Hval's Codex (Serbo-Croatian: Hvalov zbornik/Хвалов зборник) or Hval's Manuscript (Hvalov rukopis/Хвалов рукопис) is a Cyrillic manuscript of 353 pages written in 1404, in Split, for Duke Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić.[1] It was illuminated by Gothic artists from the Dalmatian littoral.[1]

It was written in 1404 by krstjanin Hval, in Cyrillic in the Ikavian accent with a Glagolitic alphabet introduction and is decorated with miniatures and other artistic elements.[2] The codex contains parts of the Bible, hymns and short theological texts, and it was copied from an original Glagolitic text, also evident from Glagolitic letters found on two places in the book.

The codex is one of the most famous manuscripts belonging to the Bosnian Church in which there are some iconographic elements which are not in concordance with the supposed theological doctrine of Christians (Annunciation, Crucifixion and Ascension). All the important Bosnian Church books (Nikoljsko evandjelje, Sreckovicevo evandelje, the Manuscript of Hval, the Manuscript of Krstyanin Radosav) are based on Glagolitic Church books.[3]

New analyses of style and painting techniques show that they were inscribed by at least two miniaturists. One painter was painting on the blue background, and the other was painting on the gold background in which the miniatures are situated in a rich architectonic frame.

The Hval Manuscript is kept in the University Library in Bologna, Italy.

See also


  1. ^ a b Đuro Basler (1 December 1987). The Art treasures of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Svjetlost. Two manuscripts are of exceptional value: Hval's Codex and the Hrvoje Missal. Both were written in Split for Hrvoje Vukcic Hrvatinic, Duke of Donji Krajevi and Split. Hval's Codex is a Cyrillic manuscript of 353 parchment pages written in 1404 ... Gothic artists from Primorje 
  2. ^ Fine, John V. A. When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0472025600. 
  3. ^ Donia, Robert J.; Fine, John Van Antwerp. Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed. Hurst. ISBN 9781850652120. 

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