223000, 223200, 223300
211600, 211700, 223100, 223400
¥245.54 billion (2014)
GDP per capita
License Plate Prefix
Huai'an ("Hoaigan"). Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale
des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665
Qingjiangpu ("Siampu"). Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale
des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665
Huai'an (Chinese: 淮安; pinyin: Huái'ān), formerly called Huaiyin
(simplified Chinese: 淮阴; traditional Chinese: 淮陰; pinyin:
Huáiyīn) until 2001, is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu
province of Eastern China. It borders Lianyungang,
Suqian to the
Yancheng to the northeast,
Yangzhou to the southeast, and
Chuzhou (Anhui) to the southwest.
As of the 2010 census the municipality had 4,799,889 inhabitants, of
whom 2,494,013 lived in the four urban districts.
3.1 Ancient China
3.1.2 Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasty
3.1.3 Qin and Han Dynasty
3.1.4 Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties
3.1.5 Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties
3.1.6 Song and Yuan Dynasty
3.1.7 Ming and Qing Dynasty
3.2 Republic of China
3.3 Since the People's Republic of China
3.3.1 Qingjiang City
3.3.2 District of Huaiyin
3.3.3 Huaiyin Region
3.3.4 Huaiyin City
5 Notable people
6 External links
Most part of
Huai'an lies in Jianghuai Plain, which gives it a flat
landscape. There are a few hills inside Xuyi. The highest altitude in
Huai'an is 200m.
Huai'an also has a large number of lakes and rivers.
The most famous include The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and Huai
River. Hongze Lake, the fourth largest freshwater lake in
China is in
the south of Huai'an. On the south, it also has several smaller lakes.
See also: List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu
The prefecture-level city of
Huai'an administers 7 county-level
divisions, including 4 districts and 3 counties.
These are further divided into 127 township-level divisions, including
84 towns, 33 townships and 10 subdistricts.
defunct districts - Qinghe District & Qingpu District
The area of
Huai'an spans an ancient canal of the Huai River, and the
Huai'an expresses the residents' hope for a lastingly peaceful
Chinese mythology recounts that Yu the Great, the Chinese leader with
a legendary ability for flood control techniques, was constantly
Huai River here in the
Traces of the activities of ancient Chinese living about 5000 to 6000
years ago have been found in the area. The most famous of these is the
Qingliangang Hill Civilization (zh:青莲岗文化).
Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasty
The borough area had been properly developed, and led
convenience of transportation and irrigation. The Gangou Drain (the
section of the Grand Canal of
China between Huaiyin and Yangzhou)
Yangtze River and the
Huai River delta region. The Qian
Road and Shan Road that traversed the region reached Southern and
Northern China. Thus, Huaiyin was a critical area for several strong
states in the Spring and Autumn period. The region was occupied by the
Wu, Yue and Chu states, one after another.
Qin and Han Dynasty
Qin Dynasty consolidated all states in China, the County
System was promoted throughout China. Huaiyin County (Matou Town of
Huaiyin District today),
Xuyi County (Northern town of Xuyi County
today), and Dongyang (Maba of
Xuyi County today) were built in the
In a movement of rebelling farmers during the later years of the Qin
Dynasty, the people of
Huai'an supported the rebel forces, including
the famous militia leader Han Xin, who was highly honored for his
bravery and meritorious deeds.
In the epoch of the West Han Dynasty, Huaipu County (Western Lianshui
Sheyang County (Southeast of
Huai'an District today)
and Fulin County (under the water of
Hongze Lake today) were built.
During the Qin and Han Dynasties, great improvements, especially in
irrigation, were made to agriculture and manufacturing. In the later
years of the East Han Dynasty, the Governor of Guanglin, Cheng Deng,
built the Gaojiayang Levees (
Hongze Lake Levees today). These 30 miles
of levees kept out flood waters and protected farmlands. He also built
the Pofu Pool for farm irrigation. Iron-made apparatus and
bull-farming were widespread. Although a few wars and battles took
place, agriculture, transportation and logistics made fair progress.
The highway built by the first Qin Emperor went through the region,
and the West Way of Gaogou Drain, built by Cheng Deng, improved
traffic between the Yangtze and the
Huai River area.
Handicrafts and business also developed during this period, while
culture and the arts were at high levels, as well. Home-teaching and
private schools flourished during the Han Dynasty, and many famous
artists appeared: for example, the Han-text composers Mei Chen and Mei
Gao, and Chen Lin, one of the Seven Scholars of Jian'an.
Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties
Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties
Song and Yuan Dynasty
Ming and Qing Dynasty
Ming Dynasty Ancestor Tomb (Ming Zu Ling) [明祖陵] is located
in Xu Yi County (Xu Yi Xian) [盱眙县], the former Sizhou, of the
Huai An Municipality (Huai An Shi) [淮安市]. This location was
chosen for the tomb because the founder of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuan
Zhang (1328-1398), aka Hong Wu (1368-1398), was conceived in Xuyi town
of Huai'an, and his grandfather died there, while his family was
moving from Sizhou to Fengyang in Anhui. Three of the Hong Wu
emperor's ancestors were buried here, his grandfather, his great
grandfather, and his great great grandfather. Today the tomb site
features a sacred way (shen dao) with one of the most impressive
Ming Dynasty stone statues in all of China.
In the reign of the
Kangxi Emperor in the
Qing dynasty the classical
Qing Yan Garden was first built.
The site of the prefecture headquarter in imperial times
Republic of China
Since the People's Republic of China
Whole area of Huaiyin was occupied by Chinese communist army in
December 1948 and became part of the territory of the People's
Republic of China.
District of Huaiyin
District of Huaiyin was established on April 21, 1949, operating 10
counties, which were: Huaiyin, Huaibao (built of west parts of Huai'an
and Baoyin section of the Grand Canal of
China and county office
located at town of Chahe), Siyang, Shuyang, Guanyun, Suqian, Suining,
Xin'an (built of parts of Shuyang and
Suqian and county office located
at town of Xin'an), Pisui (built of southern Longhai Road of Pixian
and northern Suining and county office located at town of Tushan) and
Lianshui. The district office was at Huaiyin County.
Huaibao County was dissolved on May 12, 1950 to Huaiyin,
Baoyin County (belonging to District of Yangzhou). And District of
Huaiyin had 9 counties then.
The city area of Huaiyin County was separated as Qingjiang City on
December 18, 1950 and District of Huaiyin then had 1 city and 9
With the establishment of
Jiangsu Province in January 1953, District
of Huaiyin was transferred to the province. Xin'an County was renamed
to Xinyi County and county office of Pisui was moved to town of Yunhe.
District of Huaiyin then had Qingjiang City and 9 counties, Huanyin,
Lianshui, Guanyun, Siyang, Shuyang, Xinyi, Suqian, Pisui and Suining.
The district office was sited at Qingjiang City. Later in the year,
Suining, Pisui and Xinyi was given to District of
Xuzhou and then
District of Huaiyin had one city and six counties.
Qingjiang City was promoted to prefectural level of
though was still operated by District of Huaiyin. Soon the district
was joined by
Huai'an County from District of
Yancheng and in December
Sihong County from District of Suxian and
Xuyi County from District
of Chuxian in
Anhui Province. The amount of all counties belonging to
District of Huaiyin was 9.
In 1956 Hongze County was created from parts of Sihong, Huaiyin and
Xuyi County with the county office sited at town of Gaoliangjian. The
amount of counties then was 10.
In 1957 Xin'an Administrative Office was built from joint parts of
Lianshui County and soon later renamed to Guannan County.
The counties number reached 11.
Huaiyin County was merged in 1958 to Qingjiang City which was renamed
to Huaiyin City and operated by District of Huaiyin, which had one
city and 10 counties then.
However, in 1964, Huaiyin City was renamed back to Qingjiang City and
Huaiyin County was restored but the county office was sited in
Xuyi County was transferred to District of Luhe in 1966 and District
of Huaiyin then had one city and 10 counties.
District of Huaiyin was renamed to Huaiyin Region in 1970 with the
region office sited at Qingjiang City, operating Qingjiang City and 10
counties, which were Guanyun, Guannan, Shuyang, Suqian, Siyang,
Lianshui, Huaiyin, Huai'an, Hongze and Sihong.
Xuyi County was returned by Luhe Region in 1971 as well as new
transferred Jinhu County. Then one city and 12 counties belonged to
In 1975 the office of Huaiyin County was relocated at the town of
Qingjiang City was renamed to Huaiyin City again in 1983 and operated
Jiangsu Province with the end of Huaiyin Region.
Meanwhile, 11 counties, which were Guannan, Shuyang, Suqian, Siyang,
Lianshui, Huaiyin, Sihong, Huai'an, Hongze, Xuyi and Jinhu, was
transferred to new Huaiyin City while
Guanyun County to Lianyungang
City. The municipal area of Huaiyin City was split into two districts,
Qinghe and Qingpu. Then 11 counties and 2 districts were belonging to
Huai'an County was promoted to county-level cities in
December 1987 by the order approved by Department of State, then
Huai'an City respectively. At the moment,
Huaiyin City was operating 2 cities, 9 counties and 2 districts.
Suqian City was promoted to prefectural level of
Jiangsu Province in
1996 and Shuyang, Siyang and
Sihong County was transferred to Suqian
Guannan County to
Lianyungang City. After the adjustment,
Huaiyin City had 5 counties, which were Huaiyin, Lianshui, Jinhu,
Hongze and Xuyi, and 2 districts, Qinghe and Qingpu and was operating
By the order approved by Department of State on December 21, 2000,
Huaiyin City was renamed to
Huai'an City with the city office sited at
Qinghe District while
Huai'an District was established from original
Huai'an City with the district office at town of Huaichen and Huaiyin
District was established from original Huaiyin County with the
district office at town of Wangyin. The county borders were also be
Huai'an City are operating over 4 districts, Qinghe, Qingpu,
Huai'an and Huaiyin, and 4 counties, Xuyi, Lianshui, Jinhu and Hongze.
Huai'an is served by the Xinyi-Changxing Railway, which has a station
in Huaiyin District.
Being at the intersection of the Grand Canal and
an important inland port.
The city is also served by nearby
Huai'an Lianshui Airport. Currently
the airport is only used by
China Eastern airlines offering flights to
Beijing-Capital, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao,
Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, and Xi'an. The airport is
located 22 km from Central
Huai'an in Lianshui county.
Han Xin (died 196 BC), late
Qin Dynasty military general under Liu
Bang, enfeoffed the Marquess of Huaiyin.
Wu Cheng'en (1500–1582),
Ming Dynasty novelist, author of the
Journey to the West.
Guan Tianpei (1780–1841), Chinese national hero; died during the
Zhou Enlai (1898–1976), prominent Communist Party of
Premier of the People's Republic of
China since 1949 till death.
Ruth Bell Graham
Ruth Bell Graham (1920–2007), born Ruth McCue Bell, wife of the
famous evangelist Billy Graham
Qiu Jian (1975), sport shooter, 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics gold
Zhao Shaolin, former mayor
Bu Lianshi, (died 238) late Eastern
Han Dynasty the favorite concubine
of Sun Quan.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huai'an.
Government website of
Huai'an (in Simplified Chinese)
All things about
Huai'an city (Huaianese.com in English)
Huai'an comprehensive guide with open directory (Jiangsu.NET)
Huaiyin Institute of Technology (ec.js.edu.cn)
Grand Canal of China
Nanjing Normal University
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Ge Yuan Garden
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Yangtze River Bridge
Grand Buddha at Ling Shan
Tianning Temple Pagoda
County-level divisions of