HOME
The Info List - House Of Savoy


--- Advertisement ---



Disputed:

Vittorio Emanuele, Prince
Prince
of Naples Prince
Prince
Amedeo, Duke of Aosta

Final ruler Umberto II
Umberto II
of Italy

Titles

Count of Savoy (1003–1416) Duke of Savoy (1416–1792); (1814-1860) King of Cyprus (1485–1946) King of Jerusalem (1485–1946) King of Armenia (1485–1946) King of Sicily (1713–1720) King of Sardinia (1720–1861) King of Italy (1861–1946) King of Spain (1870–1873) Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–1941) King of the Albanians (1939–1943) King of Croatia (1941–1943)

Estate(s)

See list

Quirinal Palace Royal Palace of Turin Royal Palace of Milan Royal Palace of Naples Royal Palace of Caserta Royal Palace of Venaria
Palace of Venaria
Reale Royal Palace of Capodimonte Royal Villa of Monza Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Palazzo Madama Palazzo Carignano Palazzo Margherita Villa Ada Villa della Regina Castle of Valentino Castle of Racconigi Castle of Rivoli Castle of Agliè Castle of Moncalieri Castle of La Mandria Castle of Govone Pollenzo
Pollenzo
Estate

Deposition 12 June 1946: Umberto II
Umberto II
left Italy as a result of the constitutional referendum

Cadet branches

Savoy-Carignano Savoy-Aosta Savoy-Villafranca-Soissons Savoy-Genoa (extinct 1996) Savoy-Villafranca (extinct 1888) Savoy- Soissons
Soissons
(extinct 1734) Savoy-Nemours (extinct 1659 Savoy- Racconigi
Racconigi
(extinct 1605) Savoy- Tende
Tende
(extinct 1580) Savoy-Acaia (extinct 1418) Savoy- Vaud
Vaud
(extinct 1359) Savoy-Achaea (extinct 1209)

Italian Royalty

House of Savoy

Victor Emmanuel II

Children Marie Clothilde, Princess Napoléon Umberto I Amadeo I of Spain Prince
Prince
Oddone, Duke of Montferrat Maria Pia, Queen of Portugal
Portugal
and the Algarves Prince
Prince
Carlo Alberto, Duke of Chablais Prince
Prince
Vittorio Emanuele Prince
Prince
Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Geneva Grandchildren Prince
Prince
Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta Prince
Prince
Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin Prince
Prince
Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi Prince
Prince
Umberto, Count of Salemi Great Grandchildren Prince
Prince
Amedeo, Duke of Aosta Prince
Prince
Aimone, Duke of Aosta Great Great Grandchildren Princess Margherita, Dowager Archduchess of Austria-Este Princess Maria Cristina Prince
Prince
Amedeo, Duke of Aosta Great Great Great Grandchildren Princess Bianca Prince
Prince
Aimone, Duke of Apulia Princess Mafalda Great Great Great Grandchildren Prince
Prince
Umberto Prince
Prince
Amedeo Princess Isabella

Umberto I

Children Victor Emmanuel III

Victor Emmanuel III

Children Princess Yolanda, Countess of Bergolo Princess Mafalda, Landgravine of Hesse Umberto II Giovanna, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria Maria Francesca, Princess Luigi of Bourbon-Parma

Umberto II

Children Maria Pia, Princess Michel of Bourbon-Parma Vittorio Emanuele, Prince
Prince
of Naples Princess Maria Gabriella Princess Maria Beatrice Grandchildren Emanuele Filiberto, Prince
Prince
of Venice Great Grandchildren Princess Vittoria Princess Luisa

v t e

The House of Savoy
Savoy
(Italian: Casa Savoia) is a royal family that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy
Savoy
region. Through gradual expansion, the family grew in power from ruling a small county in the Alps
Alps
of northern Italy to absolute rule of the kingdom of Sicily in 1713 to 1720 (exchanged for Sardinia). Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
from 1861 until 1946 and, briefly, the Kingdom of Spain
Spain
in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum
Referendum
of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Expansion, retreat and prosperity 1.3 The Kingdom of Italy 1.4 Controversies 1.5 Fascism and end of monarchy 1.6 House of Savoy
Savoy
today

2 Orders of knighthood 3 List of rulers

3.1 Counts of Savoy 3.2 Dukes of Savoy
Savoy
[36] 3.3 Kings of Sicily 3.4 Kings of Sardinia [37][38] 3.5 Kings of Italy [39] 3.6 Emperors of Ethiopia 3.7 Kings of Albania 3.8 World War II Croatia 3.9 Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia

4 Titles of the Crown of Sardinia 5 Titles of the Crown of Italy 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit] The name derives from the historical region of Savoy
Savoy
in the Alpine region between what is now France
France
and Italy. Over time, the House of Savoy
Savoy
expanded its territory and influence through judicious marriages and international diplomacy.[2] From rule of a small region on the French/Italian border, the dynasty's realm grew to include nearly all of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
by the time of its deposition. Early history[edit] The house descended from Humbert I, Count of Sabaudia (Umberto I "Biancamano"), (1003–1047 or 1048). Humbert's family is thought to have originated near Magdeburg
Magdeburg
in Saxony, with the earliest recording of the family being two 10th century brothers, Amadeus and Humbert.[3] Though Sabaudia was originally a poor county, later counts were diplomatically skilled, and gained control over strategic mountain passes in the Alps. Two of Humbert's sons were commendatory abbots at the Abbey of St. Maurice, Agaunum, on the River Rhone
Rhone
east of Lake Geneva, and Saint Maurice
Saint Maurice
is still the patron of the House of Savoy. Humbert's son, Otto of Savoy
Savoy
succeeded to the title in 1051 after the death of his elder brother Amedeo and married the Marchioness Adelaide of Turin, passing the Marquessate of Susa, with the towns of Turin
Turin
and Pinerolo, into the House of Savoy's possession.[4] This diplomatic skill caused the great powers such as France, England, and Spain
Spain
to take the counts' opinions into account. They once had claims on the modern canton of Vaud, where they occupied the Château of Chillon
Château of Chillon
in Switzerland, but their access to it was cut by Geneva
Geneva
during the Protestant
Protestant
Reformation, after which it was conquered by Bern. Piedmont
Piedmont
was later joined with Sabaudia, and the name evolved into "Savoy" (Italian "Savoia"). The people of Savoy
Savoy
were descended from the Celts
Celts
and Romans.

Hautecombe Abbey, where many of the dukes are buried.

Expansion, retreat and prosperity[edit] By the time Amadeus VIII came to power in the late 14th century, the House of Savoy
Savoy
had gone through a series of gradual territorial expansions and he was elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
Sigismund to the Duke of Savoy
Savoy
in 1416.[5]

Map of Italy in 1494.

In 1494, Charles VIII of France
France
passed through Savoy
Savoy
on his way to Italy and Naples, which initiated the Italian War of 1494–98.[6] During the outbreak of the Italian war of 1521-1526, Emperor Charles V stationed imperial troops in Savoy.[7] In 1536, Francis I of France invaded Savoy
Savoy
and Piedmont
Piedmont
taking Turin
Turin
by April of that year.[8] Charles III, Duke of Savoy, fled to Vercelli.[8] When Emmanuel Philibert came to power in 1553 most of his family's territories were in French hands, so he offered to serve France's leading enemy the House of Habsburg, in the hope of recovering his lands. He served Philip II as Governor of the Netherlands from 1555 to 1559.[9] In this capacity he led the Spanish invasion of northern France
France
and won a victory at St. Quentin in 1557.[10] He took advantage of various squabbles in Europe to slowly regain territory from both the French and the Spanish, including the city of Turin. He moved the capital of the duchy from Chambéry
Chambéry
to Turin. The 17th century brought about economic development to the Turin
Turin
area and the House of Savoy
Savoy
took part in and benefitted from that. Charles Emmanuel II developed the port of Nice
Nice
and built a road through the Alps
Alps
towards France. And through skillful political manoeuvres territorial expansion continued. In early 18th century in the War of the Spanish Succession Victor Amadeus switched sides to assist the Habsburgs
Habsburgs
and via the Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht
they rewarded him with large pieces of land in northeastern Italy, and a Crown in Sicily. Savoy rule over Sicily lasted only seven years (1713–20). The Kingdom of Italy[edit]

Map of Italy in 1796.

The crown of Sicily, the prestige of being kings at last, and the wealth of Palermo
Palermo
helped strengthen the House of Savoy
Savoy
further. In 1720 they were forced to exchange Sicily for Sardinia as a result of the War of the Quadruple Alliance. On the mainland, the dynasty continued its expansionist policies as well. Through advantageous alliances during the War of the Polish Succession
War of the Polish Succession
and War of the Austrian Succession, Charles Emmanuel III gained new lands at the expense of the Austrian-controlled Duchy of Milan. In 1792 Piedmont-Sardinia joined the First Coalition
First Coalition
against the French First Republic, but was beaten in 1796 by Napoleon and forced to conclude the disadvantageous Treaty of Paris
Paris
(1796), giving the French army free passage through Piedmont. In 1798, Joubert occupied Turin
Turin
and forced Charles Emmanuel IV to abdicate and leave for the island of Sardinia. Eventually, in 1814 the kingdom was restored and enlarged with the addition of the former Republic of Genoa
Republic of Genoa
by the Congress of Vienna. In the meantime, nationalist figures such as Giuseppe Mazzini
Giuseppe Mazzini
were influencing popular opinion. Mazzini believed that Italian unification could only be achieved through a popular uprising, but after the failure of the 1848 revolutions, the Italian nationalists began to look to the Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia
and its prime minister Count Cavour
Count Cavour
as leaders of the unification movement. In 1848, Charles Albert conceded a constitution known as the Statuto Albertino
Statuto Albertino
to Piedmont-Sardinia, which remained the basis of the Kingdom's legal system even after Italian unification
Italian unification
was achieved and the Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia
became the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
in 1861. The Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
was the first Italian state to include the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
since the fall of the Roman Empire. But when Victor Emmanuel was crowned King of Italy
King of Italy
in 1861, his realm did not include the Venetia region (subject to Habsburg governance), Lazio
Lazio
(with Rome), Umbria, Marche
Marche
and Romagna
Romagna
(with the Papal town of Bologna). Yet the House of Savoy
Savoy
continued to rule Italy for several decades, through the Italian Independence wars as Italian unification
Italian unification
proceeded and even as the First World War
First World War
raged on in the early 20th century. Controversies[edit]

Map of Italy in 1843.

In April 1655, based on (perhaps false) reports of resistance by the Waldensians, a Protestant
Protestant
religious minority, to a plan to resettle them in remote mountain valleys, Charles Emmanuel II ordered their general massacre. The massacre was so brutal it aroused indignation throughout Europe. Oliver Cromwell, then ruler in England, began petitioning on behalf of the Waldensians, writing letters, raising contributions, calling a general fast in England
England
and threatening to send military forces to the rescue. The massacre prompted John Milton's famous sonnet, "On the Late Massacre in Piedmont". In 1898 the Bava-Beccaris massacre
Bava-Beccaris massacre
in Milan involved the use of cannons against unarmed protesters (including women and old people) during riots over the rising price of bread. King Umberto I of the House of Savoy
Savoy
congratulated General Fiorenzo Bava-Beccaris for the massacre and decorated him with the medal of Great Official of Savoy Military Order, greatly outraging a large part of the public opinion. As a result, Umberto I was assassinated in July 1900 in Monza
Monza
by Gaetano Bresci, the brother of one of the women massacred in the crowd, who traveled back to Italy from the United States for the assassination. The king had previously been the target of failed assassination attempts by anarchists Giovanni Passannante
Giovanni Passannante
and Pietro Acciarito. Fascism and end of monarchy[edit] When the First World War
First World War
ended, the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
fell short of what had been promised in the London Pact
London Pact
to Italy. As the economic conditions in Italy worsened after the war, popular resentment and along with it the seeds of Italian fascism
Italian fascism
began to grow and resulted in the March on Rome
March on Rome
by Benito Mussolini. General Pietro Badoglio
Pietro Badoglio
advised King Victor Emmanuel III that he could easily sweep Mussolini and his rag-tag Blackshirt
Blackshirt
army to one side, but Victor Emmanuel decided to tolerate Mussolini and appointed him as prime minister on 28 October 1922. The king remained silent as Mussolini engaged in one abuse of power after another from 1924 onward, and did not intervene in 1925-26 when Mussolini dropped all pretense of democracy. By the end of 1928, the king's right to remove Mussolini from office was, at least theoretically, the only check on his power. Later, the King's failure, in the face of mounting evidence, to move against the Mussolini regime's abuses of power led to much criticism and had dire future consequences for Italy and for the monarchy itself. Italy conquered Ethiopia in 1936, and Victor Emmanuel was crowned as Emperor of Ethiopia. He added the Albanian crown as well in 1939. However, as Mussolini and the Axis powers
Axis powers
failed in the Second World War in 1943, several members of the Italian court began putting out feelers to the Allies, who in turn let it be known that Mussolini had to go. After Mussolini received a vote of no confidence from the Fascist Grand Council
Fascist Grand Council
on 24 July, Victor Emmanuel dismissed him from office, relinquished the Ethiopian and Albanian crowns, and appointed Pietro Badoglio
Pietro Badoglio
as prime minister. On 8 September the new government announced it had signed an armistice with the Allies five days earlier. However, Victor Emmanuel made another blunder when he and his government fled south to Brindisi, leaving his army without orders. As the Allies and the Resistance gradually chased the Nazis and Fascists off the peninsula, it became apparent that Victor Emmanuel was too tainted by his earlier support of Mussolini to have any postwar role. Accordingly, Victor Emmanuel transferred most of his powers to his son, Crown Prince
Prince
Umberto, in April 1944. Rome was liberated two months later, and Victor Emmanuel transferred his remaining powers to Umberto and named him Lieutenant General of the Realm. Within a year, public opinion pushed for a referendum to decide between retaining the monarchy or becoming a republic. On 9 May 1946, in a last-ditch attempt to save the monarchy, Victor Emmanuel formally abdicated in favour of his son, who became Umberto II. It did not work; the Italian constitutional referendum, 1946
Italian constitutional referendum, 1946
was won by republicans with 54% of the vote. Victor Emmanuel went into exile in Egypt, dying there a year later. On 12 June 1946, the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
formally came to an end as Umberto transferred his powers to Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi
Alcide de Gasperi
and called for the Italian people
Italian people
to support the new republic. He then went into exile in Portugal, never to return; he died in 1983. Under the Constitution of the Italian Republic, the republican form of government cannot be changed by constitutional amendment, thus forbidding any attempt to restore the monarchy short of adoption of an entirely new constitution. The constitution also forbade male descendants of the House of Savoy
Savoy
from entering Italy.[11] This provision was removed in 2002[12] but as part of the deal to be allowed back into Italy, Vittorio Emanuele, the last claimant to the House of Savoy, renounced all claims to the throne.[13] House of Savoy
Savoy
today[edit] The Residences of the Royal House of Savoy
Savoy
in Turin
Turin
and the neighbourhood are protected as a World Heritage Site. Although the titles and distinctions of the Italian royal family are not legally recognised by the Italian Republic, the remaining members of the House of Savoy, like dynasties of other abolished monarchies, still use some of the various titles they acquired over the millennium of their reign prior to the republic's establishment, including Duke of Savoy, Prince of Naples, Prince
Prince
of Piedmont
Piedmont
and Duke of Aosta. Currently the leadership of the House of Savoy
Savoy
is contested by two cousins: Vittorio Emanuele, Prince
Prince
of Naples, who used to claim the title of King of Italy, and Prince
Prince
Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, who still claims the title of Duke of Savoy. Their rivalry has not always been peaceful — on 21 May 2004, following a dinner held by King Juan Carlos I of Spain
Spain
on the eve of the wedding of his son Felipe, Prince of Asturias, Vittorio Emanuele punched Amedeo twice in the face.[14] Some of the activities of members of the House of Savoy
Savoy
have evoked media coverage disappointing to Italian royalists.[15] In November 1991, after thirteen years of legal proceedings, the Paris
Paris
Assize Court acquitted Vittorio Emanuele of the fatal wounding and unintentional homicide in August 1978 of Dirk Hamer, finding him guilty only of unauthorised possession of a firearm during the incident.[16] On 16 June 2006 Vittorio Emanuele was arrested in Varenna
Varenna
and imprisoned in Potenza
Potenza
on charges of corruption and recruitment of prostitutes for clients of the Casinò di Campione
Casinò di Campione
of Campione d'Italia.[17][18][19] After several days, Vittorio Emanuele was released and placed under house arrest instead.[20] He was released from house arrest on 20 July but was required to remain within the territory of the Republic. When incarcerated in June 2006, Vittorio Emanuele was recorded admitting with regard to the killing of Dirk Hamer that "I was in the wrong, [...] but I must say I fooled them [the French judges]",[21] leading to a call from Hamer's sister Birgit for Vittorio Emanuele to be retried in Italy for the killing.[22] After a long legal fight, Birgit Hamer obtained the full video.[23][24] The story was broken in the press by aristocratic journalist Beatrice Borromeo,[25] who also wrote the preface for a book on the murder Delitto senza castigo by Birgit Hamer. Vittorio Emanuele sued the newspaper for defamation, claiming the video had been manipulated. In 2015, a court judgement ruled in favor of the newspaper.[26] In 2007, lawyers representing Vittorio Emanuele and his son Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy
Savoy
wrote to Italian President Giorgio Napolitano seeking damages for their years in exile.[27] During a television interview, Emanuele Filiberto also requested that Roman landmarks such as the Quirinale
Quirinale
palace and Villa Ada
Villa Ada
should be returned to the Savoy family.[citation needed] The Italian prime minister’s office has released a statement stating that the Savoys are not owed any damages and suggesting that Italy may demand damages from the Savoys for their collusion with Benito Mussolini.[citation needed] The Italian constitution contains a clause stripping the Savoys of their wealth on exile. Emanuele Filiberto acknowledged that his fiancée, whose pregnancy was revealed at the time of the couple's engagement, belonged to a more leftist milieu than his own, a fact which initially displeased his father.[28] Judicially separated since 1976, civilly divorced in 1982 and their marriage religiously annulled in 1987, Amedeo of Aosta's first wife, Princess Claude d'Orléans, revealed that she was aware that her husband fathered a child by another woman during their marriage.[29] Aosta
Aosta
acknowledged paternity of another child, born out-of-wedlock in 2006 during his second marriage, but agreed to contribute financially to the child's care only after being directed to do so by court order.[30] The patrilineal lineage of the House of Savoy
Savoy
was reduced to four males between 1996 and 2009. In 2008 Aimone of Savoy- Aosta
Aosta
married Princess Olga of Greece, his second cousin, and they became the parents of sons Umberto and Amedeo born, respectively, in 2009 and 2011. Orders of knighthood[edit] The House of Savoy
Savoy
has held two dynastic orders since 1362[31] which were brought into the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
as national orders. Although the Kingdom ceased to exist in 1946, King Umberto II
Umberto II
did not abdicate his role as fons honorum over the two dynastic orders over which the family has long held sovereignty and grand mastership. Today, Vittorio Emanuele, Prince
Prince
of Naples is hereditary Sovereign and Grand Master of the following orders of the House of Savoy:

Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
(founded in 1362)[31] Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
(founded in 1572)[32]

In addition to these, Vittorio Emanuele claims sovereignty over two more orders:

Civil Order of Savoy
Savoy
(founded in 1831)[33] Order of the Crown of Italy
Order of the Crown of Italy
(founded in 1868 and no longer bestowed;[34] replaced by the Order of Merit of Savoy
Savoy
in 1988)

Recently, all three of Vittorio Emanuele's sisters (Princess Maria Pia, Princess Maria Gabriella, and Princess Maria Beatrice) resigned from the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
and the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, alleging that memberships in the orders had been sold to unworthy candidates, a newfound practice they could not abide.[35] List of rulers[edit] Main article: List of rulers of Savoy Counts of Savoy[edit] Main article: County of Savoy

Humbert I "Biancamano" ("White hand"), Count 1003–1047/1048 (c. 972/975–1047/48)

Amadeus I, Count 1048–1051 (d. c. 1052) Otto, Count 1051–1060 (c. 1020–1060)

Peter I, Count 1060–1078 (1048/49–1078) Amadeus II, Count 1060–1080 (c. 1046–1080)

Humbert II, Count 1080–1103 (c. 1072–1103)

Amadeus III, Count 1103–1148 (c. 1095–1148)

Humbert III, Count 1148–1189 (1136–1189)

Thomas I, Count 1189–1233 (1178–1233)

Amadeus IV, Count 1233–1253 (1197–1253)

Boniface, Count 1253–1263 (1244-1263)

Peter II, Count 1263–1268 (1203–1268) Philip I, Count 1268–1285 (1207–1285) Thomas II, regent 1253–1259 (1199-1259)

Amadeus V, Count 1285–1323 (1249–1323)

Edward I, Count 1323–1329 (1284–1329) Aimone, Count 1329–1343 (1291–1343)

Amadeus VI, Count 1343–1383 (1334–1383)

Amadeus VII, Count 1383–1391 (1360–1391)

Amadeus VIII, Count 1391–1416 (1383–1451)

Dukes of Savoy
Savoy
[36][edit] Main article: Duchy of Savoy

Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1416–1434, Antipope Felix V
Antipope Felix V
1439-1449 (1383–1451), abdicated (from both)

Louis I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1434–1465 (1413–1465)

Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1465–1472 (1435–1472)

Philibert I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1472–1482 (1465–1482) Charles I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1482–1490 (1468–1490)

Charles (II) John Amadeus, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1490–1496 (1490–1496)

Philip II, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1496–1497 (1438–1497)

Philibert II, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1497–1504 (1480–1504) Charles III, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1504–1553 (1486–1553)

Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1553–1580 (1528–1580)

Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1580–1630 (1562–1630)

Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1630–1637 (1587–1637)

Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1637–1638 (1632–1638) Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1638–1675 (1634–1675)

Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1675–1730, later King of Sicily then Sardinia (see below) (1666–1732), abdicated

Thomas Francis, 1st Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1620–1656 (1596–1656), ancestor of all remaining dynasts

Kings of Sicily[edit]

Victor Amadeus II, King of Sicily
King of Sicily
1713–1720 (1666–1732)

Kings of Sardinia [37][38][edit] Main article: Kingdom of Sardinia

Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1580–1630 (1562–1630)

Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
1630–1637 (1587–1637)

Victor Amadeus II, King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
1720–1730 (1666–1732), abdicated

Charles Emmanuel III, King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
1730–1773 (1701–1773)

Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
1773–1796 (1726-1796)

Charles Emmanuel IV, King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
1796–1802 (1751–1819), abdicated Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
1802–1821 (1759–1824), abdicated Charles Felix, King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
1821–1831 (1765–1831)

Thomas Francis, 1st Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1620–1656 (1596–1656)

Emmanuel Philibert, 2nd Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1656–1709 (1628–1709)

Victor Amadeus I, 3rd Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1709–1741 (1690–1741)

Louis Victor, 4th Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1741–1778 (1721–1778)

Victor Amadeus II, 5th Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1778–1780 (1743–1780)

Charles Emmanuel, 6th Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1780–1800 (1770–1800)

Charles Albert, 7th Prince
Prince
of Carignano
Carignano
1800–1831, King of Sardinia 1831–1849 (1798–1849), abdicated

Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
1849–1861 (1820–1878)

Kings of Italy [39][edit] Main article: Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
(1861–1946)

Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy
King of Italy
1861–1878 (1820–1878)

Umberto I, King of Italy
King of Italy
1878–1900 (1844–1900)

Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy
King of Italy
1900–1946 (1869–1947), abdicated

Umberto II, King of Italy
King of Italy
1946 (1904–1983), deposed

Emperors of Ethiopia[edit] Main articles: Ethiopian Empire
Ethiopian Empire
and Italian East Africa

Victor Emmanuel III, Emperor of Ethiopia
Emperor of Ethiopia
1936–1941 (1869–1947)

Kings of Albania[edit] Main article: Albanian Kingdom (1939–1943)

Victor Emmanuel III, King of Albania 1939–1943 (1869–1947)

World War II Croatia[edit] In 1941, in the fascist puppet state Independent State of Croatia, Prince
Prince
Aimone, Duke of Aosta, grandson of Amadeo I of Spain, was formally named as the king-designate under the name "Tomislav II", but refused to assume the kingship, was never crowned, never ruled, and formally abdicated in 1943. Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia[edit] In 1396, the title and privileges of the final king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Levon V, were transferred to James I, his cousin and king of Cyprus. The title of King of Armenia
King of Armenia
was thus united with the titles of King of Cyprus
King of Cyprus
and King of Jerusalem.[40] The title was held to the modern day by the House of Savoy.[citation needed] Titles of the Crown of Sardinia[edit]

Map of Kingdom of Sardinia.

VITTORIO AMEDEO III, per la grazia di Dio Re di Sardegna, Cipro, Gerusalemme e Armenia; Duca di Savoia, Monferrato, Chablais, Aosta
Aosta
e Genevese; Principe di Piemonte ed Oneglia; Marchese in Italia, di Saluzzo, Susa, Ivrea, Ceva, Maro, Oristano, Sezana; Conte di Moriana, Nizza, Tenda, Asti, Alessandria, Goceano; Barone di Vaud
Vaud
e di Faucigny; Signore di Vercelli, Pinerolo, Tarantasia, Lumellino, Val di Sesia; Principe e Vicario perpetuo del Sacro Romano Impero in Italia. The English translation is: Victor Amadeus III, by the Grace of God, King of Sardinia, Cyprus, Jerusalem, Armenia, Duke of Savoy, Montferrat, Chablais, Aosta
Aosta
and Genevois, Prince
Prince
of Piedmont
Piedmont
and Oneglia, Marquis
Marquis
(of the Holy Roman Empire) in Italy, of Saluzzo, Susa, Ivrea, Ceva, Maro, Oristano, Sezana, Count of Maurienne, Nice, Tende, Asti, Alessandria, Goceano, Baron
Baron
of Vaud
Vaud
and Faucigny, Lord
Lord
of Vercelli, Pinerolo, Tarentaise, Lumellino, Val di Sesia, Prince
Prince
and perpetual Vicar of the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in Italy. Titles of the Crown of Italy[edit] Victor Emmanuel II, by the Grace of God and the Will of the Nation, King of Italy, King of Sardinia, Cyprus, Jerusalem, Armenia, Duke of Savoy, Count of Maurienne, Marquis
Marquis
(of the Holy Roman Empire) in Italy; Prince
Prince
of Piedmont, Carignano, Oneglia, Poirino, Trino; Prince and Perpetual vicar of the Holy Roman Empire; Prince
Prince
of Carmagnola, Montmellian with Arbin and Francin, Prince
Prince
bailliff of the Duchy of Aosta, Prince
Prince
of Chieri, Dronero, Crescentino, Riva di Chieri
Chieri
e Banna, Busca, Bene, Brà, Duke of Genoa, Monferrat, Aosta, Duke of Chablais, Genevois, Duke of Piacenza, Marquis
Marquis
of Saluzzo
Saluzzo
(Saluces), Ivrea, Susa, del Maro, Oristano, Cesana, Savona, Tarantasia, Borgomanero
Borgomanero
e Cureggio, Caselle, Rivoli, Pianezza, Govone, Salussola, Racconigi
Racconigi
con Tegerone, Migliabruna e Motturone, Cavallermaggiore, Marene, Modane
Modane
e Lanslebourg, Livorno Ferraris, Santhià
Santhià
Agliè, Centallo
Centallo
e Demonte, Desana, Ghemme, Vigone, Count of Barge, Villafranca, Ginevra, Nizza, Tenda, Romont, Asti, Alessandria, del Goceano, Novara, Tortona, Bobbio, Soissons, Sant'Antioco, Pollenzo, Roccabruna, Tricerro, Bairo, Ozegna, delle Apertole, Baron
Baron
of Vaud
Vaud
e del Faucigni, Lord
Lord
of Vercelli, Pinerolo, della Lomellina, della Valle Sesia, del marchesato di Ceva, Overlord of Monaco, Roccabruna
Roccabruna
and 11/12th of Menton, Noble patrician of Venice, patrician of Ferrara. These titles were used during the unified Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
which lasted from 1860–1946.[41] See also[edit]

Duke of Aosta List of nicknames of European Royalty and Nobility Counts of Villafranca List of rulers of Savoy List of consorts of Savoy County of Savoy Duchy of Savoy Kingdom of Sardinia List of monarchs of Sardinia List of Sardinian consorts Kingdom of Italy King of Italy List of Italian queens

References[edit]

^ Ginsborg, Paul. A History of Contemporary Italy: Society and Politics, 1943-1988, pg 98 ^ The kingdom of Burgundy, the land of the house of Savoy
Savoy
and adjacent territories, Eugene Cox, The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 5, C.1198-c.1300, ed. Rosamond McKitterick, David Abulafia, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 365-366. ^  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Savoy". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  ^  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Piedmont". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  ^ Introduction:The Sabaudian Lands and Sabaudian Studies, Matthew Vester, Sabaudian Studies: Political Culture, Dynasty, and Territory (1400–1700), ed. Matthew Vester, (Truman State University Press, 2013), 1. ^ Sabaudian Studies, Matthew Vester, Sabaudian Studies: Political Culture, Dynasty, and Territory (1400–1700), (Truman State University Press, 2013), 6. ^ Michael Mallett and Christine Shaw, The Italian Wars, 1494-1559, (Pearson Educational Limited, 2012), 154. ^ a b Michael Mallett and Christine Shaw, The Italian Wars, 1494-1559, 230-231. ^ Henry Kamen, Philip of Spain, (Yale University Press, 1997), 64. ^ Henry Kamen, Philip of Spain, 67. ^ “In order to prevail the thirteenth final provision of the Italian Constitution ( ... ) international law provides for the special instrument of " reserves " duly stamped by the Italian State at the time of its instrument of ratification deposit of the fourth Protocol” ECHR: Buonomo, Giampiero (2000). "Né l'Unione europea, né i diritti dell'uomo possono aprire le frontiere a Casa Savoia". Diritto&Giustizia edizione online.   – via  Questia (subscription required) ^ By Constitutional Amendment, after some attempts to do so in another way: see (in Italian) Né l'Unione europea, né i diritti dell'uomo possono aprire le frontiere a Casa Savoia, in Diritto&Giustizia edizione online, 2001, anno II, n. 36. ^ Guardian Newspaper https://www.theguardian.com/spain/article/0,2763,1227375,00.html ^ Hooper, John (28 May 2004). "Right royal punch-up at Spanish prince's wedding" – via The Guardian.  ^ McIntosh, David (December 2005). "The Sad Demise of the House of Savoy". European Royal History Journal. Eurohistory. 8.6 (XLVIII): 3–6.  ^ Summary of trial proceedings concerned the killing of Dirk Hamer. sim.law.uu.nl ^ "Arrestato Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia - Corriere della Sera".  ^ "Arrested Italy prince goes from palace to jail". 17 June 2006.  ^ The Prince
Prince
and the prostitutes ^ House arrest ^ (in Italian) Vittorio Emanuele, cimici in cella "Ho fregato i giudici francesi" ^ Prince's braggadocio spurs call for justice. galleonpoint.com. 12 September 2006 ^ Prince
Prince
Victor Emmanuel of Savoy
Savoy
"admits killing of German teenager on secret video recording five years ago", Daily Mail, 28 February 2011; http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1361167/Prince-Victor-Emmanuel-Savoy-admits-killing-German-teenager-secret-video-recording-years-ago.html ^ Follain, John Prince
Prince
admits killing on video, The Sunday Times, 27 February 2011; http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/news/world_news/Europe/article563655.ece ^ Borromeo, Beatrice Il video che incastra Savoia, Il Fatto Quotidiano, 24 February 2011; http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2011/02/24/il-video-che-incastra-savoia/93668/ ^ Beatrice Borromeo, el azote de los Saboya, Hola, 10 March 2015; http://www.hola.com/realeza/casa_monaco/2015031077373/beatrice-borromeo-saboya/ ^ Savoy
Savoy
claim http://rome.wantedineurope.com/news/news.php?id_n=3846 ^ "BBC NEWS - Europe - Italian 'prince' weds actress".  ^ Anales De La Real Academia Matritense De Heráldica y Genealogía VI (2000–2001), Vol. VI, p. 230, footnote 116. ^ Amedeo padre di Ginevra. Lo dice il Dna. Corriere.it (18 February 2015). Retrieved 2015-08-17. ^ a b "Ordine Supremo della Santissima Annunciata". Ordini Dinastici della Real Casa Savoia.  ^ "Ordine Militare e Religioso dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro". Ordini Dinastici della Real Casa Savoia. Archived from the original on 2015-03-09.  ^ "Ordine Civile di Savoia". Ordini Dinastici della Real Casa Savoia.  ^ "Ordine della Corona d'Italia". Ordini Dinastici della Real Casa Savoia.  ^ Hooper, John (23 June 2006). "The fall of the house of Savoy" – via The Guardian.  ^ " Savoy
Savoy
3".  ^ " Savoy
Savoy
4".  ^ " Savoy
Savoy
5".  ^ " Savoy
Savoy
6".  ^ Hadjilyra, Alexander-Michael (2009). The Armenians of Cyprus. New York: Kalaydjian Foundation. p. 12.  ^ Velde, Francois R. "Royal Styles". 

Further reading[edit]

Francesco Cognasso: I Savoia nella politica europea. Milano, 1941 (Storia e politica). Robert Katz: The Fall of the House of Savoy. A Study in the Relevance of the Commonplace or the Vulgarity of History, London 1972. Eugene L. Cox: The Eagles of Savoy. The House of Savoy
Savoy
in thirteenth-century Europe. Princeton, N.J., 1974. Denis Mack Smith: Italy and its Monarchy, New Haven, 1992. Toby Osborne: Dynasty
Dynasty
and Diplomacy in the Court of Savoy. Political Culture and the Thirty Years' War (Cambridge Studies in Italian History and Culture), Cambridge 2002. Paolo Cozzo: La geografia celeste dei duchi di Savoia. Religione, devozioni e sacralità in uno Stato di età moderna (secoli XVI-XVII), Bologna, il Mulino, 2006, 370 pp. Enrico Castelnuovo (a cura di): La Reggia di Venaria e i Savoia. Arte, magnificenza e storia di una corte europea. Vol. 1-2. Turin, Umberto Allemandi & C., 2007, 364 + 309 pp. Walter Barberis (a cura di): I Savoia. I secoli d'oro di una dinastia europea. Torino, Giulio Einaudi Editore, 2007, 248 pp.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to House of Savoy.

Official website of the Duke of Aosta Official website of the Prince
Prince
of Naples Ordini Dinastici della Real Casa Savoia (in Italian) Brief history of the House with a picture of coat-of-arms Genealogy of recent members of the House

v t e

Princes of Savoy

1st Generation

None

2nd Generation

Prince
Prince
Anthony Prince
Prince
Anthony Louis, Duke of Savoy Amadeus, Prince
Prince
of Piemont Philip, Prince
Prince
of Achaea

3rd Generation

Amadeus, Duke of Savoy Louis, Count of Geneva Prince
Prince
Giovanni Philip, Duke of Savoy Giano, Count of Faucigny
Faucigny
and Geneva Pietro, Bishop of Geneva Prince
Prince
Aimone Prince
Prince
Giacomo Giovanni Ludovico, Bishop of Geneva Jacques, Count of Romont

4th Generation

Prince
Prince
Luigi Carlo, Prince
Prince
of Piedmont Philibert, Duke of Savoy Prince
Prince
Bernardo Charles, Duke of Savoy James Louis, Count of Genevois Prince
Prince
Gian Claudio Galeazzo Prince
Prince
Girolamo Philibert, Duke of Savoy Charles, Duke of Savoy Prince
Prince
Louis Philippe, Duke of Nemours Prince
Prince
Assolone Prince
Prince
Giovanni Amedeo Prince
Prince
Emanuele Filiberto Adriano Prince
Prince
Louis Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy

5th Generation

Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy Jacques, Duke of Nemours

6th Generation

Filippo Emanuele, Prince
Prince
of Piedmont Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy Charles Emmanuel, Duke of Nemours Henri, Prince
Prince
de Genevois Prince
Prince
Louis Prince
Prince
François Paul Henri, Duke of Nemours Thomas Francis, Prince
Prince
of Carignano Maurice, Cardinal of Savoy Prince
Prince
Emmanuel Filibert

7th Generation

Prince
Prince
Louis Amadeus Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy Emmanuel Philibert, Prince
Prince
of Carignano Joseph Emmanuel, Count of Soissons Eugene Maurice, Count of Soissons

8th Generation

Victor Amadeus II, King of Sardinia Victor Amadeus, Prince
Prince
of Carignano Louis Thomas, Count of Soissons Emanuel Philibert, Count of Dreux Prince
Prince
Philippe Prince
Prince
Eugene Prince
Prince
Louis Jules

9th Generation

Victor Amadeus, Prince
Prince
of Piedmont Charles Emmanuel III, King of Sardinia Emanuele Philibert, Duke of Chablais Louis Victor, Prince
Prince
of Carignano Eugenio, Count of Villafranca Prince
Prince
Tommaso Emmanuel Thomas, Count of Soissons

10th Generation

Victor Amadeus, Duke of Aosta Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta Carlo, Duke of Chablais Carlo, Duke of Aosta Benedetto, Duke of Chablais Victor Amadeus II, Prince
Prince
of Carignano Prince
Prince
Tommaso Eugene Jean, Count of Soissons Giuseppe Maria, Count of Villafranca

11th Generation

Charles Emmanuel IV, King of Sardinia Amedeus Alexander, Duke of Montferrat Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia Maurizio, Duke of Montferrat Charles Felix, King of Sardinia Giuseppe, Count of Asti Charles Emmanuel, Prince
Prince
of Carignano Eugenio, Duke of Carignano

12th Generation

Charles Albert, King of Sardinia

13th Generation

King Victor Emmanuel II
Victor Emmanuel II
of Italy Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa

14th Generation

King Umberto I of Italy King Amadeo I of Spain Oddone, Duke of Montferrat Tommaso, Duke of Genoa**

15th Generation

King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta*** Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin*** Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi*** Umberto, Count of Salemi*** Ferdinando, Duke of Genoa** Filiberto, Duke of Genoa** Adalberto, Duke of Bergamo** Eugenio, Duke of Genoa**

16th Generation

King Umberto II
Umberto II
of Italy Amedeo, Duke of Aosta*** Aimone, Duke of Aosta***

17th Generation

Vittorio Emanuele, Prince
Prince
of Naples Amedeo, Duke of Aosta***

18th Generation

Emanuele Filiberto, Prince
Prince
of Venice
Venice
and Piedmont Aimone, Duke of Apulia***

19th generation

Prince
Prince
Umberto of Savoy-Aosta, Prince
Prince
of Piedmont*** Prince
Prince
Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi***

* member of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy ** Prince
Prince
of Savoy-Genoa *** Prince
Prince
of Savoy-Aosta

v t e

Princesses of Savoy

1st generation

None

2nd generation

Princess Margherita Margherita, Duchess of Anjou Maria, Duchess of Milan Princess Bonne

3rd generation

Princess Maria Margherita, Countess of Saint-Pol Charlotte, Queen of France Agnes, Countess of Dunois Maria, Countess of Saint-Pol Bona, Duchess of Milan Princess Anna

4th generation

Louise, Duchess of Nemours Philiberta, Duchess of Nemours Antonia, Lady of Monaco Claudina, Countess of Hornes Princess Philippina Princess Margherita Princess Giovanna

5th generation

Yolande, Duchess of Savoy Princess Catherine Princess Maria Princess Isabella

6th generation

None

7th generation

Margherita, Vicereine of Portugal Isabella, Hereditary Princess of Modena Princess Maria Apollonia Princess Francesca Catherina Princess Giovanna

8th generation

Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice of Savoy Margherita Violante, Duchess of Parma Henriette Adelaide, Electress of Bavaria Princess Catherine Beatrice Princess Christine Charlotte Louise, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal

9th generation

Maria Vittoria, Countess of Cercenasco* Isabella Luisa, Countess of Lagnasco*

10th generation

Maria Adelaide, Dauphine of France Princess Maria Anna Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain Anne Thérèse, Princess of Soubise Marie Jeanne, Mademoiselle de Soissons Louise Philiberte, Mademoiselle de Carignan Françoise, Mademoiselle de Dreux

11th generation

Princess Eleonora Princess Maria Luisa Princess Maria Felicita Princess Vittoria Margharita Princess Charlotte Leopoldina, Princess of Melfi Princess Polyxena Gabrielle, Princess of Lobkowicz Maria Luisa, Princess of Lamballe* Caterina, Princess of Paliano Maria Anna Victoria, Duchess in Saxony

12th generation

Princess Maria Elisabetta Marie Joséphine, Countess of Provence Maria Teresa, Countess of Artois Maria Anna, Duchess of Chablais Princess Maria Cristina Giuseppina Maria Carolina, Electoral Princess of Saxony

13th generation

Maria Beatrice, Duchess of Modena Princess Maria Adelaide Maria Anna, Empress of Austria Maria Teresa, Duchess of Parma Maria Cristina, Queen of the Two Sicilies Elisabeth, Archduchess of Austria

14th generation

Princess Maria Cristina

15th generation

Maria Clotilde, Princess Napoléon Maria Pia, Queen of Portugal

16th generation

Margherita, Queen of Italy*

17th generation

Yolanda, Countess of Bergolo Mafalda, Landgravine of Hesse Giovanna, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria Maria Francesca, Princess Luis of Parma Bona Margherita, Princess Konrad of Bavaria* Princess Adelaide*

18th generation

Maria Pia, Princess Michael of Parma Maria Gabriella, Mrs Zellinger de Balkany Maria Beatrice, Mrs Reyna-Corvalán y Dillon Margherita, Archduchess of Austria-Este** Maria Cristina, Princess Casimir of the Two Sicilies** Princess Isabella*

19th generation

Bianca, Countess Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga** Mafalda, Baroness Lombardo di San Chirico**

20th generation

Princess Vittoria Princess Luisa Princess Isabella**

* Princess of Savoy-Genoa ** Princess of Savoy-Aosta

v t e

Royal houses of Europe

Nordic countries

Denmark

Knýtlinga Fairhair Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Finland

Bjelbo Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov

Norway

Fairhair Knýtlinga Hardrada Gille Sverre Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Sweden

Munsö Stenkil Sverker Eric Bjelbo Estridsen Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse-Kassel Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte

Iceland

Fairhair Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Britain and Ireland

England

Mercia Wuffing Kent Sussex Essex Bernicia Deira Northumbria Uí Ímair Wessex Knýtlinga Normandy Angevin Plantagenet Lancaster York Tudor

Scotland

Fergus Óengus Strathclyde Mann and the Isles Alpin Northumbria Bernicia Uí Ímair Galloway Dunkeld Sverre Balliol Bruce Stuart

Wales

Dinefwr Aberffraw Gwynedd Mathrafal Cunedda Tudor

Ireland

Ulaid Dál Riata Érainn Corcu Loígde Laigin Connachta Uí Néill Ó Gallchobhair Ó Domhnail Ó Néill Ó Máel Sechlainn Mac Murchada Ó Briain Mac Lochlainn Ó Conchobhair

Gaelic Ireland

Laigin Síl Conairi Ulaid Dáirine Osraige Cruthin Dál nAraidi Connachta Uí Fiachrach Uí Briúin Uí Néill Síl nÁedo Sláine Clann Cholmáin Eóganachta Chaisil Glendamnach Raithlind Uí Dúnlainge Uí Ímair
Uí Ímair
(Norse) Uí Ceinnselaig Dál gCais Ó Briain Mac Carthaig Ó Conchobhair Ó Ruairc De Burgh (Norman) FitzGerald (Norman) Ó Domhnaill Ó Néill

Great Britain

Stuart Orange-Nassau Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Windsor

Eastern Europe

Albania

Angevin Progon Arianiti Thopia Kastrioti Dukagjini Wied Zogu Ottoman Savoy

Armenia2

Orontid Artaxiad Arsacid Bagratid Artsruni Rubenids Hethumids Lusignan Savoy

Bosnia

Boričević Kulinić Kotromanić Kosača Ottoman Habsburg-Lorraine

Bulgaria

Dulo Krum Cometopuli Asen Smilets Terter Shishman Sratsimir Battenberg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Croatia

Trpimirović Domagojević Svačić Ottoman Luxembourg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine Bonaparte Savoy
Savoy
(disputed)

Cyprus2

Plantagenet Lusignan Ottoman Savoy

Georgia1

Pharnavazid Artaxiad Arsacid Ottoman Chosroid Bagrationi

Greece

Argead Macedonian Doukas Komnenos Angelos Laskaris Palaiologos Ottoman Wittelsbach Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Lithuania

Mindaugas Gediminids Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov

Moldavia

Dragoș (Drăgoșești) Rossetti Bogdan-Muşat Movilești Drăculeşti Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Basarab

Montenegro

Vojislavljević Balšić Ottoman Crnojević Petrović-Njegoš

Romania

House of Basarab Rossetti Bogdan-Mușat Movilești Drăculești Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Romanov Racoviță Ottoman Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Romania/Royal family

Russia1

Rurik Borjigin Godunov Shuysky Vasa Romanov

Serbia

Vlastimirović Vukanović Nemanjić Lazarević Mrnjavčević Dejanović Branković Ottoman Obrenović Karađorđević

Turkey1

Ottoman

Ukraine

Rurikids Piast Gediminids Olshanski Olelkovich Giray Romanov Habsburg-Lorraine

1 Transcontinental country. 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia
Asia
but having socio-political connections with Europe.

Western Europe

Belgium

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

France

Merovingian Carolingian Capet Valois Bourbon Bonaparte Orléans

Italy

Aleramici Appiani Bonaparte Bourbon-Parma Bourbon-Two Sicilies Carolingian Della Rovere Este Farnese Flavian Gonzaga Grimaldi Habsburg Julio-Claudian Malatesta Malaspina Medici Montefeltro Nerva–Antonine Ordelaffi Orsini Palaiologos Pallavicini Savoy Severan Sforza Visconti

Luxembourg

Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Bourbon-Parma

Monaco

Grimaldi

Netherlands

Bonaparte Orange-Nassau (Mecklenburg) (Lippe) (Amsberg)

Portugal

Vímara Peres Burgundy Aviz Habsburg Spanish Braganza

Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Spain

Asturias Barcelona Jiménez Burgundy Champagne Capet Évreux Trastámara Habsburg Bourbon

Bonaparte Savoy

Central Europe

Austria

Babenberg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Bohemia

Přemyslid Piast Luxembourg Jagiellon Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Germany

Ascania Carolingian Conradines Ottonian Luitpolding Salian Süpplingenburg Hohenstaufen Welf Habsburg Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Nassau Luxembourg Wittelsbach Schwarzburg Brunswick-Lüneburg House of Pomerania Hohenzollern Württemberg Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Mecklenburg Vasa Palatine Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Bonaparte Wettin Lippe Zähringen

Hungary

Árpád Přemyslid Wittelsbach Angevin Luxembourg Hunyadi Jagiellon Szapolyai Ottoman Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Poland

Piast Přemyslid Samborides Griffins Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski

After partitions:

Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Kingdom of Poland Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Wettin Duchy of Warsaw Lefebvre Duchy of Gdańsk Hohenzollern Duchy of Poznań

v t e

European royal families

Reigning

Belgium Denmark Liechtenstein Luxembourg Monaco Netherlands Norway Spain Sweden United Kingdom

Non reigning pretenders

Albania Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Cyprus France Georgia Germany Greece Hanover Italy Lithuania Montenegro Portugal Romania Russia Serbia

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 189456527 GND: 118808710 SUDOC: 056929986 BNF: cb16756130w

.