HOME
The Info List - Huhhot


--- Advertisement ---



Hohhot
Hohhot
(Mongolian: Mongolian script: Kökeqota, Mongolian Cyrillic: Хөх хот Höh hot /xɵxˈxɔtʰ/; Chinese: 呼和浩特; pinyin: Hūhéhàotè), abbreviated Hushi (Chinese: 呼市; pinyin: Hūshì), formerly known as Kweisui (traditional Chinese: 歸綏; simplified Chinese: 归绥; pinyin: PRC Standard Mandarin: Guīsuí, ROC Standard Mandarin: Guīsuī), is the capital of Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
in North China,[3][4] serving as the region's administrative, economic and cultural center.[5] Its population was 2,866,615 inhabitants at the 2010 census, of whom 1,980,774 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of 4 urban districts.[6] The name of the city in Mongolian means "Blue City", although it is also wrongly referred to as the "Green City."[7] The color blue in Mongol
Mongol
culture is associated with the sky, eternity and purity. In Chinese, the name can be translated as Qīng Chéng (Chinese: 青城), literally, "Blue/Green City."[8] The name has also been variously romanized as Kokotan, Kokutan, Kuku-hoton, Huhohaot'e, Huhehot, Huhot, or Köke qota.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Ming and Qing era 1.3 Republican era 1.4 People's Republic era

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Administrative divisions 4 Demographics 5 Economy

5.1 Major Development Zones

6 Culture

6.1 Dialect 6.2 Cuisine

7 Transport

7.1 Airport 7.2 Railway 7.3 Expressways 7.4 Public transport

8 Education 9 Sports 10 Notable landmarks 11 See also 12 Footnotes 13 Bibliography 14 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] During Warring States
Warring States
period, the area around Hohhot
Hohhot
was part of Zhao state. In most time of Imperial China, Hohhot
Hohhot
area was under control of Chinese dynasties and played an important role in defense against northern nomadic people' invasion. Ming and Qing era[edit] In 1557, the Tümed
Tümed
Mongol
Mongol
leader Altan Khan
Altan Khan
began building the Da Zhao Temple on the Tümed
Tümed
plain in order to convince the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) government of his leadership of the southern Mongol tribes.[9] The town that grew up around this temple was called the "Blue Town" (Kokegota in Mongolian). The Ming had been blockading the Mongols' access to Chinese iron, cotton, and crop seeds, in order to dissuade them from attacking the North China
China
plain. In 1570, Altan Khan successfully negotiated the end of the blockade by establishing a vassal-tributary relationship with the Ming, who changed Kokegota's name to Guihua (traditional Chinese: 歸化; simplified Chinese: 归化; pinyin: Guīhuà; postal: Kweihua; literally: "Return to Civilization") in 1575. The population of Guihua grew to over 150,000 in the early 1630s as local Mongol
Mongol
princes encouraged the settlement of Han Chinese
Han Chinese
merchants. There were occasional attacks on Guihua by Mongol
Mongol
armies, such as the total razing of the city by Ligdan Khan
Ligdan Khan
in 1631. Altan Khan
Altan Khan
and his successors constructed temples and fortresses in 1579, 1602 and 1727. The Tümed
Tümed
Mongols of the area had long since adopted a semiagricultural way of life. Hui merchants gathered north of the gate of the city's fortress, building a mosque in 1693.[10] Their descendants formed the nucleus of the modern Huimin district. After the Manchus founded the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
(1644–1911), the Kangxi Emperor (reigned 1661–1722) sent troops to control the region,[7] which was of interest to the Qing as a center of study of Tibetan Buddhism. Just northeast of Guihua the Qing built the strong garrison town of Suiyuan
Suiyuan
(traditional Chinese: 綏遠; simplified Chinese: 绥远; pinyin: PRC Standard Mandarin: Suíyuǎn, ROC Standard Mandarin: Suīyuǎn), from which they supervised the defense of southwestern Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
against Mongol
Mongol
attacks from the north in 1735–39.[11]:13[12] Guihua and Suiyuan
Suiyuan
was merged into Shanxi province and became Guihua County (traditional Chinese: 歸化縣; simplified Chinese: 归化县; pinyin: Guīhuà Xiàn) of Qing China. French missionaries established a Catholic
Catholic
church in Guihua in 1874, but the Christians were forced to flee to Beijing
Beijing
during the antiforeign Boxer Rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
of 1899–1901. Republican era[edit]

Wanbu Huayanjing Pagoda (Baita Pagoda) in Hohhot, 1942

In 1913, the government of the new Republic of China
China
united the garrison town of Suiyuan
Suiyuan
and the old town of Guihua as Guisui (traditional Chinese: 歸綏; simplified Chinese: 归绥; pinyin: PRC Standard Mandarin: Guīsuí, ROC Standard Mandarin: Guīsuī; postal: Kweisui). Guisui town was the center of Guisui County (歸綏縣; 归绥县; PRC: Guīsuí Xiàn, ROC: Guīsuī Xiàn) and the capital of Suiyuan
Suiyuan
Province in northern China. A bubonic plague outbreak in 1917 and the connection of Guisui to railway links in Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hebei, and Beijing
Beijing
helped renew the economy of Guisui town by forming links with eastern China
China
and western China's Xinjiang
Xinjiang
province.[11]:15 In 1918, the American specialist on Inner Asia Owen Lattimore
Owen Lattimore
noted Guisui's ethnic composition as "a town purely Han Chinese
Han Chinese
except for the Lama monasteries ... the Tümeds are now practically nonexistent and the nearest Mongolians are to be sought at 50 or 60 miles distance on the plateau."[11]:15 During the progressive Japanese invasion of China
China
in the 1930s, the Japanese created the puppet state of Mengjiang headed by Prince De, who renamed Guisui "Blue City" ("Hohhot" or Huheshi).[13] After the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China
China
changed the name back to Guisui.[11]:16 The Communist Party of China's forces drove out General Fu Zuoyi, the Republic's commander in Suiyuan, during the Chinese Civil War, and after the Chinese Revolution in 1949, Guisui was renamed Hohhot.[11]:16 People's Republic era[edit]

People's Republic 10th Anniversary Parade in Hohhot

During the Civil War, in order to gain the support of separatist Mongols, the Communists established the Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Autonomous Region in Mongol-minority areas of the Republic's provinces of Suiyuan, Xing'an, Chahar, and Rehe. Guisui was chosen as the region's administrative centre in 1952, replacing Zhangjiakou. In 1954, the new China
China
renamed Guisui as Hohhot, though with a different Chinese pronunciation of Huhehaote.[11]:16 The city has seen significant development since China's reform and opening began. The city's far east side began development around 2000 and is now home to the municipal government, most of the Autonomous Region's administrative buildings,[14] an artificial lake called Ruyi He,[15] and a large number of condominiums, mostly built by the local real estate company Gold Horse International Inc.[16] The Hohhot
Hohhot
City Stadium, built on the city's north side, was finished in 2007.[17] A city with a rich cultural background, Hohhot
Hohhot
is known for its historical sites and temples and is one of the major tourist destinations of Inner Mongolia. It is also nationally known as the home of China's dairy giants Mengniu
Mengniu
and Yili,[18][19] and was declared "Dairy Capital of China" by the China
China
Dairy Industry Association and the Dairy Association of China
China
in 2005. Geography[edit]

Huhhot and vicinities, LandSat-5 satellite image, 2005-07-12

Located in the south central part of Inner Mongolia, Hohhot
Hohhot
is encircled by the Daqing
Daqing
Shan (大青山, lit. Great blue Mountains) to the north and the Hetao Plateau to the south.[20] Climate[edit] Hohhot
Hohhot
features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, hot, somewhat humid summers, strong winds (especially in spring), and monsoonal influence. The coldest month is January, with a daily mean of −11.6 °C (11.1 °F), while July, the hottest month, averages 22.6 °C (72.7 °F). The annual mean temperature is 6.73 °C (44.1 °F), and the annual precipitation is 398 millimetres (15.7 in), with more than half of it falling in July and August alone. Variability can be very high, however: in 1965 Hohhot
Hohhot
recorded as little as 155.1 mm (6.11 in) but six years before than, as much as 929.2 mm (36.58 in), including 338.6 mm (13.33 in) in July of that year.[21] Hohhot
Hohhot
is a popular destination for tourists during the summer months because of the nearby Zhaohe grasslands. More recently, due to desertification, the city sees sandstorms on almost an annual basis. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 58 percent in July to 71 percent in October, sunshine is abundant year-round, the city receives 2,862 hours of bright sunshine annually. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −32.8 °C (−27 °F) to 38.9 °C (102 °F).[22]

Climate data for Hohhot
Hohhot
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 8.0 (46.4) 17.0 (62.6) 19.4 (66.9) 33.4 (92.1) 35.0 (95) 35.7 (96.3) 38.5 (101.3) 36.8 (98.2) 32.4 (90.3) 26.5 (79.7) 20.4 (68.7) 11.6 (52.9) 38.9 (102)

Average high °C (°F) −5 (23) −0.4 (31.3) 7.0 (44.6) 16.3 (61.3) 23.2 (73.8) 27.3 (81.1) 28.5 (83.3) 26.4 (79.5) 21.2 (70.2) 14.1 (57.4) 4.4 (39.9) −3.2 (26.2) 13.3 (55.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) −11.6 (11.1) −7.2 (19) 0.3 (32.5) 9.0 (48.2) 16.1 (61) 20.7 (69.3) 22.6 (72.7) 20.6 (69.1) 14.6 (58.3) 7.0 (44.6) −2.1 (28.2) −9.4 (15.1) 6.7 (44.1)

Average low °C (°F) −16.8 (1.8) −12.8 (9) −5.5 (22.1) 1.6 (34.9) 8.2 (46.8) 13.3 (55.9) 16.4 (61.5) 14.8 (58.6) 8.3 (46.9) 1.0 (33.8) −7 (19) −14.2 (6.4) 0.6 (33.1)

Record low °C (°F) −30.5 (−22.9) −29.4 (−20.9) −19.4 (−2.9) −11.5 (11.3) −3.5 (25.7) 2.3 (36.1) 8.3 (46.9) 4.6 (40.3) −2.0 (28.4) −10.1 (13.8) −20.2 (−4.4) −26.4 (−15.5) −32.8 (−27)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.6 (0.102) 5.2 (0.205) 10.2 (0.402) 13.5 (0.531) 27.6 (1.087) 47.2 (1.858) 106.5 (4.193) 109.1 (4.295) 47.4 (1.866) 20.7 (0.815) 6.2 (0.244) 1.8 (0.071) 398.0 (15.669)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.5 2.8 3.4 3.7 6.0 8.9 12.9 12.7 8.3 4.5 2.4 1.8 69.9

Average relative humidity (%) 58 52 46 37 39 47 61 66 62 59 59 59 53.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 180.7 198.3 245.5 268.6 294.5 291.3 264.9 255.2 252.1 244.8 195.3 171.0 2,862.2

Percent possible sunshine 61 66 67 68 66 65 58 60 68 71 66 60 64.7

Source #1: China
China
Meteorological Administration[23]

Source #2: Weather China[24]

Administrative divisions[edit] The city is administratively at the prefecture-level, meaning that it administers both its urban area and the rural regions in its vicinity. The administrative area includes 4 counties, 4 districts, and a county-level banner; they are further divided into 20 urban sub-districts, and 96 townships. The data here represented is in km² and uses data from the 2010 Census.

Map

Xincheng Huimin Yuquan Saihan Tumed Left Banner Togtoh County Horinger County Qingshuihe County Wuchuan County

English Name Mongolian Simplified Chinese Pinyin Area Population Density

City Proper

Huimin District ᠬᠣᠳᠣᠩ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 回民区 Huímín Qū 194.4 394,555 2,030

Xincheng District ( Suiyuan
Suiyuan
town) ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 新城区 Xīnchéng Qū 660.6 567,255 859

Yuquan District (Guihua town) ᠢᠤᠢ ᠴᠢᠤᠸᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ 玉泉区 Yùquán Qū 207.2 383,365 1,850

Saihan District ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ (Sayiqan toɣoriɣ) 赛罕区 Sàihǎn Qū 1,002.9 635,599 634

Rural

Togtoh County ᠲᠣᠭᠲᠠᠬᠤ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ (Toɣtaqu siyan) 托克托县 Tuōkètuō Xiàn 1,407.8 200,840 143

Wuchuan County ᠦᠴᠤᠸᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ (Üčuvan siyan) 武川县 Wǔchuān Xiàn 4,682.3 108,726 23

Horinger County ᠬᠣᠷᠢᠨ ᠭᠡᠷ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ (Qorin Ger siyan) 和林格尔县 Hélíngé'ěr Xiàn 3,447.8 169,856 49

Qingshuihe County ᠴᠢᠩ ᠱᠦᠢ ᠾᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ (Čiŋ šüi hė siyan) 清水河县 Qīngshuǐhé Xiàn 2,859 93,887 33

Tumed Left Banner (Tumed Jun Banner) ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠳ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ ( Tümed
Tümed
Jegün qosiɣu) 土默特左旗 Tǔmòtè Zuǒ Qí 2,765 312,532 113

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1953 792,600 —    

1964 1,118,600 +41.1%

1982 1,645,200 +47.1%

1990 1,911,600 +16.2%

2000 2,437,900 +27.5%

2010 2,866,600 +17.6%

Population size may be affected by changes on administrative divisions.

The urban population of Hohhot
Hohhot
has increased rapidly since the 1990s. According to the 2010 Census, the population of Hohhot
Hohhot
had reached 2,866,615 people, 428,717 more inhabitants than in 2000 (the average annual demographic growth for the period 2000–2010 was of 1.63 percent).[6][25] Its built-up (or metro) area is home to 1,980,774 inhabitants (4 urban districts). The majority of the population of Hohhot
Hohhot
are Han Chinese, representing 87.16 percent of the total population in 2010. Most Han in Hohhot, if their ancestry is traced several decades back, have ancestors from Shanxi, northeast China, or Hebei. Most Mongols in the city speak Chinese. A 1993 survey conducted by Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
University found that only 8 percent of Tümed
Tümed
Mongols (the majority tribe in Hohhot) could speak the Mongolian language.[11]:15 A significant portion of the population is of mixed ethnic origin. According to the anthropologist William Jankowiak, author of the book Sex, Death, and Hierarchy in a Chinese City (1993), there is "relatively little difference between minority culture and Han culture" in Hohhot, with differences concentrating around relatively minor attributes such as food and art, and similarities abounding over fundamental issues of ethics, status, life goals, and worldview.[11]:5 Ethnic groups in Hohhot, according to the 2000 census, were:

Ethnicity Population Percentage

Han Chinese 2,115,888 88.42%

Mongol 204,846 8.56%

Hui Chinese 38,417 1.61%

Manchu 26,439 1.10%

Daur 2,663 0.11%

Korean 1,246 0.05%

Miao 443 0.02%

Economy[edit] Hohhot
Hohhot
is a major industrial center within Inner Mongolia. Together with Baotou
Baotou
and Ordos, it accounts for more than 60 percent of the total industrial output of Inner Mongolia.[26] After Baotou
Baotou
and Ordos, it is the third-largest economy of the province, with GDP of RMB 247.56 billion in 2012, up 11.0 percent year on year.[2] Hohhot accounted for approximately 15.5 percent of the province's total GDP in 2012.[27] It is also the largest consumer center in the region, recording ¥102.2 billion retail sales of consumer goods in 2012, an increase of 14.9 percent from 2011.[2] The city has been a central developmental target for the China
China
Western Development project being pursued by the Central Government. There are many famous enterprises located in Hohhot, including China's largest dairy producer by sales revenue, the Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Yili Industrial Group, and the China Mengniu
Mengniu
Dairy Co.[28][29] As the economic center of Inner Mongolia, Hohhot's urban area has expanded greatly since the 1990s. CBDs have grown rapidly in all the city's major districts. The completion of a new office tower for the Municipal Government in Eastern Hohhot
Hohhot
marked a shift of the city center to the east. Hailiang Plaza (海亮广场), a 41-floor tower constructed in the city center, became one of the few notable department stores for luxury merchandise in the city. Major Development Zones[edit]

Hohhot
Hohhot
Economic and Technological Development Zone Hohhot
Hohhot
Export Processing Zone

Culture[edit] Due to its relatively diverse cultural make-up, and despite its characteristics as a mid-sized Chinese industrial city, the Hohhot street scene has no shortage of ethnic minority elements. Tongdao Road, a major street in the old town area, is decorated with Islamic and Mongol
Mongol
exterior designs on all its buildings. A series of government initiatives in recent years have emphasized Hohhot's identity with ethnic minority groups, especially in increasing Mongol-themed architecture around the city. By regulation, all street signs and public transportation announcements are in both Chinese and Mongolian.[30] Dialect[edit] See also: Hohhot
Hohhot
dialect Older Hohhot
Hohhot
residents mostly tend to converse in raw Hohhot
Hohhot
dialect, a branch of the Jin language from neighbouring Shanxi
Shanxi
province. This spoken form can be difficult to understand for speakers of other Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
dialects. The newer residents, mostly concentrated in Xincheng and Saihan Districts, speak Hohhot-based Mandarin, the majority also with a noticeable accent and some unique vocabulary. Cuisine[edit] Food specialty in the area is mostly focused on Mongol
Mongol
cuisine and dairy products. Commercially, Hohhot
Hohhot
is known for being the base of the nationally renowned dairy giants Yili and Mengniu. The Mongol drink suutei tsai ("naicha" 奶茶 in Chinese, "milk tea" in English), has become a typical breakfast selection for anyone living in or visiting the city.[31] The city also has rich traditions in the making of hot pot and shaomai, a type of traditional Chinese dumpling served as dim sum.[32] Transport[edit] Airport[edit] Hohhot's Baita International Airport (IATA:HET) is located about 14.3 km (8.9 mi) east of the city centre by car. It has direct flights to larger domestic cities including Beijing, Tianjin,[33] Shanghai, Shenzhen, Chengdu, and others. It also has international flights to Taichung,[34] Hong Kong, and Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Railway[edit] Hohhot
Hohhot
lies on the Jingbao Railway
Jingbao Railway
from Beijing
Beijing
to Baotou, and is served by two railway stations: Hohhot Railway Station
Hohhot Railway Station
and Hohhot
Hohhot
East Railway Station.[35] The line began operation in 1921.[36] Trains to Beijing
Beijing
link to destinations to the south and the northeast. The most prominent rail link with Beijing
Beijing
is the overnight K90 train, which has served the Hohhot- Beijing
Beijing
line since the 1980s and is referred to colloquially as the "9-0". Westbound trains go through Baotou
Baotou
and Lanzhou. There are also rail links to most major Inner Mongolian cities and to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Because the quickest trip to Beijing
Beijing
takes around six and a half hours despite the relatively close proximity of the two cities, plans for high-speed rail were discussed extensively prior to the construction of a high-speed railway station beginning in 2008. The station was completed in 2011 and initially serviced only ordinary lines. In January 2015, CRH opened its first D-series (dongchezu) route in Inner Mongolia
Mongolia
in the Baotou-Hohhot-Jining corridor, shortening travel time between Inner Mongolia's two largest cities to a mere 50 minutes.[37] This line reached a maximum speed of 200 km/h between Hohhot
Hohhot
and Baotou. Another high-speed rail line linking Hohhot
Hohhot
to Zhangjiakou
Zhangjiakou
and the planned Beijing- Zhangjiakou
Zhangjiakou
railway are due for completion in 2017, and are designed to operate at 250 km/h. The section between Hohhot
Hohhot
and Ulanqab
Ulanqab
(Jining) opened in August 2017; travel time between the two cities was shortened to 40 minutes.[38] Expressways[edit] An expressway built in 1997 (then known as the Hubao Expressway) links Hohhot
Hohhot
with Baotou. In recent years this expressway has been expanded eastwards to Jining and Zhangjiakou, and on to Beijing
Beijing
as part of the G6 Beijing–Lhasa Expressway
G6 Beijing–Lhasa Expressway
(Jingzang Expressway). The city is on the route of China
China
National Highway 110, which runs from Yinchuan
Yinchuan
to Beijing. China
China
National Highway 209 begins in Hohhot
Hohhot
and carries traffic southbound towards southern China, with its terminus in Guangxi. Hohhot
Hohhot
is connected to its northern counties by the Huwu Highway, which was completed in 2006. Previously, travel to the northern counties had required lengthy navigation through mountainous terrain. Long distance buses connect Hohhot
Hohhot
to outlying counties, the cities of Baotou, Wuhai, and Ordos, and other areas in Inner Mongolia. Public transport[edit] Hohhot's major north–south thoroughfares are called roads (Lu) and its east–west thoroughfares are called streets (Jie). This is roughly equivalent to dividing roads into "street" and "avenue" designations according to direction, as practiced in many North American cities. The largest elevated interchange is near the site of the city's Drum Tower (Gulou), after which it is named. Several major streets are named after Inner Mongolian leagues and cities; among these, Hulun Buir, Jurim (now Tongliao), Juud (Now Chifeng), Xilin Gol, and Xing'an run north–south, while Bayannaoer, Hailar, Ulanqab, and Erdos run east–west. The city's public transit system is composed of nearly one hundred bus routes and a large fleet of taxicabs, which are normally green or blue. Bus fare is 1 yuan; taxi fares begin at 8 yuan. Education[edit] Universities located in Hohhot
Hohhot
include:

Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
University of Finance and Economics Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
University, only 211 Project University in Inner Mongolia.[39] Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
University of Agriculture Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Normal University Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
University of Technology Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
College of Medicine Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
College of Finance and Economics Hohhot
Hohhot
College of Education Hohhot
Hohhot
College of Police Honder College of Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Normal University

Top High Schools located in Hohhot
Hohhot
include:

Hohhot
Hohhot
No.2 Middle School Affiliated Middle School to Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Normal University

Sports[edit] Hohhot
Hohhot
lacked a professional soccer team until Shenyang
Shenyang
Dongjin F.C. relocated to Hohhot, changing their name to Hohhot
Hohhot
Dongjin, in 2012.[40] They played at Hohhot
Hohhot
City Stadium, which was newly built in 2007.[41] The club finished in the bottom of the league in the 2012 season and was and relegated to League Two. After playing half a season at Hohhot
Hohhot
in 2013, the team relocated to Liaoning
Liaoning
and chose Benxi
Benxi
City Stadium as their new home court.[42] On 14 January 2015, Taiyuan Zhongyou Jiayi F.C.
Taiyuan Zhongyou Jiayi F.C.
moved to Hohhot
Hohhot
and changed their name to Nei Mongu Zhongyou F.C.[43] The team play in China
China
League One and chose Hohhot City Stadium
Hohhot City Stadium
as their home in 2015. The team had been first established as Shanxi
Shanxi
Jiayi F.C. on 8 October 2011.[44] Notable landmarks[edit] There were over 50 Ming and Qing Buddhist
Buddhist
temples and towers in Guihua and Suiyuan.

Zhaojun Tomb
Zhaojun Tomb
(昭君墓), located about nine kilometers south of the city center. It is said to be the tomb of Wang Zhaojun, a woman of the Han Empire
Han Empire
who married a Xiongnu
Xiongnu
Chanyu
Chanyu
(king). Baita Pagoda (白塔), located in the eastern rarual area nearing the airport. It was constructed during the Liao Dynasty. The airport of Hohhot
Hohhot
is named after Baita Pagoda. Da Zhao Temple (大召), located in the centre of Guihua town. It was constructed in the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
and is the oldest Buddhist
Buddhist
lama monastery in the city.[45] Temple of the Five Pagodas (五塔寺), located in the eastern part of Guihua town. It was completed in the Qing Dynasty, with architecture very similar to that of Indian temples.[31] On its walls there are more than 1,500 figures of Buddha. Residence of Gurun Princess Kejing
Residence of Gurun Princess Kejing
(固倫恪靖公主府), located at the foot of Yinshan Mountain. It was the mansion of Gurun Princess Kejing of the Qing Dynasty, who was married to a Mongol
Mongol
prince. Residence of the General (將軍衙署), located in the centre of Suiyuan
Suiyuan
town. It was the residence and office building of Suiyuan Generals of the Qing Dynasty. Great Mosque of Hohhot
Hohhot
(清真大寺), located out of the northern gate of Guihua town. It was constructed during the Qing Dynasty. Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Museum (內蒙古博物院). Main exhibits include dinosaur fossils, historical artifacts of nomadic peoples, and the cultural life of modern nomadic peoples. Qingcheng Park (青城公園), formerly People's Park, in the city center[46]

The sculpture of "Milk Capital" symbol

Great Mosque of Hohhot

See also[edit]

China
China
portal

Suiyuan
Suiyuan
Province

Footnotes[edit]

Explanatory notes

Citations

^ a b "城市概况". City of Hohhot. April 12, 2013.  ^ a b c 呼和浩特市2012年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. 呼和浩特市统计局 (in Chinese). 1 April 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. 2001. Retrieved 2014-05-28.  ^ a b Solovʹev, Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich (1998), History of Russia, 23, Academic International Press, p. 178  ^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica, 15th Edition (1977), Vol. I, p. 275. ^ a b 彤, 王. "呼和浩特市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据". 内蒙古新闻网. 内蒙古日报. Retrieved 13 July 2015.  ^ a b Perkins (1999), p. 212. ^ Chinese "qing" has traditionally been a color between "blue" and "green" in English, leading some modern sources to translate Qing Cheng into English as "Green City" instead of "Blue City," including, for example, the official website of Hohhot. ^ "Dazhao Temple". Travel China
China
Guide. Retrieved 12 January 2013.  ^ Zhang, Guanglin (2005). Islam in China. 五洲传播出版社. p. 75. ISBN 978-7-5085-0802-3. Retrieved 29 August 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h Jankowiak, William R (1993). Sex, Death, and Hierarchy in a Chinese City: An Anthropological Account. Columbia University Press. pp. 5, 11–16.  ^ Traditional dwellings and settlements review: journal of the International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. 1998. p. 12. Retrieved 29 August 2012.  ^ Lin, Hsiao-ting (2010), Modern China's Ethnic Frontiers: A Journey to the West, Taylor and Francis, pp. 43, 49, ISBN 9780415582643  ^ Wasserman, Adam. "Gold Horse International, Inc. Updates Status of Key Real Estate Development Projects for 2009". Gale, Cengage Learning. PR Newswire Association LLC. Retrieved 20 July 2015.  ^ Incurl=http://www.realpennies.com/otc/GHII/%7Cwebsite=realpennies%7Caccessdate=20 July 2015 ^ cite webtitle=Gold Horse International ^ 内蒙古新建呼和浩特市体育场落成 可容纳近6万人 - 新农村商网 ^ Background of Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Yili Industrial Group Co., Ltd. ^ Profile of Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Yili Industrial Group Company Limited ^ Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Incorporated. April 2001. p. 510. ISBN 978-0-7172-0134-1. Retrieved 29 August 2012.  ^ Huhehaote rainfall ^ 中国气象科学数据共享服务网 Archived 2 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年) (in Chinese). China
China
Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2009.  ^ 呼和浩特城市介绍以及气候背景分析. 中国天气网 (in Chinese). 中国气象局公共气象服务中心. Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China ^ "鄂尔多斯人均GDP超北京 房产业面临何种机遇" (in Chinese).  ^ "hktdc.com – Profiles of China
China
Provinces, Cities and Industrial Parks". Tdctrade.com. Retrieved 1 February 2014.  ^ "PROGRAMA CONJUNTO FAO/OMS SOBRE NORMAS ALIMENTARIAS" (Archive). Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 30. Retrieved on July 10, 2014. " Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Yili Industrial Group Co. Ltd. No. 8, Jinsi Road, Jinchun Developing Zone 010080 Hohhot
Hohhot
P.R. China" ^ Yili, Mengniu, Bright Dairy lose their status as 'national brands', China
China
Central Television (22 September 2008) ^ "呼和浩特市社会市面蒙汉两种文字并用管理办法". 中华人民共和国国家民族事务委员会. Retrieved 13 July 2015.  ^ a b Lonely Planet. Níngxià and Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
– Guidebook Chapter. Lonely Planet. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-74321-265-3. Retrieved 29 August 2012.  ^ Hsiung, Deh-Ta. Simonds, Nina. Lowe, Jason. [2005] (2005). The food of China: a journey for food lovers. Bay Books. ISBN 978-0-681-02584-4. p 38. ^ "春运开始后"天津-呼和浩特-阿拉善左旗"航线成为热点(in Chinese)". 无锡物流. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.  ^ "台湾远东航空看好内蒙古下月开通呼和浩特航线(in Chinese)". sina.com.cn. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014.  ^ Zhongguo dui wai jing ji mao yi nian jian bian ji wei yuan hui (1993). Almanac of China's foreign economic relations and trade. Hua run mao yi zi xun you xian gong si. p. 945. Retrieved 29 August 2012.  ^ 外观宏伟造型独特 呼和浩特东站完美初现(in Chinese) ^ "呼和浩特正式跨入"动车"时代". Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Xinhua. January 9, 2015.  ^ 呼张客专开土动工,方便进京之路 (in Chinese). 中华铁道网. Retrieved 12 November 2014.  ^ " Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
University: A survey of the university". Inner Mongolia
Mongolia
University. Retrieved 2009-03-12.  ^ 东进更名主场落户呼和浩特 老总:只是换了个名字 ^ 内蒙古新建呼和浩特市体育场落成 可容纳近6万人 - 新农村商网 ^ "呼和浩特东进终于返乡 未来中乙主场设辽宁本溪". 沈阳晚报. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2015.  ^ 关于太原中优嘉怡足球俱乐部有限公司工商迁移并更名的公示 (in Chinese) ^ 山西嘉怡足球俱乐部在并成立(in Chinese) ^ 大召寺(in Chinese) ^ 记忆中的呼市人民公园 [ Hohhot
Hohhot
People's Park] (in Chinese). Hohhot
Hohhot
News. 2014-02-24. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 

Bibliography[edit]

Perkins (1999). Encyclopedia of China: The Essential Reference to China, Its History and Culture. Dorothy Perkins. 1st paperback edition: 2000. A Roundtable Press Book, New York, N.Y. ISBN 0-8160-4374-4 (pbk).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hohhot.

Hohhot
Hohhot
government website (in simplified Chinese)

Hohhot
Hohhot
government website (in Mongolian)

Hohhot
Hohhot
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
topics

Hohhot
Hohhot
(capital)

General

History Politics Independence movement Economy Administrative divisions

Geography

Cities Gobi Desert Tengger Desert Climate

Education

Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
University Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Normal University Chifeng
Chifeng
University

Culture

Music of Inner Mongolia Mongolian language Mongolian script Northeastern Mandarin Plain Blue Banner

Cuisine

Hot pot

Visitor attractions

Shiretu Juu Zhaojun Tomb Mausoleum of Genghis Khan Hexigten Global Geopark

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Autonomous Region

Hohhot
Hohhot
(capital)

Prefecture-level cities

Hohhot

Huimin District Xincheng District Yuquan District Saihan District Togtoh County Wuchuan County Horinger County Qingshuihe County Tumed Jun Banner

Baotou

Hondlon District Donghe District Qingshan District Xiguit District Bayan Obo Mining District Jiuyuan District Guyang County Tumed Barun Banner Darhan Muminggan Holbot Banner

Wuhai

Haibowan District Hainan
Hainan
District Wuda District

Chifeng

Hongshan District Yuanbaoshan District Songshan District Ningcheng County Linxi County Ar Horqin Banner Bairin Jun Banner Bairin Barun Banner Hexigten Banner Ongniud Banner Harqin Banner Aohan Banner

Tongliao

Horqin District Holingol
Holingol
City Kailu County Hure Banner Naiman Banner Jarud Banner Horqin Left Middle Banner Horqin Left Rear Banner

Ordos

Dongsheng District Kangbashi District Dalad Banner Jungar Banner Otog Omnod Banner Otog Banner Hanggin Banner Uxin Banner Ejin Horo Banner

Hulunbuir

Hailar District Jalainur District Manzhouli
Manzhouli
City Zhalantun
Zhalantun
City Yakeshi
Yakeshi
City Genhe
Genhe
City Ergun City Arun Banner Xin Barag Barun Banner Xin Barag Jun Banner Huqin Barag Banner Oroqin Banner (Autonomous) Evenk Banner (Autonomous) Morin Dawa Daur Banner (Autonomous)

Bayannur

Linhe District Wuyuan County Dengkou County Urad Omnod Banner Urad Dundad Banner Urad Hoit Banner Hanggin Hoit Banner

Ulanqab

Jining District Fengzhen
Fengzhen
City Zhuozi County Huade County Shangdu County Xinghe County Liangcheng County Qahar Barun Garun Omnod Banner Qahar Barun Garun Dundad Banner Qahar Barun Garun Hoit Banner Siziwang (Dorbod) Banner

Leagues

Hinggan

Ulanhot
Ulanhot
City Arxan
Arxan
City Tuquan County Horqin Barun Garun Omnod Banner Horqin Barun Garun Dundad Banner Jalaid Banner

Xilingol

Xilinhot
Xilinhot
City Erenhot
Erenhot
City Duolun County Abag Banner Sonid Jun Banner Sonid Barun Banner Jun Ujimqin Banner Barun Ujimqin Banner Taibus Banner Xianghuang (Hobot Xar) Banner Zhengxiangbai (Xulun Hobot Qagan) Banner Zhenglan (Xulun Hoh) Banner

Alxa

Alxa Jun Banner Alxa Barun Banner Ejin Banner

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
(YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River Mid-Reaches (Yangtze River Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Provincial capitals of China

Changchun
Changchun
(Jilin) Changsha
Changsha
(Hunan) Chengdu
Chengdu
(Sichuan) Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(Fujian) Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Guangdong) Guiyang
Guiyang
(Guizhou) Haikou
Haikou
(Hainan) Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(Zhejiang) Harbin
Harbin
(Heilongjiang) Hefei
Hefei
(Anhui) Hohhot
Hohhot
(Inner Mongolia) Jinan
Jinan
(Shandong) Kunming
Kunming
(Yunnan) Lanzhou
Lanzhou
(Gansu) Lhasa (Tibet) Nanchang
Nanchang
(Jiangxi) Nanjing
Nanjing
(Jiangsu) Nanning
Nanning
(Guangxi) Shenyang
Shenyang
(Liaoning) Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
(Hebei) Taibei¹ (Taiwan¹) Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(Shanxi) Ürümqi
Ürümqi
(Xinjiang) Wuhan
Wuhan
(Hubei) Xi'an
Xi'an
(Shaanxi) Xining
Xining
(Qinghai) Yinchuan
Yinchuan
(Ningxia) Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
(Henan)

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

v t e

Major cities along the Yellow River

Province-level subdivisions

Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches)

Gansu

Lanzhou Baiyin

Ningxia

Zhongwei Wuzhong Yinchuan Shizuishan

Inner Mongolia

Wuhai Ordos Bayan Nur Baotou Hohhot
Hohhot
(boundaries of upper and middle reaches)

Shanxi

Xinzhou Lüliang Linfen Yuncheng

Shaanxi

Yulin Yan'an Weinan

Henan

Sanmenxia Luoyang Jiyuan Jiaozuo Zhengzhou(boundaries of middle and lower reaches) Xinxiang Kaifeng Puyang

Shandong

Liaocheng Tai'an Jinan Dezhou Binzhou Zibo Dongying

Major cities along the Pearl River · Major cities along the Yangtze River

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127869132 GND: 4285045-9 BNF:

.