HUSSAIN SAGAR is a heart shaped lake in
Hyderabad built by Ibrahim
Quli Qutub Shah in 1563, during the rule of
Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah .
It is spread across an area of 5.7 square kilometers and is fed by
River Musi . A large monolithic statue of the
Gautama Buddha , erected
in 1992, stands on Gibraltar Rock in the middle of the lake. It also
Hyderabad from its twin city
Secunderabad . The maximum
depth of the lake is 32 feet.
* 1 History
* 2 \'Heart Of The World\' Recognition by UNWTO
* 3 Landmarks and attractions
* 3.1 Patton Tank
* 3.2 Buddha statue
* 3.4 Birla Mandir
* 3.6 Prasad\'s
* 3.8 Tomb of Saidani Maa Sahebaa
* 3.9 Sailing
* 3.10 Statues of Icons of Telugu culture
* 3.11 Other attractions
* 4 Transport
* 5 Environmental conditions and conservation
* 6 References
* 7 External links
A view of NSR bus on
Tank Bund road c. 1932
Hussain Sagar was built across a tributary of the river Musi river in
Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah . The lake was named after Hussain
Shah Wali , who helped to design it. It is an artificial lake that
holds water perennially fed by canals from Musi river. Hussain Sagar
was the main source of water supply to
Hyderabad before Himayat Sagar
Osman Sagar were built on river Musi.
\'HEART OF THE WORLD\' RECOGNITION BY UNWTO
Hussain Sagar, a heritage site of
India was declared as the 'Heart of
the World' by UNWTO on 27 September 2012, on the occasion of World
Tourism Day, for being the World's Largest Heart Shaped Mark, the
World's Heritage Heart shaped Mark, and the World's Wonderful Heart
Shaped Mark on the face of the earth among the heart shaped marks
formed by the heart shaped lakes and islands that exist in the world.
Logo for the 'Heart of the World' was inaugurated by H.E. Mr. Taleb
Rifai, Secretary-General, United Nations World Tourism Organisation
(UNWTO), Madrid-Spain, in the year 2013.
WORLD\'S LARGEST HEART SHAPED MARK: Hussain sagar lake is the largest
heart shaped mark among the marks formed by 78 heart shaped lakes and
9 heart shaped islands on the face of the earth.
WORLD\'S HERITAGE HEART SHAPED MARK: Hussain lake is one of the Qutub
Shahi monuments of Hyderabad-Telangana, out of which Golconda Fort,
Qutub Shahi Tombs and
Charminar were already placed in the tentative
list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO.
WORLD\'S WONDERFUL HEART SHAPED MARK: This lake has many outstanding
universal values of love around it in addition to its heart shape, the
symbol of love, which explore the wonder of love in the world. King
built the lake for his people's drinking ">
LANDMARKS AND ATTRACTIONS
The road on the
Tank Bund was widened in 1946 when Sir Mirza Ismail
was the prime minister of
Hyderabad Deccan . Further widening and
beautification of the Tank bund took place during 1987-88 by the then
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
N.T.Rama Rao with the addition of
fountains with dancing waters, tantalizing colored lights at night and
bronze statues of renowned personalities.
M47 Patton tank is a war trophy given to the 54th
Infantry Division who had disabled it during the
Battle of Basantar in
Pakistan , during 15–17 December 1971. It was given to the city by
the battalion after the
Pakistan war of 1971 .
An 18-meter high monolithic statue of Lord Buddha towers over the
lake from atop the Rock of Gibraltar. The idea was a part of the
Buddha Poornima project in 1985. The statue was chiseled out of a
white granite rock, weighing 450 tons. It was carved by 200 sculptors
for two years. The statue was transported to
Hyderabad in November
1988. After initial problems, the statue was erected on 12 April 1992
on a red lotus pedestal.
Lumbini Park Jetty,
Prasads IMAX NTR
memorial Saidaanimaa tomb
Lumbini Park is an urban park of 7.5 acres (0.030 km2; 0.0117 sq mi)
adjacent to Hussain Sagar. It was constructed at a cost of INR 2.35
crores on 5 acres of land as a part of the Buddha Poornima project. It
has various attractions such as laser auditorium, boating facilities
and musical fountains.
Main article: Birla Mandir,
Birla Mandir is a
Hindu temple built of white marble on a 280 feet
(85 m) high hillock called the Naubath Pahad located to the south of
Hussain Sagar. The construction took 10 years and was consecrated in
1976 by Swami
Ranganathananda of Ramakrishna Mission.
Sanjeevaiah Park is a public green space and park located to the
north of the lake. Built on 92 acres (37 ha), the park is named after
Damodaram Sanjivayya , former
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh . The
park is managed by the
Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority
and the park won the Best open landscape award during the 2010 Indian
national trust for art and cultural heritage award presentations.
IMAX is a multiplex of an area of 2,35,000 sq ft, housing an
IMAX movie theater, a five screen multiplex, food court, multinational
fast food outlets, a gaming zone and a shopping mall covering two
levels of the complex. It is India's 3rd
NTR Gardens is a small urban park of 55 acres (0.22 km2; 0.086 sq mi)
Hussain Sagar lake. Constructed in several phases since
1999, the park is presently being maintained by the Buddha Purnima
Project Authority that functions under the directives of the
Telangana . The park is named after and houses the
N T Rama Rao , a matinee idol and former Chief Minister of
Andhra Pradesh who died on 18 January 1996.
TOMB OF SAIDANI MAA SAHEBAA
Main article: Sayedani Maa Tomb
Sayedani Maa Tomb is an Archaeological Survey of
heritage site located at the north end of Tank Bund. Saidani Maa
Saheba was a saint of the
Nizam era. An example of Islamic
architecture , the tomb has been carved intricately with marble
Hussain Sagar lake is a popular spot for sailing. Regattas have been
held here since 1971 jointly by the EME Sailing Association and the
Secunderabad Sailing Club.
Hyderabad Sailing Week has been conducted
here since 1984 when the first laser boats were introduced by the
Laser Class Association of India. The event has grown from 10 laser
entries in 1984 to 110 laser entries in 2009. In August 2009 the lake
was witness to the monsoon regatta in which sailors from all over
India participated. Different classes of sailboats and yachts were
raced including four J24 , eighteen
Hobie Cat and Fourtyseven Optimist
The Yacht Club of
Hyderabad located at Sanjeevaiah Park, started in
2009 and instituted the Monsoonregatta.com the same year. The club
started with just 3 boats now boast of more than 45 on it premises
including Lasers, Optimists, Omegas, Kayaks and many safety and rescue
vessels. The club trains youngsters to compete at the national level.
STATUES OF ICONS OF TELUGU CULTURE
34 well-sculptured bronze statues, mounted on high platforms, of
Telugu people who played iconic role in the development of Telugu
culture line the
Tank Bund road. The following 34 personalities are
commemorated in the order of appearance from Secunderabad.
* Asaf Jah VI
Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy
Alluri Sita Rama Raju
Sir Arthur Cotton
Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Chowdary
* Matnoori Krishna Rao
Srirangam Srinivasa Rao
Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu
Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami
* Bramha Naidu
Hyderabad Boat Club on the southern side,
Secunderabad Sailing Club, Hotel Marriott on the northern side and Raj
Bhavan on the western banks. Eat street is a famous street for outdoor
eateries and shops located on the west side of the lake.
Necklace Road MMTS Station
Hussain Sagar is serviced by MMTS Train stations at
Necklace Road ,
James Street and
Sanjeevaiah Park .
Necklace Road runs along the lake
and connects important locations on its banks. Hussainsagar Lake
Wetland Eco Region
Hussain Sagar Jn was a 2 platform railway station earlier but was
dismantled in the mid 1980s. It is now a Railway controlling cabin
with three routes diverging towards Hyderabad,
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND CONSERVATION
Hussain Sagar Lake forms an important part of
Hyderabad but now has
become the main sewage collection zone of the twin cities of Hyderabad
and Secunderabad. As a result of heavy anthropogenic pressures such as
unplanned urbanization, the entire ecosystem of
Hussain Sagar Lake has
changed. The water quality has deteriorated considerably during the
last three decades. The lake has become shallow due to siltation and
accumulation of plant debris. A 2008 study of the lake's water and
sediment has found that it has exceeded its eutrophic condition,
reaching hypereutrophic status. Many undesirable changes in the
structure of biological communities have resulted, and some important
species have either declined or completely disappeared. Realising the
importance of conservation of
Hussain Sagar Lake, a project has been
formulated. This project shall be implemented by APPCB , Hyderabad,
India . In this respect, a project feasibility report has been
prepared for the approval and financing. In spite of the commission of
a sewage treatment plant on the western side, large amount of
untreated sewage and industrial effluents continue to flow into the
* ^ "View of Buddha Statue, Tank Bund, Hyderabad, Telangana".
indospectrum.com. Retrieved 2 November 2006.
* ^ "DECLARATION OF HEART OF THE WORLD ON WORLD TOURISM DAY 2012 -
* ^ "DECLARATION OF HEART OF THE WORLD ON WORLD TOURISM DAY 2012 -
* ^ "War hero recalls tank bund". _The Times of India_.
* ^ Ramanathan, Gayatri (3 April 2003). "Hi-tech entertainments on
the anvil for Hyderabad". _The Times of
India _. Retrieved 17 August
* ^ "Birla Mandir -
Hyderabad - Andhra Pradesh state in India".
indiatourism.ws. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
* ^ "Art from recycled material at Sanjeevaiah Park". _The Hindu_.
27 April 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
* ^ "GHMC - Prasad\'s IMAX". Greater
Corporation. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved
23 November 2012.
* ^ "CNN Travel". CNN.
* ^ "King of Good times Prasad\'s Imax". _The Hindu_. 7 August
* ^ "Smooth sailing on murky waters". _The Hindu_. Chennai, India.
20 August 2009.
* ^ Suneela M, Radha Krishna G, Vamsi Krishna K, Manga Sai V,
Bhargav V, et al. (2008). Sangupta M