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HUBLI, officially known as HUBBALLI is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It forms continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad .

Hubli- Dharwad is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore.

The name Hubballi literally means "Flowering creeper" in Kannada . While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubballi, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka
Karnataka
region. Crops including cotton , chili pepper and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli
Hubli
is a major trading centre for these commodities . It is also an important city for the Indian Railways , as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway zone and the Hubli
Hubli
Railway Division. Hubli
Hubli
is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of North Western Karnataka
Karnataka
Road Transport Corporation .

Hubli
Hubli
also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bangalore
Bangalore
. In 2016, Hubli- Dharwad was selected for Solar City / Green City Master Plans. Recently, Hubli
Hubli
was selected for a Smart city project. Hubli
Hubli
ring road is also in construction of 40km which connects NH4, Gadag road and Bijapur road.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Demographics * 3 Climate * 4 Hubballi- Dharwad Municipal Corporation * 5 Economy

* 6 Transport

* 6.1 Air * 6.2 Rail * 6.3 Road

* 7 Education * 8 Media

* 9 Culture and society

* 9.1 Places of interest

* 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

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"Hoovina Balli" became Hubballi Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi' was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jaina basti. Under Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Rayas, Rayara Hubli
Hubli
grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron. Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by SHIVAJI in 1673. The Mughals conquered Rayara Hubli
Hubli
and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli
Hubli
around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli.

Hubli's famous MOORUSAVIRA MATHA is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period. Hubli
Hubli
was conquered by the MARATHAS from the NAWAB OF SAVANUR in 1755-56. In the following years, Hubli
Hubli
was conquered by HYDER ALI , only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan. The British took Old Hubli
Hubli
from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli
Hubli
came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India.

The impressive Chandramauleshwara/ Chaturlinga temple in Unkal are of Chalukyan times.

DEMOGRAPHICS

The population of Hubli-Dharwad, as per provisional census 2011 figures, is 1,349,563. Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298; and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The corporation covers 202 km2. It is the second largest and second most populated city in the state of Karnataka. It has a large floating population of over 2 lakh which stands second after Bangalore
Bangalore
in Karnataka.. Kannada is the major language spoken in the city. According to the 2011 census, 184,745 people reside in slums in Hubli-Dharwad, which is 19.57% of the total population.

RELIGIONS IN HUBLI-DHARWAD

SOURCE: Hubli- Dharwad Census 2011 data Hindus (67.44%) Muslims (27.15%) Christians (2.79%) Jains (1.61%) Not Stated (0.57%) Sikh (0.14%) Buddhist (0.07%) Other (0.22%)

CLIMATE

Hubli- Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate . Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli
Hubli
is 640 meters above M.S.L. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.

CLIMATE DATA FOR HUBLI

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 29.1 (84.4) 31.7 (89.1) 34.5 (94.1) 36 (97) 34.5 (94.1) 28.2 (82.8) 25.9 (78.6) 25.6 (78.1) 27.7 (81.9) 29.2 (84.6) 28.7 (83.7) 28.2 (82.8) 29.94 (85.93)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 14.5 (58.1) 15.7 (60.3) 18.6 (65.5) 22 (72) 22 (72) 20.9 (69.6) 20.9 (69.6) 20.2 (68.4) 19.6 (67.3) 18.8 (65.8) 16.5 (61.7) 14.3 (57.7) 18.67 (65.67)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 0 (0) 0 (0) 10 (0.39) 40 (1.57) 60 (2.36) 150 (5.91) 210 (8.27) 200 (7.87) 110 (4.33) 60 (2.36) 30 (1.18) 0 (0) 870 (34.24)

Source: source=YR

HUBBALLI-DHARWAD MUNICIPAL CORPORATION

Main article: Hubli- Dharwad Municipal Corporation

Hubballi- Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometres. The area covered by the corporation is 202.3 km2. spread over 45 revenue villages and is the second largest city corporation in Karnataka
Karnataka
after Bangalore. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 12 lakhs. Hubballi Municipal Council was established Under the Government of India
India
Act of 1850 and the Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. Both were merged later and after the capital city of Bengaluru, this is the second largest city Corporation in the State.

ECONOMY

Main article: Economy of Hubli

Hubli
Hubli
is the commercial hub of Karnataka, it has a wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries. The Government of India
India
has set up a Software Technology park of India
India
on Pune
Pune
Bangalore
Bangalore
Road and Aryabhata Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest-based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products including cotton, groundnut and oil seeds, besides manganese ore and granite. The establishment of new-generation diesel locomotive shed in the city by Indian Railways was another major boost for development of Industries in this region as this was first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel locomotive shed at Hubli
Hubli
is the largest holder of EMD locomotive in India
India
and was set up in 1880. The agricultural produce market of Hubli
Hubli
at Amargol is one of the largest markets in Asia and the cotton market of Hubli
Hubli
is among the largest in India.

Wallace Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. has established its manufacturing unit at Dharwad, near Hubli.

TRANSPORT

South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli
Hubli
railway station

AIR

Hubli Airport
Hubli Airport
(IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is one of the major operational airports serving the Northern Karnataka.Currently Alliance Air operates 1 flight Mon-Fri to the state capital Bengaluru
Bengaluru
.Air India
India
is planning to start its operations to Mumbai
Mumbai
soon. The airport is currently being upgraded to an international airport and a sanction of Rs 160 crore has been made available for this purpose.

RAIL

Hubli
Hubli
is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone . It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli
Hubli
Division. The Hubli
Hubli
Division is one of the highest revenue generating divisions in India. Hubli
Hubli
is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network . Several express , superfast (most notably the Siddhaganga Intercity Express) and Jan Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli
Hubli
and Bangalore
Bangalore
every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country. An upcoming monorail project at Hubli
Hubli
city is set to boost the intercity transport.

ROAD

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Hubli
Hubli
lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 ( Hubli
Hubli
- Humnabad) which connect Hubli
Hubli
with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka
Karnataka
Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli
Hubli
and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities go to every part of Karnataka, neighbouring states, and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli
Hubli
and other major cities. A bus rapid-transit system (BRTS) is under construction in Hubli. It will have a length of 70 km and is being built on an eight-lane expressway between Hubli
Hubli
and Dharwad. It will be funded by government of Karnataka
Karnataka
and will be managed by HDBRTS Company.

EDUCATION

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Karnataka
Karnataka
Institute of Medical Sciences

Hubli
Hubli
is well provided with pre-university, engineering colleges as well as universities The twin city of Hubli- Dharwad has 4 universities.Karnatak University, Dharwad , Karnataka
Karnataka
State Law University, Navanagar , ], and University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad . The District Institute of Education and Training (DIET), a 150-year-old institute, is a premier teachers training institute in India.

MEDIA

Hubli
Hubli
is home to a number of dailies. The twin cities have been the centre for publishing newspapers and magazines. Famous dailies include Deccan Herald , Indian Express , The Hindu , The Times Of India ,Horanadu, Kannada Prabha , Prajawani, Samyukta Karnataka
Karnataka
, Vishwavani and Vijaya Karnataka
Karnataka
.

The city is also the home of Uttara Karnataka