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The Info List - IATA Code


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IATA codes are abbreviations that the International Air Transport Association (IATA) publishes to facilitate air travel. They are typically 1, 2, 3, or 4 character combinations (referred to as unigrams, digrams, trigrams, or tetragrams, respectively) that uniquely identify locations, equipment, companies, and times to standardize international flight operations. All codes within each group follow a pattern (same number of characters, and using either all letters or letter/digit combinations) to reduce the potential for error.

Contents

1 Airport
Airport
codes 2 Airline
Airline
designators 3 Aircraft
Aircraft
type designators 4 Country
Country
codes 5 Currency
Currency
codes 6 IATA timezone codes 7 IATA region codes 8 IATA meal codes 9 Name class codes 10 IATA class codes 11 References

Airport
Airport
codes[edit] Main article: International Air Transport Association
International Air Transport Association
airport code IATA airport codes are trigram letter designations for airports, like "ORY" (Paris-Orly Airport), "CPT" (Cape Town International Airport) and OTP (Otopeni International Airport). Airline
Airline
designators[edit] IATA airline designators are digram letter/digit codes for airline companies, like "M6" (Amerijet), "NH" (All Nippon Airways), and "4A" (Air Kiribati). Aircraft
Aircraft
type designators[edit] IATA aircraft type designators are trigram letter/digit codes used for aircraft models, like "J41" (British Aerospace Jetstream 41) and "744" (Boeing 747-400). Country
Country
codes[edit] Digram letter codes are used for countries as specified in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2. One additional code is used:

code XU is used to specify part of Russia
Russia
east of (but not including) the Ural Mountains.

Currency
Currency
codes[edit] Trigram letter codes are used for currencies as specified in ISO 4217. IATA timezone codes[edit] IATA timezone is a country or a part of a country, where local time is the same. IATA timezone code is constructed of 2–4 characters (letters and digits) as follows:

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
country code is always used as first and second characters of time zone code. If country is not divided into separate time zones – no more characters added. Just 2 characters used. If country is divided into time zones – 3rd character of time zone code is a digit – number of time zone in country. Note: Russia
Russia
is divided into 11 timezones, so number of time zone in country is specified by 2 digits – RU01, RU02, ... RU11. If some territories have the same local time, but different rules on Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
– a letter can be added as 4th character to make unique codes for all such territories.

Example: Time zone
Time zone
code AU2 is used for Australian states New South Wales and Victoria (local time is UTC
UTC
+ 10 hours, DST begins at end of October). Time zone
Time zone
code AU2A is used for Tasmania
Tasmania
(local time is UTC + 10 hours, DST begins at end of September). Time zone
Time zone
code AU2B is used for Queensland
Queensland
(local time is UTC
UTC
+ 10 hours, no DST). IATA region codes[edit] IATA region codes trigram letters codes used to specify large territories, consisting of several countries. Following codes are used:

AFR - Africa CAR - Caribbean sea
Caribbean sea
countries CEM - Central America EUR - Europe TC1 - IATA American Traffic Conference (includes NOA, CEM, SOA and CAR) TC3 - IATA Asian Traffic Conference (includes JAK, SAS, SEA, SWP) TC2 - IATA European and African Traffic Conference (includes AFR, EUR, MDE) JAK - Japan
Japan
and Korea MDE - Middle East NOA - North America SCH - Schengen agreement
Schengen agreement
countries SOA - South America SAS - South Asia SEA - South-Eastern Asia SWP - South-West Pacific

Speaking on region codes and countries, country code RU is used to specify part of Russia
Russia
west from (and including of) Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
and country code XU is used to specify part of Russia
Russia
east from (and not including of) Ural Mountains. Country
Country
RU is in EUR region, country XU is in SEA region. For all other purposes only country code RU is used to specify all the territory of Russia. Country
Country
code AQ is used to specify Antarctica. Country
Country
AQ is not in any of regions listed here. IATA meal codes[edit] Source: IATA Cabin Operations Safety Best Practices Guide - 7.10 Special
Special
Meals –

ALML - Allergen Meal AVML - Asian Vegetarian Meal BBML - Baby Meal CAKE - Birthday Cake (on SAS) BLML - Bland Meal CHML - Children Meal CLML - Celebration Cake Meal DBML - Diabetic Meal FPML - Fruit Platter Meal GFML - Gluten Intolerant Meal HFML - High Fibre Meal HNML - Hindu Non-Vegetarian Meal OBML - Japanese Obento Meal (on United Airlines) JPML - Japanese Meal (on Japan
Japan
Airlines) JNML - Junior Meal KSML - Kosher Meal KSMLS - Kosher Meal (Snack) LCML - Low Calorie Meal LFML - Low Fat Meal NBML - No Beef Meal (on China Airlines) NFML - No Fish Meal (on Lufthansa) NLML - Non-Lactose Meal LPML - Low Protein Meal PRML - Low Purin Meal LSML - Low Salt Meal MOML - Muslim Meal ORML - Oriental Meal PFML - Peanut Free Meal RFML - Refugee Meal (on United Airlines) SFML - Seafood Meal SPML - Special
Special
Meal, Specify Food VGML - Vegan Meal VJML - Vegetarian Jain Meal VLML - Vegetarian Lacto-ovo Meal VOML - Vegetarian Oriental Meal RVML - Raw Vegetarian Meal

Name class codes[edit] The trigram is composed of the first letter of first name and the first two letters of the names (ISO 9625) IATA class codes[edit] Main article: IATA class codes IATA class codes are 1-letter codes created to help airlines standardize conditions of travel on passenger tickets and other traffic documents

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