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HUNTINGDON is a market town in Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
, England. The town was chartered by King John in 1205. It is the traditional county town of Huntingdonshire and the seat of the Huntingdonshire district council . It is well known as the birthplace of Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
, who was born in 1599 and was the member of parliament (MP) for the town in the 17th century. The former Conservative prime minister John Major
John Major
was the MP for the town from 1979 to 2001.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 George Hotel

* 2 Government

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Business * 3.2 Climate

* 4 Demography

* 4.1 Population

* 5 Culture and community

* 5.1 Legends

* 6 Education

* 7 Transport

* 7.1 Rail * 7.2 Bus * 7.3 Air

* 8 Religious sites * 9 Sport

* 10 Notable residents

* 10.1 Arts and entertainment * 10.2 Literature * 10.3 Religion * 10.4 Politics * 10.5 Science and engineering * 10.6 Sports

* 11 International relations

* 11.1 Twin towns

* 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links

HISTORY

Huntingdon
Huntingdon
was founded by the Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons
and Danes . Mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
, it seems that it was a staging post for Danish raids outside of East Anglia
East Anglia
until 917, when the Danes moved to Tempsford, before being crushed by Edward the Elder
Edward the Elder
. It prospered successively as a bridging point of the River Great Ouse , as a market town, and in the 18th and 19th centuries as a coaching centre, most notably the George Hotel. The town has a well-preserved medieval bridge that used to serve as the main route of Ermine Street over the river. The bridge only ceased to be the sole crossing point to Godmanchester in 1975, with the advent of what is now the A14 bypass . Sebastopol Cannon Huntingdon
Huntingdon

Its valuable trading position was secured by the now vanished Huntingdon Castle . The site is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument , and is home to a beacon used to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the Spanish Armada .

In 1746, the botanists Wood and Ingram of nearby Brampton developed a cultivar species of elm tree, Ulmus × hollandica \'Vegeta\' , which was named the " Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Elm" after the town.

Original historical documents relating to Huntingdon, including the borough charter of 1205, are held by Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office Huntingdon. Huntingdon welcome sign

Between the railway station and the old hospital building, stands a replica cannon. In the 1990s the replica was installed to replace an original Crimean War one, that stood there until the Second World War , being scrapped for the war effort. When the replica was installed it was placed in the opposite direction to the original.

GEORGE HOTEL

The George Hotel, on the corner of High Street and George Street was once a posting house. It was named after St. George in 1574 and was bought some 25 years later by Henry Cromwell, grandfather of Oliver Cromwell. Charles I made the George Hotel his headquarters in 1645. Later Dick Turpin is reputed to have been a visitor when it was a coaching inn on the Great North Road . The mid-19th century saw two wings of the inn burnt down but two were saved including the one with the balcony overlooking the yard. Since 1959 the courtyard and its balcony have been the setting for performances of the plays of Shakespeare , produced by the Shakespeare at the George Trust.

GOVERNMENT

Huntingdon
Huntingdon
has a town council consisting of 24 councillors. As elsewhere, local elections are held every four years. Two of the town councillors serve also as mayor and deputy mayor. Council meetings are normally held once a month at the town hall.

Huntingdon
Huntingdon
has three district wards of Huntingdon
Huntingdon
North, Huntingdon East and Huntingdon
Huntingdon
West for Huntingdonshire District Council . The ward of Huntingdon
Huntingdon
East is represented by three councillors and the other two wards each by two. The main offices for Huntingdonshire District Council are located in Huntingdon
Huntingdon
itself.

The highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council , based in Cambridge. This provides county-wide services such as major road infrastructure, fire and rescue, education, social services, libraries and heritage protection. Huntingdon
Huntingdon
is one of the 60 electoral divisions, represented by two county councillors.

Huntingdon
Huntingdon
is in the parliamentary constituency of Huntingdon
Huntingdon
, and has been represented by Jonathan Djanogly MP (Conservative ) since 2001. The previous member was former prime minister John Major (Conservative), who held the seat in 1983–2001. For the European Parliament Huntingdon
Huntingdon
is part of the East of England constituency , which elects seven MEPs using the d\'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation .

GEOGRAPHY

The town lies on the north bank of the River Great Ouse , opposite Godmanchester and close to the market town of St Ives in the east and the village of Brampton in the west. Huntingdon
Huntingdon
now incorporates the village of Hartford to the east, and the developing areas of Oxmoor, Stukeley Meadows and Hinchingbrooke to the north and west.

Between Godmanchester, Huntingdon
Huntingdon
and Brampton lies England's largest meadow , Portholme Meadow
Meadow
. Around 257 acres (1 km²) in size and containing many rare species of grass, flowers and dragonfly , it is the only known habitat of the Marsh Dandelion in Britain. It acts as a natural reservoir for holding water in times of flood enabling the river to run off slowly, thereby helping to prevent flooding of nearby towns. It has also served as a horse race course and once was a centre for aviation. Old Town Hall and Thinking Soldier War Memorial at Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Market Square.

BUSINESS

Huntingdon
Huntingdon
is home to many local businesses, including a local horse-racing course, Huntingdon Racecourse . Hinchingbrooke Business Park has many offices and warehouses located in it.

CLIMATE

The nearest weather station for which long term weather data is available is RAF Wyton , 3 mi (5 km) north-east of the town centre, although more recently Monks Wood, 5 mi (8 km) to the north-west, also provides data.

As with the rest of the British Isles, Huntingdon
Huntingdon
experiences a strongly temperate maritime based climate, free from temperature extremes, with rainfall fairly evenly spread throughout the year.

The absolute maximum recorded at Wyton was 35.4 °C (95.7 °F) during August 1990, although the temperature at Monks Wood rose to 35.1 °C (95.2 °F) during July 2006. Typically the warmest day will average 29.7 °C (85.5 °F), and 16.0 days a year will rise to 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above.

Typically 43.2 nights of the year will report an air frost. The absolute minimum at Wyton (from 1960) was −16.1 °C (3.0 °F) recorded during January 1982. On average, the coldest night of the year will fall to −7.7 °C (18.1 °F)

With rainfall at under 550 mm per year, the Huntingdon
Huntingdon
area is amongst the driest in the UK – 103.4 days on average will record at least 1 mm of rain. All averages mentioned refer to the period 1971–2000.

DEMOGRAPHY

POPULATION

In the period 1801 to 1901, the current town of Huntingdon
Huntingdon
consisted of four separate parishes: Huntingdon
Huntingdon
All Saints, Huntingdon
Huntingdon
St Benedict, Huntingdon
Huntingdon
St John and Huntingdon
Huntingdon
St Mary. The populations of these parishes were recorded every ten years by the UK census . During this time the combined population was in the range of 2,368 (the lowest was in 1801) and 4,735 (the highest was in 1891).

From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of 1941 (due to the Second World War
Second World War
).

Parish 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011

Huntingdon 4,464 4,644 4,570 5,282

14,648 15,451 20,099 23,732

All population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to 2011 by Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Insight.

For the census that was taken in 1961 and also for the census in 1971, Huntingdon
Huntingdon
was combined with Godmanchester.

In 2011, the parish covered an area of 2,765 acres (1,119 hectares) and the population density of Huntingdon
Huntingdon
in 2011 was 5,493.1 persons per square mile (2,120.8 per square kilometre).

CULTURE AND COMMUNITY

The former Literary and Scientific Institute is now Commemoration Hall. The Old Bridge across the Great Ouse , to Godmanchester .

There are 3 RAF stations within 4 mi (6 km) of the town: RAF Brampton , once home to Headquarters RAF Support Command and now part of the Defence Logistics Organisation (DLO); RAF Wyton , once a major flying station but now also part of the DLO; and RAF Alconbury
RAF Alconbury
currently occupied by the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
.

Part of the medieval infirmary hall of St Johns on the marketplace became Huntingdon Grammar School and was attended by Cromwell and diarist Samuel Pepys. The building is now the Cromwell Museum , run by Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council . Interior of the Cromwell Museum.

LEGENDS

Once a convent, Hinchingbrooke House is said to be haunted. The bridge over the Alconbury Brook named Nun's Bridge is said to be also haunted by one of the nuns who once lived at the old convent that is now Hinchingbrooke House. It's said she is often accompanied by another ghost which resembles the appearance of a nurse. The myth goes that the nun had a lover, a monk who caused them to be murdered. In 1965 a married couple reported seeing the ghosts on the bridge, and again when they returned home the same night.

EDUCATION

Local primary schools include Hartford Junior School, Huntingdon Primary School, Thongsley Fields Primary School, St John's Primary School, Stukeley Meadows Primary School and Cromwell Park Primary School. Special
Special
needs schools include Spring Common School. Secondary schools include St Peter\'s and Hinchingbrooke School . Further Education colleges include Huntingdonshire Regional College Hinchingbrooke school sixth form college and St Peter's Sixth Form.

TRANSPORT

RAIL

Huntingdon railway station has direct services to London Kings Cross station . It is served by Great Northern .

BUS

There are direct bus services to Peterborough, St Neots, Ramsey, St Ives and Cambridge, as well as within the town and to Hinchingbrooke Hospital . Most buses are provided by Whippet Coaches , a Transit Systems subsidiary, or by Stagecoach
Stagecoach
East .

AIR

Luton and Stansted airports are within 40 miles (60 km). Huntingdon
Huntingdon
town centre, looking North along the High Street towards All Saints' Church.

RELIGIOUS SITES

Once renowned for many more churches within the town, there are now four Church of England
England
churches in Huntingdon, which together with the churches in the adjacent villages Great and Little Stukeley are members of the Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Team Ministry in the Diocese of Ely . The four churches are All Saints\' (next to the Market Square), St Mary\'s (opposite Pathfinder House), St Barnabas (on the Oxmoor estate) and All Saints', Hartford .

SPORT

The town's highest ranked football club, Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Town , play in the United Counties League , whilst Huntingdon
Huntingdon
United RGE play in the Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
League .

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

Names are in birth order. Data is from the subject's site except where referenced.

ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT

* Henry Compton (Charles Mackenzie, 1805–1877), actor, born in Huntingdon * George Mackley (1900–1983), wood engraver, born in Huntingdon * Terry Reid , (born 1949), rock vocalist and guitarist, born in Huntingdon * Ceara O\'Neill (born 1990), actor and musician, born in Huntingdon * Himesh Patel (born 1990), actor, born in Huntingdon

LITERATURE

* Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
(1633–1703), diarist, attended Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Grammar School in about 1644. * Basil Montagu (1770–1851), jurist , barrister , writer and philanthropist, and illegitimate son of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich and Martha Ray * Robert Carruthers (1799–1878), journalist and author of History of Huntingdon

RELIGION

* Christina of Markyate (c. 1096–98 – c. 1155), anchoress and prioress, born in Huntingdon

POLITICS

* David, Earl of Huntingdon (c. 1144–1219), Scottish prince, born in Huntingdon
Huntingdon
* Richard Patrick (died 1566), MP for Huntingdon
Huntingdon
in 1559 * Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
(1599–1658), Lord Protector
Lord Protector
, born in Huntingdon * Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich (1625–1672), English Civil War general and Restoration politician, attended Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Grammar School. * Richard Cromwell (1626–1712), Lord Protector, born in Huntingdon * Henry Cromwell (1628–1674), Lord Deputy of Ireland and chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin
Trinity College, Dublin
, born in Huntingdon * Charlie Elphicke
Charlie Elphicke
(born 1971), Conservative member of Parliament, born in Huntingdon

SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

* Michael Foster (1836–1907), physiologist and academic, born in Huntingdon * Robert William Edis (1839–1927), architect and writer on decoration, born in Huntingdon
Huntingdon
and educated at Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Grammar School * Walter Samuel Millard (1864–1952), naturalist and conservationist, born in Huntingdon * John Hilton Grace (1873–1958), neurologist and Fellow of the Royal Society , died in Huntingdon

SPORTS

* Walter Yarnold (1893–1978), first-class cricketer, born in Huntingdon * Josh Gifford , (1941–2012), National Hunt jockey and trainer, born in Huntingdon * Oliver Gavin (born 1972), racing car driver, born in Huntingdon * Charlotte Edwards
Charlotte Edwards
(born 1979), international women's cricketer, born in Huntingdon * Darren Bent (born 1984), footballer, raised in Huntingdon * Harriet Lee (born 1991), Paralympic swimmer, born in Huntingdon * James Sykes (born 1992), first-class cricketer, born in Huntingdon * James Kettleborough (born 1992), first-class cricketer, born in Huntingdon * Todd Kane (born 1993), footballer, born in Huntingdon
Huntingdon

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

TWIN TOWNS

* Salon de Provence , France * Szentendre , Hungary * Wertheim am Main , Germany

SEE ALSO

* Earl of Huntingdon

REFERENCES

* ^ cambridgeshire.gov.uk * ^ Shakespeare at The George * ^ " Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Town Council: Councillors". www.huntingdontown.gov.uk. Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Town Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. * ^ " Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Town Council: Mayor of Huntingdon". www.huntingdontown.gov.uk. Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Town Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. * ^ " Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Town Council: council meetings". www.huntingdontown.gov.uk. Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Town Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. * ^ A B C "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 4 February 2016. * ^ " Huntingdonshire District Council: Councillors". www.huntsdc.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 4 February 2016. * ^ " Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. * ^ " Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council: Councillors". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016. * ^ http://www.huntingdon-town.info/portholme.htm huntingdon-town.info * ^ "> 1990 Maximum". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ "> July 2006". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011. * ^ "> Mean annual warmest day". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ ">25c days". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ "air frost incidence". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ "1982 minimum". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ "Mean annual coldest night". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ "Annual average rainfall". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ "Annual average wetdays". Retrieved 2011-02-25. * ^ A B C "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to 2011" (xlsx – download). www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire Insight. Retrieved 12 February 2016. * ^ http://www.francisfrith.com/huntingdon/photos/nuns-bridge-1901_46623/ francisfrith.com * ^ http://www.huntingdonanglicanchurches.org.uk huntingdonanglicanchurches.org.uk * ^ Rootsweb Retrieved 11 March 2016. * ^ BCW Project Retrieved 12 March 2016. * ^ Chels info Retrieved 8 January 2016.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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