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IATA CODES are abbreviations that the International Air Transport Association (IATA) publishes to facilitate air travel . They are typically 1, 2, 3, or 4 character combinations (referred to as unigrams , digrams , trigrams , or tetragrams, respectively) that uniquely identify locations, equipment, companies, and times to standardize international flight operations. All codes within each group follow a pattern (same number of characters, and using either all letters or letter/digit combinations) to reduce the potential for error.

CONTENTS

* 1 Airport
Airport
codes * 2 Airline designators * 3 Aircraft
Aircraft
type designators * 4 Country
Country
codes * 5 Currency
Currency
codes * 6 IATA timezone codes * 7 IATA region codes * 8 IATA meal codes * 9 Name class codes * 10 IATA class codes

AIRPORT CODES

Main article: International Air Transport Association
International Air Transport Association
airport code

IATA airport codes are trigram letter designations for airports , like "ORY" (Paris-Orly Airport
Airport
), "CPT" (Cape Town International Airport
Airport
) and OTP (Otopeni International Airport
Airport
).

AIRLINE DESIGNATORS

IATA airline designators are digram letter/digit codes for airline companies, like "M6" ( Amerijet ), "NH" ( All Nippon Airways
All Nippon Airways
), and "4A" ( Air Kiribati ).

AIRCRAFT TYPE DESIGNATORS

IATA AIRCRAFT TYPE DESIGNATORS are trigram letter/digit codes used for aircraft models, like "J41" (British Aerospace Jetstream 41 ) and "744" ( Boeing 747-400
Boeing 747-400
).

COUNTRY CODES

Digram letter codes are used for countries as specified in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 . One additional code is used:

* code XU is used to specify part of Russia
Russia
east of (but not including) the Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
.

CURRENCY CODES

Trigram letter codes are used for currencies as specified in ISO 4217 .

IATA TIMEZONE CODES

IATA TIMEZONE is a country or a part of a country, where local time is the same. IATA timezone code is constructed of 2–4 characters (letters and digits) as follows:

* ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
country code is always used as first and second characters of time zone code. * If country is not divided into separate time zones – no more characters added. Just 2 characters used. * If country is divided into time zones – 3rd character of time zone code is a digit – number of time zone in country. Note: Russia is divided into 11 timezones, so number of time zone in country is specified by 2 digits – RU01, RU02, ... RU11. * If some territories have the same local time, but different rules on Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
– a letter can be added as 4th character to make unique codes for all such territories.

Example: Time zone
Time zone
code AU2 is used for Australian states New South Wales and Victoria (local time is UTC
UTC
+ 10 hours, DST begins at end of October). Time zone
Time zone
code AU2A is used for Tasmania
Tasmania
(local time is UTC + 10 hours, DST begins at end of September). Time zone
Time zone
code AU2B is used for Queensland
Queensland
(local time is UTC
UTC
+ 10 hours, no DST).

IATA REGION CODES

IATA REGION CODES trigram letters codes used to specify large territories, consisting of several countries.

Following codes are used:

* AFR - Africa
Africa
* CAR - Caribbean sea
Caribbean sea
countries * CEM - Central America
Central America
* EUR - Europe
Europe
* TC1 - IATA American Traffic Conference (includes NOA, CEM, SOA and CAR) * TC3 - IATA Asian Traffic Conference (includes JAK, SAS, SEA, SWP) * TC2 - IATA European and African Traffic Conference (includes AFR, EUR, MDE) * JAK - Japan
Japan
and Korea
Korea
* MDE - Middle East
Middle East
* NOA - North America
North America
* SCH - Schengen agreement countries * SOA - South America
South America
* SAS - South Asia
South Asia
* SEA - South-Eastern Asia
South-Eastern Asia
* SWP - South-West Pacific
Pacific

Speaking on region codes and countries, country code RU is used to specify part of Russia
Russia
west from (and including of) Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
and country code XU is used to specify part of Russia
Russia
east from (and not including of) Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
. Country
Country
RU is in EUR region, country XU is in SEA region. For all other purposes only country code RU is used to specify all the territory of Russia.

Country
Country
code AQ is used to specify Antarctica
Antarctica
. Country
Country
AQ is not in any of regions listed here.

IATA MEAL CODES

* ALML - Allergen Meal * AVML - Asian Vegetarian Meal * BBML - Baby Meal * CAKE - Birthday Cake (on SAS ) * BLML - Bland Meal * CHML - Children Meal * CLML - Celebration Cake Meal * DBML - Diabetic Meal * FPML - Fruit Platter Meal * GFML - Gluten Intolerant Meal * HFML - High Fibre Meal * HNML - Hindu Non-Vegetarian Meal * OBML - Japanese Obento Meal (on United Airlines
United Airlines
) * JPML - Japanese Meal (on Japan
Japan
Airlines ) * JNML - Junior Meal * KSML - Kosher Meal * KSMLS - Kosher Meal (Snack) * LCML - Low Calorie Meal * LFML - Low Fat Meal * NBML - No Beef Meal (on China Airlines
China Airlines
) * NFML - No Fish Meal (on