Hughes Electronics Corporation was formed in 1985 when Hughes Aircraft
was sold by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute
to General Motors
for $5.2 billion. The surviving parts of Hughes Electronics are today known as the DirecTV Group
On June 5, 1985 General Motors
was announced as the winner of a secretive five month, sealed-bid auction. Other bidders included Ford Motor Company
. The purchase was completed on December 20, 1985, for an estimated $5.2 billion, $2.7 billion in cash and the rest in 50 million shares of GM Class H stock.
On December 31, 1985, General Motors merged Hughes Aircraft with its Delco Electronics unit to form Hughes Electronics Corporation, an independent subsidiary. The group then consisted of: Delco Electronics Corporation and Hughes Aircraft Company.
thumb|250px|Display of a Hughes satellite inside the Space Shuttle Explorer
In August of 1992
Hughes Aircraft completed its purchase of General Dynamics
' missile businesses for $450 million. This brought the Tomahawk Cruise Missile
, Advanced Cruise Missile
, Standard missile
, Stinger missile
, Phalanx Close-in weapon system
, and Rolling Airframe Missile
into Hughes' portfolio.
In 1994 Hughes Electronics introduced DirecTV, the world's first high-powered DBS
. In 1995
Hughes Electronic's Hughes Space and Communications division became the largest supplier of commercial satellites. Also in 1995 the group purchased Magnavox Electronic Systems
from the Carlyle Group
. In 1996
Hughes Electronics and PanAmSat
agree to merge their fixed satellite services into a new publicly held company, also called PanAMSat with Hughes Electronics as majority shareholder.
In 1995, Hughes Aircraft sold its Technology Products Division (automated wire and die bonder) to an investor group led by Citicorp
and incorporated the division as Palomar Technologies. In 2008, Citicorp sold the bonder division to the current management team at Palomar Technologies.
In 1997 GM transferred Delco Electronics to its Delphi Automotive Systems
business. Later that year the assets of Hughes Aircraft were sold to Raytheon
for $9.5 billion. The remaining companies remained under the Hughes Electronics name and within GM.
In 2000, The Boeing Company purchased three units within Hughes Electronics Corp.: Hughes Space and Communications Co., Hughes Electron Dynamics
, and Spectrolab Inc.
, in addition to Hughes Electronics' interest in HRL, the company's primary research laboratory. The four joined Boeing Satellite Systems, a company subsidiary, later becoming the Satellite Development Center, part of Boeing Integrated Defense Systems.
[ Hughes Companies... Joining the Boeing Family]
In 2003 the remaining parts of Hughes Electronics (DirecTV, DirecTV Latin America, PanAmSat, Hughes Network Systems) were purchased by News Corporation
from GM and renamed The DirecTV Group
: The HHMI sold Hughes Aircraft to General Motors
for $5.2 billion. This was merged with GM's Delco Electronics
to form Hughes Electronics Corporation. The group then consisted of:
** Delco Electronics Corporation
** Hughes Aircraft Company
: Hughes Aircraft Company acquired M/A-COM Telecommunications, to form Hughes Network Systems
: Hughes Electronics introduced DirecTV
: Hughes Space and Communications Company became the world's biggest supplier of commercial satellites.
* 1995: Hughes Electronics acquired Magnavox Electronic Systems
from the Carlyle Group
* 1995: Hughes Aircraft acquired CAE-Link; CAE-Link was part of the original company founded by Edwin Link
, inventor of the flight simulator.
* 1996: Hughes Electronics and PanAmSat
agreed to merge their fixed satellite services into a new publicly held company, also called PanAmSat with Hughes Electronics as majority shareholder.
: GM transferred Delco Electronics from Hughes Electronics to its Delphi Automotive Systems
. Delphi became independent in 1999.
* 1997: The aerospace and defense operations of Hughes Electronics (Hughes Aircraft) merged with Raytheon
; Raytheon also acquired one half of the Hughes Research Laboratories
: Hughes Space and Communications Company remained independent until 2000, when it was purchased by Boeing
and became Boeing Satellite Development Center
. Boeing purchased one third of the HRL Laboratories, LLC
which was then co-owned by Boeing, GM and Raytheon.
* 2003: The remaining parts of Hughes Electronics: DirecTV, DirecTV Latin America, PanAmSat and Hughes Network Systems
were purchased by News Corporation
and renamed The DirecTV Group
* 2003: News Corporation sold PanAmSat to Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.
(KKR) in August 2004.
: Director Martin Scorsese
used the Hughes Aircraft stage in Playa Vista to film the motion-capture sequences in the film ''The Aviator
* 2004: SkyTerra
Communications, Inc. completed its purchase of 100% controlling interest in Hughes Network Systems from the DirecTV Group in January 2006.
Category:Defunct companies of the United States
Category:2003 mergers and acquisitions
Category:Former General Motors subsidiaries