ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, founded in 1990 as the
International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, is an
international organization of local governments and national and
regional local government organizations that have made a commitment to
The international association was established when more than 200 local
governments from 43 countries convened at its inaugural conference,
the World Congress of Local Governments for a Sustainable Future, at
United Nations in New York in September 1990. Today, more than
1200 cities, towns, counties, and their associations in 84 countries
comprise ICLEI's growing membership.
ICLEI works with these and
hundreds of other local governments through international
performance-based, results-oriented campaigns and programs. It
provides technical consulting, training, and information services to
build capacity, share knowledge, and support local government in the
implementation of sustainable development at the local level. ICLEI's
basic premise is that locally designed initiatives can provide an
effective and cost-efficient way to achieve local, national, and
global sustainability objectives.
2 History and structure
ICLEI – Capacity Center
10 External links
ICLEI includes 1,227 local government members worldwide in 70
countries, with more than 600 in the United States.
membership grew by 58% in 2008 and by 25% in 2009. U.S. local
government members include cities, towns, and counties of all sizes,
New York City
New York City and
Los Angeles County
Los Angeles County to
Dubuque, Iowa and
The only requirements for
ICLEI membership are a self-defined
commitment to climate protection and the payment of annual membership
dues based on population size.
History and structure
ICLEI was founded in 1990, with its World Secretariat headquartered in
Toronto, Canada. The U.S. office opened formally in 1995. ICLEI
USA’s Executive Office is based in
Washington, D.C. and the World
Secretariat is in Bonn, Germany.
ICLEI was founded in 1990 as the "
International Council for Local
Environmental Initiatives". But in 2003, ICLEI's local government
members voted to revise the organization's mission, charter and name
to better reflect the current challenges local governments face, and
the broader topic of sustainability. The "
International Council for
Local Environmental Initiatives" became "ICLEI-Local Governments for
Sustainability", which remains its official name.
The organization is now officially called 'ICLEI-Local Governments for
Sustainability'. In 2003, ICLEI's Members voted to revise the
organization's mission, charter and name to better reflect the current
challenges local governments are facing. The
International Council for
Local Environmental Initiatives became 'ICLEI—Local Governments for
Sustainability' with a broader mandate to address sustainability
issues, not only environmental issues.
The organization promotes the following programs for local-level
adoption and implementation as described on their website.
the Rio Conventions:
The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change,
The UN Convention on Biological Diversity,
The UN Convention to Combat Desertification
the Habitat Agenda
the Millennium Development Goals
the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation
ICLEI also provides oversight for the Compact of Mayors, a global
coalition of city leaders founded to address climate change at the
Park Won-soon, President of
ICLEI since 2015
ICLEI is a democratic organization with each local government Member
holding a position on the Council. The Council convenes every three
years at an
ICLEI World Congress and establishes ICLEI's priorities
and direction through the adoption of a six-year Strategic Plan. The
ICLEI World Congress was held in
Seoul from 8 to 12 April
2015. Members elect 21 representatives to serve on the Executive
Committee, which oversees the implementation of the Strategic Plan and
World Secretariat directors:
Park Won-soon –
ICLEI President and Mayor, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Gino Van Begin –
ICLEI Secretary General, Bonn, Germany
ICLEI – Capacity Center
ICLEI Capacity Center, formerly the
International Training Centre,
is the training and conference service unit of
ICLEI – Local
Governments for Sustainability.
Bonn is also home to
Secretariat, Capacity Center and Climate Center, and the host of
Resilient Cities 2011 and 2012.
Ecomobility is a term used to describe travel through integrated,
socially inclusive, and environmentally friendly transport options,
including and integrating walking, cycling, public transport and other
climate and people friendly innovative modes of transport. By enabling
citizens and organizations to access goods, services, and information
in a sustainable manner, ecomobility supports citizens' quality of
life, increases travel choices, and promotes social cohesion.
It is neither a new kind of transportation nor is it a collective word
to indicate heterogeneous transport. Ecomobility indicates a new
approach to mobility that highlights the importance of public and
non-motorized transport and promotes an integrated use of all modes in
a city. Environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive, ecological
mobile transport choices have low to no emission compared to the
personal automobiles powered by fossil fuels. It supports the use of
light electric vehicles, provided that the source of the electricity
is from renewable energy sources. Incorporating Ecomobility into the
development of traffic systems and policies will benefit local
governments in attaining international recognition for the city and
ICLEI has a dedicated agenda to promote ecomobility in cities titled
the EcoMobile City (Sustainable Urban Transport) Agenda. Under this
ICLEI executes the following 3 key projects:
EcoMobility World Festival
EcoMobility World Congress
EcoMobility Alliance was created in October 2011 in Changwon, Korea.
It is a transformation of the earlier Global Alliance for EcoMobility,
which is a non-governmental organization founded and launched in Bali
on 10 December 2007, on the occasion of the 2007 United Nations
Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC-COP-13).
represents and hosts the Secretariat of the EcoMobility Alliance. The
Secretariat office is located in Bonn, Germany. The EcoMobility
Alliance is an international non-profit partnership that works to
promote EcoMobility and thus reduce citizens' dependency on private
motorized vehicles worldwide. The EcoMobility Alliance is chaired by a
visionary city leader.
Ecomobility Alliance Chairs [as of December 2016]:
2012-2015 City of Changwon, Republic of Korea
2016-2017 City of Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei
EcoMobility World Festival, is a month long experiment taken up by
challenging and visionary city leaders to display an automobile free
lifestyle in a neighborhood of a city. Citizens in this neighborhood
will show the world that a normal life can be lead without depending
on personal automobiles. Citizens will embrace the improved walking,
cycling and public transport facilities and use light electric
vehicles, to replace the otherwise motorized trips in the
EcoMobility World Festivals so far [as of December 2016]:
EcoMobility World Festival 2013, Suwon, Republic of Korea
EcoMobility World Festival 2015, Johannesburg, South Africa [First
month long event in Africa to Decongest a central business district
EcoMobility World Festival 2017, Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei
EcoMobility World Congress, provides with a fresh, visionary and
enriching perspectives on sustainable urban mobility. The congresses
aim to provide comprehensive international knowledge in the field of
ecomobility. Renowned transportation experts, change makers, decision
makers, city leaders and innovators, from around the globe will
present some of the world’s best case studies, and participants will
learn how to kick start and implement good policies while engaging in
fruitful debates about mobility for the future of sustainable cities.
EcoMobility World Congresses so far [as of December 2016]
EcoMobility World Congress 2011, Changwon, Republic of Korea
EcoMobility World Congress 2013, Suwon, Republic of Korea
EcoMobility World Congress 2015, Johannesburg, South Africa
EcoMobility World Congress 2017, Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei
In addition to the projects above, ICLEI's EcoMobile City (Sustainable
Urban Transport) Agenda also works on the following areas:
Urban transport performance measurement in cities
EcoLogistics: is a dedicated initiative of the EcoMobile City
(Sustainable Urban Transport) Agenda to support cities to shared
experience on urban freight
Health and mobility: the agenda also works with cities to highlight
the effects of automobile dependence on public health in the forms of
sedentary lifestyles, poor air quality and childhood obesity
Road safety: Urban mobility is the primary reason for loss of life and
permanent disability in many developing cities. Through its work in
ICLEI support is cities to prioritise non-motorized
transport and public transport and design better and safer cities.
For more information on EcoMobility visit: https://www.ecomobility.org
Tea Party movement
Tea Party movement activists targeted
ICLEI for its support for Agenda
21, a nonbinding
United Nations initiative that seeks to promote
resource and land conservation. The activists claimed that local
government efforts to expand public transportation and preserve open
space were part of a UN conspiracy plot "to deny property rights and
herd citizens toward cities".
Sustainable policies implemented at the municipal level, such as bike
lanes, bike-riding incentives, bicycle sharing programs, and public
transportation options, have been targets of such criticism. Notably,
Dan Maes, the 2010 Colorado Republican Gubernatorial candidate,
leveled a similar argument at
Denver during his campaign.
The United States branch is a
501(c)(3) nonprofit membership
organization of the international organization of the same name.
In June 2011, Michael Schmitz was appointed as
ICLEI USA's Executive
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