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Hutatma Chowk
Hutatma Chowk
(Marathi: हुतात्मा चौक) ("Martyrs' Square") is the official name of a square in South Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The square hosts Flora Fountain
Flora Fountain
and was known by that name until 1960. It was officially renamed in 1960 in memory of the members of Samyukta Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Samiti, who lost their lives when police fired upon their peaceful demonstration. A statue of a " Martyr
Martyr
with a Flame" stands next to Flora Fountain. History[edit]

Amar Jyot at Hutatma Chowk

Hutatma Chowk
Hutatma Chowk
is located in the busy financial district of Fort. It derives its present name from an incident in 1960 when a peaceful demonstration by the Samyukta Maharashtra
Samyukta Maharashtra
Samiti (United Maharashtra Committee) was fired upon by the police resulting in 105 deaths. The incident was part of ongoing struggles of the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti, amongst others, for the creation of the State of Maharashtra. The shooting proved to be a major impetus for the creation of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
on May 1, 1960. The Hutatma Chowk
Hutatma Chowk
square is lined on all sides by buildings constructed during the British Raj. An ornate fountain surrounded by delicately carved figures forms the center of the huge square. This was the Flora Fountain. The fountain itself was built in 1864 and represents the Roman Goddess Flora, the Goddess of Abundance. Today it is a heritage structure. It cost Rs.
Rs.
47,000 to build, a large sum at the time, and was constructed by the Agri-Horticultural Society of Western India. Cursetjee Fardoonjee Parekh donated Rs.20,000 towards the construction of this fountain. The fountain was carved from stone that was imported from Portland. It was built in honour of Sir Bartle Frere, who was the Governor of Bombay at the time. Sir Bartle was responsible for dismantling Bombay Fort
Bombay Fort
and shaping much of modern Mumbai. Initially it was to be named after the Governor but the name was changed before the fountain was unveiled. When it was constructed it was in the middle of the city. Flora fountain stands in exactly the same place where the original Churchgate
Churchgate
of Bombay Fort
Bombay Fort
stood. The area around Flora Fountain
Flora Fountain
is the business center of Mumbai
Mumbai
and is surrounded by offices, banks, colleges and shops. References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hutatma Chowk.

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Coordinates: 18°55′57″N 72°49′53″E / 18.932431°N 72.831502°E / 18.932431; 72.831502

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