HUNTINGDON is a market town in
Cambridgeshire , England. The town was
chartered by King John in 1205. It is the traditional county town of
Huntingdonshire and the seat of the
Huntingdonshire district council .
It is well known as the birthplace of
Oliver Cromwell , who was born
in 1599 and was the member of parliament (MP) for the town in the 17th
century. The former Conservative prime minister
John Major was the MP
for the town from 1979 to 2001.
* 1 History
* 1.1 George Hotel
* 2 Government
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Business
* 3.2 Climate
* 4 Demography
* 4.1 Population
* 5 Culture and community
* 5.1 Legends
* 6 Education
* 7 Transport
* 7.1 Rail
* 7.2 Bus
* 7.3 Air
* 8 Religious sites
* 9 Sport
* 10 Notable residents
* 10.1 Arts and entertainment
* 10.2 Literature
* 10.3 Religion
* 10.4 Politics
* 10.5 Science and engineering
* 10.6 Sports
* 11 International relations
* 11.1 Twin towns
* 12 See also
* 13 References
* 14 External links
Huntingdon was founded by the
Anglo-Saxons and Danes . Mentioned in
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , it seems that it was a staging post for
Danish raids outside of
East Anglia until 917, when the Danes moved to
Tempsford, before being crushed by
Edward the Elder
Edward the Elder . It prospered
successively as a bridging point of the
River Great Ouse , as a market
town, and in the 18th and 19th centuries as a coaching centre, most
notably the George Hotel. The town has a well-preserved medieval
bridge that used to serve as the main route of
Ermine Street over the
river. The bridge only ceased to be the sole crossing point to
Godmanchester in 1975, with the advent of what is now the A14 bypass .
Its valuable trading position was secured by the now vanished
Huntingdon Castle . The site is now a
Scheduled Ancient Monument , and
is home to a beacon used to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the
Spanish Armada .
In 1746, the botanists Wood and Ingram of nearby Brampton developed a
cultivar species of elm tree, Ulmus × hollandica \'Vegeta\' , which
was named the "
Huntingdon Elm" after the town.
Original historical documents relating to Huntingdon, including the
borough charter of 1205, are held by
Cambridgeshire Archives and Local
Studies at the County Record Office Huntingdon. Huntingdon
Between the railway station and the old hospital building, stands a
replica cannon. In the 1990s the replica was installed to replace an
Crimean War one, that stood there until the Second World War
, being scrapped for the war effort. When the replica was installed it
was placed in the opposite direction to the original.
The George Hotel, on the corner of High Street and George Street was
once a posting house. It was named after St. George in 1574 and was
bought some 25 years later by Henry Cromwell, grandfather of Oliver
Cromwell. Charles I made the George Hotel his headquarters in 1645.
Dick Turpin is reputed to have been a visitor when it was a
coaching inn on the Great North Road . The mid-19th century saw two
wings of the inn burnt down but two were saved including the one with
the balcony overlooking the yard. Since 1959 the courtyard and its
balcony have been the setting for performances of the plays of
Shakespeare , produced by the Shakespeare at the George Trust.
Huntingdon has a town council consisting of 24 councillors. As
elsewhere, local elections are held every four years. Two of the town
councillors serve also as mayor and deputy mayor. Council meetings
are normally held once a month at the town hall.
Huntingdon has three district wards of
Huntingdon North, Huntingdon
Huntingdon West for
Huntingdonshire District Council . The
Huntingdon East is represented by three councillors and the
other two wards each by two. The main offices for Huntingdonshire
District Council are located in
The highest tier of local government is
Cambridgeshire County Council
, based in Cambridge. This provides county-wide services such as major
road infrastructure, fire and rescue, education, social services,
libraries and heritage protection.
Huntingdon is one of the 60
electoral divisions, represented by two county councillors.
Huntingdon is in the parliamentary constituency of
Huntingdon , and
has been represented by
Jonathan Djanogly MP (Conservative ) since
2001. The previous member was former prime minister John Major
(Conservative), who held the seat in 1983–2001. For the European
Huntingdon is part of the
East of England constituency ,
which elects seven MEPs using the d\'Hondt method of party-list
proportional representation .
The town lies on the north bank of the
River Great Ouse , opposite
Godmanchester and close to the market town of St Ives in the east and
the village of Brampton in the west.
Huntingdon now incorporates the
village of Hartford to the east, and the developing areas of Oxmoor,
Stukeley Meadows and Hinchingbrooke to the north and west.
Huntingdon and Brampton lies England's largest
Meadow . Around 257 acres (1 km²) in size and
containing many rare species of grass, flowers and dragonfly , it is
the only known habitat of the Marsh Dandelion in Britain. It acts as a
natural reservoir for holding water in times of flood enabling the
river to run off slowly, thereby helping to prevent flooding of nearby
towns. It has also served as a horse race course and once was a centre
for aviation. Old Town Hall and Thinking Soldier War Memorial at
Huntingdon Market Square.
Huntingdon is home to many local businesses, including a local
Huntingdon Racecourse . Hinchingbrooke Business
Park has many offices and warehouses located in it.
The nearest weather station for which long term weather data is
RAF Wyton , 3 mi (5 km) north-east of the town centre,
although more recently Monks Wood, 5 mi (8 km) to the north-west, also
As with the rest of the British Isles,
Huntingdon experiences a
strongly temperate maritime based climate, free from temperature
extremes, with rainfall fairly evenly spread throughout the year.
The absolute maximum recorded at Wyton was 35.4 °C (95.7 °F)
during August 1990, although the temperature at Monks Wood rose to
35.1 °C (95.2 °F) during July 2006. Typically the warmest day will
average 29.7 °C (85.5 °F), and 16.0 days a year will rise to 25.1
°C (77.2 °F) or above.
Typically 43.2 nights of the year will report an air frost. The
absolute minimum at Wyton (from 1960) was −16.1 °C (3.0 °F)
recorded during January 1982. On average, the coldest night of the
year will fall to −7.7 °C (18.1 °F)
With rainfall at under 550 mm per year, the
Huntingdon area is
amongst the driest in the UK – 103.4 days on average will record at
least 1 mm of rain. All averages mentioned refer to the period
In the period 1801 to 1901, the current town of
of four separate parishes:
Huntingdon All Saints,
Huntingdon St John and
Huntingdon St Mary. The populations
of these parishes were recorded every ten years by the UK census .
During this time the combined population was in the range of 2,368
(the lowest was in 1801) and 4,735 (the highest was in 1891).
From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of
1941 (due to the
Second World War
Second World War ).
All population census figures from report Historic Census figures
Cambridgeshire to 2011 by
For the census that was taken in 1961 and also for the census in
Huntingdon was combined with Godmanchester.
In 2011, the parish covered an area of 2,765 acres (1,119 hectares)
and the population density of
Huntingdon in 2011 was 5,493.1 persons
per square mile (2,120.8 per square kilometre).
CULTURE AND COMMUNITY
The former Literary and Scientific Institute is now Commemoration
Hall. The Old Bridge across the Great Ouse , to
There are 3 RAF stations within 4 mi (6 km) of the town: RAF Brampton
, once home to Headquarters
RAF Support Command and now part of the
Defence Logistics Organisation (DLO);
RAF Wyton , once a major flying
station but now also part of the DLO; and
RAF Alconbury currently
occupied by the
United States Air Force
United States Air Force .
Part of the medieval infirmary hall of St Johns on the marketplace
Huntingdon Grammar School and was attended by Cromwell and
diarist Samuel Pepys. The building is now the
Cromwell Museum , run by
Cambridgeshire County Council . Interior of the Cromwell Museum.
Once a convent,
Hinchingbrooke House is said to be haunted. The
bridge over the Alconbury Brook named Nun's Bridge is said to be also
haunted by one of the nuns who once lived at the old convent that is
now Hinchingbrooke House. It's said she is often accompanied by
another ghost which resembles the appearance of a nurse. The myth goes
that the nun had a lover, a monk who caused them to be murdered. In
1965 a married couple reported seeing the ghosts on the bridge, and
again when they returned home the same night.
Local primary schools include Hartford Junior School, Huntingdon
Primary School, Thongsley Fields Primary School, St John's Primary
School, Stukeley Meadows Primary School and Cromwell Park Primary
Special needs schools include Spring Common School. Secondary
schools include St Peter\'s and
Hinchingbrooke School . Further
Education colleges include
Huntingdonshire Regional College
Hinchingbrooke school sixth form college and St Peter's Sixth Form.
Huntingdon railway station has direct services to London Kings Cross
station . It is served by Great Northern .
There are direct bus services to Peterborough, St Neots, Ramsey, St
Ives and Cambridge, as well as within the town and to Hinchingbrooke
Hospital . Most buses are provided by Whippet Coaches , a Transit
Systems subsidiary, or by
Stagecoach East .
Luton and Stansted airports are within 40 miles (60 km).
Huntingdon town centre, looking North along the High Street towards
All Saints' Church.
Once renowned for many more churches within the town, there are now
four Church of
England churches in Huntingdon, which together with the
churches in the adjacent villages Great and Little Stukeley are
members of the
Huntingdon Team Ministry in the
Diocese of Ely . The
four churches are All Saints\' (next to the Market Square), St Mary\'s
(opposite Pathfinder House), St Barnabas (on the Oxmoor estate) and
All Saints', Hartford .
The town's highest ranked football club,
Huntingdon Town , play in
the United Counties League , whilst
Huntingdon United RGE play in the
Cambridgeshire League .
Names are in birth order. Data is from the subject's site
except where referenced.
ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT
* Henry Compton (Charles Mackenzie, 1805–1877), actor, born in
George Mackley (1900–1983), wood engraver, born in Huntingdon
Terry Reid , (born 1949), rock vocalist and guitarist, born in
* Ceara O\'Neill (born 1990), actor and musician, born in Huntingdon
Himesh Patel (born 1990), actor, born in Huntingdon
Samuel Pepys (1633–1703), diarist, attended
School in about 1644.
Basil Montagu (1770–1851), jurist , barrister , writer and
philanthropist, and illegitimate son of John Montagu, 4th Earl of
Robert Carruthers (1799–1878), journalist and author of History
Christina of Markyate (c. 1096–98 – c. 1155), anchoress and
prioress, born in Huntingdon
David, Earl of Huntingdon (c. 1144–1219), Scottish prince, born
* Richard Patrick (died 1566), MP for
Huntingdon in 1559
Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658),
Lord Protector , born in Huntingdon
Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich (1625–1672), English Civil
War general and Restoration politician, attended
Richard Cromwell (1626–1712), Lord Protector, born in Huntingdon
Henry Cromwell (1628–1674),
Lord Deputy of Ireland and
Trinity College, Dublin
Trinity College, Dublin , born in Huntingdon
Charlie Elphicke (born 1971), Conservative member of Parliament,
born in Huntingdon
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
* Michael Foster (1836–1907), physiologist and academic, born in
Robert William Edis (1839–1927), architect and writer on
decoration, born in
Huntingdon and educated at
Walter Samuel Millard (1864–1952), naturalist and
conservationist, born in Huntingdon
John Hilton Grace (1873–1958), neurologist and Fellow of the
Royal Society , died in Huntingdon
Walter Yarnold (1893–1978), first-class cricketer, born in
Josh Gifford , (1941–2012), National Hunt jockey and trainer,
born in Huntingdon
Oliver Gavin (born 1972), racing car driver, born in Huntingdon
Charlotte Edwards (born 1979), international women's cricketer,
born in Huntingdon
Darren Bent (born 1984), footballer, raised in Huntingdon
* Harriet Lee (born 1991), Paralympic swimmer, born in Huntingdon
* James Sykes (born 1992), first-class cricketer, born in Huntingdon
James Kettleborough (born 1992), first-class cricketer, born in
Todd Kane (born 1993), footballer, born in
Salon de Provence , France
Szentendre , Hungary
Wertheim am Main , Germany
Earl of Huntingdon
* ^ cambridgeshire.gov.uk
* ^ Shakespeare at The George
* ^ "
Huntingdon Town Council: Councillors".
Huntingdon Town Council. Retrieved 8
* ^ "
Huntingdon Town Council: Mayor of Huntingdon".
Huntingdon Town Council. Retrieved 8
* ^ "
Huntingdon Town Council: council meetings".
Huntingdon Town Council. Retrieved 8
* ^ A B C "Ordnance Survey Election Maps".
www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
* ^ "
Huntingdonshire District Council: Councillors".
Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 4
* ^ "
Cambridgeshire County Council". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk.
Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
* ^ "
Cambridgeshire County Council: Councillors".
Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 15
* ^ http://www.huntingdon-town.info/portholme.htm
* ^ "> 1990 Maximum". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ "> July 2006". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011.
Retrieved 25 February 2011.
* ^ "> Mean annual warmest day". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ ">25c days". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ "air frost incidence". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ "1982 minimum". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ "Mean annual coldest night". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ "Annual average rainfall". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ "Annual average wetdays". Retrieved 2011-02-25.
* ^ A B C "Historic Census figures
Cambridgeshire to 2011" (xlsx
– download). www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire
Insight. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
* ^ http://www.huntingdonanglicanchurches.org.uk
* ^ Rootsweb Retrieved 11 March 2016.
* ^ BCW Project Retrieved 12 March 2016.
* ^ Chels info Retrieved 8 January 2016.
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