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The Hungarian Parliament Building
Hungarian Parliament Building
(Hungarian: Országház, pronounced [ˈorsaːkhaːz], which translates to House of the Country or House of the Nation), also known as the Parliament of Budapest
Budapest
for being located in that city,[1] is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, a notable landmark of Hungary
Hungary
and a popular tourist destination of Budapest. It lies in Lajos Kossuth Square, on the bank of the Danube. It is currently the largest building in Hungary[2] and still the tallest building in Budapest.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Features 3 Accessibility and neighbourhood 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

Parliament Building in 1905

Budapest
Budapest
was united from three cities in 1873 and seven years later the Diet resolved to establish a new, representative Parliament Building, expressing the sovereignty of the nation. The building was planned to face the river. An international competition was held, and Imre Steindl
Imre Steindl
emerged as the victor; the plans of two other competitors were later also realized in the form of the Ethnographic Museum and the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture, both of which face the Parliament Building. Construction from the winning plan was started in 1885 and the building was inaugurated on the 1000th anniversary of the country in 1896, and completed in 1904. (The architect of the building went blind before its completion.) About 100,000 people were involved in construction, during which 40 million bricks, half a million precious stones and 40 kilograms (88 lb) of gold were used. Since World War II
World War II
the legislature became unicameral and today the government uses only a small portion of the building. During the People's Republic of Hungary
Hungary
a red star perched on the top of the dome, but was removed in 1990. Mátyás Szűrös declared the Hungarian Republic from the balcony facing Kossuth Lajos Square
Kossuth Lajos Square
on 23 October 1989. Features[edit]

The Holy Crown of Hungary
Hungary
in the central hall

Assembly hall of the House of Magnates

Main hall of parliament building

The Parliament Building is in the Gothic Revival
Gothic Revival
style; it has a symmetrical façade and a central dome. The dome is Renaissance Revival architecture.[4] Also from inside the parliament is symmetrical and thus has two absolutely identical parliament halls out of which one is used for the politics, the other one is used for guided tours. It is 268 m (879 ft) long and 123 m (404 ft) wide. Its interior includes 10 courtyards, 13 passenger and freight elevators, 27 gates, 29 staircases and 691 rooms (including more than 200 offices). With its height of 96 m (315 ft), it is one of the two tallest buildings in Budapest, along with Saint Stephen's Basilica. The number 96 refers to the nation's millennium, 1896, and the conquest of the later Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
in 896. The main façade overlooks the River Danube, but the official main entrance is from the square on the east side of the building. Inside and outside, there are altogether 242 sculptures on the walls. The façade displays statues of Hungarian rulers, Transylvanian leaders and famous military figures. The coats of arms of kings and dukes are depicted over the windows. The east stairs is flanked by two lions. When entering the Parliament, visitors can walk up great ornamental stairs, see frescoes on the ceiling and pass by the bust of the creator, Imre Steindl, in a wall niche. Other statues include those of Árpád, Stephen I and John Hunyadi. One of the famous parts of the building is the hexadecagonal (sixteen-sided) central hall, with huge chambers adjoining it: the Lower House and the Upper House. The modern National Assembly is unicameral and meets in the Lower House, while the Upper House is used as a conference and meeting room. The Holy Crown of Hungary, which is also depicted in the coat of arms of Hungary, has been displayed in the central hall since 2000. Further features include the stained glass and glass mosaics by Miksa Róth. Due to its extensive surface and its detailed handiwork, the building is almost always under renovation. Accessibility and neighbourhood[edit] Main article: Lajos Kossuth Square The Parliament is accessible with Line 2 of the Budapest
Budapest
Metro and with tram line 2, from the Kossuth Lajos Square
Kossuth Lajos Square
station. At the east front of the building is a memorial to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, as well as the imposing Kossuth Memorial
Kossuth Memorial
and the equestrian statue of Francis II Rákóczi. A seated statue of Attila József
Attila József
as described in his poem By the Danube
Danube
occupies a site on the south lawn. Martyrs' Square (Vértanúk tere) is immediately adjacent to Kossuth Square, with a statue of Imre Nagy. References[edit]

^ "The Hungarian Parliament Building". Parlamento Budapest. 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ "Parliament". Budapest
Budapest
Info. 4 March 2015. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ "23. emelet - Budapest" [23rd Floor - Budapest]. Szeretlek Magyarorszag [I Love Hungary] (in Hungarian). 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ Steves, Rick; Hewitt, Cameron (2009). Rick Steves' Budapest. Avalon Travel Publishing. ISBN 978-1-59880-217-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hungarian Parliament Building.

Official site and ticket purchase House of the Nation: Information system of the Hungarian National Assembly Assembly hall for 199 and formerly 386 Members of Parliament

Coordinates: 47°30′25″N 19°2′44″E / 47.50694°N 19.04556°E / 47.50694; 19.04556

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Budapest

Landmarks

Bridges

Árpád
Árpád
Bridge Elisabeth Bridge Liberty Bridge Margaret Bridge Megyeri Bridge Petőfi Bridge Rákóczi Bridge Széchenyi Chain Bridge

Castles and palaces

Buda Castle Danube
Danube
Palace Gresham Palace Hotel Astoria Hotel Gellért Labyrinth of Buda Castle Nagytétény Castle New York Palace Vajdahunyad Castle

Government

Budapest
Budapest
City Hall Hungarian National Bank Hungarian Parliament Building House of Magnates Sándor Palace

Memorials

Holocaust Memorial Center Kossuth Memorial Liberty Statue Little Princess Statue Matthias Fountain Shoes on Danube
Danube
Bank

Museums and galleries

Aquincum Museum Ethnographic Museum Geological Museum Kunsthalle Hospital in the Rock House of Terror National Gallery National Museum Natural History Museum Railway History Park Koller Gallery Memento Park Metropolitan Ervin Szabó Library Müpa Budapest Museum of Applied Arts Museum of Fine Arts National Széchényi Library Transportation Museum Southeast Asian Gold
Gold
Museum

Parks and gardens

Budapest
Budapest
Zoo and Botanical Garden City Park City Park Ice Rink Gellért Hill Haller Park Fiume Road National Graveyard Margaret Island Népliget Normafa Óbuda Island

Places of worship

Dohány Street Synagogue Gellért Hill
Gellért Hill
Cave Lutheran Church of Budavár Matthias Church Palace Chapel Rumbach Street Synagogue Szilágyi Dezső Square Reformed Church St. Stephen's Basilica Tomb of Gül Baba

Sports venues

Alfréd Hajós National Swimming Stadium Bozsik Stadion Budai II. László Stadion City Park Ice Rink Szusza Ferenc Stadion Groupama Aréna Hidegkuti Nándor Stadion Hungaroring-Formula One Illovszky Rudolf Stadion Kincsem Park Kisstadion Puskás Ferenc Stadion Szőnyi úti Stadion

Squares and Streets

Andrássy Avenue Citadella Danube
Danube
Promenade Deák Ferenc Square Ferenciek Square Grand Boulevard Heroes' Square Hungary
Hungary
Boulevard Kossuth Square Liberty Square Oktogon Small Boulevard Széll Kálmán Square Váci Street Vörösmarty Square Móricz Zsigmond Square

Theaters and opera

Comedy Theatre Court Theatre of Buda Erkel Theatre Hungarian State Opera House Magyar Theatre National Theatre Vigadó Concert Hall

Thermal spas

Gellért Baths Király Baths Lukács Baths Rudas Baths Rácz Thermal Bath Széchenyi Medicinal Bath

Other

Café Gerbeaud Elizabeth Lookout Fisherman's Bastion Great Market Hall Gundel
Gundel
Restaurant Hungarian Academy of Sciences Hungarian Historical Society Millennium Underground Railway F-4 Object

Districts

I. Várkerület II. 2nd district III. Óbuda-Békásmegyer IV. Újpest V. Belváros-Lipótváros VI. Terézváros VII. Erzsébetváros VIII. Józsefváros IX. Ferencváros X. Kőbánya XI. Újbuda XII. Hegyvidék XIII. 13th district XIV. Zugló XV. 15th district XVI. 16th district XVII. Rákosmente XVIII. Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre XIX. Kispest XX. Pesterzsébet XXI. Csepel XXII. Budafok-Tétény XXIII. Soroksár

Events and traditions

Budapest
Budapest
Fashion Week Budapest
Budapest
Fringe Festival Budapest
Budapest
Spring Festival Budapest
Budapest
Opera Ball Café Budapest
Budapest
Contemporary Arts Festival Hungarian Cuisine Hungarian National Ballet LOW Festival Sziget Festival

Universities

Budapest
Budapest
Business School Budapest
Budapest
University of Technology Corvinus University Eötvös Loránd University Hungarian University of Fine Arts Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music Moholy-Nagy University of Art and Design National University of Public Service Óbuda University Semmelweis University University of Physical Education Academy of Drama and Film Andrássy University Aquincum Institute of Technology Budapest
Budapest
Metropolitan University Budapest
Budapest
University of Jewish Studies Central European University International Business School Károli Gáspár University of Reformed Church Pázmány Péter Catholic University

Economy

Budapest
Budapest
Stock Exchange Economy of Budapest List of companies based in Budapest Budapest
Budapest
Metropolitan Area

Transport

Budapest
Budapest
Ferenc Liszt International Airport Budapest
Budapest
Metro Budapest
Budapest
Tram Network Budapest
Budapest
Commuter Railway BuBi
BuBi
Bicycle M0 Ring Road Eastern Railway Station Western Railway Station

History of Budapest Budapest Commons Category

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World Heritage Sites in Hungary

Cultural

Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle
Buda Castle
Quarter and Andrássy Avenue Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs
Pécs
(Sopianae) Old Village of Hollókő
Hollókő
and its Surroundings Hortobágy National Park
Hortobágy National Park
- the Puszta Fertő / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape1 Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape

Natural

Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst2

1 Shared with Austria 2 Shared with Slovakia

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The Danube

Countries

Germany Austria Slovakia Hungary Croatia Serbia Bulgaria Romania Moldova Ukraine

Cities

Ulm Ingolstadt Regensburg Passau Linz Vienna Bratislava Győr Budapest Vukovar Ilok Novi Sad Belgrade Ruse Brăila Galați Izmail Tulcea

Tributaries

Iller Lech Regen Isar Inn Morava Váh Hron Ipeľ/Ipoly Drava Tisza/Tisa Sava Timiș/Tamiš Great Morava Timok Jiu Iskar Olt Osam Yantra Vedea Argeș Ialomița Siret Prut

See also

List of islands in the Danube List of crossings o

.