Huzhou (help·info) is a prefecture-level city in northern
Zhejiang province, China. Lying south of the Lake Tai, it borders
Jiaxing to the east,
Hangzhou to the south, and the provinces of Anhui
Jiangsu to the west and north respectively. At the 2010 census,
its population was 2,893,542 inhabitants, of whom 757,165 lived in the
built-up (or metro) area made of
Wuxing District as
Nanxun District is
not being conurbated yet.
6 Public Spaces
7 International relations
7.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
8 Notable people
10 See also
12 External links
Huzhou, in its general aspect, is in the center of the Yangtze River
Delta Economic Area, with the city center 10 km south of Lake Tai
(the third largest freshwater lake in China). There are transportation
links to the Provincial capital of
Hangzhou 78 km away in the
Anhui province in the west, and the metropolitan
Shanghai 150 km to the east.
Flowing quietly through the city is the Changxing-Huzhou-Shanghai
Channel. It is also referred to as the "Eastern Rhine River" for the
continuous barge transportation that goes on similarly to the more
Rhine River in Germany.
The State Way 318 passes through
Huzhou in an east-west direction and
the State Way 104 in a north-south direction; the
Hangzhou toll expressway and
Anhui toll expressway offers convenient
access to major areas in the region.
The Express Xuancheng–
Hangzhou Railway Station is located 8 km
west of the city center. This railway line is part of the "secondary
tunnel" in eastern China.
The map of "Kia-hing-fou" and "Hou-tcheou-fou" in Du Halde's 1736
Description of China, based on accounts from Jesuit missionaries.
248 BC, Gucheng County (菰城縣) was set up by the State of Chu.
222 BC, Qin Dynasty, Wucheng County (烏程縣) was set up.
266, Kingdom of Wu, set Wuxing Shire (吳興郡), its administrative
area including the modern
Huzhou prefecture city and Hangzhou
602, Sui dynasty, changed the name of Wuxing to
During the Tang Dynasty,
Huzhou administered 5 counties: Wucheng
(烏程), Wukang (武康), Changxing (長興), Anji (安吉), and
At the beginning of the Song Dynasty, Gui'an county (歸安縣) was
divided from the Wucheng county.
During the Qing Dynasty,
Huzhou administered 7 counties: Wucheng,
Guo'an, Wukang, Deqing, Changxing, Anji, and Xiaofeng.
1949, the People's Republic of China,
Huzhou town became the seat of
government of the First
Special District of Zhejiang, administrative
area including the modern
Jiaxing prefecture cities.
Huzhou prefecture level city was set up.
The prefecture-level city of
Huzhou administers six county-level
divisions, including one economic development zone and two districts
and three counties.
These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including
50 towns, 10 townships and six subdistricts.
Huzhou Economic Development Zone (湖州经济开发区)
Huzhou is known as the City of Silk, is one of the Four Capital-cities
Silk in China.
Textiles (especially silk), building materials and agriculture.
Huzhou is headquarters of the 1st Group Army of the People's
Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the
Nanjing Military Region
Nanjing Military Region responsible for the defense of China's eastern
Wide shot of the western pond in Lotus Garden, Huzhou, Zhejiang
The Lotus Garden (pinyin "Lianhua Zhuang") is a pleasure garden
located 20 minutes south on foot from the city center of Huzhou. The
main attractions of the garden include the Lotus flowers that bloom
seasonally in the three lake system, a large
Koi pond near the north
gate, a karaoke veranda and amusement rides for children. Also,
barge-themed pedal boats are available for leisure boating.
A man-made waterfall in Lotus Garden, Huzhou,
Zhejiang province, China
The garden was built in 1924 with stone foot paths and bridges
bordering and crossing over the lake system. A variety of structures
inhabit the 300 meter squared grounds including two halls, six
pavilions, and two inlets, all following the harmonious design of
traditional Chinese architecture. Sign posts describe local history
and the halls maintain a Tea House where visitors may converse and
take a break from the rays of the sun. A particular geological feature
worth seeing are the ancient stones transferred from Lake Tai.
Families pour into the garden on public vacation days while local
people partake in
Taiji exercise, or play card and
Mahjong games every
day, year round. The garden is open during daytime hours and admission
is free of charge.
Xiangwang Park (Southwest Gate Park) is a more recent addition to
Huzhou's collection of historical parks. It was built in 2009 and
located at Chen Bei Bridge. The park includes the rebuilt wooden gate
outpost on top of the original defensive wall. A visitor ship is
permanently moored one kilometer west of the historic gate.
Long Island Park
Long Island Park (pinyin "Changdao Gongyuan") is a new park just north
of the city center on an island stretching north-south in the middle
of Xitiao River. It was built in 2009. The park is open every day. A
popular destination for local residents after dinner, the lengthy
route becomes something of a promenade for people taking their daily
constitutional through the form of a jog or, more commonly, a walk.
There is a small golf park, a historical pool, and a garden available
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in China
Twin towns — Sister cities
Huzhou is twinned with:
Kalmar County, Sweden
Zhu Zhi 朱治 (156–224) and
Zhu Ran 朱然 (182–248), military
general for the Kingdom of Wu during the Three Kingdoms era of China.
Shen Yue 沈約 (441–513), prominent scholar of the Liang Dynasty
and author of the Book of Song宋書.
Chen Baxian 陳霸先 (503–559), founder and Emperor Wu of Chen
Lu Yu 陸羽 (733–804), sage of tea, author of the Classic of Tea.
Zhao Mengfu 趙孟頫 (1254–1322), great calligrapher in Yuan
Yu Yue 俞樾 (1821–1906), scholar.
Shen Jiaben 沈家本 (1840–1913), Late Qing Chinese scholar and
Wu Changshuo 吴昌硕 (1844–1927), great calligrapher.
Chen Qimei 陳其美 (1878–1916), revolutionary, member of Chinese
Chen Guofu 陳果夫 and
Chen Lifu 陳立夫 are nephews
of Chen Qimei.
Lei Zhen 雷震 (1897–1979), politician and political analyst of the
Republic of China.
Dai Jitao 戴季陶 (1891–1949), politician of the Republic of
Zhu Jiahua 朱家驊 (1893–1963), politician of the Republic of
Qian Sanqiang 錢三强 (1913–1992), scientist in Chinese atomic
bomb study; and his father
Qian Xuantong 錢玄同 (1887–1939),
Tu Shou'e 屠守鍔 (1917–), scientist and rocket designer.
Fred P. Manget (1880–1979), medical missionary from the United
States and founder of
Huzhou General Hospital
Huzhou is well known as one of the birthplaces for silk cultivation.
In 1958, a great number of silk, silk ribbon and uncarbonized tablets
were found in the southern suburbs of Huzhou. Scientists from the
Institute of Archaeology measured these silk products carefully and
determined the age of the silk to date back 4700 years. Now, these
silk pieces have become the greatest treasures of the
Huzhou silk has many desirable features, such as paleness in
color, luster, flexibility, and roundness in shape. As a result,
Huzhou silk has been respected and desired for a very long time. The
Huzhou silk can be uncovered back to the time of the
Warring States (474 BC –221 BC). By the time of the Southern and
Northern Dynasties (420 AD – 589 AD),
Huzhou silk had already been
exported to more than ten countries. During the
Tang dynasty (618 AD
– 907 AD),
Huzhou silk was chosen for an imperial tribute, thus
marking the first prosperity in silk production. With the
establishment of the
Ming dynasty (1368 AD – 1644 AD), the residents
Lake Tai entered the profitable textile industry,
resulting in a larger workforce and a refinement of
Huzhou silk has won awards at World Fairs, and is desired by
clothing and furnishing manufacturers overseas.
Huzhou ink brush""
Huzhou has a long history of manufacturing ink brushes, and it can be
traced back to the Qin Dynasty. Huzhou's ink brush production and
manufacture gained prominence in the Ming Dynasty (13th century).
Since the late 20th century,
Huzhou has been known as the "Hometown of
the Ink Brush".
Huzhou also holds an annual "
Huzhou Ink Brush
Festival", and the festival also has some memorial activities
Meng Tian - the inventor of ink brush pen. The most
famous brush pen workshop in
Huzhou could be the Shanlian ( Simplified
Chinese: 善 琏; Pinyin: Shàn Liǎn), thus its brush pens are named
Shanlian Hubi ( Simplified Chinese: 善琏湖 笔; Pinyin: Shànliǎn
Húbǐ) in reverence of this workshop. Shanlian is also a local place
name, whose ancient name was Mengxi (蒙溪, literally means "the
creek of Meng Tian").
Meng Tian made brush pens there.
Zhou Shenji's Wonton
Example of Zhou Shenji Hundun with flower dumplings
The now popular
Wonton (Cantonese: 餛飩) or Hundun
(Mandarin: 馄饨) dish is known to be introduced by an ingenious man
named Zhouji. It is said that in 1930, Mr. Zhouji saw how profitable
Ding Lianfang's roadside restaurant (began in 1878) was by serving a
noodle bowl with bean curd dumplings. As a result of this observation,
Zhouji also opened a store to compete for the same clients. Soon
after, Mr. Zhouji found that his roadside restaurant could not
replicate his competitors profit and was forced to close. However,
considering what his competitor did not sell, he rethought his plans.
He opened a new roadside restaurant called "Zhou Shengji's". Unlike
his first venture, this one made a profit. He sold a wonton bowl with
flower dumplings filled with various ingredients. The dumplings could
have pork, with your choice of mix such as celery, bamboo, or spinach.
And Zhou Shenji's cooks continue to be very particular about the
quality of dumpling they serve. They select all the raw materials very
carefully, such as wheat flower, sesame, sesame oil, wine, sugar, salt
and other spices that need to be added to create the flower dumpling
shell. Furthermore, Zhouji invented a special process so that
dumplings do not break up easily when boiled. Combined with a special
sauce, the dumplings have a satisfying taste and thus are a very
Huzhou ink brush
Huzhou Hot Spring Resort
Radom - Miasta partnerskie" [
Radom - Partnership cities]. Miasto
Radom [City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on
2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
^ "huzhou silk history." baidu. baidu, 09 May 2009. Web. 30 Oct 2013.
^ "Zhoushengji dumpling." Baidu bai ke. baidu, 07 Sept. 2012. Web. 30
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huzhou.
Government website of
Huzhou (in Chinese)
"Hu-chow-fu". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
Grand Canal of China
Zhejiang University of Technology
Zhejiang Normal University
Tomb of Yu the Great
County-level divisions of
Jingning Autonomous County