The Info List - Huntingdon

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is a market town in Cambridgeshire, England. The town was chartered by King John in 1205. It is the traditional county town of Huntingdonshire
and the seat of the Huntingdonshire
district council. It is well known as the birthplace of Oliver Cromwell, who was born in 1599 and was the member of parliament (MP) for the town in the 17th century. The former Conservative prime minister John Major
John Major
was the MP for the town from 1979 to 2001.


1 History

1.1 George Hotel

2 Government 3 Geography

3.1 Business 3.2 Climate

4 Demography

4.1 Population

5 Culture and community

5.1 Legends

6 Education 7 Transport

7.1 Rail 7.2 Bus 7.3 Air

8 Religious sites 9 Sport 10 Notable residents

10.1 Arts and entertainment 10.2 Literature 10.3 Religion 10.4 Politics 10.5 Science and engineering 10.6 Sports

11 International relations

11.1 Twin towns

12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] Huntingdon
was founded by the Anglo-Saxons
and Danes. Mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, it seems that it was a staging post for Danish raids outside of East Anglia
East Anglia
until 917, when the Danes moved to Tempsford, before being crushed by Edward the Elder. It prospered successively as a bridging point of the River Great Ouse, as a market town, and in the 18th and 19th centuries as a coaching centre, most notably the George Hotel. The town has a well-preserved medieval bridge that used to serve as the main route of Ermine Street over the river. The bridge only ceased to be the sole crossing point to Godmanchester
in 1975, with the advent of what is now the A14 bypass.

Sebastopol Cannon Huntingdon

Its valuable trading position was secured by the now vanished Huntingdon
Castle. The site is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument, and is home to a beacon used to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the Spanish Armada. In 1746, the botanists Wood and Ingram of nearby Brampton developed a cultivar species of elm tree, Ulmus × hollandica 'Vegeta', which was named the " Huntingdon
Elm" after the town. Original historical documents relating to Huntingdon, including the borough charter of 1205, are held by Cambridgeshire
Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office Huntingdon.[1]

welcome sign

Between the railway station and the old hospital building, stands a replica cannon. In the 1990s the replica was installed to replace an original Crimean War
Crimean War
one, that stood there until the Second World War, being scrapped for the war effort. When the replica was installed it was placed in the opposite direction to the original. The St Mary's Street drill hall was built in the late 19th century.[2] George Hotel[edit] The George Hotel, on the corner of High Street and George Street was once a posting house. It was named after St. George in 1574 and was bought some 25 years later by Henry Cromwell, grandfather of Oliver Cromwell. Charles I made the George Hotel his headquarters in 1645. Later Dick Turpin
Dick Turpin
is reputed to have been a visitor when it was a coaching inn on the Great North Road. The mid-19th century saw two wings of the inn burnt down but two were saved including the one with the balcony overlooking the yard. Since 1959 the courtyard and its balcony have been the setting for performances of the plays of Shakespeare, produced by the Shakespeare at the George Trust.[3] Government[edit] Huntingdon
has a town council consisting of 24 councillors. As elsewhere, local elections are held every four years.[4] Two of the town councillors serve also as mayor and deputy mayor.[5] Council meetings are normally held once a month at the town hall.[6] Huntingdon
has three district wards of Huntingdon
North, Huntingdon East and Huntingdon
West for Huntingdonshire
District Council.[7] The ward of Huntingdon
East is represented by three councillors and the other two wards each by two.[8] The main offices for Huntingdonshire District Council are located in Huntingdon
itself. The highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire
County Council, based in Cambridge. This provides county-wide services such as major road infrastructure, fire and rescue, education, social services, libraries and heritage protection.[9] Huntingdon
is one of the 60 electoral divisions,[7] represented by two county councillors.[10] Huntingdon
is in the parliamentary constituency of Huntingdon,[7] and has been represented by Jonathan Djanogly
Jonathan Djanogly
MP (Conservative) since 2001. The previous member was former prime minister John Major (Conservative), who held the seat in 1983–2001. For the European Parliament Huntingdon
is part of the East of England
East of England
constituency, which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation. Geography[edit] The town lies on the north bank of the River Great Ouse, opposite Godmanchester
and close to the market town of St Ives in the east and the village of Brampton in the west. Huntingdon
now incorporates the village of Hartford to the east, and the developing areas of Oxmoor, Stukeley Meadows and Hinchingbrooke to the north and west. Between Godmanchester, Huntingdon
and Brampton lies England's largest meadow, Portholme
Meadow.[11] Around 257 acres (1 km²) in size and containing many rare species of grass, flowers and dragonfly, it is the only known habitat of the Marsh Dandelion in Britain. It acts as a natural reservoir for holding water in times of flood enabling the river to run off slowly, thereby helping to prevent flooding of nearby towns. It has also served as a horse race course and once was a centre for aviation.

Old Town Hall and Thinking Soldier War Memorial at Huntingdon
Market Square.

Business[edit] Huntingdon
is home to many local businesses, including a local horse-racing course, Huntingdon
Racecourse. Hinchingbrooke Business Park has many offices and warehouses located in it. Climate[edit] The nearest weather station for which long term weather data is available is RAF Wyton, 3 mi (5 km) north-east of the town centre, although more recently Monks Wood, 5 mi (8 km) to the north-west, also provides data. As with the rest of the British Isles, Huntingdon
experiences a strongly temperate maritime based climate, free from temperature extremes, with rainfall fairly evenly spread throughout the year. The absolute maximum recorded at Wyton was 35.4 °C (95.7 °F)[12] during August 1990, although the temperature at Monks Wood rose to 35.1 °C (95.2 °F)[13] during July 2006. Typically the warmest day will average 29.7 °C (85.5 °F),[14] and 16.0 days[15] a year will rise to 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above. Typically 43.2 nights[16] of the year will report an air frost. The absolute minimum at Wyton (from 1960) was −16.1 °C (3.0 °F)[17] recorded during January 1982. On average, the coldest night of the year will fall to −7.7 °C (18.1 °F)[18] With rainfall at under 550 mm[19] per year, the Huntingdon
area is amongst the driest in the UK – 103.4 days on average will record at least 1 mm of rain.[20] All averages mentioned refer to the period 1971–2000. Demography[edit] Population[edit] In the period 1801 to 1901, the current town of Huntingdon
consisted of four separate parishes: Huntingdon
All Saints, Huntingdon
St Benedict, Huntingdon
St John and Huntingdon
St Mary. The populations of these parishes were recorded every ten years by the UK census. During this time the combined population was in the range of 2,368 (the lowest was in 1801) and 4,735 (the highest was in 1891).[21] From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of 1941 (due to the Second World War).

Parish 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011

Huntingdon 4,464 4,644 4,570 5,282

14,648 15,451 20,099 23,732

All population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire
to 2011 by Cambridgeshire
Insight.[21] For the census that was taken in 1961 and also for the census in 1971, Huntingdon
was combined with Godmanchester. In 2011, the parish covered an area of 2,765 acres (1,119 hectares)[21] and the population density of Huntingdon
in 2011 was 5,493.1 persons per square mile (2,120.8 per square kilometre). Culture and community[edit] The former Literary and Scientific Institute is now Commemoration Hall.

The Old Bridge across the Great Ouse, to Godmanchester.

There are 3 RAF stations within 4 mi (6 km) of the town: RAF Brampton, once home to Headquarters RAF Support Command and now part of the Defence Logistics Organisation (DLO); RAF Wyton, once a major flying station but now also part of the DLO; and RAF Alconbury currently occupied by the United States Air Force. Part of the medieval infirmary hall of St Johns on the marketplace became Huntingdon Grammar School
Huntingdon Grammar School
and was attended by Cromwell and diarist Samuel Pepys. The building is now the Cromwell Museum, run by Cambridgeshire
County Council.

Interior of the Cromwell Museum.

Legends[edit] Once a convent, Hinchingbrooke House
Hinchingbrooke House
is said to be haunted. The bridge over the Alconbury Brook named Nun's Bridge[22] is said to be also haunted by one of the nuns who once lived at the old convent that is now Hinchingbrooke House. It's said she is often accompanied by another ghost which resembles the appearance of a nurse. The myth goes that the nun had a lover, a monk who caused them to be murdered. In 1965 a married couple reported seeing the ghosts on the bridge, and again when they returned home the same night.[citation needed] Education[edit] Local primary schools include Hartford Junior School, Huntingdon Primary School, Thongsley Fields Primary School, St John's Primary School, Stukeley Meadows Primary School and Cromwell Park Primary School. Special
needs schools include Spring Common School. Secondary schools include St Peter's and Hinchingbrooke School. Further Education colleges include Huntingdonshire
Regional College Hinchingbrooke school sixth form college and St Peter's Sixth Form. Transport[edit] Rail[edit] Huntingdon railway station
Huntingdon railway station
has direct services to London Kings Cross station. It is served by Great Northern. Bus[edit] There are direct bus services to Peterborough, St Neots, Ramsey, St Ives and Cambridge, as well as within the town and to Hinchingbrooke Hospital. Most buses are provided by Whippet Coaches, a Transit Systems subsidiary, or by Stagecoach
East. Air[edit] Luton and Stansted airports are within 40 miles (60 km).

town centre, looking North along the High Street towards All Saints' Church.

Religious sites[edit] Once renowned for many more churches within the town, there are now four Church of England
churches in Huntingdon, which together with the churches in the adjacent villages Great and Little Stukeley are members of the Huntingdon
Team Ministry[23] in the Diocese of Ely. The four churches are All Saints' (next to the Market Square), St Mary's (opposite Pathfinder House), St Barnabas (on the Oxmoor estate) and All Saints', Hartford. Huntingdon
Methodist Church is situated on the High Street.[24] Medway Christian Fellowship is based on Medway Road.[25] Sport[edit] The town's highest ranked football club, Huntingdon
Town, play in the United Counties League, whilst Huntingdon
United RGE play in the Cambridgeshire
League. Notable residents[edit] Names are in birth order. Data is from the subject's site except where referenced. Arts and entertainment[edit]

Henry Compton (Charles Mackenzie, 1805–1877), actor, born in Huntingdon George Mackley (1900–1983), wood engraver, born in Huntingdon Terry Reid, (born 1949), rock vocalist and guitarist, born in Huntingdon Ceara O'Neill
Ceara O'Neill
(born 1990), actor and musician, born in Huntingdon Himesh Patel (born 1990), actor, born in Huntingdon


Henry of Huntingdon (c. 1088–1157), historian (Historia Anglorum) and Archdeacon of Huntingdon Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
(1633–1703), diarist, attended Huntingdon
Grammar School in about 1644. Basil Montagu (1770–1851), jurist, barrister, writer and philanthropist, and illegitimate son of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich and Martha Ray Robert Carruthers (1799–1878), local historian (History of Huntingdon) and journalist


Christina of Markyate
Christina of Markyate
(c. 1096–98 – c. 1155), anchoress and prioress, born in Huntingdon


David, Earl of Huntingdon
David, Earl of Huntingdon
(c. 1144–1219), Scottish prince, born in Huntingdon[26] Richard Patrick (died 1566), MP for Huntingdon
in 1559 Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
(1599–1658), Lord Protector, born in Huntingdon Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich
Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich
(1625–1672), English Civil War general and Restoration politician, attended Huntingdon
Grammar School.[27] Richard Cromwell
Richard Cromwell
(1626–1712), Lord Protector
Lord Protector
(1658–59), born in Huntingdon Henry Cromwell
Henry Cromwell
(1628–1674), Lord Deputy of Ireland and chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin, born in Huntingdon Charlie Elphicke
Charlie Elphicke
(born 1971), Conservative member of Parliament, born in Huntingdon

Science and engineering[edit]

Michael Foster (1836–1907), physiologist and academic, born in Huntingdon Robert William Edis (1839–1927), architect and writer on decoration, born in Huntingdon
and educated at Huntingdon
Grammar School Walter Samuel Millard
Walter Samuel Millard
(1864–1952), naturalist and conservationist, born in Huntingdon John Hilton Grace (1873–1958), neurologist and Fellow of the Royal Society, died in Huntingdon


Walter Yarnold (1893–1978), first-class cricketer, born in Huntingdon Josh Gifford, (1941–2012), National Hunt jockey and trainer, born in Huntingdon Oliver Gavin
Oliver Gavin
(born 1972), racing car driver, born in Huntingdon Charlotte Edwards
Charlotte Edwards
(born 1979), international women's cricketer, born in Huntingdon Darren Bent
Darren Bent
(born 1984), footballer, raised in Huntingdon Harriet Lee (born 1991), Paralympic swimmer, born in Huntingdon James Sykes (born 1992), first-class cricketer, born in Huntingdon James Kettleborough (born 1992), first-class cricketer, born in Huntingdon Todd Kane
Todd Kane
(born 1993), footballer, born in Huntingdon[28]

International relations[edit] Twin towns[edit]

Salon de Provence, France Szentendre, Hungary Wertheim am Main, Germany Gubbio, Italy

See also[edit]

Earl of Huntingdon


^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2009.  cambridgeshire.gov.uk ^ "The Huntingdonshire
Cyclist Battalions 1914 - 1919". Porch Museum. Retrieved 20 September 2017.  ^ "Shakespeare at the George". www.satg.org.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017.  ^ " Huntingdon
Town Council: Councillors". www.huntingdontown.gov.uk. Huntingdon
Town Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ " Huntingdon
Town Council: Mayor of Huntingdon". www.huntingdontown.gov.uk. Huntingdon
Town Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ " Huntingdon
Town Council: council meetings". www.huntingdontown.gov.uk. Huntingdon
Town Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ a b c "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 4 February 2016.  ^ " Huntingdonshire
District Council: Councillors". www.huntsdc.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire
District Council. Retrieved 4 February 2016.  ^ " Cambridgeshire
County Council". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire
County Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ " Cambridgeshire
County Council: Councillors". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire
County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016.  ^ http://www.huntingdon-town.info/portholme.htm huntingdon-town.info ^ "> 1990 Maximum". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ "> July 2006". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011.  ^ "> Mean annual warmest day". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ ">25c days". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ "air frost incidence". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ "1982 minimum". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ "Mean annual coldest night". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ "Annual average rainfall". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ "Annual average wetdays". Retrieved 2011-02-25.  ^ a b c "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire
to 2011" (xlsx – download). www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire
Insight. Retrieved 12 February 2016.  ^ http://www.francisfrith.com/huntingdon/photos/nuns-bridge-1901_46623/ francisfrith.com ^ http://www.huntingdonanglicanchurches.org.uk huntingdonanglicanchurches.org.uk ^ "Home". Huntingdon
Methodist Church. Retrieved 19 November 2017.  ^ "Medway Christian Fellowship - Love Oxmoor - A church in the heart of the community". loveoxmoor.org.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017.  ^ Rootsweb Retrieved 11 March 2016. ^ BCW Project Retrieved 12 March 2016. ^ Chels info Retrieved 8 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire.

travel guide from Wikivoyage Huntingdonshire
District Council Huntingdon
Town Council

v t e

River Great Ouse, England


Northamptonshire Buckinghamshire Bedfordshire Cambridgeshire Norfolk

Flows into

The Wash

Towns (upstream to downstream)

Brackley Buckingham Old Stratford Milton Keynes

Stony Stratford Wolverton New Bradwell

Newport Pagnell Olney Kempston Bedford St Neots Godmanchester Huntingdon St Ives Ely Littleport Downham Market King's Lynn

Major tributaries (upstream to downstream by confluence)

River Tove River Ouzel
River Ouzel
(or Lovat) River Ivel River Kym Old Bedford
River New Bedford
River River Cam River Lark River Little Ouse River Wissey

Major bridges (upstream to downstream)

Harrold bridge A428 Turvey bridge A428 Bromham bypass A6 Bedford
Town Bridge A421 Bedford
bypass Great Barford Bridge A428 Bridge St Neots St Neots
St Neots
Town Bridge Godmanchester
Chinese Bridge A14 bridge, River Great Ouse Huntingdon
Old Bridge St Ives Bridge

Longest UK rivers

Severn Thames Trent Great Ouse Wye Ure/Ouse Tay Spey Clyde Tweed Avon Nene Eden Dee

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 477144783023502030