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The Hudson Highlands
Hudson Highlands
are mountains on both sides of the Hudson River in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York, between Newburgh Bay
Newburgh Bay
and Haverstraw Bay, which form the northern region of the New York - New Jersey Highlands. The Hudson River
Hudson River
enters this region in the south at Dunderberg Mountain
Mountain
near Stony Point, and from the north in the vicinity of Breakneck Ridge
Breakneck Ridge
and Storm King Mountain
Mountain
near Cornwall, New York. These highlands played a significant role in America's military, cultural and environmental history.

Contents

1 History 2 Mountains of the Hudson Highlands 3 Protected areas of the Hudson Highlands 4 External links

History[edit] The bedrock of the Highlands is part of the Reading Prong
Reading Prong
and more than a billion years old, formed during the Grenville Orogeny. It represents the very core of the Appalachian range, which has been formed by successive mountain-building events (orogenies). The present mountains have been exposed by the process of isostasy through the late Cenozoic Era. The hills were given their rounded form when glaciers cut through the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
here, the Highlands are among the lowest summits in that range (indeed, the Appalachian Trail reaches its lowest elevation in the Trailside Zoo between Bear Mountain
Mountain
State Park and Bear Mountain
Mountain
Bridge). Conversely, the river becomes narrower and deeper through the Highlands, reaching its deepest point of 216 feet (66 m), near Garrison. Many stretches are challenging to navigate, earning nicknames like "World's End." Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
and his crew on the Half Moon were the first Europeans to see the Highlands when they explored the river in 1609.

Map of West Point fortifications from 1775–1783, depicting the positioning of the Hudson River
Hudson River
Chain, 1778-1782

The mountains became strategically important during the American Revolutionary War, when it was important for the Continental Army
Continental Army
to hold the river valley and prevent the British from cutting New England off from the rest of the colonies. During the Revolutionary War, to prevent British shipping from using the river, the Hudson River
Hudson River
Chain was forged at an iron works in Orange County, New York. From 1778 to 1782, the chain was stretched across the river from the Fort Clinton at West Point. The site of the fort is today the easternmost point of the grounds of the United States Military Academy. Several decades after independence, Thomas Cole
Thomas Cole
started an artistic movement by painting America's wild and rugged landscapes— especially, at first, the Highlands— with the stark contrasts and shadows they offered, in a way that suggested raw nature, a world reborn. After the movement had faded, a critic derisively referred to the movement as the Hudson River
Hudson River
School; the name stuck as the label for the new nation's first homegrown artistic movement. In the early 20th century, in response to damage caused by quarrymen and loggers in the Highlands, local conservationists began to press for public ownership of the area's woods and mountains. Their efforts paid off in the first of several state parks that now blanket the chain. Later that century, an ambitious power-generating plan that would have dug into Storm King Mountain
Mountain
led to a landmark lawsuit by environmental groups that made history when the judge ruled that aesthetic impacts of such large projects could be considered and that a coalition of citizen groups had legal standing. This landmark lawsuit formed the basis for a large body of case law concerning environmentalism. Mountains of the Hudson Highlands[edit]

Sugarloaf Hill on the east bank of the river

East (north to south)

Sour Mountain Beacon Mountain
Mountain
(North and South) Scofield Ridge Sugarloaf Mountain Breakneck Ridge Bull Hill
Bull Hill
aka Mt. Taurus South Redoubt and North Redoubt aka Fort Hill Bald Hill Lamb's Hill Lamb's Hill West Sunset Point Sugarloaf Hill White Rock Canada Hill Shenendoah Mountain Anthony's Nose

West (north to south)

Storm King Mountain Black Rock Crow's Nest Popolopen
Popolopen
Torne Bear Mountain West Mountain Bald Mountain Spy Rock Eagles Cliff Dunderberg Mountain Long Mountain Sutherland Ridge Stillman Hill Arthur Hill Chatfield Hill Buckberg

Protected areas of the Hudson Highlands[edit]

Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
portal

Bear Mountain
Mountain
State Park Black Rock Forest Harriman State Park Hudson Highlands
Hudson Highlands
State Park Manitoga Sterling Forest State Park Storm King State Park

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hudson Highlands.

USGS - The Highlands Province NYS - Hudson Highlands
Hudson Highlands
State Park

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Mountains of New York

Adirondack Mountains

Dix Range

Dix Mountain Grace Peak Hough Peak Macomb Mountain South Dix

Great Range

Armstrong Mountain Basin Mountain Gothics Lower Wolfjaw Mountain Saddleback Mountain Sawteeth Upper Wolfjaw Mountain

MacIntyre Mountains

Algonquin Peak Iroquois Peak Mount Marshall Wright Peak

Marcy Group

Allen Mountain Cliff Mountain Gray Peak Mount Colden Mount Haystack Mount Marcy Mount Redfield Mount Skylight

Others

Ampersand Mountain Azure Mountain Bald Mountain Big Slide Mountain Black Mountain Blake Peak Blue Mountain Cascade Mountain Couchsachraga Peak Dial Mountain Donaldson Mountain Esther Mountain Giant Mountain Gore Mountain Hadley Mountain Hurricane Mountain Jay Mountain Lyon Mountain MacNaughton Mountain McKenzie Mountain Mount Adams Mount Arab Mount Colvin Mount Emmons Mount Jo Mount McGregor Mount Van Hoevenberg Nippletop Noonmark Mountain Nye Mountain Owls Head Mountain Panther Peak Phelps Mountain Pitchoff Mountain Poke-O-Moonshine Mountain Porter Mountain Rocky Peak Ridge Santanoni Peak Seward Mountain Seymour Mountain Silver Lake Mountain Snowy Mountain Spruce Mountain Street Mountain Table Top Mountain Titus Mountain Whiteface Mountain

Catskill Mountains

Blackhead Mountains

Black Dome Blackhead Thomas Cole
Thomas Cole
Mountain

Burroughs Range

Wittenberg Mountain Cornell Mountain Slide Mountain

Devil's Path

Hunter Mountain Indian Head Mountain Plateau Mountain Southwest Hunter Mountain Sugarloaf Mountain
Mountain
(Greene County) Twin Mountain West Kill Mountain

Others

Ashokan High Point Balsam Cap Balsam Lake Mountain Balsam Mountain Bearpen Mountain Big Indian Mountain Doubletop Mountain Eagle Mountain Evergreen Mountain Fir Mountain Friday Mountain Graham Mountain Halcott Mountain Kaaterskill High Peak Lone Mountain Mount Jefferson Mount Sherrill Mount Tremper North Dome North Mountain Old Clump Mountain Overlook Mountain Panther Mountain Peekamoose Mountain Plattekill Mountain Rocky Mountain Rusk Mountain Table Mountain Vly Mountain Windham High Peak

Hudson Highlands

Anthony's Nose Beacon Mountain Bear Mountain Breakneck Ridge Buckberg Bull Hill Crow's Nest Dunderberg Mountain Hook Mountain Popolopen South Mountain Storm King Mountain Sugarloaf Mountain
Mountain
(Dutchess County) Sugarloaf Hill Tallman Mountain

Taconic Mountains

Alander Mountain Berlin Mountain Brace Mountain Misery Mountain Mount Raimer Rounds Mountain White Rock

Others

Algerine Hill Angel Hill Badeau Hill Baker Hill Bellvale Mountain Bitch Mountain Briar Hill (Burlington) Briar Hill (East Springfield) Bunn Hill Burke Hill Burying Ground Hill Calder Hill Cape Wykoff Clove Mountain Cornish Hill Crumhorn Mountain Darling Hill Dog Hill Dutch Hill East Hill Eggleston Hill Elliot Hill Filer Hill Fitch Hill Fox Hill (Hamilton County) Fox Hill (Oneida County) Franklin Mountain Gifford Hill Gill Hill Gross Hill Harris Hill Hawk Hill Hemlock Hill Honey Hill Hooker Mountain Hutchinson Hill Joppenbergh Mountain Kilkenny Hill King Hill Klock Hill Lane Hill Marlboro Mountains Metcalf Hill Morrow Mountain Mount Defiance Mount Markham Mount Moses Mount Peter Mount Rafinesque Mount Tom Mount Wellington Mount Zion Murphy Hill Noahs Rump Otsego County High Point Panther Mountain Pigeon Hill Pine Cobble Pine Hill Pine Mountain Pray Hill Ramapo Mountains Red House Hill Red Ridge Hill Rice Hill Richfield Hill Round Top (Burlington) Round Top (East Winfield) Rum Hill Saint Regis Mountain Schunemunk Mountain Shacktown Mountain Shankley Mountain Shawangunk Ridge Sisson Hill South Hill Stone Quarry Hill Strain Mountain Todt Hill Tunnicliff Hill Wallface Mountain Weaver Hill Welch Hill Whalen Hill Windham Mountain Winnie Hill Wooley Hill

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