The Info List - Hudson Highlands

The Hudson Highlands
Hudson Highlands
are mountains on both sides of the Hudson River in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York, between Newburgh Bay
Newburgh Bay
and Haverstraw Bay, which form the northern region of the New York - New Jersey Highlands. The Hudson River
Hudson River
enters this region in the south at Dunderberg Mountain
near Stony Point, and from the north in the vicinity of Breakneck Ridge
Breakneck Ridge
and Storm King Mountain
near Cornwall, New York. These highlands played a significant role in America's military, cultural and environmental history.


1 History 2 Mountains of the Hudson Highlands 3 Protected areas of the Hudson Highlands 4 External links

History[edit] The bedrock of the Highlands is part of the Reading Prong
Reading Prong
and more than a billion years old, formed during the Grenville Orogeny. It represents the very core of the Appalachian range, which has been formed by successive mountain-building events (orogenies). The present mountains have been exposed by the process of isostasy through the late Cenozoic Era. The hills were given their rounded form when glaciers cut through the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
here, the Highlands are among the lowest summits in that range (indeed, the Appalachian Trail reaches its lowest elevation in the Trailside Zoo between Bear Mountain
State Park and Bear Mountain
Bridge). Conversely, the river becomes narrower and deeper through the Highlands, reaching its deepest point of 216 feet (66 m), near Garrison. Many stretches are challenging to navigate, earning nicknames like "World's End." Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
and his crew on the Half Moon were the first Europeans to see the Highlands when they explored the river in 1609.

Map of West Point fortifications from 1775–1783, depicting the positioning of the Hudson River
Hudson River
Chain, 1778-1782

The mountains became strategically important during the American Revolutionary War, when it was important for the Continental Army
Continental Army
to hold the river valley and prevent the British from cutting New England off from the rest of the colonies. During the Revolutionary War, to prevent British shipping from using the river, the Hudson River
Hudson River
Chain was forged at an iron works in Orange County, New York. From 1778 to 1782, the chain was stretched across the river from the Fort Clinton at West Point. The site of the fort is today the easternmost point of the grounds of the United States Military Academy. Several decades after independence, Thomas Cole
Thomas Cole
started an artistic movement by painting America's wild and rugged landscapes— especially, at first, the Highlands— with the stark contrasts and shadows they offered, in a way that suggested raw nature, a world reborn. After the movement had faded, a critic derisively referred to the movement as the Hudson River
Hudson River
School; the name stuck as the label for the new nation's first homegrown artistic movement. In the early 20th century, in response to damage caused by quarrymen and loggers in the Highlands, local conservationists began to press for public ownership of the area's woods and mountains. Their efforts paid off in the first of several state parks that now blanket the chain. Later that century, an ambitious power-generating plan that would have dug into Storm King Mountain
led to a landmark lawsuit by environmental groups that made history when the judge ruled that aesthetic impacts of such large projects could be considered and that a coalition of citizen groups had legal standing. This landmark lawsuit formed the basis for a large body of case law concerning environmentalism. Mountains of the Hudson Highlands[edit]

Sugarloaf Hill on the east bank of the river

East (north to south)

Sour Mountain Beacon Mountain
(North and South) Scofield Ridge Sugarloaf Mountain Breakneck Ridge Bull Hill
Bull Hill
aka Mt. Taurus South Redoubt and North Redoubt aka Fort Hill Bald Hill Lamb's Hill Lamb's Hill West Sunset Point Sugarloaf Hill White Rock Canada Hill Shenendoah Mountain Anthony's Nose

West (north to south)

Storm King Mountain Black Rock Crow's Nest Popolopen
Torne Bear Mountain West Mountain Bald Mountain Spy Rock Eagles Cliff Dunderberg Mountain Long Mountain Sutherland Ridge Stillman Hill Arthur Hill Chatfield Hill Buckberg

Protected areas of the Hudson Highlands[edit]

Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley

Bear Mountain
State Park Black Rock Forest Harriman State Park Hudson Highlands
Hudson Highlands
State Park Manitoga Sterling Forest State Park Storm King State Park

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hudson Highlands.

USGS - The Highlands Province NYS - Hudson Highlands
Hudson Highlands
State Park

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Thomas Cole

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Hudson Highlands

Anthony's Nose Beacon Mountain Bear Mountain Breakneck Ridge Buckberg Bull Hill Crow's Nest Dunderberg Mountain Hook Mountain Popolopen South Mountain Storm King Mountain Sugarloaf Mountain
(Dutchess County) Sugarloaf Hill Tallman Mountain

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