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House of Representatives of the Philippines

Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas
Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas
18th Congress of the Philippines
Seal of the House of Representatives
Seal of the House of Representatives
Flag of the House of Representatives
Flag of the House of Representatives
Type
Type
Term limits
3 consecutive terms (9 years)
Leadership
Lord Allan Velasco, PDP–Laban
since October 13, 2020
Structure
Seats304 representatives
243 from congressional districts
61 party-list representatives
Philippine House of Representatives composition.svg
Political groups
Majority bloc (269)
  •   PDP–Laban (59)
  •   NUP (43)
  •   PCFI (8)
  •   Makabayan (6)
  •   Liberal (4)
  •   Nacionalista (2)
  •   NUP (2)
  •   PDP–Laban (2)
  •   NPC (1)

Independent minority bloc (6)

Unassigned (5)

  •   PCFI (2)
  •   Vacancies (3)
Committees63 standing committees and 17 special committees
Length of term
3 years
AuthorityArticle VI, Constitution of the Philippines
Elections
Parallel voting
Last election
May 13, 2019
Next election
2022
RedistrictingDistricts are redistricted by Congress after each census (has never been done since 1987)
By statute (most frequent method)
Meeting place
Batasan (2891409318).jpg
Batasang Pambansa Complex
Batasan Hills, Quezon City,
Philippines
Website
House of Representatives of the Philippines

The House of Representatives of the Philippines (Filipino: Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas, Spanish: Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas) is the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines. It is commonly referred to as the Congress, the House of the People, and informally referred to as the Cámara or Kamara.

Members of the House are officially styled as representative (kinatawan) and sometimes informally called congressmen or congresswomen (mga kongresista) and are elected to a three-year term. They can be re-elected, but cannot serve more than three consecutive terms. Around eighty percent of congressmen are district representatives, representing a particular geographical area. The 18th Congress has 243[1] legislative districts, each composed of about 250,000 people. There are also party-list representatives elected through the party-list system who constitute not more than twenty percent of the total number of representatives.

Aside from needing its agreement to every bill in order to be sent for the President's signature to become law, the House of Representatives has power to impeach certain officials and all money bills must originate from the lower house.

The House of Representatives is headed by the Speaker. The position is currently held by Lord Allan Velasco (Marinduque; PDP–Laban). The Speaker of the House is the third in the presidential line of succession, after the Vice President and Senate President. The official headquarters of the House of Representatives is at the Batasang Pambansa (lit. 'national legislature') located in the Batasan Hills in Quezon City in Metro Manila. The building is often simply called Batasan and the word has also become a metonym to refer to the House of Representatives.