The HUMAN TISSUE ACT 2004 (c 30) was an act of the UK parliament applying to England, Northern Ireland and Wales. It consolidated previous legislation and created the Human Tissue Authority to "regulate the removal, storage, use and disposal of human bodies, organs and tissue."
The Act was brought about as a consequence of, among things, the
Alder Hey organs scandal , in which organs of children had been
retained by the Alder Hey Children\'s Hospital without consent, and
the Kennedy inquiry into heart surgery on children at the Bristol
Royal Infirmary . A consultative exercise followed the Government's
Green Paper, Human Bodies, Human Choices (2002), and earlier
recommendations by the Chief Medical Officer, Sir
The Act allows for anonymous organ donation (previously, living people could only donate organs to those to whom they had a genetic or emotional connection), and requires licences for those intending to publicly display human remains, such as BODIES... The Exhibition . The Act also specifies that in cases of organ donation after death the wishes of the deceased takes precedence over the wishes of relatives, but a parliamentary report concluded in 2006 that the Act likely would fail in this regard since most surgeons would be unwilling to confront families in such situations.
The Act prohibits selling organs . In 2007 a man became the first person convicted under the Act for trying to sell his kidney online for £24,000 in order to pay off his gambling debts.
* 1 Section 60 - Commencement * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading
SECTION 60 - COMMENCEMENT
The following orders have been made under this section:
Human Tissue Act 2004
* ^ The citation of this Act by this short title is authorised by
section 61 of this Act.
* ^ A B "Q&A: Human Tissue Act".
BBC News Online
* Bell MD (May 2006). "The UK Human Tissue Act and consent: surrendering a fundamental principle to transplantation needs?" . J Med Ethics. 32 (5): 283–6. PMC 2579415 . PMID 16648279 . doi :10.1136/jme.200