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The Human Development Report
Human Development Report
(HDR) is an annual milestone published by the Human Development Report
Human Development Report
Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).[1] As of 2013[update] the last decade saw convergence in human development indicators (HDI) values globally, although progress was uneven within and between regions. Developing countries' transformation into major economies with growing political influence has impacted human development progress.[2] Projections in the 2013 report suggested that by 2020 the combined economic output of three leading developing countries alone—Brazil, China
China
and India—will surpass the aggregate production of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the United States.

. This shift has related to trade and technology partnerships between emerging economies.[3]

However economic growth does not automatically translate into human development progress, so reports have highlighted the need for pro-poor policies and investments in capacity building with a focus on education, nutrition, health and employment skills. The 2013 report identified four areas of focus for sustainable development:

enhancing equity, including on the gender dimension; enabling greater voice and participation of citizens, including youth; confronting environmental pressures; and managing demographic change.

It also critiqued global governance and outdated institutions that do not reflect economic and geopolitical reality.

Contents

1 History 2 2010 Human Development Report 3 List of Global Reports 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The report was first launched in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq
Mahbub ul Haq
and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen.[4] Its goal was to place people at the center of the development process in terms of economic debate, policy and advocacy. Development was characterized by the provision of choices and freedoms resulting in widespread outcomes. “People are the real wealth of a nation,” Haq wrote in the opening lines of the first report in 1990. “The basic objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives. This may appear to be a simple truth. But it is often forgotten in the immediate concern with the accumulation of commodities and financial wealth.” The United Nations General Assembly has formally recognized the Report as “an independent intellectual exercise” and “an important tool for raising awareness about human development around the world.” The Human Development Report
Human Development Report
is an independent report, commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP), and is the product of a selected team of leading scholars, development practitioners and members of the Human Development Report
Human Development Report
Office of UNDP. It is a report independent of the Administrator of the UNDP, as suggested by ul Haq.[5] It is translated into numerous languages and launched in more than 100 countries annually.[4] Since 1990, more than 140 countries have published some 600 national Human Development Reports, with UNDP support. UNDP has also sponsored scores of regional reports, such as the ten-volume Arab Human Development Report series, which have made internationally recognized contributions to the global dialogue on democracy, women’s rights, inequality, poverty eradication and other critical issues. The 2010 Human Development Report’s review of human development trends showed that most developing countries made dramatic yet often underestimated progress in health, education and basic living standards since 1970 with many of the poorest countries posting the greatest gains. In the 2010 Report, the Sultanate of Oman
Sultanate of Oman
was reported to be the most improved country in the past 40 years out of the 135 countries assessed (the report reported on improvement in the period 1970-2010). Oman's strides in education, women empowerment and health care under the patronage of the current Sultan of Oman
Sultan of Oman
led to it securing the 1st position. Several new indices have been introduced over the years in different reports, including the Human Development Index, the Gender-related Development Index, the Gender
Gender
Empowerment Measure, the Human Poverty Index.[4] The Gender-related Development Index, the Gender
Gender
Empowerment Measure and the Human Poverty Index were removed in 2010. The 2010 Human Development Report
Human Development Report
introduced three new indices the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the Gender
Gender
Inequality Index, and the Multidimensional Poverty Index. Each Report has its own focus drawn from contemporary debate. The 2009 Human Development Report, Overcoming Barriers, focused on migration - both within and beyond borders. It was chosen because it is a prominent theme in domestic and international debates. Its starting point is that the global distribution of capabilities is extraordinarily unequal, and that this is a major driver for movement of people. 2010 Human Development Report[edit] The 2010 Human Development Report—The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development—showed through a detailed new analysis of long-term Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(HDI) trends that most developing countries made dramatic yet often underestimated progress in health, education and basic living standards in recent decades, with many of the poorest countries posting the greatest gains. Yet patterns of achievement vary greatly, with some countries losing ground since 1970, the 2010 Human Development Report
Human Development Report
shows. Introducing three new indices,[6] the 20th anniversary edition of the report[7] documented wide inequalities within and among countries, deep disparities between women and men[8] on a wide range of development indicators,[9] and the prevalence of extreme multidimensional poverty[10] in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The new report also included a change in the methodology used to calculate the indexes using better statistical methods, as well as new parameters for judging the growth and development. The first Human Development Report[11] introduced its pioneering HDI[12] and analyzed previous decades of development indicators, concluding that “there is no automatic link between economic growth and human progress.” The 2010 Report's[13] rigorous review of longer-term trends—looking back at HDI indicators[14] for most countries from 1970—showed there is no consistent correlation between national economic performance and achievement in the non-income HDI areas of health and education. Overall, as shown in the Report’s analysis of all countries for which complete HDI data[14] are available for the past 40 years, life expectancy climbed from 59 years in 1970 to 70 in 2010, school enrollment rose from just 55 percent of all primary and secondary school-age children to 70 percent, and per capita GDP doubled to more than US$10,000. People in all regions shared in this progress, though to varying degrees. Life expectancy, for example, rose by 18 years in the Arab states between 1970 and 2010, compared to eight years in sub-Saharan Africa. The 135 countries studied include 92 percent of the world’s population. The “Top 10 Movers” highlighted in the 2010 Report—those countries among the 135 that improved most in HDI terms over the past 40 years—were led by Oman, which invested energy earnings over the decades in education and public health. The other nine “Top Movers” are China, Nepal, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Laos, Tunisia, South Korea, Algeria and Morocco. Remarkably, China
China
was the only country that made the “Top 10” list due solely to income performance; the main drivers of HDI achievement were in health and education. The next 10 leaders in HDI improvement over the past 40 years include several low-income but high HID-achieving countries “not typically described as success stories,” the Report notes, among them Ethiopia (#11), Cambodia (#15) and Benin (#18)—all of which made big gains in education and public health. The 2010 Human Development Report
Human Development Report
continued the HDI tradition[15] of measurement innovation by introducing new indices that address crucial development factors not directly reflected in the HDI:

The Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(IHDI):[16] The 2010 Report examined HDI data through the lens of inequality, adjusting HDI achievements to reflect disparities in income, health and education. The Gender
Gender
Inequality Index (GII): The 2010 Report introduced a new measure of gender inequities, including maternal mortality rates and women’s representation in parliaments. The GII calculated national HDI losses from gender inequities, from the Netherlands (the most equal in GII terms) to Yemen (the least). The Multidimensional Poverty Index
Multidimensional Poverty Index
(MPI): The 2010 Report featured a new multidimensional poverty measure that complements income-based poverty assessments by looking at multiple factors at the household level, from basic living standards to access to schooling, clean water and health care. About 1.7 billion people—fully a third of the population in the 104 countries included in the MPI—are estimated to live in multidimensional poverty, more than the estimated 1.3 billion who live on $1.25 a day or less.

List of Global Reports[edit] [17]

2016: Human Development for Everyone 2015: Work for Human Development 2014: Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience 2013: The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World 2011: Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All 2010: The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development 2009: Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development 2007/2008: Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world 2006: Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis 2005: International cooperation at a crossroads: Aid, trade and security in an unequal world 2004: Cultural Liberty in Today’s Diverse World 2003: Millennium Development Goals: A Compact Among Nations to End Human Poverty 2002: Deepening Democracy
Democracy
in a Fragmented World 2001: Making New Technologies Work for Human Development 2000: Human Rights and Human Development 1999: Globalization with a Human Face 1998: Consumption for Human Development 1997: Human Development to Eradicate Poverty 1996: Economic
Economic
Growth and Human Development 1995: Gender
Gender
and Human Development 1994: New Dimensions of Human Security 1993: People's Participation 1992: Global Dimensions of Human Development 1991: Financing Human Development 1990: Concept and Measurement of Human Development

See also[edit]

Human development National Human Development Report American Human Development Report

References[edit]

^ "Reports (1990-2013) Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-09-22.  ^ "Summary Human Development Report
Human Development Report
2013 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)" (PDF). Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-10-04.  ^ "2013 Human Development Report
Human Development Report
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-10-04.  ^ a b c "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2008.  ^ "United Nations Intellectual History Project" (PDF). Unhistory.org. Retrieved 2013-09-22.  ^ "Indices & Data Composite Indices Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Media 2011 Report Summary Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Media 2011 Report Summary Gender
Gender
inequality Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "International Human Development Indicators". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Media 2011 Report Summary Multidimensional poverty Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Reports (1990–2013) Global Reports HDR 1990 Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Indices & Data Human Development Index
Human Development Index
Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Media Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ a b "Indices & Data Getting and Using Data Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Media 2011 Report Summary New measures Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ "Media 2011 Report Summary Adjusting the HDI Human Development Reports (HDR) United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2013-11-07.  ^ http://hdr.undp.org/en/global-reports

External links[edit]

Global Human Development Reports Regional Human Development Reports National Human D

.