount. The Standards in
Education website explains what standards are and the importance of
developing and using them. The site includes tutorial modules and case
illustrations to introduce the history of standards, the basic
terminology, their applications and impact on products, as well as
news related to standards, book reviews and links to other sites that
contain information on standards. Currently, twenty-nine states in the
IEEE also sponsors a website designed to help young people better understand engineering, and how an engineering career can be made part of their future. Students of age 8–18, parents, and teachers can explore the site to prepare for an engineering career, ask experts engineering-related questions, play interactive games, explore curriculum links, and review lesson plans. This website also allows students to search for accredited engineering degree programs in Canada and the United States; visitors are able to search by state/province/territory, country, degree field, tuition ranges, room and board ranges, size of student body, and location (rural, suburban, or urban).
Through the Student Activities Committee, IEEE facilitates partnership between student activities and all other IEEE entities.
Main article: IEEE Conferences
The Institute of Electrical and
STANDARDS AND DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
Main article: IEEE Standards Association
IEEE is one of the leading standards -making organizations in the
world. IEEE performs its standards making and maintaining functions
IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA). IEEE standards
affect a wide range of industries including: power and energy,
biomedical and healthcare,
MEMBERSHIP AND MEMBER GRADES
Most IEEE members are electrical and electronics engineers, but the organization's wide scope of interests has attracted people in other disciplines as well (e.g., computer science , software engineering , mechanical engineering , civil engineering , biology , physics , and mathematics ).
An individual can join the IEEE as a student member, professional member, or associate member. In order to qualify for membership, the individual must fulfill certain academic or professional criteria and abide to the code of ethics and bylaws of the organization. There are several categories and levels of IEEE membership and affiliation:
* STUDENT MEMBERS: Student membership is available for a reduced fee
to those who are enrolled in an accredited institution of higher
education as undergraduate or graduate students in technology or
* GRADUATE STUDENT MEMBERS: Graduate Student Membership is
discounted but members at this level have greater privileges than do
* MEMBERS: Ordinary or professional _Membership_ requires that the
individual have graduated from a technology or engineering program of
an appropriately accredited institution of higher education or have
demonstrated professional competence in technology or engineering
through at least six years of professional work experience. An
associate membership is available to an individual whose area of
expertise falls outside the scope of the IEEE or who does not, at the
time of enrollment, meet all the requirements for full membership.
Students and Associates have all the privileges of members, except the
right to vote and hold certain offices.
* SOCIETY AFFILIATES: Some IEEE Societies also allow a person who is
not an IEEE member to become a _Society Affiliate_ of a particular
Society within the IEEE, which allows a limited form of participation
in the work of a particular IEEE Society.
* SENIOR MEMBERS: Upon meeting certain requirements, a professional
member can apply for _Senior Membership_, which is the highest level
of recognition that a professional member can directly apply for.
Applicants for Senior Member must have at least three letters of
recommendation from Senior, Fellow, or Honorary members and fulfill
other rigorous requirements of education, achievement, remarkable
contribution, and experience in the field. The Senior Members are a
selected group, and certain IEEE officer positions are available only
to Senior (and Fellow) Members. Senior Membership is also one of the
requirements for those who are nominated and elevated to the grade
_IEEE Fellow_, a distinctive honor.
* FELLOW MEMBERS: The Fellow grade of membership is the highest
level of membership, and cannot be applied for directly by the member
– instead the candidate must be nominated by others. This grade of
membership is conferred by the IEEE Board of Directors in recognition
of a high level of demonstrated extraordinary accomplishment.
* HONORARY MEMBERS: Individuals who are not IEEE members but have
demonstrated exceptional contributions, such as being a recipient of
IEEE Medal of Honor
Main article: List of IEEE awards
Through its awards program, the IEEE recognizes contributions that advance the fields of interest to the IEEE. For nearly a century, the IEEE Awards Program has paid tribute to technical professionals whose exceptional achievements and outstanding contributions have made a lasting impact on technology, society and the engineering profession.
Funds for the awards program, other than those provided by corporate sponsors for some awards, are administered by the IEEE Foundation .
Various technical areas are addressed by IEEE's 39 societies, each one focused on a certain knowledge area. They provide specialized publications, conferences, business networking and sometimes other services.
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society
IEEE Antennas & Propagation Society
IEEE Broadcast Technology Society
IEEE Circuits and Systems Society
IEEE Communications Society
IEEE Components, Packaging & Manufacturing Technology Society
IEEE Computational Intelligence Society
IEEE Computer Society
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