Route map: Google
KML is from Wikidata
Looking east from Orchard Street
2.0 mi (3.2 km)
10002, 10009, 10012, 10014
NY 9A/West Side Highway
Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive
Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive (FDR Drive)
Houston Street (/ˈhaʊstən/ HOW-stən) is a major east-west
thoroughfare in downtown Manhattan, running crosstown across the full
width of the island of Manhattan, from Franklin D. Roosevelt East
River Drive (FDR Drive) and
East River Park
East River Park on the
East River to Pier
West Street on the Hudson River. It generally serves as the
boundary between neighborhoods, with Alphabet City, the East Village,
NoHo, Greenwich Village, and the
West Village lying to the north of
the street, and the Lower East Side, most of the Bowery, Nolita, and
SoHo to the south. The numeric street-naming grid in Manhattan,
created as part of the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, begins immediately
Houston Street with 1st Street at Avenue A, although the grid
does not fully come into effect until 13th Street.
The street's name is pronounced "HOW-stən", unlike the city of
Houston in Texas, which is pronounced "HYOO-stən". This is because
the street was named for William Houstoun, whereas the city was named
for Sam Houston.
5 Further reading
6 External links
Houston Street (1917) by George Luks
At its east end,
Houston Street meets
FDR Drive in an interchange at
East River Park. West of
FDR Drive it intersects with Avenue D.
Further west, other streets, including First Avenue, the Bowery,
Lafayette Street and Broadway, intersect
Houston Street. The Broadway
intersection is the division point between East
Houston Street and
Houston Street. Sixth Avenue intersects
Houston Street at a curve
in the road in Greenwich Village. East of Sixth Avenue,
is bidirectional and separated by a median; west of Sixth, the street
is narrower and unidirectional westbound. West
terminates at an intersection with
West Street near Pier 40 on the
Houston Street between Clinton and Suffolk Streets in the 1920s
Houston Street is named for William Houstoun, who was a delegate from
the state of Georgia to the Continental Congress from 1784 through
1786 and to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. The street was
Nicholas Bayard III, whose daughter, Mary, was married
to Houstoun in 1788. The couple met while Houstoun, a member of an
ancient and aristocratic Scottish family, was serving in the Congress.
Bayard cut the street through a tract he owned in the vicinity of
Canal Street in which he lived, and the city later extended it to
include North Street, the northern border of New York's east side at
the beginning of the 19th century.
The current spelling of the name is a corruption: the street appears
as Houstoun in the city's Common Council minutes for 1808 and the
official map drawn in 1811 to establish the street grid that is still
current. In those years, the
Texas hero Sam Houston, for whom the
street is sometimes incorrectly said to have been named, was an
unknown teenager in Tennessee. Also mistaken is the explanation
that the name derives from the Dutch words huis for house and tuin for
garden. The narrow, westernmost stretch of the current Houston
Street, from Sixth Avenue to the West Side Highway, was known as
"Hammersley Street" (also spelled "Hamersly Street") until the middle
19th century, and was inside Greenwich Village. It later came to be
regarded as the Village's southern boundary.
Nikola Tesla established his
Houston Street laboratory. Much
of Tesla's research was lost in an 1895 fire.
The street, originally narrow, was markedly widened from Sixth Avenue
Essex Street in the early 1930s during construction of the
Independent Subway System's Sixth Avenue Line. The street widening
involved demolition of buildings on both sides of the street,
resulting in numerous small, empty lots. Although some of these
lots have been redeveloped, many of them are now used by vendors, and
some have been turned into playgrounds and, more recently, community
Houston Street at
Lafayette Street in 1974
SoHo district takes its name from an acronym for
"South of Houston", as the street serves as SoHo's northern boundary;
another, narrower neighborhood north of
Houston Street is
correspondingly called NoHo.
A reconstruction project has been rebuilding parts of the street since
2005; it is nearly complete as of 2014[update].
As of 2010[update],
Houston Street is served by the M21 New York City
Bus route from the
FDR Drive to Washington Street. The bus route
itself had replaced an earlier streetcar line, which is now the M9
from Avenues A to C.
A portion of the New York City Subway's
IND Sixth Avenue Line
IND Sixth Avenue Line runs
Houston Street, between Sixth Avenue to just before Avenue A;
there are stations at Second Avenue (F and M trains) and Broadway
Lafayette Street (B, D, F, and M trains). Additionally,
there is a station at Seventh Avenue, for the
Houston Street (1 and
2 trains). The
Bleecker Street station (4, 6, and <6>
trains) has station entrances on the north side of
Houston Street, due
to its connection with the Broadway –
Lafayette Street station as
part of a larger station complex.
Exit 5 on the
FDR Drive is on
Houston Street. The street also connects
West Street and the West Side Highway; however, by then,
Houston Street is westbound-only.
^ a b c Peretz Square, New York City Department of Parks and
Recreation. Accessed July 12, 2007. "North Street, then the northern
boundary of settled Manhattan, was later renamed for William Houstoun,
a Georgia delegate to the Continental Congress; at the time of the
renaming, the more famous Sam
Houston was an unknown teenager"
^ "New York Bookshelf; An Oddly Named Street, A Dark Night, a Gamy
Club". The New York Times. Feb 8, 2004. Retrieved 19 January
Houston Street - NYC.gov
^ a b c Moscow, Henry. The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's
Street Names and Their Origins. New York: Fordham University Press,
1990. ISBN 0-8232-1275-0. p. 61.
^ New York City Parks Department Hammersley Street
^ Gray, Christopher (April 18, 2004). "Amid the Giant Ad Signs, New
Buildings Sprout". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation
Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
^ 2nd Avenue – nycsubway.org
^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January
18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: East Village" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan
Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
Knight, Sam. "What a Street! (But Do You Ever Remember Being There?)"
The New York Times, October 17, 2004.
Naureckas, Jim. "
Houston Street". New York Songlines.
Walsh, Kevin. "Houston". Forgotten New York – Street Scenes.
Media related to
Houston Street (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons
Streets of Manhattan
Commissioners' Plan of 1811
List of eponymous streets in New York City
Ave C (Loisaida Ave)
Ave B / East End Ave
Ave A / York Ave / Sutton Pl / Pleasant Ave
Asser Levy Pl / Beekman Pl
Irving Pl / Lexington Ave
4th Ave / Park Ave S
5th Ave / Museum Mile
5th Ave / Museum Mile
6th Ave / Ave of the Americas / Lenox Ave / Malcolm X
Blvd / East Dr
7th Ave / Fashion Ave / Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Blvd /
West Dr /
8th Ave / Central Park W / Douglas Blvd
9th Ave / Columbus Ave / Morningside Dr
Dyer Ave / Lincoln Tunnel Expwy
10th Ave / Amsterdam Ave
11th Ave / West End Ave
St. Nicholas Ave / Duarte Blvd
Ft. Washington Ave
Lower East Side
Allen / Pike
Baxter / Centre Market Pl
Lower West Side
Church / Trinity Pl
W Broadway / LaGuardia Pl
Waverly Pl / Washington Square N
Astor Pl / Washington Mews / Stuyvesant / Macdougal Aly
8th / St. Mark's Pl / Greenwich Ave
45th / George Abbott Way
52nd / Swing Alley / St of Jazz
59th / Central Park S
66th / Peter Jennings Way
110th / Cathedral Pkwy / Central Park N
122nd / Mother Hale Way / Seminary Row
125th / Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd
130th / Astor Row
139th / Strivers' Row
Brewers / Stone
Vesey / Ann
Italics indicate streets no longer in existence.
All entries are streets unless otherwise noted