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51(India) Rank - 2nd (Karnataka)

Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)

Pincode(s) 580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad
Dharwad
west end)

Area code(s) +91-0836

Vehicle registration KA 25 (Navanagar RTO) KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)

Official language Kannada

Website http://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.in

Hubballi (Other name: Hubli) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It forms continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad. Hubballi- Dharwad
Dharwad
is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore. The name "Hubballi" literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada[2]. While Dharwad
Dharwad
is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka
North Karnataka
region. Crops including cotton, chili pepper and peanuts are grown in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli
Hubli
is a major trading centre for these commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway zone
South Western Railway zone
and the Hubli Railway Division. Hubballi is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of North Western Karnataka
Karnataka
Road Transport Corporation. Hubballi also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bengaluru. In 2016, Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
was selected for solar city / green city master plans.[3] Recently, Hubballi was selected for a smart city project.[4] Hubballi ring road is also in construction of 40 km which connects NH4, Gadag road and Vijayapura
Vijayapura
road.

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
Municipal Corporation 5 Economy 6 Education 7 Transport

7.1 Air 7.2 Rail 7.3 Road

7.3.1 HDBRTS

8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi', was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jain
Jain
basti. Under Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Rayas, Rayara Hubli
Hubli
grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron. Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by Shivaji in 1673. The Mughals
Mughals
conquered Rayara Hubli
Hubli
and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli
Hubli
around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli. Hubli's famous Moorusavira Matha is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period. Hubli
Hubli
was conquered by the Marathas from the Nawab of Savanur in 1755-56. In the following years, Hubli
Hubli
was conquered by Hyder Ali, only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan. The British took Old Hubli
Hubli
from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli
Hubli
came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India. [5] The impressive Chandramauleshwara/Chaturlinga temples in Unkal are from Chalukyan times. Demographics[edit] The population of Hubli-Dharwad, as per provisional census 2011 figures, is 1,349,563.[6] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298; and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The corporation covers 202 km2. It is the second largest and second most populated city in the state of Karnataka. It has a large floating population of over 2 lakh, which stands second after Bangalore
Bangalore
in Karnataka.[citation needed] Kannada
Kannada
is the major language spoken in the city. The average literacy rate of the city stands at 86.79%, of which Male literacy is 91.12% and female literacy is 84.44%[7]

Religion in Hubballi (Census 2011)[8]

Hinduism

67.44%

Islam

27.15%

Christianity

2.79%

Others

2.61%

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli
Hubli
is 640 meters above sea level. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.[9]

Climate data for Hubli

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 29.1 (84.4) 31.7 (89.1) 34.5 (94.1) 36.0 (96.8) 34.5 (94.1) 28.2 (82.8) 25.9 (78.6) 25.6 (78.1) 27.7 (81.9) 29.2 (84.6) 28.7 (83.7) 28.2 (82.8) 29.94 (85.92)

Average low °C (°F) 14.5 (58.1) 15.7 (60.3) 18.6 (65.5) 22.0 (71.6) 22.0 (71.6) 20.9 (69.6) 20.9 (69.6) 20.2 (68.4) 19.6 (67.3) 18.8 (65.8) 16.5 (61.7) 14.3 (57.7) 18.67 (65.6)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 0 (0) 0 (0) 10 (0.39) 40 (1.57) 60 (2.36) 150 (5.91) 210 (8.27) 200 (7.87) 110 (4.33) 60 (2.36) 30 (1.18) 0 (0) 870 (34.24)

Source: [10]

Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
Municipal Corporation[edit] Main article: Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
Municipal Corporation Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometres. The area covered by the corporation is 202.3 km2 spread over 45 revenue villages, and is the second largest city corporation in Karnataka
Karnataka
after Bangalore. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 12 lakhs. Hubli
Hubli
Municipal Council was established under the Government of India Act of 1850, and the Dharwad
Dharwad
Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. Both were merged later. After the capital city of Bangalore, this is the second largest city corporation in the state.[11][11] Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Hubli Hubli
Hubli
is the commercial hub of Karnataka. It has a wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries.[12] The Government of India
India
has set up a Software Technology park of India on Pune– Bangalore
Bangalore
Road and Aryabhata Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad
Malnad
and the Deccan plateau. Malnad
Malnad
is well known for its forests and forest-based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products including cotton, groundnut and oil seeds, as well as manganese ore and granite. The establishment of a new-generation diesel locomotive shed in the city by Indian Railways
Indian Railways
was another major boost for development of industries in this region, as it was first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel locomotive shed at Hubli
Hubli
is the largest holder of EMD locomotives in India
India
and was set up in 1880.[13] The agricultural produce market of Hubli
Hubli
at Amargol is one of the largest markets in Asia and the cotton market of Hubli
Hubli
is among the largest in India. Wallace Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. has established its manufacturing unit at Dharwad, near Hubli.[14] Education[edit]

B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology

Hubli
Hubli
is a major education center in Karnataka. Along with Dharwad, the twin city of Hubli, they house a number of renowned educational institutes. The Karnatak University
Karnatak University
was first set up here in 1949. This is a major university in Karnataka. The University of Agricultural Sciences was setup in 1986, to promote research and development in the area of Agriculture. Another university that was recently established in Hubli
Hubli
is the Karnataka
Karnataka
State Law University and with the establishment of this university all the Law colleges in Karnataka
Karnataka
are regulated from here. The Karnataka
Karnataka
Institute of Medical Sciences setup in 1957 is a forefront in research and education in the field of Medical sciences. The institute also houses one of the largest hospital in India. BVB College of Engineering is one of the very famous engineering colleges in India
India
was setup in 1947. Recently there has been a spurge in establishing some higher educational facilities in the city. IIT- Dharwad
Dharwad
was setup in 2016, the Indian Institute of Information Technology was setup in 2015 and Research Centre for DNA Diagnostics was recently setup. Transport[edit]

Hubballi Airport

Air[edit] Hubli Airport
Hubli Airport
(IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is one of the major operational airports serving northern Karnataka. Currently Alliance Air operates one flight everyday to the state capital Bengaluru. Air India
India
has started its operation from Hubli
Hubli
to Mumbai
Mumbai
and Bangalore
Bangalore
on Tuesday, Wednesday and Saturday.[15] The airport is currently being upgraded to an international airport and a sanction of Rs 160 crore has been made available for this purpose.[16] Rail[edit] The city currently has 3 stations and one Junction. The Hubli
Hubli
Junction railway station is the main railway station in the city with a built up area of 161460 sq.ft. [2].The other stations are Hubballi South, Unkal and Navalur Station. Hubli
Hubli
is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli
Hubli
Division. The Hubli
Hubli
Division is one of the highest revenue generating divisions in India. Hubli
Hubli
is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several express, superfast (most notably the Siddhaganga Intercity Express) and Jan Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli
Hubli
and Bangalore
Bangalore
every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country.[17]

South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli
Hubli
railway station

Road[edit] Hubli
Hubli
lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 ( Hubli
Hubli
- Humnabad) which connect Hubli
Hubli
with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka
Karnataka
Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli
Hubli
and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities go to every part of Karnataka, neighboring states, and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli
Hubli
and other major cities. HDBRTS[edit] Main article: Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
Bus Rapid Transit System A bus rapid-transit system (BRTS) is under construction in Hubli. It will have a length of 70 km and is being built on an eight-lane expressway between Hubli
Hubli
and Dharwad. It will be funded by the government of Karnataka
Karnataka
and will be managed by HDBRTS Company.[18] A semi-ring road is sanctioned to the city. This road connects NH-52 (Solapur road), NH-63 (Gadag road), Mumbai- Chennai
Chennai
N.H-4, and finally connects to Karwar road St Santosh Nagar area. References[edit]

^ Raggi Mudde. " Hubli
Hubli
– The Commercial Hub Explored". Karnataka.com.  ^ http://www.bonvoyagetravel.com/location/dharwad ^ "Ministry of New and Renewable Energy - Solar / Green Cities". mnre.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-03-14.  ^ http://www.hubballidharwadsmartcity.com/ ^ " Hubli
Hubli
Sightseeing in Hubli
Hubli
History of Hubli
Hubli
How to Reach Hubli". Karnataka.com. 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2018-02-07.  ^ [1] ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/437-hubli-and-dharwad-.html ^ "Hubballi Religion 2011". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 14 June 2017.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2012-11-13.  ^ YR ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-11-13.  ^ "'Twin cities emerging as SME hub'". The Times of India.  ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/mec_engg/downloads/DLS/swr/Brief%20history%20of%20the%20shed-UBL.pdf ^ "Wallace Laboratories, Dharwad, Karnataka". Wallace Pharma. Retrieved 5 July 2017.  ^ "Heeding Sikh demand, Air India
India
to connect Nanded-Amritsar". Asian Age. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-09-24.  ^ " Hubli Airport
Hubli Airport
expansion takes off after seven years". timesofindia-economictimes.  ^ BS Reporter (12 September 2012). "Monorail proposed in Hubli-Dharwad".  ^ "HDBRTS Home". www.hdbrts.co.in. Retrieved 2017-09-24. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hubli.

Hubli
Hubli
- Dharwad
Dharwad
Municipal Corporation HDMC Hubli
Hubli
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

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