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Hungerford
Hungerford
is a historic market town and civil parish in Berkshire, England, 8 miles (13 km) west of Newbury, 9 miles (14 km) east of Marlborough, 29 miles (47 km) northeast of Salisbury
Salisbury
and 67 miles (107 km) west of London. The Kennet and Avon Canal
Kennet and Avon Canal
passes through the town from the west alongside the River Dun, a major tributary of the River Kennet. The confluence with the Kennet is to the north of the centre whence canal and river both continue east. Amenities include schools, shops, cafés, restaurants, and facilities for the main national sports. The railway station is a minor stop on the London
London
to Exeter (via Taunton) Line.

Contents

1 History

1.1 1987 massacre

2 Government 3 Geography

3.1 Administrative history 3.2 Nearby places

4 Transport 5 Sport and leisure 6 Hocktide 7 Legends 8 Literature 9 Demography 10 Notable people 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

St. Lawrence's parish church

Hungerford
Hungerford
is a slight abbreviation and vowel shift from a Saxon name meaning "Hanging Wood Ford". The town's symbol is the six-pointed star and crescent moon. The place does not occur in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086, but certainly existed by 1173. By 1241, it called itself a borough. In the late 14th century, John of Gaunt was medieval lord of the manor and he granted the people the lucrative fishing rights on the River Kennet. The noble family of Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford
Baron Hungerford
originated from the town (c. 1450–1450), although after three generations the title passed to Mary, Baroness Hungerford
Hungerford
who married Sir Edward (afterwards Lord) Hasting and the family seat moved to Heytesbury, Wiltshire. During the English Civil War, the Earl of Essex and his army spent the night here in June 1644. In October of the same year, the Earl of Manchester’s cavalry were also quartered in the town. Then, in the November, the King’s forces arrived in Hungerford
Hungerford
on their way to Abingdon. During the Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
of 1688, William of Orange was offered the Crown of England
England
while staying at the Bear Inn in Hungerford. The Hungerford
Hungerford
land south of the Kennet was for the centuries, until an 18th-century widespread growth in cultivation the area, in Savernake Forest. St. Lawrence's parish church stands next to the Kennet and Avon Canal. It was rebuilt in 1814–1816 by John Pinch the elder in Gothic Revival style and refurbished again in the 1850s. In the late 19th century, two policeman were shot by poachers in Eddington. Their memorial crosses still stand where they fell. 1987 massacre[edit] The Hungerford massacre
Hungerford massacre
occurred on 19 August 1987. A 27-year-old unemployed local labourer, Michael Robert Ryan, armed with several weapons including a Type 56 assault rifle
Type 56 assault rifle
and a Beretta
Beretta
pistol, shot and killed or fatally wounded 16 people around the town including his mother, and wounded 15 others, then killed himself in a local school after being surrounded by armed police. All of his victims were shot in the town or in nearby Savernake Forest. A report on this incident was commissioned by Home Secretary
Home Secretary
Douglas Hurd from the Chief Constable of Thames Valley Police, Colin Smith. It is one of three highly costly firearms atrocities in terms of lives since the invention of such rapid fire weapons, the other two being the Dunblane massacre
Dunblane massacre
and Cumbria shootings. The massacre led to the Firearms (Amendment) Act 1988, which banned the ownership of semi-automatic centre-fire rifles and restricted the use of shotguns with a magazine capacity of more than two rounds. The Hungerford Report had demonstrated that Ryan's collection of weapons was legally licensed. Government[edit] Hungerford
Hungerford
is a civil parish, covering the town of Hungerford
Hungerford
and a surrounding rural area, including the small village of Hungerford Newtown. The parish shares boundaries with the Berkshire
Berkshire
parishes of Lambourn, East Garston, Great Shefford, Kintbury
Kintbury
and Inkpen, and with the Wiltshire
Wiltshire
parishes of Shalbourne, Froxfield, Ramsbury
Ramsbury
and Chilton Foliat.[2] Parish council responsibilities are undertaken by Hungerford
Hungerford
Town Council, which consists of fifteen volunteer councillors and committee members, supported by a full-time clerk. The mayor is elected from amongst their numbers. The parish forms part of the district administered by the unitary authority of West Berkshire, and local government responsibilities are shared between the town council and unitary authority. Hungerford
Hungerford
is part of the Newbury parliamentary constituency. Its MP is the Conservative Richard Benyon, son of Sir William Benyon of Englefield House. He has represented the two towns since 2005. Hungerford
Hungerford
participates in town twinning to foster good international relations:

Ligueil, Indre-et-Loire, France.[3]

Geography[edit]

Narrowboat on the Kennet and Avon Canal

Hungerford
Hungerford
Common

Hungerford
Hungerford
is on the River Dun. It is the westernmost town in Berkshire, on the border with Wiltshire. It is in the North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The highest point in the entire South East England
South East England
region is the 297 m (974 ft) summit of Walbury Hill, centred 4 miles (7 km) from the town centre. The Kennet and Avon Canal
Kennet and Avon Canal
separates Hungerford
Hungerford
from what might be described as the town's only suburb, the hamlet of Eddington. The town has as its western border a county divide which also marks the border of South East and South West England
England
regions; it is 68 miles (109 km) west of central London
London
and 55 miles (88 km) east of Bristol
Bristol
on the A4 road. It is almost equidistant from the towns of Newbury and Marlborough, and lies 2.5 miles (4 km) south of junction 14 of the M4 motorway. Hungerford
Hungerford
has a site of Special
Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI) on the western edge of the town, called Freeman's Marsh.[4] Administrative history[edit] The parish was divided into four tithings: Hungerford
Hungerford
or Town, Sanden Fee, Eddington with Hidden and Newtown and Charnham Street. North and South Standen and Charnham Street were officially detached parts of Wiltshire
Wiltshire
until transferred to Berkshire
Berkshire
in 1895. Leverton and Calcot were transferred to Hungerford
Hungerford
parish from Chilton Foliat
Chilton Foliat
in Wiltshire in 1895. Nearby places[edit] Towns: Newbury, Marlborough, Lambourn, Wantage, Swindon, Reading. Villages: Chilton Foliat, Great Shefford, Kintbury, Little Bedwyn, Froxfield, Ramsbury, Shalbourne, Stockcross, Ham, Inkpen, Aldbourne, Burbage, Hungerford
Hungerford
Newtown. Places of interest: Crofton Pumping Station, Wilton Windmill, Littlecote House, Freeman's Marsh, Walbury Hill. Transport[edit]

Hungerford
Hungerford
railway station

Hungerford
Hungerford
is situated on several transport routes, of both historic and current importance, including the M4 motorway
M4 motorway
(junction 14), the Old Bath Road (A4), and the Kennet and Avon Canal
Kennet and Avon Canal
(opened 1811). It also has a railway station on the Reading to Taunton line; a reasonable rail service to Newbury, Reading and London
London
means that the Hungerford
Hungerford
has developed into something of a dormitory town which has been slowly expanding since the 1980s. Many residents commute to nearby towns such as Newbury, Swindon, Marlborough, Thatcham
Thatcham
and Reading. Sport and leisure[edit] Hungerford
Hungerford
has a cricket team that played against the full English professional team in 1852, 1853 and 1854,[5] a football team, Hungerford
Hungerford
Town F.C., that plays at the Bulpit Lane ground, a rugby team, Hungerford
Hungerford
RFC.[6] and a Netball Club. Hungerford
Hungerford
Archers, a longbow archery club, uses the sports field of the John O'Gaunt School as its shooting ground.[5] Hungerford
Hungerford
Hares running club was established in 2007.[7] Hocktide[edit] Main article: Hocktide

John of Gaunt

Hungerford
Hungerford
is the only place in the country to have continuously celebrated Hocktide
Hocktide
or Tutti Day (the second Tuesday after Easter). Today it marks the end of the town council's financial and administrative year, but in the past it was a more general celebration associated with the town's great patron, John of Gaunt (see below). Its origins are thought lie in celebrations following King Alfred's expulsion of the Danes. The "Bellman" (or Town Crier) summons the Commoners of the town to the Hocktide
Hocktide
Court held at the town hall, while two florally decorated "Tutti Men" and the "Orange Man" visit every house with commoners' rights (almost a hundred properties), accompanied by around six Tutti Girls, drawn from the local school. Originally they collected "head pennies" to ensure fishing and grazing rights. Today, they largely collect kisses from each lady of the house. In the court, the town's officers are elected for the coming year and the accounts examined. The court manages the town hall, the John of Gaunt Inn, the Common, Freemen's Marsh, and fishing rites in the Rivers Kennet and Dun. Legends[edit] There is an old legend that "Hingwar the Dane" (i.e. Ivarr the Boneless) was drowned accidentally while crossing the Kennet here, and that the town was named after him. This stems from the probably mistaken belief that the Battle of Ethandun
Battle of Ethandun
took place at Eddington in Berkshire
Berkshire
rather than Edington, Wiltshire
Wiltshire
or Edington, Somerset. Literature[edit] Hungerford
Hungerford
is one of two places which arguably meet the criteria for Kennetbridge in Thomas Hardy's novel Jude the Obscure, being "a thriving town not more than a dozen miles south of Marygreen"[8] (Fawley) and is between Melchester (Salisbury) and Christminster (Oxford).[9] The main road (A338) from Oxford
Oxford
to Salisbury
Salisbury
runs through Hungerford. The other contender is larger Newbury. Demography[edit]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]

Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens Usual residents km²

Civil parish 834 858 367 482 43 0.500 0.337 0.789 5767 27.52

Notable people[edit]

Ivarr the Boneless, Danish Viking
Viking
invader. John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, son of King Edward III Sir Robert de Hungerford, a Baron Hungerford
Baron Hungerford
and a 14th-century statesman Charlie Austin, Footballer Edmund Roche, 5th Baron Fermoy, maternal uncle of Lady Diana, Princess of Wales. He died in Hungerford
Hungerford
in 1984. Samuel Chandler, Nonconformist
Nonconformist
theologian and preacher Christopher Derrick, author William Greatrakes, connected with the authorship of the Letters of Junius George Pocock (1774–1843), the founder of the Tent Methodist Society and inventor of the Charvolant Edward Duke (1779–1852), antiquary Nicholas Monro
Nicholas Monro
(b. 1936), artist, had a studio at Hungerford[10] Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal
Portal
of Hungerford, RAF Chief of the Air Staff during most of World War II Robert Snooks, last highwayman to be hanged in England, born in Hungerford
Hungerford
in 1761 James E. Talmage, (1862–1933) LDS Church
LDS Church
leader, writer and theologian. Author of Jesus the Christ Henry "Harry" Quelch (1858–1913), one of the first British Marxists Ralph Evans (1915–1996), footballer Will Young, singer Adam Brown, actor, comedian and pantomime performer

See also[edit]

List of places in Berkshire List of civil parishes in England List of towns in England

References[edit]

^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 ^ "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 27 February 2008.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.  ^ "Magic Map Application". Magic.defra.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-19.  ^ a b Hungerford
Hungerford
in West Berkshire
Berkshire
– Sports. Hungerford.uk.net. Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ Boulton, Bob. (29 April 2013) Hungerford
Hungerford
RFC. Pitchero.com. Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ [1]. Hungerfordhares.co.uk Retrieved on 8 September 2017. ^ Paragraph 4, Chapter VII, Part Fifth, Thomas Hardy, Jude the Obscure at https://www.gutenberg.org/files/153/153-h/153-h.htm#5-7 ^ Paragraph 6, Chapter X, Part Third, Thomas Hardy, Jude the Obscure at https://www.gutenberg.org/files/153/153-h/153-h.htm#5-7 ^ Radio Birmingham interview with Munro, 11 May 1972, transcribed in part in Towers, Alan (July–August 1972). "Birmingham: Nicholas Munro". Studio International. 184 (946): 18. 

External links[edit]

Hungerford
Hungerford
Virtual Museum Hungerford
Hungerford
Town Council Hungerford
Hungerford
in West Berkshire Hungerford
Hungerford
Historical Association Royal Berkshire
Berkshire
History: Hungerford photos of Hungerford
Hungerford
and surrounding area on geograph

v t e

Ceremonial county of Berkshire

Berkshire
Berkshire
Portal

Unitary authorities

Bracknell
Bracknell
Forest Reading Slough West Berkshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham

Major settlements

Ascot Bracknell Earley Eton Hungerford Maidenhead Newbury Reading Sandhurst Slough Thatcham Windsor Wokingham Woodley See also: List of civil parishes in Berkshire

Topics

Flag Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

v t e

Settlements in West Berkshire

Towns

Hungerford Newbury Thatcham
Thatcham
(All are civil parishes and have Town Councils)

Civil parishes

Aldermaston Aldworth Ashampstead Basildon Beech Hill Beedon Beenham Boxford Bradfield Brightwalton Brimpton Bucklebury Burghfield Catmore Chaddleworth Chieveley Cold Ash Combe Compton East Garston East Ilsley Enborne Englefield Farnborough Fawley Frilsham Great Shefford Greenham Hampstead Marshall Hampstead Norreys Hermitage Holybrook Inkpen Kintbury Lambourn Leckhampstead Midgham Padworth Pangbourne Peasemore Purley-on-Thames Shaw-cum-Donnington Speen Stanford Dingley Stratfield Mortimer Streatley Sulham Sulhamstead Theale Tidmarsh Tilehurst Ufton Nervet Wasing Welford West Woodhay West Ilsley Winterbourne Wokefield Woolhampton Yattendon

Other villages and hamlets

Aldermaston
Aldermaston
Wharf Ashmore Green Avington Bagnor Beansheaf Farm Beedon
Beedon
Common Benham Hill Bloomfield Hatch Brightwalton
Brightwalton
Green Brimpton
Brimpton
Common Burghfield
Burghfield
Bridge Burnt Hill Calcot Chapel Row Colthrop Crockham Heath Crookham Downend Donnington Eastbury Eddington Elcot Eling Enborne
Enborne
Row Fords Farm Goddard's Green Halfway Heads Hill Hell Corner Hoe Benham Honey Bottom Hungerford
Hungerford
Newtown Hunts Green Hyde End Inkpen
Inkpen
Common Lambourn
Lambourn
Woodlands Little Heath Lower Basildon Lower Denford Lower Padworth Marlston Marsh Benham Midgham
Midgham
Green Mortimer/Mortimer Common Ownham Padworth
Padworth
Common Shaw Shefford Woodlands Snelsmore South Fawley Stockcross Upper Basildon Upper Denford Upper Eddington Upper Lambourn Upper Woolhampton Wash Common Wash Water Weston Wickham Wickham Heath Woodlands St Mary Woo

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