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House of Elders

مشرانو جرگه
Type
Type
History
Founded1931[1]
Leadership
Speaker
Fazel Hadi Muslimyar
since 29 January 2011
First Deputy Speaker
Mohammad Alam Izedyar
since 29 January 2011
Second Deputy Speaker
Mohammad Asif Sediqi
since 29 January 2011
Structure
Seats102 members
Mesherano Jirga.svg
Political groups
  •   Independents (102)
Authorityadvisory and limited veto power; no law-making power
Elections
One-third by district councils,
One-third by provincial councils,
One third nominated by the president
Meeting place
Kabul
Website
Legislature


Judiciary

Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan portal

The House of Elders or Mesherano Jirga (Pashto/Dari:د افغانستان مشرانو جرګه), is the upper house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the lower House of the People (Wolesi Jirga). The House of Elders primarily has an advisory role rather than a maker of law.[citation needed] However, it does have some veto power.[citation needed]

The House of Elders has 102 members. One-third (34) are elected by district councils (one per province) for three-year terms, one-third (34) by provincial councils (one per province) for four-year terms, and one-third (34) are nominated by the president for five-year terms. However, elections for the district councils were not held in the 2005 parliamentary elections. As such, each provincial council also selected one of its elected members to temporarily hold seats in the house until district council elections are held. Half of the presidential nominees have to be women, two representatives from the disabled and impaired and two from the Kuchis.[2]

Speakers

Speakers of the Mesherano Jirga since establishment in 1931

Judiciary

Name Entered office Left office Notes
Mirza Abdul Latif Khan 1931 1933 [1]
Mohammed Ata Khan 1934 1936 [1]
Mir Ata Mohammad Khan 1937 1939