The Info List - Hungarian Parliament Building

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The Hungarian Parliament Building
Hungarian Parliament Building
(Hungarian: Országház, pronounced [ˈorsaːkhaːz], which translates to House of the Country or House of the Nation), also known as the Parliament of Budapest
for being located in that city,[1] is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, a notable landmark of Hungary
and a popular tourist destination of Budapest. It lies in Lajos Kossuth Square, on the bank of the Danube. It is currently the largest building in Hungary[2] and still the tallest building in Budapest.[3]


1 History 2 Features 3 Accessibility and neighbourhood 4 References 5 External links


Parliament Building in 1905

was united from three cities in 1873 and seven years later the Diet resolved to establish a new, representative Parliament Building, expressing the sovereignty of the nation. The building was planned to face the river. An international competition was held, and Imre Steindl
Imre Steindl
emerged as the victor; the plans of two other competitors were later also realized in the form of the Ethnographic Museum and the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture, both of which face the Parliament Building. Construction from the winning plan was started in 1885 and the building was inaugurated on the 1000th anniversary of the country in 1896, and completed in 1904. (The architect of the building went blind before its completion.) About 100,000 people were involved in construction, during which 40 million bricks, half a million precious stones and 40 kilograms (88 lb) of gold were used. Since World War II
World War II
the legislature became unicameral and today the government uses only a small portion of the building. During the People's Republic of Hungary
a red star perched on the top of the dome, but was removed in 1990. Mátyás Szűrös declared the Hungarian Republic from the balcony facing Kossuth Lajos Square
Kossuth Lajos Square
on 23 October 1989. Features[edit]

The Holy Crown of Hungary
in the central hall

Assembly hall of the House of Magnates

Main hall of parliament building

The Parliament Building is in the Gothic Revival
Gothic Revival
style; it has a symmetrical façade and a central dome. The dome is Renaissance Revival architecture.[4] Also from inside the parliament is symmetrical and thus has two absolutely identical parliament halls out of which one is used for the politics, the other one is used for guided tours. It is 268 m (879 ft) long and 123 m (404 ft) wide. Its interior includes 10 courtyards, 13 passenger and freight elevators, 27 gates, 29 staircases and 691 rooms (including more than 200 offices). With its height of 96 m (315 ft), it is one of the two tallest buildings in Budapest, along with Saint Stephen's Basilica. The number 96 refers to the nation's millennium, 1896, and the conquest of the later Kingdom of Hungary
in 896. The main façade overlooks the River Danube, but the official main entrance is from the square on the east side of the building. Inside and outside, there are altogether 242 sculptures on the walls. The façade displays statues of Hungarian rulers, Transylvanian leaders and famous military figures. The coats of arms of kings and dukes are depicted over the windows. The east stairs is flanked by two lions. When entering the Parliament, visitors can walk up great ornamental stairs, see frescoes on the ceiling and pass by the bust of the creator, Imre Steindl, in a wall niche. Other statues include those of Árpád, Stephen I and John Hunyadi. One of the famous parts of the building is the hexadecagonal (sixteen-sided) central hall, with huge chambers adjoining it: the Lower House and the Upper House. The modern National Assembly is unicameral and meets in the Lower House, while the Upper House is used as a conference and meeting room. The Holy Crown of Hungary, which is also depicted in the coat of arms of Hungary, has been displayed in the central hall since 2000. Further features include the stained glass and glass mosaics by Miksa Róth. Due to its extensive surface and its detailed handiwork, the building is almost always under renovation. Accessibility and neighbourhood[edit] Main article: Lajos Kossuth Square The Parliament is accessible with Line 2 of the Budapest
Metro and with tram line 2, from the Kossuth Lajos Square
Kossuth Lajos Square
station. At the east front of the building is a memorial to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, as well as the imposing Kossuth Memorial
Kossuth Memorial
and the equestrian statue of Francis II Rákóczi. A seated statue of Attila József
Attila József
as described in his poem By the Danube
occupies a site on the south lawn. Martyrs' Square (Vértanúk tere) is immediately adjacent to Kossuth Square, with a statue of Imre Nagy. References[edit]

^ "The Hungarian Parliament Building". Parlamento Budapest. 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ "Parliament". Budapest
Info. 4 March 2015. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ "23. emelet - Budapest" [23rd Floor - Budapest]. Szeretlek Magyarorszag [I Love Hungary] (in Hungarian). 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ Steves, Rick; Hewitt, Cameron (2009). Rick Steves' Budapest. Avalon Travel Publishing. ISBN 978-1-59880-217-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hungarian Parliament Building.

Official site and ticket purchase House of the Nation: Information system of the Hungarian National Assembly Assembly hall for 199 and formerly 386 Members of Parliament

Coordinates: 47°30′25″N 19°2′44″E / 47.50694°N 19.04556°E / 47.50694; 19.04556

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World Heritage Sites in Hungary


Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle
Buda Castle
Quarter and Andrássy Avenue Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs
(Sopianae) Old Village of Hollókő
and its Surroundings Hortobágy National Park
Hortobágy National Park
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Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst2

1 Shared with Austria 2 Shared with Slovakia

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See also

List of islands in the Danube List of crossings o