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 Huzhou (help·info) is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang
Zhejiang
province, China. Lying south of the Lake Tai, it borders Jiaxing
Jiaxing
to the east, Hangzhou
Hangzhou
to the south, and the provinces of Anhui and Jiangsu
Jiangsu
to the west and north respectively. At the 2010 census, its population was 2,893,542 inhabitants, of whom 757,165 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Wuxing District
Wuxing District
as Nanxun District
Nanxun District
is not being conurbated yet.

Contents

1 Location 2 History 3 Administration 4 Economy 5 Military 6 Public Spaces 7 International relations

7.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

8 Notable people 9 Specialty 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Location[edit] Huzhou, in its general aspect, is in the center of the Yangtze River Delta Economic Area, with the city center 10 km south of Lake Tai (the third largest freshwater lake in China). There are transportation links to the Provincial capital of Hangzhou
Hangzhou
78 km away in the south, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
and Anhui
Anhui
province in the west, and the metropolitan municipality of Shanghai
Shanghai
150 km to the east. Flowing quietly through the city is the Changxing-Huzhou-Shanghai Channel. It is also referred to as the "Eastern Rhine River" for the continuous barge transportation that goes on similarly to the more internationally known Rhine River
Rhine River
in Germany. The State Way 318 passes through Huzhou
Huzhou
in an east-west direction and the State Way 104 in a north-south direction; the Nanjing-Huzhou- Hangzhou
Hangzhou
toll expressway and Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang- Anhui
Anhui
toll expressway offers convenient access to major areas in the region. The Express Xuancheng– Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Railway Station is located 8 km west of the city center. This railway line is part of the "secondary tunnel" in eastern China. History[edit]

The map of "Kia-hing-fou" and "Hou-tcheou-fou" in Du Halde's 1736 Description of China, based on accounts from Jesuit missionaries.

248 BC, Gucheng County (菰城縣) was set up by the State of Chu. 222 BC, Qin Dynasty, Wucheng County (烏程縣) was set up. 266, Kingdom of Wu, set Wuxing Shire (吳興郡), its administrative area including the modern Huzhou
Huzhou
prefecture city and Hangzhou (杭州), Yixing
Yixing
(宜興). 602, Sui dynasty, changed the name of Wuxing to Huzhou
Huzhou
(湖州). During the Tang Dynasty, Huzhou
Huzhou
administered 5 counties: Wucheng (烏程), Wukang (武康), Changxing (長興), Anji (安吉), and Deqing (德清). At the beginning of the Song Dynasty, Gui'an county (歸安縣) was divided from the Wucheng county. During the Qing Dynasty, Huzhou
Huzhou
administered 7 counties: Wucheng, Guo'an, Wukang, Deqing, Changxing, Anji, and Xiaofeng. 1949, the People's Republic of China, Huzhou
Huzhou
town became the seat of government of the First Special
Special
District of Zhejiang, administrative area including the modern Huzhou
Huzhou
and Jiaxing
Jiaxing
prefecture cities. 1983, Huzhou
Huzhou
prefecture level city was set up.

Administration[edit] The prefecture-level city of Huzhou
Huzhou
administers six county-level divisions, including one economic development zone and two districts and three counties. These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including 50 towns, 10 townships and six subdistricts.

Map

Wuxing Nanxun Deqing County Changxing County Anji County

Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density

City Proper

Wuxing District 吴兴区 Wúxīng Qū 757,165 871 869.30

Suburban

Nanxun District 南浔区 Nánxún Qū 536,054 716 748.67

Rural

Changxing County 长兴县 Chángxīng Xiàn 641,982 1,388 462.52

Deqing County 德清县 Déqīng Xiàn 491,789 936 525.41

Anji County 安吉县 Ānjí Xiàn 466,552 1,882 247.90

Huzhou
Huzhou
Economic Development Zone (湖州经济开发区)

Economy[edit]

Huzhou
Huzhou
is known as the City of Silk, is one of the Four Capital-cities of Silk
Silk
in China. Textiles (especially silk), building materials and agriculture.

Military[edit] Huzhou
Huzhou
is headquarters of the 1st Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Nanjing Military Region
Nanjing Military Region
responsible for the defense of China's eastern coast. Public Spaces[edit]

Lotuses Garden

Wide shot of the western pond in Lotus Garden, Huzhou, Zhejiang province, China

The Lotus Garden (pinyin "Lianhua Zhuang") is a pleasure garden located 20 minutes south on foot from the city center of Huzhou. The main attractions of the garden include the Lotus flowers that bloom seasonally in the three lake system, a large Koi
Koi
pond near the north gate, a karaoke veranda and amusement rides for children. Also, barge-themed pedal boats are available for leisure boating.

A man-made waterfall in Lotus Garden, Huzhou, Zhejiang
Zhejiang
province, China

The garden was built in 1924 with stone foot paths and bridges bordering and crossing over the lake system. A variety of structures inhabit the 300 meter squared grounds including two halls, six pavilions, and two inlets, all following the harmonious design of traditional Chinese architecture. Sign posts describe local history and the halls maintain a Tea House where visitors may converse and take a break from the rays of the sun. A particular geological feature worth seeing are the ancient stones transferred from Lake Tai. Families pour into the garden on public vacation days while local people partake in Taiji
Taiji
exercise, or play card and Mahjong
Mahjong
games every day, year round. The garden is open during daytime hours and admission is free of charge.

Xiangwang Park

Xiangwang Park (Southwest Gate Park) is a more recent addition to Huzhou's collection of historical parks. It was built in 2009 and located at Chen Bei Bridge. The park includes the rebuilt wooden gate outpost on top of the original defensive wall. A visitor ship is permanently moored one kilometer west of the historic gate.

Long Island Park

Long Island Park (pinyin "Changdao Gongyuan") is a new park just north of the city center on an island stretching north-south in the middle of Xitiao River. It was built in 2009. The park is open every day. A popular destination for local residents after dinner, the lengthy route becomes something of a promenade for people taking their daily constitutional through the form of a jog or, more commonly, a walk. There is a small golf park, a historical pool, and a garden available to visitors. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in China Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Huzhou
Huzhou
is twinned with:

Radom, Poland[1] Kalmar County, Sweden

Notable people[edit]

Zhu Zhi 朱治 (156–224) and Zhu Ran
Zhu Ran
朱然 (182–248), military general for the Kingdom of Wu during the Three Kingdoms era of China. Shen Yue 沈約 (441–513), prominent scholar of the Liang Dynasty and author of the Book of Song宋書. Chen Baxian
Chen Baxian
陳霸先 (503–559), founder and Emperor Wu of Chen dynasty 陳武帝. Lu Yu
Lu Yu
陸羽 (733–804), sage of tea, author of the Classic of Tea. Zhao Mengfu
Zhao Mengfu
趙孟頫 (1254–1322), great calligrapher in Yuan dynasty. Yu Yue
Yu Yue
俞樾 (1821–1906), scholar. Shen Jiaben
Shen Jiaben
沈家本 (1840–1913), Late Qing Chinese scholar and jurist. Wu Changshuo
Wu Changshuo
吴昌硕 (1844–1927), great calligrapher. Chen Qimei
Chen Qimei
陳其美 (1878–1916), revolutionary, member of Chinese Tongmenghui. Chen Guofu
Chen Guofu
陳果夫 and Chen Lifu
Chen Lifu
陳立夫 are nephews of Chen Qimei. Lei Zhen
Lei Zhen
雷震 (1897–1979), politician and political analyst of the Republic of China. Dai Jitao
Dai Jitao
戴季陶 (1891–1949), politician of the Republic of China. Zhu Jiahua
Zhu Jiahua
朱家驊 (1893–1963), politician of the Republic of China. Qian Sanqiang
Qian Sanqiang
錢三强 (1913–1992), scientist in Chinese atomic bomb study; and his father Qian Xuantong
Qian Xuantong
錢玄同 (1887–1939), scholar. Tu Shou'e 屠守鍔 (1917–), scientist and rocket designer. Fred P. Manget (1880–1979), medical missionary from the United States and founder of Huzhou
Huzhou
General Hospital

Specialty[edit]

Silk:

Huzhou
Huzhou
is well known as one of the birthplaces for silk cultivation. In 1958, a great number of silk, silk ribbon and uncarbonized tablets were found in the southern suburbs of Huzhou. Scientists from the Institute of Archaeology measured these silk products carefully and determined the age of the silk to date back 4700 years. Now, these silk pieces have become the greatest treasures of the Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Silk Museum. Huzhou
Huzhou
silk has many desirable features, such as paleness in color, luster, flexibility, and roundness in shape. As a result, Huzhou
Huzhou
silk has been respected and desired for a very long time. The history of Huzhou
Huzhou
silk can be uncovered back to the time of the Warring States (474 BC –221 BC). By the time of the Southern and Northern Dynasties
Northern Dynasties
(420 AD – 589 AD), Huzhou
Huzhou
silk had already been exported to more than ten countries. During the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
(618 AD – 907 AD), Huzhou
Huzhou
silk was chosen for an imperial tribute, thus marking the first prosperity in silk production. With the establishment of the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
(1368 AD – 1644 AD), the residents living near Lake Tai
Lake Tai
entered the profitable textile industry, resulting in a larger workforce and a refinement of Huzhou
Huzhou
silk products. Huzhou
Huzhou
silk has won awards at World Fairs, and is desired by clothing and furnishing manufacturers overseas.[2]

"" Huzhou
Huzhou
ink brush""

Huzhou
Huzhou
has a long history of manufacturing ink brushes, and it can be traced back to the Qin Dynasty. Huzhou's ink brush production and manufacture gained prominence in the Ming Dynasty (13th century). Since the late 20th century, Huzhou
Huzhou
has been known as the "Hometown of the Ink Brush". Huzhou
Huzhou
also holds an annual " Huzhou
Huzhou
Ink Brush Festival", and the festival also has some memorial activities dedicated to Meng Tian - the inventor of ink brush pen. The most famous brush pen workshop in Huzhou
Huzhou
could be the Shanlian ( Simplified Chinese: 善 琏; Pinyin: Shàn Liǎn), thus its brush pens are named Shanlian Hubi ( Simplified Chinese: 善琏湖 笔; Pinyin: Shànliǎn Húbǐ) in reverence of this workshop. Shanlian is also a local place name, whose ancient name was Mengxi (蒙溪, literally means "the creek of Meng Tian"). Meng Tian made brush pens there.

Zhou Shenji's Wonton

Example of Zhou Shenji Hundun with flower dumplings

The now popular Huzhou
Huzhou
style Wonton
Wonton
(Cantonese: 餛飩) or Hundun (Mandarin: 馄饨) dish is known to be introduced by an ingenious man named Zhouji. It is said that in 1930, Mr. Zhouji saw how profitable Ding Lianfang's roadside restaurant (began in 1878) was by serving a noodle bowl with bean curd dumplings. As a result of this observation, Zhouji also opened a store to compete for the same clients. Soon after, Mr. Zhouji found that his roadside restaurant could not replicate his competitors profit and was forced to close. However, considering what his competitor did not sell, he rethought his plans. He opened a new roadside restaurant called "Zhou Shengji's". Unlike his first venture, this one made a profit. He sold a wonton bowl with flower dumplings filled with various ingredients. The dumplings could have pork, with your choice of mix such as celery, bamboo, or spinach. And Zhou Shenji's cooks continue to be very particular about the quality of dumpling they serve. They select all the raw materials very carefully, such as wheat flower, sesame, sesame oil, wine, sugar, salt and other spices that need to be added to create the flower dumpling shell. Furthermore, Zhouji invented a special process so that dumplings do not break up easily when boiled. Combined with a special sauce, the dumplings have a satisfying taste and thus are a very popular dish.[3] See also[edit]

Huzhou
Huzhou
ink brush Sheraton Huzhou
Huzhou
Hot Spring Resort

References[edit]

^ " Radom
Radom
- Miasta partnerskie" [ Radom
Radom
- Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom
Radom
[City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.  ^ "huzhou silk history." baidu. baidu, 09 May 2009. Web. 30 Oct 2013. <http://zhidao.baidu.com/link?url=CM4uZMECsupncKVKYyTqYMeoFtCAK1AfMw2LwhBsCKTexNGe2thEvG89mxTFhm2bq-xYtNUKF_L0F36GXI-t_q>. ^ "Zhoushengji dumpling." Baidu bai ke. baidu, 07 Sept. 2012. Web. 30 Oct 2013. <http://baike.baidu.com/link?url=k203n4zx2KUGhndt4GckwM_B6sPuzpjOsuFo5gYqwh5MKXeBhL6zo9-h05_bw6zg>.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huzhou.

Government website of Huzhou
Huzhou
(in Chinese)  "Hu-chow-fu". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

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Category Commons

v t e

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Huzhou

Wuxing District Nanxun District Changxing County Deqing County Anji County

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