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223000, 223200, 223300 (Urban center) 211600, 211700, 223100, 223400 (Other areas) (Other areas)

Area code(s) 517

GDP ¥245.54 billion (2014)

GDP
GDP
per capita ¥50,736 (2014)

Major Nationalities Han

County-level divisions 8

Township-level divisions 127

License Plate Prefix 苏H

Website huaian.gov.cn

Huai'an
Huai'an
("Hoaigan"). Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

Qingjiangpu ("Siampu"). Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

Huai'an
Huai'an
(Chinese: 淮安; pinyin: Huái'ān), formerly called Huaiyin (simplified Chinese: 淮阴; traditional Chinese: 淮陰; pinyin: Huáiyīn) until 2001, is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu province of Eastern China. It borders Lianyungang, Suqian
Suqian
to the north, Yancheng
Yancheng
to the northeast, Yangzhou
Yangzhou
to the southeast, and Chuzhou
Chuzhou
(Anhui) to the southwest. As of the 2010 census the municipality had 4,799,889 inhabitants, of whom 2,494,013 lived in the four urban districts.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Administration 3 History

3.1 Ancient China

3.1.1 Pre-History 3.1.2 Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasty 3.1.3 Qin and Han Dynasty 3.1.4 Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties 3.1.5 Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties 3.1.6 Song and Yuan Dynasty 3.1.7 Ming and Qing Dynasty

3.2 Republic of China 3.3 Since the People's Republic of China

3.3.1 Qingjiang City 3.3.2 District of Huaiyin 3.3.3 Huaiyin Region 3.3.4 Huaiyin City 3.3.5 Huai'an
Huai'an
City

4 Transportation 5 Notable people 6 External links

Geography[edit] Most part of Huai'an
Huai'an
lies in Jianghuai Plain, which gives it a flat landscape. There are a few hills inside Xuyi. The highest altitude in Huai'an
Huai'an
is 200m. Huai'an
Huai'an
also has a large number of lakes and rivers. The most famous include The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and Huai River. Hongze Lake, the fourth largest freshwater lake in China
China
is in the south of Huai'an. On the south, it also has several smaller lakes. Administration[edit] See also: List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu The prefecture-level city of Huai'an
Huai'an
administers 7 county-level divisions, including 4 districts and 3 counties. These are further divided into 127 township-level divisions, including 84 towns, 33 townships and 10 subdistricts.

Map

Huai'an Huaiyin Qingjiangpu Hongze Lianshui County Xuyi County Jinhu County

Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density

City Proper

Qingjiangpu District 清江浦区 Qīngjiāngpǔ Qū 860,185 425.08 2,023.58

Suburban

Huaiyin District 淮阴区 Huáiyīn Qū 788,634 1,309.99 602.01

Huai'an
Huai'an
District 淮安区 Huáiān Qū 984,601 1,467.57 670.90

Hongze District 洪泽区 Hóngzé Qū 326,365 1,291.69 252.67

Rural

Jinhu County 金湖县 Jīnhú Xiàn 321,283 1,327.43 242.03

Xuyi County 盱眙县 Xūyí xiàn 658,830 2,450.74 268.83

Lianshui County 涟水县 Liánshuǐ Xiàn 859,991 1,677.47 512.67

Total 4,799,889 9,949.97 482.40

defunct districts - Qinghe District & Qingpu District

History[edit] Ancient China[edit] The area of Huai'an
Huai'an
spans an ancient canal of the Huai River, and the name of Huai'an
Huai'an
expresses the residents' hope for a lastingly peaceful Huai River. Pre-History[edit] Chinese mythology
Chinese mythology
recounts that Yu the Great, the Chinese leader with a legendary ability for flood control techniques, was constantly taming the Huai River
Huai River
here in the Huai'an
Huai'an
area. Traces of the activities of ancient Chinese living about 5000 to 6000 years ago have been found in the area. The most famous of these is the Qingliangang Hill Civilization (zh:青莲岗文化). Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasty[edit] The borough area had been properly developed, and led China
China
in convenience of transportation and irrigation. The Gangou Drain (the section of the Grand Canal of China
China
between Huaiyin and Yangzhou) connected the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
and the Huai River
Huai River
delta region. The Qian Road and Shan Road that traversed the region reached Southern and Northern China. Thus, Huaiyin was a critical area for several strong states in the Spring and Autumn period. The region was occupied by the Wu, Yue and Chu states, one after another. Qin and Han Dynasty[edit] After the Qin Dynasty
Qin Dynasty
consolidated all states in China, the County System was promoted throughout China. Huaiyin County (Matou Town of Huaiyin District today), Xuyi County
Xuyi County
(Northern town of Xuyi County today), and Dongyang (Maba of Xuyi County
Xuyi County
today) were built in the region. In a movement of rebelling farmers during the later years of the Qin Dynasty, the people of Huai'an
Huai'an
supported the rebel forces, including the famous militia leader Han Xin, who was highly honored for his bravery and meritorious deeds. In the epoch of the West Han Dynasty, Huaipu County (Western Lianshui County today), Sheyang County
Sheyang County
(Southeast of Huai'an District
Huai'an District
today) and Fulin County (under the water of Hongze Lake today) were built. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, great improvements, especially in irrigation, were made to agriculture and manufacturing. In the later years of the East Han Dynasty, the Governor of Guanglin, Cheng Deng, built the Gaojiayang Levees ( Hongze Lake Levees today). These 30 miles of levees kept out flood waters and protected farmlands. He also built the Pofu Pool for farm irrigation. Iron-made apparatus and bull-farming were widespread. Although a few wars and battles took place, agriculture, transportation and logistics made fair progress. The highway built by the first Qin Emperor went through the region, and the West Way of Gaogou Drain, built by Cheng Deng, improved traffic between the Yangtze and the Huai River
Huai River
area. Handicrafts
Handicrafts
and business also developed during this period, while culture and the arts were at high levels, as well. Home-teaching and private schools flourished during the Han Dynasty, and many famous artists appeared: for example, the Han-text composers Mei Chen and Mei Gao, and Chen Lin, one of the Seven Scholars of Jian'an. Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties[edit] Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties[edit] Song and Yuan Dynasty[edit] Ming and Qing Dynasty[edit] The Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
Ancestor Tomb (Ming Zu Ling) [明祖陵] is located in Xu Yi County (Xu Yi Xian) [盱眙县], the former Sizhou, of the Huai An Municipality (Huai An Shi) [淮安市]. This location was chosen for the tomb because the founder of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuan Zhang (1328-1398), aka Hong Wu (1368-1398), was conceived in Xuyi town of Huai'an, and his grandfather died there, while his family was moving from Sizhou to Fengyang in Anhui. Three of the Hong Wu emperor's ancestors were buried here, his grandfather, his great grandfather, and his great great grandfather. Today the tomb site features a sacred way (shen dao) with one of the most impressive collections of Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
stone statues in all of China. In the reign of the Kangxi Emperor
Kangxi Emperor
in the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
the classical Qing Yan Garden was first built.

The site of the prefecture headquarter in imperial times

Wentong Pagoda

Republic of China[edit] Since the People's Republic of China[edit] Whole area of Huaiyin was occupied by Chinese communist army in December 1948 and became part of the territory of the People's Republic of China. Qingjiang City[edit] District of Huaiyin[edit] District of Huaiyin was established on April 21, 1949, operating 10 counties, which were: Huaiyin, Huaibao (built of west parts of Huai'an and Baoyin section of the Grand Canal of China
China
and county office located at town of Chahe), Siyang, Shuyang, Guanyun, Suqian, Suining, Xin'an (built of parts of Shuyang and Suqian
Suqian
and county office located at town of Xin'an), Pisui (built of southern Longhai Road of Pixian and northern Suining and county office located at town of Tushan) and Lianshui. The district office was at Huaiyin County. Huaibao County was dissolved on May 12, 1950 to Huaiyin, Huai'an
Huai'an
and Baoyin County (belonging to District of Yangzhou). And District of Huaiyin had 9 counties then. The city area of Huaiyin County was separated as Qingjiang City on December 18, 1950 and District of Huaiyin then had 1 city and 9 counties. With the establishment of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province in January 1953, District of Huaiyin was transferred to the province. Xin'an County was renamed to Xinyi County and county office of Pisui was moved to town of Yunhe. District of Huaiyin then had Qingjiang City and 9 counties, Huanyin, Lianshui, Guanyun, Siyang, Shuyang, Xinyi, Suqian, Pisui and Suining. The district office was sited at Qingjiang City. Later in the year, Suining, Pisui and Xinyi was given to District of Xuzhou
Xuzhou
and then District of Huaiyin had one city and six counties. Qingjiang City was promoted to prefectural level of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province though was still operated by District of Huaiyin. Soon the district was joined by Huai'an
Huai'an
County from District of Yancheng
Yancheng
and in December by Sihong County
Sihong County
from District of Suxian and Xuyi County
Xuyi County
from District of Chuxian in Anhui
Anhui
Province. The amount of all counties belonging to District of Huaiyin was 9. In 1956 Hongze County was created from parts of Sihong, Huaiyin and Xuyi County
Xuyi County
with the county office sited at town of Gaoliangjian. The amount of counties then was 10. In 1957 Xin'an Administrative Office was built from joint parts of Guanyun and Lianshui County
Lianshui County
and soon later renamed to Guannan County. The counties number reached 11. Huaiyin County was merged in 1958 to Qingjiang City which was renamed to Huaiyin City and operated by District of Huaiyin, which had one city and 10 counties then. However, in 1964, Huaiyin City was renamed back to Qingjiang City and Huaiyin County was restored but the county office was sited in Qingjiang City. Xuyi County
Xuyi County
was transferred to District of Luhe in 1966 and District of Huaiyin then had one city and 10 counties. Huaiyin Region[edit] District of Huaiyin was renamed to Huaiyin Region in 1970 with the region office sited at Qingjiang City, operating Qingjiang City and 10 counties, which were Guanyun, Guannan, Shuyang, Suqian, Siyang, Lianshui, Huaiyin, Huai'an, Hongze and Sihong. Xuyi County
Xuyi County
was returned by Luhe Region in 1971 as well as new transferred Jinhu County. Then one city and 12 counties belonged to Huaiyin Region. In 1975 the office of Huaiyin County was relocated at the town of Wangyin. Huaiyin City[edit] Qingjiang City was renamed to Huaiyin City again in 1983 and operated directly by Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province with the end of Huaiyin Region. Meanwhile, 11 counties, which were Guannan, Shuyang, Suqian, Siyang, Lianshui, Huaiyin, Sihong, Huai'an, Hongze, Xuyi and Jinhu, was transferred to new Huaiyin City while Guanyun County
Guanyun County
to Lianyungang City. The municipal area of Huaiyin City was split into two districts, Qinghe and Qingpu. Then 11 counties and 2 districts were belonging to Huaiyin City. Suqian
Suqian
and Huai'an
Huai'an
County was promoted to county-level cities in December 1987 by the order approved by Department of State, then renamed to Suqian
Suqian
and Huai'an
Huai'an
City respectively. At the moment, Huaiyin City was operating 2 cities, 9 counties and 2 districts. Suqian
Suqian
City was promoted to prefectural level of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province in 1996 and Shuyang, Siyang and Sihong County
Sihong County
was transferred to Suqian City while Guannan County
Guannan County
to Lianyungang
Lianyungang
City. After the adjustment, Huaiyin City had 5 counties, which were Huaiyin, Lianshui, Jinhu, Hongze and Xuyi, and 2 districts, Qinghe and Qingpu and was operating Huai'an
Huai'an
City. Huai'an
Huai'an
City[edit] By the order approved by Department of State on December 21, 2000, Huaiyin City was renamed to Huai'an
Huai'an
City with the city office sited at Qinghe District while Huai'an District
Huai'an District
was established from original Huai'an
Huai'an
City with the district office at town of Huaichen and Huaiyin District was established from original Huaiyin County with the district office at town of Wangyin. The county borders were also be slightly modified. Now Huai'an
Huai'an
City are operating over 4 districts, Qinghe, Qingpu, Huai'an
Huai'an
and Huaiyin, and 4 counties, Xuyi, Lianshui, Jinhu and Hongze. Transportation[edit] Huai'an
Huai'an
is served by the Xinyi-Changxing Railway, which has a station in Huaiyin District. Being at the intersection of the Grand Canal and Huai River
Huai River
Huai'an
Huai'an
is an important inland port. The city is also served by nearby Huai'an
Huai'an
Lianshui Airport. Currently the airport is only used by China
China
Eastern airlines offering flights to Beijing-Capital, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, and Xi'an. The airport is located 22 km from Central Huai'an
Huai'an
in Lianshui county. Notable people[edit]

Han Xin
Han Xin
(died 196 BC), late Qin Dynasty
Qin Dynasty
military general under Liu Bang, enfeoffed the Marquess of Huaiyin. Wu Cheng'en
Wu Cheng'en
(1500–1582), Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
novelist, author of the Journey to the West. Guan Tianpei
Guan Tianpei
(1780–1841), Chinese national hero; died during the Opium War. Zhou Enlai
Zhou Enlai
(1898–1976), prominent Communist Party of China
China
leader, Premier of the People's Republic of China
China
since 1949 till death. Ruth Bell Graham
Ruth Bell Graham
(1920–2007), born Ruth McCue Bell, wife of the famous evangelist Billy Graham Qiu Jian (1975), sport shooter, 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics gold medalist Zhao Shaolin, former mayor Bu Lianshi, (died 238) late Eastern Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
the favorite concubine of Sun Quan.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huai'an.

Government website of Huai'an
Huai'an
(in Simplified Chinese) All things about Huai'an
Huai'an
city (Huaianese.com in English) Huai'an
Huai'an
comprehensive guide with open directory (Jiangsu.NET) Huaiyin Institute of Technology (ec.js.edu.cn)

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