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[1][4][5] [6][7]

Hoy
Hoy
(from Norse Háey meaning high island) is an island in Orkney, Scotland
Scotland
measuring 143 square kilometres (55 sq mi) — ranked largest in the archipelago after the Mainland. A natural causeway, the Ayre, links to much smaller South Walls; the two islands are treated as one entity by the UK census.[3][8]

Contents

1 Description 2 Mythology 3 Wildlife 4 In popular culture 5 Gallery 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Description[edit] The dramatic coastline of Hoy
Hoy
greets visitors travelling to Orkney
Orkney
by ferry from the Scottish mainland. It has extremes of many kinds: some of the highest sea cliffs in the UK at St John's Head, which reach 350 metres (1,150 ft);[1]; a light-stone precarious sea stack taller than the facing cliff – the Old Man of Hoy; patches of northernmost scattered, hardy woodland and the remote possibility of locally extant Orkney
Orkney
charr (Salvelinus inframundus) documented in 1908 at Heldale Water.[9] The most northerly Martello Towers stand here built to defend the south entrance to Scapa Flow
Scapa Flow
at Longhope in 1814 towards the end of the Napoleonic War, never used in combat. The highest point in the archipelago, Ward Hill, is on Hoy. The main naval base for the British fleet in both the First and Second World Wars, Scapa Flow, was at Lyness
Lyness
in the southeast of the island. Some rather incongruous Art Deco
Art Deco
structures nearby date from this period. The Arts and Crafts architect William Lethaby
William Lethaby
rebuilt Melsetter house for mountaineer Thomas Middlemore
Thomas Middlemore
at the end of the nineteenth century leaving untouched the adjacent barn which is probably mid 18th century.[10][11]

The Dwarfie Stane

An unusual rock-cut tomb, the Dwarfie Stane, lies in the Rackwick valley towards the north. It is unique in northern Europe, bearing similarity to Neolithic
Neolithic
or Bronze Age
Bronze Age
tombs around the Mediterranean. The tomb has a small rectangular entrance and cleft hence its name.[Note 2] Orkney
Orkney
Ferries traverse the west of Scapa Flow
Scapa Flow
with two routes:

Lyness
Lyness
on Hoy
Hoy
and Longhope on associated Walls via small Flotta to/from the village of Houton
Houton
on Orkney
Orkney
Mainland. Moaness in Hoy
Hoy
via small Graemsay
Graemsay
to/from the town of Stromness
Stromness
on Orkney
Orkney
Mainland.

Hoy
Hoy
is part of the Hoy
Hoy
and West Mainland National Scenic Area, one of 40 in Scotland.[12] Mythology[edit] In Norse mythology, Hoy
Hoy
hosted Hjaðningavíg, the never-ending battle between Heðin and Högni. Wildlife[edit] Hoy
Hoy
is an Important Bird Area.[13][14] The northern part of the island is an RSPB
RSPB
reserve due to its importance for birdlife, particularly great skuas and red-throated divers. It was sold to the RSPB
RSPB
by the Hoy
Hoy
Trust for a nominal amount.[15] Anastrepta orcadensis, a liverwort also known as Orkney
Orkney
Notchwort, was first discovered on Ward Hill by William Jackson Hooker
William Jackson Hooker
in 1808.[16][17] The northern and western parts of Hoy, along with much of the adjoining sea area, is designated as a Special
Special
Protection Area[18] due to its importance for nine breeding bird species: arctic skua, fulmar, great black-backed gull, great skua, guillemot, Black-legged kittiwake, peregrine falcon, puffin and red-throated diver.[19] The area is important for it seabird assemblage, which regularly supports 120,000 individual seabirds during during the breeding season.[20] In popular culture[edit] Hoy
Hoy
is featured prominently in the 1984 video for "Here Comes The Rain Again" by Eurythmics. Gallery[edit]

Cliffs on the Atlantic coast of Hoy, south of Rackwick

Scapa Flow
Scapa Flow
Visitor Centre

Hoy
Hoy
High Lighthouse on Graemsay
Graemsay
viewed from Mainland

Rackwick valley

Rackwick

Notes[edit]

^ Including South Walls. ^ Dwarfie/dwarfy is an adjective of a slightly deprecated term for any small grown human, dwarf; stane is the word stone before the Great English Vowel Shift as in most Roman roads locally or collectively recorded as "stane streets".

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. pp. 344–6. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.  ^ a b Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census. ^ a b c National Records of Scotland
Scotland
(15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland
Scotland
- Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013. ^ Orkney
Orkney
Placenames. Orkneyjar. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 6 Orkney
Orkney
(Mainland) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2014. ISBN 9780319228128.  ^ Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9 ^ Pedersen, Roy (January 1992) Orkneyjar ok Katanes (map, Inverness, Nevis Print) ^ General Register Office for Scotland
Scotland
(28 November 2003) Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands. Retrieved 26 February 2012. ^ IUCN Red List ^ Tinniswood, Adrian (1999). The Arts & Crafts House. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. pp. 34–37. ISBN 0-8230-0364-7.  ^ "Listed Building Report – Walls and Flotta
Flotta
Parish – Walls (Hoy), Melsetter, the Hall, Including Gatepiers to West". Crown copyright, Historic Scotland. 8 December 1971. Retrieved 8 January 2013.  ^ National Scenic Areas Archived 11 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. SNH. Retrieved 30 March 2011 ^ Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hoy
Hoy
Birdlife.org, Retrieved 24 January 2015 ^ Hoy
Hoy
IBA Global Species.org, Retrieved 24 January 2015 ^ Haswell-Smith, Hamish (1996). The Scottish Islands. Canongate. p. 283. ISBN 0-86241-579-9.  ^ "Bryology (mosses, liverworts and hornworts)" Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Retrieved 15 May 2008. ^ "West Highland Mosses And Problems They Suggest" (January 1907) Annals Of Scottish Natural History 61 p. 46. Edinburgh. Retrieved 11 June 2008. ^ "Sitelink - Map Search". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-01-24.  ^ "Site Details for Hoy
Hoy
(SPA)". Scottish Natural Heritage. 2018-03-05. Retrieved 2018-03-21.  ^ "SPA Description (Hoy)". Joint Nature Conservation Committee. 2005-07-21. Retrieved 2018-03-21. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hoy.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hoy.

Island of Hoy
Hoy
website launched December 2008 Old Man of Hoy
Old Man of Hoy
picture gallery

Coordinates: 58°51′N 3°18′W / 58.850°N 3.300°W / 58.850; -3.300

v t e

South West Orkney
Orkney
Islands

Barrel of Butter Calf of Flotta Cava Fara Flotta Graemsay Holm of Houton Hoy

Old Man of Hoy

Inner Holm Nevi Skerry Rysa Little South Walls Switha

v t e

Orkney

List of Orkney
Orkney
islands

Inhabited islands

Mainland Auskerry Burray Eday Egilsay Flotta Gairsay Graemsay Holm of Grimbister Hoy Inner Holm North Ronaldsay Papa Stronsay Papa Westray Rousay Sanday Shapinsay South Ronaldsay South Walls Stronsay Westray Wyre

Other islands

Eynhallow Helliar Holm Lamb Holm Switha Swona North West islands North East islands South West islands South East islands

Towns and villages

Kirkwall Balfour Dounby Finstown Houton Longhope Lyness Pierowall St Margaret's Hope Stromness Whitehall

Mainland parishes

Birsay Deerness Evie Firth Harray Holm Kirkwall Orphir Rendall St Andrews St Ola Sandwick Stenness Stromness

Topics

Geology Prehistory History Scapa Flow Witchcraft

Politics

Earls of Orkney Orkney
Orkney
Islands Council Flag of Orkney

v t e

Islands of Scotland

Geography

Northern Isles

Shetland

list

Orkney

list

Hebrides

Outer Hebrides

list

Inner Hebrides

list

St Kilda

Other

Islands of the Clyde Islands of the Forth Freshwater Islands Outlying Islands

Prehistory

Prehistoric Orkney

Heart of Neolithic
Neolithic
Orkney
Orkney
World Heritage Site: Maeshowe Ness of Brodgar Ring of Brodgar Skara Brae Standing Stones of Stenness

Prehistoric Shetland

Crucible of Iron Age Shetland: Broch of Mousa Jarlshof Old Scatness

Prehistoric Western Isles

Callanish Stones Dun Carloway Rubha an Dùnain Dun Nosebridge

History

Dál Riata

Columba

Kingdom of the Isles

Scandinavian Scotland Rulers of the Kingdom of the Isles Bishop of the Isles

Lordship of the Isles

Treaty of Perth Treaty of Ardtornish-Westminster Finlaggan

Earldom of Orkney

Buckquoy spindle-whorl Udal law

18th and 19th Century

Clearances Jacobite risings Flora MacDonald

Literature

Orkneyinga Saga Description of the Western Isles of Scotland
Scotland
(Monro) A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland
Scotland
(Martin) A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland
Scotland
(Johnson) The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides
Hebrides
(Boswell)

Etymology

General

Scottish island names Northern Isles Hebrides Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba

Specific

Arran Gigha Skye St Kilda

Economy

Towns

Kirkwall Lerwick Rothesay Stornoway Stromness

Agencies

Community Energy Scotland Crofters Commission DTA Scotland Highlands and Islands Enterprise Scottish Islands Federation

Oil industry

Flotta Sullom Voe

Culture

Shetland

Aly Bain Thomas Fraser Peerie Willie Johnson Shetland
Shetland
Amenity Trust Up Helly Aa Vagaland

Orkney

George Mackay Brown Peter Maxwell Davies F. Marian McNeill Kirkwall
Kirkwall
Ba game Orkney
Orkney
Heritage Society St Magnus Festival

Outer Hebrides

Compton Mackenzie Fèis Bharraigh Free Church of Scotland Iain Crichton Smith

Inner Hebrides

Islay whisky Runrig Sorley MacLean West Highland Free Press

Politics

Local authorities

Shetland
Shetland
Islands Council Orkney
Orkney
Islands Council Comhairle nan Eilean Siar Highland Council Argyll and Bute North Ayrshire

Wildlife

Fauna

Fair Isle wren Orkney
Orkney
vole Shetland
Shetland
wren St Kilda field mouse St Kilda wren

Flora

Arran whitebeams Scottish Primrose Shetland
Shetland
Mouse-ear

Domesticated animals

Cairn Terrier Eriskay Pony Hebridean Blackface Luing cattle North Ronaldsay
North Ronaldsay
sheep Scottie Sheltie Shetland
Shetland
cattle Shetland
Shetland
Goose Shetland
Shetland
pony Shetland
Shetland
sheep Soay sheep Westie

Geology

Shetland

Geopark Shetland

Geology of Orkney

Eday
Eday
Group Orcadian Basin Yesnaby Sandstone Group

Hebrides

Colonsay Group Great Estuarine Group Hebridean Terrane Lewisian complex Lorne plateau lavas Moine Supergroup Moine Thrust Belt Rhinns complex Skye Staffa Torridonian

Islands of the Clyde

Highland Boundary Fault

v t e

National scenic areas in Scotland

Aberdeenshire

Deeside and Lochnagar

Argyll and Bute

Jura Ben Nevis and Glen Coe (part) Knapdale Kyles of Bute Loch Lomond
Loch Lomond
(part) Loch na Keal Lynn of Lorn Scarba, Lunga and the Garvellachs

Dumfries and Galloway

East Stewartry Coast Fleet Valley Nith Estuary

Highland

Assynt-Coigach Ben Nevis and Glen Coe (part) Cairngorms
Cairngorms
(part) Cuillin
Cuillin
Hills Dornoch Firth Glen Affric Glen Strathfarrar Kintail Knoydart Kyle of Tongue Loch Shiel Morar, Moidart
Moidart
and Ardnamurchan North West Sutherland Small Isles Trotternish Wester Ross

Moray

Cairngorms
Cairngorms
(part)

Na h-Eileanan Siar

South Lewis, Harris and North Uist South Uist
South Uist
Machair St Kilda

North Ayrshire

North Arran

Orkney

Hoy
Hoy
and West Mainland

Perth and Kinross

Ben Nevis and Glen Coe (part) Loch Rannoch
Loch Rannoch
and Glen Lyon (part) Loch Tummel River Earn River Tay

Scottish Borders

Eildon and Leaderfoot Upper Tweeddale

Shetland

Shetland

Stirling

Loch Lomond
Loch Lomond
(part) Loch Rannoch
Loch Rannoch
and Glen Lyon (part) The Trossachs

West Dunbartonshire

Loch Lomond
Loch Lomond
(part)

v t e

RSPB
RSPB
reserves in Scotland

Abernethy Forest Ailsa Craig Balranald Nature Reserve Coll Copinsay Corrimony Culbin Sands Dunnet Head Fetlar Fidra Forsinard Flows Fowlsheugh Glenborrodale Hoy Insh Marshes Inversnaid Loch Garten Loch Gruinart Loch of Strathbeg Loch Ruthven Lochs of Spiggie and Brow Lochwinnoch Mill Dam Mousa Mull of Galloway Nigg Bay The Oa Sumb

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