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The Info List - Hybotidae


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Hybotidae, the typical dance flies, are a family of true flies. They belong to the superfamily Empidoidea
Empidoidea
and were formerly included in the Empididae
Empididae
as a subfamily. Some, such as Tachydromia, are predators that run around on the bark of trees in complex pattern, hence the common name. Tachydromia species are only about three millimeters long.

Contents

1 Systematics

1.1 Systematic list

2 References 3 External links

Systematics[edit] The Hybotidae
Hybotidae
clearly form a lineage quite distinct from the Empididae. Among the Empidoidea, they represent a lineage more basal than the main radiation of Empididae
Empididae
and Dolichopodidae, though they are not as ancient as the genera placed in the Atelestidae.[1][2] By and large, the Hybotidae
Hybotidae
are monophyletic. Among its subfamilies, the Hybotinae
Hybotinae
and Tachydromiinae
Tachydromiinae
certainly represent clades. The status of the Ocydromiinae
Ocydromiinae
as a natural group is less clear, in particular whether the Trichininae should be included as tribe Trichinini or even in the Bicellariini[3] or Oedaleini,[4] or whether they are more distinct and warrant recognition as a separate subfamily.[1] Systematic list[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. The subfamilies with their tribes and selected genera are:[2][5][6] Hybotinae
Hybotinae
Meigen, 1820

Hybos culiciformis
Hybos culiciformis
(Hybotinae)

Genus Acarterus Loew, 1858 Genus Afrohybos Smith, 1967 Genus Ceratohybos Bezzi Genus Chillcottomyia Saigusa, 1986 Genus Euhybus Coquillett, 1895 Genus Hybos
Hybos
Meigen, 1803 Genus Lactistomyia Melander, 1902 Genus Lamachella Melander, 1928 Genus Neohybos Ale-Rocha & Carvalho, 2003 Genus Parahybos Kertész, 1899 Genus Smithybos Ale-Rocha, 2000 Genus Stenoproctus Loew, 1858 Genus Syndyas Loew, 1857 Genus Syneches Walker, 1852

Ocydromiinae

Ocydromia
Ocydromia
glabricula (Ocydromiinae: Ocydromiini)

Tribe Bicellariini Bradley[verification needed], Sinclair & Cumming, 2006

Genus Bicellaria Macquart, 1823 Genus Hoplocyrtoma Genus Leptocyrtoma

Tribe Ocydromiini

Genus Leptodromiella Tuomikoski, 1936 Genus Leptopeza
Leptopeza
Macquart, 1834 Genus Ocydromia
Ocydromia
Meigen, 1820 Genus Oropezella Collin, 1926

Tribe Oedaleini Chvála, 1983

Genus Allanthalia Melander, 1927 Genus Anthalia Zetterstedt, 1838 Genus Euthyneura Macquart, 1836 Genus Oedalea Meigen, 1820

Play media

Trichinomyia flavipes

Trichininae (often included in Ocydromiinae)

Genus Trichina Meigen, 1822[verification needed] Genus Trichinomyia Tuomikoski, 1966[verification needed]

Tachydromia
Tachydromia
arrogans or closely related species (Tachydromiinae: Tachydromiini)

Tachydromiinae

Tribe Symballophthalmini Bradley[verification needed], Sinclair & Cumming, 2006

Genus Symballophthalmus Becker[verification needed], 1889

Tribe Drapetini Collin, 1961

Genus Allodromia Genus Atodrapetis Plant, 1997 Genus Austrodrapetis Genus Austrodromia Collin, 1961 Genus Chaetodromia Genus Chersodromia Haliday in Walker, 1851 Genus Crossopalpus Bigot, 1857 Genus Drapetis Meigen, 1822 Genus Dusmetina Genus Elaphropeza Macquart, 1827[7][8] Genus Isodrapetis Collin, 1961 Genus Megagrapha Melander, 1928 Genus Micrempis Melander, 1928 Genus Nanodromia Genus Ngaheremyia
Ngaheremyia
Plant & Didham, 2006 Genus Pontodromia Genus Sinodrapetis Genus Stilpon Loew, 1859

Tribe Tachydromiini

Play media

Tachypeza nubila with prey (video, 2m 23s)

Genus Ariasella Genus Charadrodromia Melander, 1928 Genus Dysaletria Loew, 1864[9] Genus Pieltainia Arias, 1919[10] Genus Platypalpus
Platypalpus
Macquart, 1827 Genus Tachydromia
Tachydromia
Meigen, 1803 Genus Tachyempis Melander, 1928 Genus Tachypeza Meigen, 1830

References[edit]

^ a b Moulton, J. K.; Wiegmann, B. M. (2007). "The phylogenetic relationships of flies in the superfamily Empidoidea
Empidoidea
(Insecta: Diptera)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 43 (3): 701–713. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.02.029. PMID 17468014.  ^ a b Sinclair, Bradley J.; Cumming, Jeffrey M. (2006). "The morphology, higher-level phylogeny and classification of the Empidoidea
Empidoidea
(Diptera)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1180: 1–172. ISBN 1-877407-80-1. Retrieved 20 December 2011.  ^ Jere Kahanpää (July 23, 2008). "Hybotidae". Draft Catalogue of Finnish Flies (Diptera: Brachycera). Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved July 30, 2008.  ^ "Hybotidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved June 21, 2008.  ^ Chvála, Milan (1983). The Empidoidea
Empidoidea
(Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. II. General Part. The families Hybotidae, Atelestidae and Microphoridae. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica. 12. pp. 1–279.  ^ Chvála, Milan (1975). The Tachydromiinae
Tachydromiinae
(Diptera; Empididae) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica. 3. Klampenborg: Scandinavian Science Press. pp. 1–336. ISBN 87-87491-04-4.  ^ Shamshev, I.V.; Grootaert, P. (2007). "Revision of the genus Elaphropeza Macquart (Diptera: Hybotidae) from the Oriental Region, with a special attention to the fauna of Singapore" (PDF). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 1488: 1–164. ISSN 1175-5334. Retrieved 18 July 2017.  ^ Grootaert, Patrick; Van De Velde, Isabella; Shamshev, Igor V. (2015). "Two new coastal species of Elaphropeza Macquart (Diptera: Hybotidae) from Bali, Indonesia". European Journal of Taxonomy. 112 (1): 1–10. doi:10.5852/ejt.2015.112. ISSN 2118-9773. Retrieved 18 July 2017.  ^ Loew, H. (1864). "Ueber die schlesischen Arten der Gattungen Tachypeza Meig. (Tachypeza, Tachista, Dysaletria) und Microphorus Macq. (Trichina und Microphorus)". Zeitschrift für Entomologie. Breslau. 14 (1860): 1–60.  ^ Arias, J. E. (1919). "Description preliminar de un nuevo Empido de Espana". Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. 19: 479–481. 

External links[edit]

Data related to Hybotidae
Hybotidae
at Wikispecies Media related to Hybotidae
Hybotidae
at Wikimedia Commons Family description Images at Diptera.info [1] Key to UK genera

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Extant Diptera families

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Infraclass: Neoptera Superorder: Endopterygota

Suborder Nematocera

Axymyiomorpha

Axymyiidae

Culicomorpha

Culicoidea

Dixidae
Dixidae
(meniscus midges) Corethrellidae
Corethrellidae
(frog-biting midges) Chaoboridae
Chaoboridae
(phantom midges) Culicidae (mosquitoes)

Chironomoidea

Thaumaleidae
Thaumaleidae
(solitary midges) Simuliidae (black flies) Ceratopogonidae
Ceratopogonidae
(biting midges) Chironomidae
Chironomidae
(non-biting midges)

Blephariceromorpha

Blephariceridae
Blephariceridae
(net-winged midges) Deuterophlebiidae (mountain midges) Nymphomyiidae

Bibionomorpha

Bibionoidea

Bibionidae
Bibionidae
(march flies, lovebugs)

Anisopodoidea

Anisopodidae
Anisopodidae
(wood gnats)

Sciaroidea (fungus gnats)

Bolitophilidae Diadocidiidae Ditomyiidae Keroplatidae Mycetophilidae Sciaridae
Sciaridae
(dark-winged fungus gnats) Cecidomyiidae
Cecidomyiidae
(gall midges)

Psychodomorpha

Scatopsoidea

Canthyloscelidae Perissommatidae Scatopsidae
Scatopsidae
(minute black scavenger flies, or dung midges)

Psychodoidea

Psychodidae (moth flies)

Ptychopteromorpha

Ptychopteridae
Ptychopteridae
(phantom crane flies) Tanyderidae (primitive crane flies)

Tipulomorpha

Trichoceroidea

Trichoceridae
Trichoceridae
(winter crane flies)

Tipuloidea

Pediciidae
Pediciidae
(hairy-eyed craneflies) Tipulidae (crane flies)

Suborder Brachycera

Asilomorpha

Asiloidea

Apioceridae (flower-loving flies) Apsilocephalidae Apystomyiidae Asilidae
Asilidae
(robber flies) Bombyliidae
Bombyliidae
(bee flies) Evocoidae Hilarimorphidae (hilarimorphid flies) Mydidae (mydas flies) Mythicomyiidae Scenopinidae
Scenopinidae
(window flies) Therevidae
Therevidae
(stiletto flies)

Empidoidea

Atelestidae Hybotidae
Hybotidae
(dance flies) Dolichopodidae
Dolichopodidae
(long-legged flies) Empididae
Empididae
(dagger flies, balloon flies)

Nemestrinoidea

Acroceridae
Acroceridae
(small-headed flies) Nemestrinidae
Nemestrinidae
(tangle-veined flies)

Muscomorpha

Aschiza

Platypezoidea

Phoridae
Phoridae
(scuttle flies, coffin flies, humpbacked flies) Opetiidae
Opetiidae
(flat-footed flies) Ironomyiidae (ironic flies) Lonchopteridae
Lonchopteridae
(spear-winged flies) Platypezidae
Platypezidae
(flat-footed flies)

Syrphoidea

Syrphidae (hoverflies) Pipunculidae
Pipunculidae
(big-headed flies)

Schizophora

Acalyptratae

Conopoidea

Conopidae
Conopidae
(thick-headed flies)

Tephritoidea

Pallopteridae
Pallopteridae
(flutter flies) Piophilidae
Piophilidae
(cheese flies) Platystomatidae
Platystomatidae
(signal flies) Pyrgotidae Richardiidae Tephritidae
Tephritidae
(peacock flies) Ulidiidae
Ulidiidae
(picture-winged flies)

Nerioidea

Cypselosomatidae Micropezidae
Micropezidae
(stilt-legged flies) Neriidae
Neriidae
(cactus flies, banana stalk flies)

Diopsoidea

Diopsidae (stalk-eyed flies) Gobryidae Megamerinidae Nothybidae Psilidae
Psilidae
(rust flies) Somatiidae Strongylophthalmyiidae Syringogastridae Tanypezidae

Sciomyzoidea

Coelopidae
Coelopidae
(kelp flies) Dryomyzidae Helosciomyzidae Ropalomeridae Huttoninidae Heterocheilidae Phaeomyiidae Sepsidae
Sepsidae
(black scavenger flies) Sciomyzidae
Sciomyzidae
(marsh flies)

Sphaeroceroidea

Chyromyidae Heleomyzidae Sphaeroceridae
Sphaeroceridae
(small dung flies) Nannodastiidae

Lauxanioidea

Celyphidae
Celyphidae
(beetle-backed flies) Chamaemyiidae
Chamaemyiidae
(aphid flies) Lauxaniidae

Opomyzoidea

Agromyzidae
Agromyzidae
(leaf miner flies) Anthomyzidae Asteiidae Aulacigastridae (sap flies) Clusiidae
Clusiidae
(lekking, or druid flies) Fergusoninidae Marginidae Neminidae Neurochaetidae (upside-down flies) Odiniidae Opomyzidae Periscelididae Teratomyzidae Xenasteiidae

Ephydroidea

Camillidae Curtonotidae
Curtonotidae
(quasimodo flies) Diastatidae
Diastatidae
(bog flies) Ephydridae
Ephydridae
(shore flies) Drosophilidae
Drosophilidae
(vinegar and fruit flies)

Carnoidea

Acartophthalmidae Australimyzidae Braulidae
Braulidae
(bee lice) Canacidae
Canacidae
(beach flies) Carnidae Chloropidae
Chloropidae
(frit flies) Cryptochaetidae Inbiomyiidae Milichiidae
Milichiidae
(freeloader flies)

Lonchaeoidea

Cryptochetidae Lonchaeidae
Lonchaeidae
(lance flies)

Calyptratae

Muscoidea

Anthomyiidae
Anthomyiidae
(cabbage flies) Fanniidae
Fanniidae
(little house flies) Muscidae
Muscidae
(house flies, stable flies) Scathophagidae
Scathophagidae
(dung flies)

Oestroidea

Calliphoridae
Calliphoridae
(blow-flies: bluebottles, greenbottles) Mystacinobiidae (New Zealand batfly) Oestridae (botflies) Rhinophoridae Sarcophagidae (flesh flies) Tachinidae
Tachinidae
(tachina flies)

Hippoboscoidea

Glossinidae (tsetse flies) Hippoboscidae
Hippoboscidae
(louse flies) Mormotomyiidae
Mormotomyiidae
(frightful hairy fly) Nycteribiidae
Nycteribiidae
(bat flies) Streblidae
Streblidae
(bat flies)

Stratiomyomorpha

Stratiomyoidea

Pantophthalmidae
Pantophthalmidae
(timber flies) Stratiomyidae
Stratiomyidae
(soldier flies) Xylomyidae
Xylomyidae
(wood soldier flies)

Tabanomorpha

Rhagionoidea

Austroleptidae Bolbomyiidae Rhagionidae
Rhagionidae
(snipe flies)

Tabanoidea

Athericidae
Athericidae
(water snipe flies) Oreoleptidae Pelecorhynchidae Tabanidae (horse and deer flies)

Vermileonomorpha

Vermileonoidea

Vermileonidae

Xylophagomorpha

Xylophagoidea

Xylophagidae
Xylophagidae
(awl flies)

List of families of Diptera

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q594004 ADW: Hybotidae BugGuide: 14946 EoL: 442 EPPO: 1HYBTF Fauna Europaea: 10919 Fossilworks: 182359 GBIF: 9706 iNaturalist: 174422 ITIS: 136392 NCBI: 1446258 NZOR: 213652db-7428-475a-b93a-f78a8982

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