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Hyundai
Hyundai
Group[1] (Hangul: 현대그룹; Hanja: 現代그룹, pronounced [hjəːndɛ]) is a multinational (conglomerate) headquartered in Seoul, South Korea. It was founded by Chung Ju-yung in 1947 as a construction firm and Chung was directly in control of the company until his death in 2001. Following the 1997 East Asian financial crisis
1997 East Asian financial crisis
and Chung's death, Hyundai
Hyundai
underwent a major restructuring and break-up, which reduced the Hyundai
Hyundai
Group's business to encompass only container shipping services, the manufacturing of lifts, and tourism. Today, most companies bearing the name Hyundai
Hyundai
are not legally connected to Hyundai
Hyundai
Group. They include Hyundai
Hyundai
Motor Group, Hyundai
Hyundai
Department Store Group, Hyundai Heavy Industries Group
Hyundai Heavy Industries Group
and Hyundai
Hyundai
Development Company. However, most of the former subsidiaries of the Hyundai conglomerate continue to be run by relatives of Chung. If these companies were considered as forming a single broad family business, then it would remain the largest company in South Korea
South Korea
with enormous economic and political power in the country.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Operations

3.1 Hyundai
Hyundai
Motor Company

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Etymology[edit] The name "Hyundai" comes from the Korean word 現代 (hanja form), which means "modernity".[2] History[edit] Hyundai
Hyundai
was founded as a small construction firm by Chung Ju-yung
Chung Ju-yung
in 1947.[3] Hyundai
Hyundai
Construction
Construction
began operating outside of South Korea in 1965, initially entering the markets of Guam, Thailand and Vietnam.[4] Hyundai Motor Company
Hyundai Motor Company
was founded in 1967.[5] Hyundai
Hyundai
Heavy Industries was founded in 1973,[6] and completed the construction of its first ships in June 1974.[7] In 1983 Hyundai
Hyundai
entered the semiconductor industry through the establishment of Hyundai
Hyundai
Electronics (renamed Hynix
Hynix
in 2001).[8] In 1986 a Hyundai-manufactured IBM PC-XT compatible called the Blue Chip PC was sold in discount and toy stores throughout the US. It was one of the earliest PC clones marketed toward consumers instead of business.[9] Hyundai
Hyundai
announced a major management restructuring in December 1995, affecting 404 executives.[10] In April 1999 Hyundai
Hyundai
announced a major corporate restructuring, involving a two-thirds reduction of the number of business units and a plan to break up the group into five independent business groups by 2003.[11][12] Operations[edit]

The former headquarters of Hyundai
Hyundai
in Seoul
Seoul
South Korea

By the mid-1990s Hyundai
Hyundai
comprised over 60 subsidiary companies and was active in a diverse range of activities including automobile manufacturing, construction, chemicals, electronics, financial services, heavy industry and shipbuilding.[4] In the same period it had total annual revenues of around US$90 billion and over 200,000 employees.[4] Hyundai
Hyundai
Motor Company[edit] Main article: Hyundai
Hyundai
Motor Company Hyundai
Hyundai
branded vehicles are manufactured by Hyundai
Hyundai
Motor Company, which along with Kia comprises the Hyundai
Hyundai
Kia Automotive Group. Headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, Hyundai
Hyundai
operates the world's largest integrated automobile manufacturing facility[2] in Ulsan, which is capable of producing 1.6 million units annually. The company employs about 75,000 people around the world. Hyundai
Hyundai
vehicles are sold in 193 countries through some 6,000 dealerships and showrooms worldwide. In 2012, Hyundai
Hyundai
sold over 4.4 million vehicles worldwide. Popular models include the Sonata and Elantra mid-sized sedans.[13] The Asan Foundation, established by Chung Ju-yung
Chung Ju-yung
in 1977 with 50 percent of the stock of Hyundai
Hyundai
Construction, subsidizes medical services in Korea primarily through the Asan Medical Center
Asan Medical Center
and six other hospitals. The foundation has sponsored conferences on Eastern ethics and funded academic research into traditional Korean culture. In 1991, it established the annual Filial Piety Award.[14] See also[edit]

Economy of South Korea

South Korea
South Korea
portal Companies portal

References[edit]

^ Pronunciations in English vary. Among the variants are:

/ˈhjʌndeɪ/ HYUN-day or /ˈhʌndeɪ/ HUN-day /ˈhjʌndaɪ/ HYUN-dy or /ˈhʌndaɪ/ HUN-dy /haɪˈuːndaɪ/ hy-OON-dy or /hiˈuːndaɪ/ hee-OON-dy /hiˈʌndeɪ/ hee-UN-day.

^ a b Taylor III, Alex (5 January 2010). " Hyundai
Hyundai
smokes the competition". CNN Money. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ "The last emperor". The Economist. 4 February 1999. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ a b c Rowley, Chris; Paik, Yongsun (2009). The Changing Face of Korean Management. Taylor & Francis. p. 10. ISBN 0-415-77400-4.  ^ "Chung Ju Yung, Founder of Hyundai
Hyundai
Empire, Dies at 85". The New York Times. 22 March 2001. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ "As Korean Heirs Feud, an Empire Is Withering; Change and Frail Finances Doom the Old Hyundai". The New York Times. 26 April 2001. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ Steers, Richard (1999). Made in Korea: Chung Ju Yung and the Rise of Hyundai. Routledge. p. 96. ISBN 0-415-92050-7.  ^ " Hyundai
Hyundai
Electronics to Be Renamed Hynix". The New York Times. 9 March 2001. Retrieved 10 April 2012.  ^ "IBM home computer clones stream in with quality, low prices". Hyundai, the South Korean maker of one of the hottest and cheapest compact cars on sale in the United States, is beginning to hawk its Blue Chip Computer in more than 500 discount stores nationwide. The unit is compatible with the IBM PC-XT.  ^ " Hyundai
Hyundai
Announces Management Changes". The New York Times. 29 December 1995. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ " Hyundai
Hyundai
Gives In to Seoul
Seoul
Pressure on Chaebol". The New York Times. 22 April 1999. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ " Hyundai
Hyundai
to shed 53 units in debt reduction plan". Asia Times. 27 April 1999. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ " Hyundai
Hyundai
Global News".  ^ Callahan, William A. (2006). Cultural Governance and Resistance in Pacific Asia, p. 113. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-36899-5

External links[edit]

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Sports teams

Busan IPark Cheonan Hyundai Capital
Hyundai Capital
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Hyundai
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Hyundai
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Hyundai Steel
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Hyundai
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Hyundai
E&C Hillstate Ulsan
Ulsan
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Hyundai
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Ulsan
Hyundai
Hyundai
Mipo Dolphin Ulsan
Ulsan
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Hyundai Mobis
Phoebus

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