The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the
Contents 1 Definition 2 History 3 Applications 3.1 Vibration 3.2 Electromagnetic radiation 3.3 Computers 4 SI multiples 5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 External links Definition[edit] The hertz (symbol 1/s or s − 1 displaystyle text s ^ -1 ) is equivalent to one cycle per second.[2] The International Committee for Weights and Measures defined the second as "the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium 133 atom"[3] and then adds: "It follows that the hyperfine splitting in the ground state of the caesium 133 atom is exactly 9 192 631 770 hertz, ν(hfs Cs) = 9 192 631 770 Hz." In English, "hertz" is also used as the plural form.[4] As an SI unit, Hz can be prefixed; commonly used multiples are kHz (kilohertz, 103 Hz), MHz (megahertz, 106 Hz), GHz (gigahertz, 109 Hz) and THz (terahertz, 1012 Hz). One hertz simply means "one cycle per second" (typically that which is being counted is a complete cycle); 100 Hz means "one hundred cycles per second", and so on. The unit may be applied to any periodic event—for example, a clock might be said to tick at 1 Hz, or a human heart might be said to beat at 1.2 Hz. The occurrence rate of aperiodic or stochastic events is expressed in reciprocal second or inverse second (1/s or s−1) in general or, in the specific case of radioactive decay, in becquerels.[5] Whereas 1 Hz is 1 cycle per second, 1 Bq is 1 aperiodic radionuclide event per second. Even though angular velocity, angular frequency and the unit hertz all have the dimension 1/s, angular velocity and angular frequency are not expressed in hertz,[6] but rather in an appropriate angular unit such as radians per second. Thus a disc rotating at 60 revolutions per minute (rpm) is said to be rotating at either 2π rad/s or 1 Hz, where the former measures the angular velocity and the latter reflects the number of complete revolutions per second. The conversion between a frequency f measured in hertz and an angular velocity ω measured in radians per second is ω = 2 π f displaystyle omega =2pi f, and f = ω 2 π displaystyle f= frac omega 2pi , . This SI unit is named after Heinrich Hertz. As with every
A sine wave with varying frequency A heartbeat is an example of a non-sinusoidal periodic phenomenon that may be analyzed in terms of frequency. Two cycles are illustrated. Vibration[edit]
SI multiples for hertz (Hz) Submultiples Multiples Value SI symbol Name Value SI symbol Name 10−1 Hz dHz decihertz 101 Hz daHz decahertz 10−2 Hz cHz centihertz 102 Hz hHz hectohertz 10−3 Hz mHz millihertz 103 Hz kHz kilohertz 10−6 Hz µHz microhertz 106 Hz MHz megahertz 10−9 Hz nHz nanohertz 109 Hz GHz gigahertz 10−12 Hz pHz picohertz 1012 Hz THz terahertz 10−15 Hz fHz femtohertz 1015 Hz PHz petahertz 10−18 Hz aHz attohertz 1018 Hz EHz exahertz 10−21 Hz zHz zeptohertz 1021 Hz ZHz zettahertz 10−24 Hz yHz yoctohertz 1024 Hz YHz yottahertz Common prefixed units are in bold face. Higher frequencies than the
Alternating current
Bandwidth (signal processing)
Electronic tuner
FLOPS
Notes and references[edit] ^ "hertz". (1992). American Heritage Dictionary of the English
Language (3rd ed.), Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
^ "SI brochure: Table 3. Coherent derived units in the SI with special
names and symbols".
^ "[Resolutions of the] CIPM, 1964 – Atomic and molecular frequency
standards" (PDF). SI brochure, Appendix 1.
^ NIST Guide to SI Units – 9 Rules and Style Conventions for
Spelling Unit Names, National Institute of Standards and Technology
^ "(d) The hertz is used only for periodic phenomena, and the
becquerel (Bq) is used only for stochastic processes in activity
referred to a radionuclide." "
External links[edit] SI Brochure: Unit of time (second) National Research Council of Canada: Cesium fountain clock National Physical Laboratory: Trapped ion optical frequency standards National Research Council of Canada: Optical frequency standard based on a single trapped ion National Research Council of Canada: Optical frequency comb Online Tone Generator v t e SI units Authority:
Base units ampere candela kelvin kilogram metre mole second Derived units with special names becquerel coulomb degree Celsius farad gray henry hertz joule katal lumen lux newton ohm pascal radian siemens sievert steradian tesla volt watt weber Other accepted units astronomical unit bar dalton day decibel degree of arc electronvolt hectare hour litre minute minute of arc neper second of arc tonne atomic units natural units See also Conversion of units Metric prefixes Proposed redefinitions Systems of measurement |

The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the
Contents 1 Definition 2 History 3 Applications 3.1 Vibration 3.2 Electromagnetic radiation 3.3 Computers 4 SI multiples 5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 External links Definition[edit] The hertz (symbol 1/s or s − 1 displaystyle text s ^ -1 ) is equivalent to one cycle per second.[2] The International Committee for Weights and Measures defined the second as "the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium 133 atom"[3] and then adds: "It follows that the hyperfine splitting in the ground state of the caesium 133 atom is exactly 9 192 631 770 hertz, ν(hfs Cs) = 9 192 631 770 Hz." In English, "hertz" is also used as the plural form.[4] As an SI unit, Hz can be prefixed; commonly used multiples are kHz (kilohertz, 103 Hz), MHz (megahertz, 106 Hz), GHz (gigahertz, 109 Hz) and THz (terahertz, 1012 Hz). One hertz simply means "one cycle per second" (typically that which is being counted is a complete cycle); 100 Hz means "one hundred cycles per second", and so on. The unit may be applied to any periodic event—for example, a clock might be said to tick at 1 Hz, or a human heart might be said to beat at 1.2 Hz. The occurrence rate of aperiodic or stochastic events is expressed in reciprocal second or inverse second (1/s or s−1) in general or, in the specific case of radioactive decay, in becquerels.[5] Whereas 1 Hz is 1 cycle per second, 1 Bq is 1 aperiodic radionuclide event per second. Even though angular velocity, angular frequency and the unit hertz all have the dimension 1/s, angular velocity and angular frequency are not expressed in hertz,[6] but rather in an appropriate angular unit such as radians per second. Thus a disc rotating at 60 revolutions per minute (rpm) is said to be rotating at either 2π rad/s or 1 Hz, where the former measures the angular velocity and the latter reflects the number of complete revolutions per second. The conversion between a frequency f measured in hertz and an angular velocity ω measured in radians per second is ω = 2 π f displaystyle omega =2pi f, and f = ω 2 π displaystyle f= frac omega 2pi , . This SI unit is named after Heinrich Hertz. As with every
A sine wave with varying frequency A heartbeat is an example of a non-sinusoidal periodic phenomenon that may be analyzed in terms of frequency. Two cycles are illustrated. Vibration[edit]
SI multiples for hertz (Hz) Submultiples Multiples Value SI symbol Name Value SI symbol Name 10−1 Hz dHz decihertz 101 Hz daHz decahertz 10−2 Hz cHz centihertz 102 Hz hHz hectohertz 10−3 Hz mHz millihertz 103 Hz kHz kilohertz 10−6 Hz µHz microhertz 106 Hz MHz megahertz 10−9 Hz nHz nanohertz 109 Hz GHz gigahertz 10−12 Hz pHz picohertz 1012 Hz THz terahertz 10−15 Hz fHz femtohertz 1015 Hz PHz petahertz 10−18 Hz aHz attohertz 1018 Hz EHz exahertz 10−21 Hz zHz zeptohertz 1021 Hz ZHz zettahertz 10−24 Hz yHz yoctohertz 1024 Hz YHz yottahertz Common prefixed units are in bold face. Higher frequencies than the
Alternating current
Bandwidth (signal processing)
Electronic tuner
FLOPS
Notes and references[edit] ^ "hertz". (1992). American Heritage Dictionary of the English
Language (3rd ed.), Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
^ "SI brochure: Table 3. Coherent derived units in the SI with special
names and symbols".
^ "[Resolutions of the] CIPM, 1964 – Atomic and molecular frequency
standards" (PDF). SI brochure, Appendix 1.
^ NIST Guide to SI Units – 9 Rules and Style Conventions for
Spelling Unit Names, National Institute of Standards and Technology
^ "(d) The hertz is used only for periodic phenomena, and the
becquerel (Bq) is used only for stochastic processes in activity
referred to a radionuclide." "
External links[edit] SI Brochure: Unit of time (second) National Research Council of Canada: Cesium fountain clock National Physical Laboratory: Trapped ion optical frequency standards National Research Council of Canada: Optical frequency standard based on a single trapped ion National Research Council of Canada: Optical frequency comb Online Tone Generator v t e SI units Authority:
Base units ampere candela kelvin kilogram metre mole second Derived units with special names becquerel coulomb degree Celsius farad gray henry hertz joule katal lumen lux newton ohm pascal radian siemens sievert steradian tesla volt watt weber Other accepted units astronomical unit bar dalton day decibel degree of arc electronvolt hectare hour litre minute minute of arc neper second of arc tonne atomic units natural units See also Conversion of units Metric prefixes Proposed redefinitions Systems of measurement |

The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the
Contents 1 Definition 2 History 3 Applications 3.1 Vibration 3.2 Electromagnetic radiation 3.3 Computers 4 SI multiples 5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 External links Definition[edit] The hertz (symbol 1/s or s − 1 displaystyle text s ^ -1 ) is equivalent to one cycle per second.[2] The International Committee for Weights and Measures defined the second as "the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium 133 atom"[3] and then adds: "It follows that the hyperfine splitting in the ground state of the caesium 133 atom is exactly 9 192 631 770 hertz, ν(hfs Cs) = 9 192 631 770 Hz." In English, "hertz" is also used as the plural form.[4] As an SI unit, Hz can be prefixed; commonly used multiples are kHz (kilohertz, 103 Hz), MHz (megahertz, 106 Hz), GHz (gigahertz, 109 Hz) and THz (terahertz, 1012 Hz). One hertz simply means "one cycle per second" (typically that which is being counted is a complete cycle); 100 Hz means "one hundred cycles per second", and so on. The unit may be applied to any periodic event—for example, a clock might be said to tick at 1 Hz, or a human heart might be said to beat at 1.2 Hz. The occurrence rate of aperiodic or stochastic events is expressed in reciprocal second or inverse second (1/s or s−1) in general or, in the specific case of radioactive decay, in becquerels.[5] Whereas 1 Hz is 1 cycle per second, 1 Bq is 1 aperiodic radionuclide event per second. Even though angular velocity, angular frequency and the unit hertz all have the dimension 1/s, angular velocity and angular frequency are not expressed in hertz,[6] but rather in an appropriate angular unit such as radians per second. Thus a disc rotating at 60 revolutions per minute (rpm) is said to be rotating at either 2π rad/s or 1 Hz, where the former measures the angular velocity and the latter reflects the number of complete revolutions per second. The conversion between a frequency f measured in hertz and an angular velocity ω measured in radians per second is ω = 2 π f displaystyle omega =2pi f, and f = ω 2 π displaystyle f= frac omega 2pi , . This SI unit is named after Heinrich Hertz. As with every
A sine wave with varying frequency A heartbeat is an example of a non-sinusoidal periodic phenomenon that may be analyzed in terms of frequency. Two cycles are illustrated. Vibration[edit]
SI multiples for hertz (Hz) Submultiples Multiples Value SI symbol Name Value SI symbol Name 10−1 Hz dHz decihertz 101 Hz daHz decahertz 10−2 Hz cHz centihertz 102 Hz hHz hectohertz 10−3 Hz mHz millihertz 103 Hz kHz kilohertz 10−6 Hz µHz microhertz 106 Hz MHz megahertz 10−9 Hz nHz nanohertz 109 Hz GHz gigahertz 10−12 Hz pHz picohertz 1012 Hz THz terahertz 10−15 Hz fHz femtohertz 1015 Hz PHz petahertz 10−18 Hz aHz attohertz 1018 Hz EHz exahertz 10−21 Hz zHz zeptohertz 1021 Hz ZHz zettahertz 10−24 Hz yHz yoctohertz 1024 Hz YHz yottahertz Common prefixed units are in bold face. Higher frequencies than the
Alternating current
Bandwidth (signal processing)
Electronic tuner
FLOPS
Notes and references[edit] ^ "hertz". (1992). American Heritage Dictionary of the English
Language (3rd ed.), Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
^ "SI brochure: Table 3. Coherent derived units in the SI with special
names and symbols".
^ "[Resolutions of the] CIPM, 1964 – Atomic and molecular frequency
standards" (PDF). SI brochure, Appendix 1.
^ NIST Guide to SI Units – 9 Rules and Style Conventions for
Spelling Unit Names, National Institute of Standards and Technology
^ "(d) The hertz is used only for periodic phenomena, and the
becquerel (Bq) is used only for stochastic processes in activity
referred to a radionuclide." "
External links[edit] SI Brochure: Unit of time (second) National Research Council of Canada: Cesium fountain clock National Physical Laboratory: Trapped ion optical frequency standards National Research Council of Canada: Optical frequency standard based on a single trapped ion National Research Council of Canada: Optical frequency comb Online Tone Generator v t e SI units Authority:
Base units ampere candela kelvin kilogram metre mole second Derived units with special names becquerel coulomb degree Celsius farad gray henry hertz joule katal lumen lux newton ohm pascal radian siemens sievert steradian tesla volt watt weber Other accepted units astronomical unit bar dalton day decibel degree of arc electronvolt hectare hour litre minute minute of arc neper second of arc tonne atomic units natural units See also Conversion of units Metric prefixes Proposed redefinitions Systems of measurement |

Contents 1 Definition 2 History 3 Applications 3.1 Vibration 3.2 Electromagnetic radiation 3.3 Computers 4 SI multiples 5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 External links Definition[edit] The hertz (symbol 1/s or s − 1 displaystyle text s ^ -1 ω = 2 π f displaystyle omega =2pi f, and f = ω 2 π displaystyle f= frac omega 2pi , .
A sine wave with varying frequency
SI multiples for hertz (Hz) Submultiples Multiples Value SI symbol Name Value SI symbol Name 10−1 Hz dHz decihertz 101 Hz daHz decahertz 10−2 Hz cHz centihertz 102 Hz hHz hectohertz 10−3 Hz mHz millihertz 103 Hz kHz kilohertz 10−6 Hz µHz microhertz 106 Hz MHz megahertz 10−9 Hz nHz nanohertz 109 Hz GHz gigahertz 10−12 Hz pHz picohertz 1012 Hz THz terahertz 10−15 Hz fHz femtohertz 1015 Hz PHz petahertz 10−18 Hz aHz attohertz 1018 Hz EHz exahertz 10−21 Hz zHz zeptohertz 1021 Hz ZHz zettahertz 10−24 Hz yHz yoctohertz 1024 Hz YHz yottahertz Common prefixed units are in bold face.
Notes and references[edit]
External links[edit] v t e SI units Authority:
Base units ampere candela kelvin kilogram metre mole second Derived units with special names Other accepted units See also Conversion of units Metric prefixes Proposed redefinitions Systems of measurement |

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